Education

Acts of Parliament relating to children, schools and education of United Kingdom

England-min
GEORGE I
8 Geo. 1 c. 31 Sevenoaks Grammar School and Charity Act 1721
GEORGE II
17 Geo. 2 c. 40 Universities (Wine Licences) Act 1743
20 Geo. 2 c. 32 University of St Andrews Act 1746
GEORGE III
8 Geo. 3 c. 32 Gresham College etc Act 1768
11 Geo. 3 c. 10 Morden College Kent Act 1771
14 Geo. 3 c. 51 Macclesfield Grammar School Act 1774
16 Geo. 3 c. 52 Natural-born Children of Aliens Act 1776
17 Geo. 3 c. 71 Rugby School and Alms-houses Act 1777
18 Geo. 3 c. 41 Henley Grammar School Act 1778
20 Geo. 3 c. 36 Poor Apprentices Act 1780
28 Geo. 3 c. 81 Bolton Grammar School Act 1788
43 Geo. 3 c. 73 Factory Act 1802
43 Geo. 3 c. 54 *Parochial Schools (Scotland) Act 1803
45 Geo. 3 c. 101 Purchase of Advowsons by Colleges Act 1805
48 Geo. 3 c. 77 Londonderry School Act 1808
50 Geo. 3 c. 33 School Sites (Ireland) Act 1810
53 Geo. 3 c. 107 Endowed Schools Act 1813
54 Geo. 3 c. 101 Child Stealing Act 1814
56 Geo. 3 c.95 Transfer of Stock of Hertford College Act 1816
56 Geo. 3 c.136 Lands of Hertford College Act 1816
GEORGE IV
3 Geo. 4 c. 1822 Endowed Schools Act 1822
5 Geo. 4 c. 101 St David’s College Act 1824
6 Geo. 4 c. 97 Universities Act 1825: behaviour of Oxbridge students.
6 Geo. 4 c. 102 Deserted Children (Ireland) Act 1825
9 Geo. 4 c. 36 Deserted Children (Ireland) Act 1827
9 Geo. 4 c. 87 Deserted Children (Ireland) Act 1828
11 Geo. 4 &
1 Will. 4 c. 56
Endowed Schools (Ireland) Act 1830
WILLIAM IV
3 & 4 Will. 4 c. 103 *Factories Act 1833
4 & 5 Will. 4 c. 76 *Poor Law (Amendment) Act 1834
6 & 7 Will. 4 c. 70 Sites for Schoolrooms Act 1836
VICTORIA
1 & 2 Vict c. 22 Haileybury College Act 1838
1 & 2 Vict c. 87 Highland Schools Act 1838
2 & 3 Vict c. 85 Bastard Children Act 1839
3 & 4 Vict c. 77 Grammar Schools Act 1840: allowed endowment funds to be spent on modern and commercial subjects.
3 & 4 Vict c. 85 *Chimney Sweepers Regulation Act 1840
4 & 5 Vict c. 38 School Sites Act 1841 (pdf 324kb): the five School Sites Acts passed between 1841 and 1852 facilitated the purchase of land for school buildings and allowed for ‘Parliamentary Grants for the Education of the Poor’
5 & 6 Vict c. 78 Exchange, Crown and Eton College Act 1842
7 & 8 Vict c. 8 Teachers of Schools (Ireland) Act 1844
7 & 8 Vict c. 37 School Sites Act 1844 (pdf 136kb)
8 & 9 Vict c. 25 Maynooth College Act 1845
8 & 9 Vict c. 40 Parish Schoolmasters (Scotland) Act 1845
8 & 9 Vict c. 66 Queen’s College (Ireland) Act 1845
11 & 12 Vict c. 82 Poor Law (Schools) Act 1848
12 & 13 Vict c. 49 School Sites Act 1849 (pdf 128kb)
13 & 14 Vict c. 11 School Districts Act 1850
14 & 15 Vict c. 24 School Sites Act 1851 (pdf 60kb)
15 & 16 Vict c. 49 School Sites Act 1852 (pdf 72kb)
16 & 17 Vict c. 82 Christ College of Brecknock Act 1853
17 & 18 Vict c. 74 *Reformatory Schools (Scotland) Act 1854
17 & 18 Vict c. 81 *Oxford University Act 1854
17 & 18 Vict c. 86 *Youthful Offenders Act 1854
17 & 18 Vict c. 98 Parochial Schoolmaster (Scotland) Act 1854
17 & 18 Vict c. 112 Literary and Scientific Institutions Act 1854 (pdf 487kb): facilitated the establishment of institutions for the promotion of literature, science and the arts.
