Dictionary

Dictionaries

ENCYCLOPEDIAS Judicial Dictionary Dictionary of Law Points Statutory Definitions  Dictionary of Legal English & Language  General Clause Act Dictionary of Legislative Drafting Dictionary of Statutory Interpretations Notable Quotations  Legal Quotations Indian Equity Market Vocabulary Indian Mutual fund vocabulary [MF] Dictionary of Parliamentary Terms Human Anatomy and Physiology Words Sanskrit words used in Balmiki Ramayana

Hindu Law

Chanmuniya Vs Chanmuniya Virendra Kumar Singh Kushwaha and Another [SC 2010 October]

Keywords :- Live in relationship:- wife-  Women in live-in relationships are also entitled to all the reliefs given in the said Act. [ref: to larger bench] (SUPREME COURT OF INDIA) (Before : G. S. Singhvi and Asok Kumar Ganguly, JJ.) Civil Appeal No. ... of 2010 (Arising out of SLP (Civil) No. 15071 of 2009);… Continue reading Chanmuniya Vs Chanmuniya Virendra Kumar Singh Kushwaha and Another [SC 2010 October]

Hindu Law

Pallavi Bhardwaj Vs Pratap Chauhan[SC 2011]

Keywords:-Validity of Marriage- The High Court without coming to any finding about the validity of marriage and after recording that the validity of marriage was always denied by the Appellant gave certain directions which are wholly inconsistent with the facts of the case. Since no marriage has been established, directions given by the High Court… Continue reading Pallavi Bhardwaj Vs Pratap Chauhan[SC 2011]

CIVIL

Exhibit Meaning

About the meaning of the word "exhibit", a question rose before the Calcutta High Court in the case of Rakhaldas Pramanick v. Sm. Shantilata Ghose and others ­ AIR 1956 Calcutta 619 wherein it is made clear that "Exhibit" means a document exhibited for the purpose of being taken into consideration in deciding some question or… Continue reading Exhibit Meaning

Criminal

Ajoy Kumar Ghose Vs State of Jharkhand and Another Respondent[SC 2009]

Keywords:- Difference between Proceeding instituted on Police report and Proceeding instituted otherwise than police report In the warrant trial instituted otherwise than the police report, the complainant gets two opportunities to lead evidence, firstly, before the charge is framed and secondly, after the charge. Criminal Procedure Code, 1973—Sections 244, 245 and 246—Discharge—Magistrate has power to… Continue reading Ajoy Kumar Ghose Vs State of Jharkhand and Another Respondent[SC 2009]

Criminal

Harinarayan G. Bajaj Versus State of Maharashtra and Others[SC 2010]

Keywords:- Cross-examination before Charge-Denovo trial - Meaning of Evidence under Section 244, Cr. P.C. the accused has a right to cross-examine the witnesses and in the matter of Section 319, Cr.P.C. when a new accused is summoned, he would have similar right to cross-examine the witness examined during the inquiry afresh. the word ‘proceedings’ which… Continue reading Harinarayan G. Bajaj Versus State of Maharashtra and Others[SC 2010]

Criminal

Sunil Mehta & ANR. Vs. State of Gujarat & ANR.[SC 2013]

Evidence before Charge in Complaint case- trial of Complaint case Under Section 244, Cr. P.C. the accused has a right to cross-examine the witnesses and in the matter of Section 319, Cr.P.C. when a new accused is summoned, he would have similar right to cross-examine the witness examined during the inquiry afresh. SUPREME COURT OF… Continue reading Sunil Mehta & ANR. Vs. State of Gujarat & ANR.[SC 2013]

CIVIL

Preamble – The Constitution of The Islamic Republic of Pakistan 1973

12th April, 1973 [In the Name of Allah..] Whereas sovereignty over the entire Universe belongs to Almighty Allah alone, and the authority to be exercised by the people of Pakistan within the limits prescribed by Him is a sacred trust; And whereas it is the will of the people of Pakistan to establish an order :-… Continue reading Preamble – The Constitution of The Islamic Republic of Pakistan 1973

constitution

Fundamental rights under Constitution of Pakistan 1973

Article 7. Definition of the State In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires, "the State" means the Federal Government,  Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament), a Provincial Government, a Provincial Assembly, and such local or other authorities in Pakistan as are by law empowered to impose any tax or cess. Chapter 1: Fundamental Rights 8. Laws inconsistent with… Continue reading Fundamental rights under Constitution of Pakistan 1973

CIVIL, constitution

Supreme Judicial Council Pakistan

Keywords: Appointment of Judges- Investigation Supreme Judicial Council (Investigating Body) The Supreme Judicial Council is comprised of the Chief Justice of Pakistan as Chairman, two most senior Judges of the Supreme Court and two most senior Chief Justices of High Courts as members. The Registrar, Supreme Court of Pakistan acts as its Secretary. On a… Continue reading Supreme Judicial Council Pakistan

Pakiststan

Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah

The first session of the first Constituent Assembly of Pakistan was held on 10th August 1947 at Sindh Assembly Building Karachi. On 11th August 1947 Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was elected unanimously as the President of the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan and the National Flag was formally approved by the Assembly. On 12th August 1947,… Continue reading Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Criminal

Dishonestly issuing a cheque -Pakistan Penal Code 1860

Section 489 Whoever dishonestly issues a cheque towards repayment of a loan or fulfilment of an obligation which is dishonoured on presentation, shall be punished with imprisonment which may extend to three years or with fine, or with both, unless he can establish, for which the burden of proof shall rest on him, that he… Continue reading Dishonestly issuing a cheque -Pakistan Penal Code 1860

Constituent Assembly

Mr. Jinnah’s presidential address to the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan[1947]

Keywords:-Corruption, Nepotism, Hindu- Muslim- Division of India August 11, 1947 Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen! I cordially thank you, with the utmost sincerity, for the honour you have conferred upon me - the greatest honour that is possible to confer - by electing me as your first President. I also thank those leaders who have… Continue reading Mr. Jinnah’s presidential address to the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan[1947]

CIVIL

Deepak Aggarwal vs Keshav Kaushik & Ors[SC 2013]

Keywords: Public Prosecutor In our view, none of the five private appellants, on their appointment as Assistant District Attorney/Public Prosecutor/Deputy Advocate General, ceased to be ‘advocate’ and since each one of them continued to be ‘advocate’, they cannot be considered to be in the service of the Union or the State within the meaning of… Continue reading Deepak Aggarwal vs Keshav Kaushik & Ors[SC 2013]

Criminal

Prosecution Code

A. Introduction Prosecutors should identify and, where possible, seek to rectify evidential weaknesses, but, subject to the Threshold Test , they should swiftly stop cases which do not meet the evidential stage of the testing which cannot be strengthened by further investigation, or where the public interest clearly does not require a prosecution. Although prosecutors primarily consider the evidence and… Continue reading Prosecution Code

Criminal

Bail guidelines for Defendants in UK

Introduction Police Bail Pre-Charge Post Charge Variation of police imposed bail conditions The Right to Bail Exclusions to the right to bail Exceptions to the right to bail Opposing Bail: Information for prosecutors Victims and Witnesses Opposing Bail: Procedure Conditions of Bail General Types of Condition Credit for period of remand on bail with an… Continue reading Bail guidelines for Defendants in UK

Bail Granted, CIVIL

Lt. Col. Prasad Shrikant Purohit Vs. State of Maharashtra[SC 2017][bail granted ]

Keywords:-bail application-investigational rights  of agency An accused has a right to make successive applications for grant of bail, the court entertaining such subsequent bail applications has a duty to consider the reasons and grounds on which the earlier bail applications were rejected. In such cases, the court also has a duty to record the fresh… Continue reading Lt. Col. Prasad Shrikant Purohit Vs. State of Maharashtra[SC 2017][bail granted ]

CIVIL, Service Law

Sunaina Sharma & Ors. Vs. The State of Jammu and Kashmir & Ors[SC 2017]-Service

Keywords- Retrospective Promotion-Direct recruitment-Seniority Seniority should be reckoned from the actual date of appointment. Retrospective promotion to a particular group can violate Article 14 and 16 of the Constitution of India. Even if the Rules enable the State to make retrospective promotion, such promotion cannot be granted at the cost of some other group. Therefore,… Continue reading Sunaina Sharma & Ors. Vs. The State of Jammu and Kashmir & Ors[SC 2017]-Service