18 & 19 Vict c. 34 Education of Pauper Children Act 1855
18 & 19 Vict c. 53 Haileybury College Act 1855
18 & 19 Vict c. 59 Endowed Schools Inquiries (Ireland) Act 1855
18 & 19 Vict c. 82 Trinity College Dublin Act 1855
18 & 19 Vict c. 131 School Grants Act 1855 (pdf 76kb): laid down stricter conditions relating to Parliamentary grants for education.
19 & 20 Vict c. 28 Reformatory Schools (Scotland) Act 1856
19 & 20 Vict c. 53 Moulton Endowed School Act 1856
19 & 20 Vict c. 88 *Cambridge University Act 1856
19 & 20 Vict c. 95 Oxford Colleges etc Estates Act 1856
19 & 20 Vict c. 109 Reformatory etc Schools Act 1856
19 & 20 Vict c. 116 Education Department Act 1856: single-paragraph Act which created the post of Vice-President of the Committee of Council on Education.
20 & 21 Vict c. 25 Oxford University Act 1857 (pdf 115kb): extended the powers of the Commissioners for Oxford University and St Mary’s College Winchester.
20 & 21 Vict c. 48 Industrial Schools Act 1857
20 & 21 Vict c. 55 Reformatory Schools (England) Act 1857
20 & 21 Vict c. 59 Parochial Schoolmasters (Scotland) Act 1857
20 & 21 Vict c. 84 Dulwich College Act 1857
21 & 22 Vict c. 44 Universities and College Estates Act 1858
21 & 22 Vict c. 83 Universities (Scotland) Act 1858
21 & 22 Vict c. 103 Reformatory Schools (Ireland) Act 1858
22 & 23 Vict c. 19 Universities of Oxford and Cambridge Act 1859(pdf 135kb): amended previous Acts relating to Oxford and Cambridge.
23 & 24 Vict c. 11 Endowed Schools Act 1860
23 & 24 Vict c. 59 Universities and College Estates Act Extension 1860
23 & 24 Vict c. 91 Oxford University Act 1860 (pdf 106kb): matters relating to Craven scholarships and testamentary documents.
23 & 24 Vict c. 104 Maynooth College Act 1860
23 & 24 Vict c. 108 Industrial Schools Act 1860
24 & 25 Vict c. 107 Parochial and Burgh Schoolmasters (Scotland) Act 1861
24 & 25 Vict c. 113 Industrial Schools Act 1861
24 & 25 Vict c. 132 Industrial Schools (Scotland) Act 1861
25 & 26 Vict c. 10 Industrial Schools 1861 Acts Continuance Act 1862
25 & 26 Vict c. 26 Oxford University Act 1862 (pdf 132kb): extended the university’s power to make statutes.
25 & 26 Vict c. 43 Poor Law (Certified Schools) Act 1862
27 & 28 Vict c. 37 *Chimney Sweepers Regulation Act 1864
27 & 28 Vict c. 41 Coventry Garmmar School Act 1864
27 & 28 Vict c. 92 Public Schools Act 1864
28 & 29 Vict c. 55 Oxford University, Vinerian Foundation, Act 1865 (pdf 78kb): empowered the university to make statutes relating to the Vinerian Foundation.
29 & 30 Vict c. 117 Reformatory Schools Act 1866
29 & 30 Vict c. 118 Industrial Schools Act 1866
30 & 31 Vict c. 6. Metropolitan Poor Act 1867
31 & 32 Vict c. 25 Industrial Schools (Ireland) Act 1868
31 & 32 Vict c. 32 Endowed Schools Act 1868: paved the way for the 1869 Endowed Schools Act.
31 & 32 Vict c. 59 Irish Reformatory Schools Act 1868
31 & 32 Vict c. 118 Public Schools Act 1868: made various changes at Eton, Harrow, Winchester etc as recommended by the 1864 Clarendon Report.
32 & 33 Vict c. 20 University of Oxford Act 1869
32 & 33 Vict c. 25 Orphan and Desrted Children (Ireland) Act 1869
32 & 33 Vict c. 56 Endowed Schools Act 1869: made changes to endowed schools as recommended by the 1868 Taunton Report.
32 & 33 Vict c. 58 Public Schools Act 1869
33 & 34 Vict c. 75 Elementary Education Act 1870: the ‘Forster Act’ introduced compulsory universal education for children aged 5-13 but left enforcement of attendance to school boards.
33 & 34 Vict c. 84 Public School Act 1870
33 & 34 Vict c. 63 College Charter Act 1871 (pdf 29kb): amended the law relating to the granting of charters.
34 & 35 Vict c. 13 Public Parks, Schools, and Museums Act 1871
34 & 35 Vict c. 26 Universities Tests Act 1871: removed certain religious requirements.
34 & 35 Vict c. 60 Public Schools Act 1871
34 & 35 Vict c. 94 Elementary Education (Election) Act 1871
35 & 36 Vict c. 21 Reformatory and Industrial Schools Acts Amendment Act 1872
35 & 36 Vict c. 27 Elementary Education Act Amendment Act 1872
35 & 36 Vict c. 54 Public Schools Act 1872
35 & 36 Vict c. 59 Elementary Education (Elections) Act 1872
35 & 36 Vict c. 62 *Education (Scotland) Act 1872: created school boards to oversee both secondary and elementary education, and made attendance compulsory.
36 & 37 Vict c. 7 Endowed Schools (Time of Address) Act 1873
36 & 37 Vict c. 41 Public Schools (Shrewsbury and Harrow Schools Property) Act 1873
36 & 37 Vict c. 53 Highland Schools Act 1873
36 & 37 Vict c. 62 Public Schools (Eton College Property) Act 1873
36 & 37 Vict c. 67 *Employment of Children in Agriculture Act 1873
36 & 37 Vict c. 86 Elementary Education Act 1873: amended various provisions of the 1870 Elementary Education Act.
36 & 37 Vict c. 87 Endowed Schools Act 1873: extended and amended the 1869 Endowed Schools Act.
37 & 38 Vict c. 9 Public Works Loan (School Loans) Act 1874
37 & 38 Vict c. 39 Elementary Education (Wenlock) Act 1874
37 & 38 Vict c. 55 Hertford College Act 1874
37 & 38 Vict c. 62 Infants Relief Act 1874 (pdf 53kb): made contracts entered into by infants unenforceable.
37 & 38 Vict c. 79 Foyle College Act 1874
37 & 38 Vict c. 87 Endowed Schools Act 1874: made further amendments to the previous Endowed Schools Acts.
37 & 38 Vict c. 90 Elementary Education (Orders) Act 1874
38 & 39 Vict c. 29 Endowed Schools (Vested Interests) Act Continuance Act 1875
38 & 39 Vict c. 41 Intestate Widows and Children (Scotland) Act 1875
38 & 39 Vict c. 70 *Chimney Sweepers Act 1875: prohibited the use of boys to clean chimneys and provided the first workable enforcement machinery.
38 & 39 Vict c. 82 National School Teachers Residences (Ireland) Act 1875
38 & 39 Vict c. 96 National School Teachers (Ireland) Act 1875
39 & 40 Vict c. 38 Pauper Children (Ireland) Act 1876
39 & 40 Vict c. 79 Elementary Education Act 1876: made further provisions regarding elementary education, including new rules on child employment.
40 & 41 Vict c. 38 Board of Education (Scotland) Act 1877
41 & 42 Vict c. 16 *Factory and Workshop Act 1878
41 & 42 Vict c. 66 Intermediate Education (Ireland) Act 1878
41 & 42 Vict c. 78 Education (Scotland) Act 1878
42 & 43 Vict c. 34 Children’s Dangerous Performances Act 1879
42 & 43 Vict c. 48 Elementary Education (Industrial Schools) Act 1879: a brief Act extending the powers of school boards in relation to the establishment and extension of industrial schools.
42 & 43 Vict c. 49 *Summary Jurisdiction Act 1879: child offenders to appear before magistrates rather than the assizes or quarter-sessions.
42 & 43 Vict c. 65 University Education (Ireland) Act 1879
42 & 43 Vict c. 66 Endowed School Acts Continuance Act 1879
42 & 43 Vict c. 74 National School Teachers (Ireland) Act 1879
43 & 44 Vict c. 11 Universities of Oxford and Cambridge (Limited Tenures) Act 1880
43 & 44 Vict c. 15 Industrial Schools Act Amendment Act 1880
43 & 44 Vict c. 23 Elementary Education Act 1880 (the ‘Mundella Act’): tightened up school attendance laws.
43 & 44 Vict c. 46 Universities and College Estates Amendment Act 1880
44 & 45 Vict c. 65 Leases for Schools (Ireland) Act 1881
45 & 46 Vict c. 18 Public Schools (Scotland) Teachers Act 1882
45 & 46 Vict c. 69 Intermediate Education (Ireland) Act 1882
46 & 47 Vict c. 56 Education (Scotland) Act 1883
47 & 48 Vict c. 19 Summary Jurisdiction over Children (Ireland) Act 1884
47 & 48 Vict c. 22 Loans for Schools and Training Colleges (Ireland) Act 1884
47 & 48 Vict c. 40 Reformatory and Industrial Schools (Manx Children) Act 1884
47 & 48 Vict c. 45 National School Teachers Amendment (Ireland) Act 1884
47 & 48 Vict c. 75 Canal Boats Act 1884
48 & 49 Vict c. 19 Industrial Schools (Ireland) Act 1885
48 & 49 Vict c. 38 School Boards Act 1885
48 & 49 Vict c. 78 Educational Endowments (Ireland) Act 1885
49 & 50 Vict c. 56 Intoxicating Liquors (Sale to Children) Act 1886
50 & 51 Vict c. 64 *Technical Schools (Scotland) Act 1887: empowered school boards to set up technical schools, but few were opened.
51 & 52 Vict c. 41 Local Government Act 1888 : created county councils and county borough councils which later became the framework for educational administration.
51 & 52 Vict c. 45 Victoria University Act 1888 (pdf 29kb): extended employment rights to graduates of Victoria University (Manchester).
52 & 53 Vict c. 35 Prince of Wales’s Children Act 1889
52 & 53 Vict c. 40 Welsh Intermediate Education Act 1889: made further provision for the intermediate and technical education of the inhabitants of Wales and the county of Monmouth.
52 & 53 Vict c. 44 Prevention of Cruelty to, and Protection of, Children Act 1889 (pdf 291kb): wide-ranging Act including restrictions on the employment of children.
52 & 53 Vict c. 76 Technical Instruction Act 1889: sought to improve the provision of technical and industrial training.
53 & 54 Vict c. 22 Education Code (1890) Act 1890
53 & 54 Vict. c. 43 Education of Blind and Deaf-Mute Children (Scotland) Act 1890
54 & 55 Vict c. 3 Custody of Children Act 1891 (pdf 45kb): included a section on religious education.
54 & 55 Vict c. 16 Army Schools Act 1891 (pdf 29kb): a brief Act extending certain endowments to army schools.
54 & 55 Vict c. 23 Reformatory and Industrial Schools Act 1891
54 & 55 Vict c. 56 Elementary Education Act 1891: elementary education to be provided free.
54 & 55 Vict c. 61 *Schools for Science and Art Act 1891: made government funds available to local authorities for technical education.
55 & 56 Vict c. 4 Betting and Loans (Infants) Act 1892 (pdf 82kb): made it illegal to encourage children to bet or borrow money.
55 & 56 Vict c. 29 Technical and Industrial Institutions Act 1892(pdf 60kb): new rules to facilitate the expansion of technical and industrial training.
55 & 56 Vict c. 41 Boards of Management of Poor Law District Schools (Ireland) Act 1892
55 & 56 Vict c. 42 Irish Education Act 1892
55 & 56 Vict c. 51 Education and Local Taxation Account (Scotland) Act 1892
55 & 56 Vict c. 63 *Technical Instruction Amendment (Scotland) Act 1892
56 & 57 Vict c. 12 Day Industrial Schools (Scotland) Act 1893
56 & 57 Vict c. 15 Reformatory Schools (Scotland) Act 1893
56 & 57 Vict c. 41 Irish Education Act 1893
56 & 57 Vict c. 42 Elementary Education (Blind and Deaf Children) Act 1893: required school authorities to make better educational provision for blind and deaf children.
56 & 57 Vict c. 48 Reformatory Schools Act 1893
56 & 57 Vict c. 51 Elementary Education (School Attendance) Act 1893
57 & 58 Vict c. 27 Prevention of Cruelty to Children (Amendment) Act 1894
57 & 58 Vict c. 33 Industrial Schools Acts Amendment Act 1894
57 & 58 Vict c. 41 Prevention of Cruelty to Children Act 1894
57 & 58 Vict Ch. ciii Cheltenham College Act 1894
58 & 59 Vict c. 17 Reformatory and Industrial Schools (Channel Islands Children) Act 1895
60 & 61 Vict c. 5 *Voluntary Schools Act 1897
60 & 61 Vict c. 16 *Elementary Education Act 1897
60 & 61 Vict c. 32 School Board Conference Act 1897
60 & 61 Vict c. 62 Education (Scotland) Act 1897
61 & 62 Vict c. 30 Pauper Children (Ireland) Act 1898
61 & 62 Vict c. 53 Libraries Offences Act 1898 (pdf 37kb): a brief Act concerning behaviour in public libraries.
61 & 62 Vict c. 55 Universities and College Estates Act 1898
61 & 62 Vict c. 57 Elementary School Teachers (Superannuation) Act 1898 (pdf 4.4mb)
61 & 62 Vict c. 62 University of London Act 1898
62 & 63 Vict c. 12 Reformatory Schools Act 1899
62 & 63 Vict c. 13 Elementary Education (School Attendance) Act 1893 Amendment Act 1899
62 & 63 Vict c. 32 Elementary Education (Defective and Epileptic Children) Act 1899: empowered school authorities to make better educational provision for ‘defective’ and epileptic children.
62 & 63 Vict c. 33 Board of Education Act 1899: established the Board of Education and provided for a Consultative Committee.
62 & 63 Vict
Sess. 2 c. 21
Mines (Prohibition of Child Labour Underground) Act 1900
62 & 63 Vict
Sess. 2 c. 38
Elementary School Teachers Superannuation (Isle of Man) Act 1900
62 & 63 Vict
Sess. 2 c. 40
Elementary School Teachers Superannuation (Jersey) Act 1900
63 & 64 Vict
Sess. 2 c. 43
Intermediate Education (Ireland) Act 1900
63 & 64 Vict
Sess. 2 c. 53
*Elementary Education Act 1900
EDWARD VII
2 Edw. 7 c. 14 University of Wales Act 1902 (pdf 29kb): extended employment rights to graduates of the University of Wales.
2 Edw. 7 c. 42 Education Act 1902: the ‘Balfour Act’ established a system of secondary education integrating higher grade elementary schools and fee-paying secondary schools; abolished school boards and established local education authorities (LEAs).
3 Edw. 7 c. 10 Education (Provision of Working Balances) Act 1903
3 Edw. 7 c. 13 Elementary Education Amendment Act 1903
a minor amendment to the 1899 Elementary Education (Defective and Epileptic Children) Act.
3 Edw. 7 c. 19 Poor Law (Dissolution of School Districts and Adjustments) Act 1903
3 Edw. 7 c. 24 Education (London) Act 1903
extended and adapted the 1902 Education Act to London.
3 Edw. 7 c. 45 Employment of Children Act 1903
4 Edw. 7 c. 11 University of Liverpool Act 1904 (pdf 29kb)
extended employment rights to graduates of the University of Liverpool.
4 Edw. 7 c. 12 Leeds University Act 1904 (pdf 33kb)
extended employment rights to graduates of the University of Leeds.
4 Edw. 7 c. 15 Prevention of Cruelty to Children Act 1904
4 Edw. 7 c. 18 Education (Local Authority Default) Act 1904
6 Edw. 7 c. 10 Education of Defective Children (Scotland) Act 1906
6 Edw. 7 c. 57 Education (Provision of Meals) Act 1906: allowed LEAs to provide meals for undernourished elementary school children.
7 Edw. 7 c. 43 Education (Administrative Provisions) Act 1907: among other things, this Act introduced a scholarship/free place system for secondary education and required LEAs to provide medical inspections of elementary school children.
8 Edw. 7 c. 39 Endowed Schools (Masters) Act 1908
8 Edw. 7 c. 63 Education (Scotland) Act 1908
8 Edw. 7 c. 67 Children Act 1908
9 Edw. 7 c. 13 Local Education Authorities (Medical Treatment) Act 1909
9 Edw. 7 c. 29 Education (Administrative Provisions) Act 1909
10 Edw. 7 &
1 Geo 5 c. 16
Duke of York’s School (Chapel) Act 1910
10 Edw. 7 &
1 Geo 5 c. 25
Children Act 1908 Amendment Act 1910
10 Edw. 7 &
1 Geo 5 c. 37
Education (Choice of Employment) Act 1910
GEORGE V
1 & 2 Geo. 5 c. 32 Education (Administrative Provisions) Act 1911
2 & 3 Geo. 5 c. 12 Elementary School Teachers (Superannuation) Act 1912
3 & 4 Geo. 5 c. 7 Children (Employment Abroad) Act 1913
sought to prevent children being taken abroad for ‘singing, playing, performing, or being exhibited, for profit’.
3 & 4 Geo. 5 c. 12 Education (Scotland) Act 1913
3 & 4 Geo. 5 c. 13 Education (Scotland) (Glasgow Electoral Divisions) Act 1913
3 & 4 Geo. 5 c. 28 Mental Deficiency Act 1913
made better provision for the care of ‘Feeble-minded and other Mentally Defective Persons’ and amended the Lunacy Acts. Required local education authorities to ascertain and certify which children aged 7 to 16 in their area were defective.
3 & 4 Geo. 5 c. 29 *Intermediate Education (Ireland) Act 1913
4 & 5 Geo. 5 c. 4 Sheffield University Act 1914 (pdf 33kb)
extended employment rights to graduates of the University of Sheffield.
4 & 5 Geo. 5 c. 20 Education (Provision of Meals) Act 1914: extended the powers of local education authorities to provide meals for undernourished elementary school children.
4 & 5 Geo. 5 c. 35 Education (Scotland) (Provision of Meals) Act 1914
4 & 5 Geo. 5 c. 41 Intermediate Education (Ireland) Act 1914
4 & 5 Geo. 5 c. 45 Elementary Education (Defective and Epileptic Children) Act 1914
required local authorities to make provision.
4 & 5 Geo. 5 c. 66 Elementary School Teachers (War Service Superannuation) Act 1914
4 & 5 Geo. 5 c. 67 Education (Scotland) (War Service Superannuation) Act 1914
5 & 6 Geo. 5 c. 22 Universities and Colleges (Emergency Powers) Act 1915
5 & 6 Geo. 5 c. 95 Education (Small Population Grants) Act 1915
6 & 7 Geo. 5 c. 10 Education (Provision of Meals) (Ireland) Act 1916
6 & 7 Geo. 5 c. 35 Elementary Education (Fee Grant) Act 1916
7 & 8 Geo. 5 c. 53 Education (Provision of Meals) (Ireland) Act 1917
8 & 9 Geo. 5 c. 29 Maternity and Child Welfare Act 1918
8 & 9 Geo. 5 c. 39 Education Act 1918 (Fisher) (pdf 748kb)
wide-ranging Act extending education provision in line with recommendations of 1917 Lewis Report.
8 & 9 Geo. 5 c. 48 Education (Scotland) Act 1918
8 & 9 Geo. 5 c. 55 School Teachers’ (Superannuation) Act 1918
amended the Elementary School Teachers’ (Superannuation) Acts 1898-1912.
9 & 10 Geo. 5 c. 16 Public Health (Medical Treatment of Children) (Ireland) Act 1919
9 & 10 Geo. 5 c. 17 Education (Scotland) (Superannuation) Act 1919
9 & 10 Geo. 5 c. 21 Ministry of Health Act 1919 (pdf 205kb)
created the Ministry of Health and transferred to it some of the powers of the Board of Education.
9 & 10 Geo. 5 c. 41 Education (Compliance with Conditions of Grants) Act 1919
10 & 11 Geo. 5 c. 65 Employment of Women, Young Persons, and Children Act 1920 (pdf 220kb)
enacted the conventions agreed at the 1919 meeting of the International Labour Organisation of the League of Nations.
11 & 12 Geo. 5 c. 4 Children Act 1921
11 & 12 Geo. 5 c. 51 Education Act 1921: consolidated all previous laws relating to education and raised school leaving age to 14.
12 & 13 Geo. 5 c. 31 Universities (Scotland) Act 1922 (pdf 57kb)
extended the powers of the Courts of Scottish universities.
12 & 13 Geo. 5 c. 48 School Teachers (Superannuation) Act 1922
13 & 14 Geo. 5 c. 33 Universities of Oxford and Cambridge Act 1923
established Commissions for the two universities.
13 & 14 Geo. 5 c. 38 Education (Institution Children) Act 1923
14 & 15 Geo. 5 c. 12 School Teachers (Superannuation) Act 1924
14 & 15 Geo. 5 c. 13 Education (Scotland) (Superannuation) Act 1924
15 & 16 Geo. 5 c. 24 Universities and College Estates Act 1925 (pdf 651kb)
updated property rules relating to Oxford, Cambridge and Durham universities, Eton and St Mary’s Winchester.
15 & 16 Geo. 5 c. 55 Education (Scotland) (Superannuation) Act 1925
15 & 16 Geo. 5 c. 89 Education (Scotland) Act 1925
16 & 17 Geo. 5 c. 29 Adoption of Children Act 1926
16 & 17 Geo. 5 c. 46 University of London Act 1926
gave London University a new administrative structure.
18 & 19 Geo. 5 c. 28 Education (Scotland) Act 1928
18 & 19 Geo. 5 c. 30 Educational Endowments (Scotland) Act 1928
19 & 20 Geo. 5 c. 17 Local Government Act 1929 (pdf 4.6mb)
wide-ranging Act including the provision of education.
19 & 20 Geo. 5 c. 25 Local Government (Scotland) Act 1929 (pdf 2.0mb)
wide-ranging Act including the provision of education.
20 & 21 Geo. 5 c. 21 Children (Employment Abroad) Act 1930
20 & 21 Geo. 5 c. 33 Illegitimate Children (Scotland) Act 1930
20 & 21 Geo. 5 c. 36 Education (Scotland) Act 1930
20 & 21 Geo. 5 c. 37 Adoption of Children (Scotland) Act 1930
21 & 22 Geo. 5 c. 5 Educational Endowments (Scotland) Act 1931
21 & 22 Geo. 5 c. 37 Adoption of Children (Scotland) Act 1931
22 & 23 Geo. 5 c. 26 Universities (Scotland) Act 1932 (pdf 143kb)
extended the powers of the Courts of Scottish universities.
22 & 23 Geo. 5 c. 47 Children and Young Persons Act 1932
23 & 24 Geo. 5 c. 12 Children and Young Persons Act 1933
23 & 24 Geo. 5 c. 29 Education (Necessity of Schools) Act 1933
24 & 25 Geo. 5 c. 34 Adoption of Children (Workmen’s Compensation) Act 1934
25 & 26 Geo. 5 c. 5 Educational Endowments (Scotland) Act 1935
26 Geo. 5 &
1 Edw. 8 c. 41
Education Act 1936: raised school leaving age to 15 and authorised building grants of up to 75 per cent for new denominational ‘Special Agreement’ senior schools.
26 Geo. 5 &
1 Edw. 8 c. 42
Education (Scotland) Act 1936
GEORGE VI
1 Edw. 8 &
1 Geo. 6 c. 25
Education (Deaf Children) Act 1937
lowered the school starting age for deaf children.
1 Edw. 8 &
1 Geo. 6 c. 37
Children and Young Persons (Scotland) Act 1937(pdf 1.6mb)
wide-ranging Act covering child protection, employment, criminal proceedings and children in care.
1 Edw. 8 &
1 Geo. 6 c. 46
Physical Training and Recreation Act 1937 (pdf 250kb)
provided for National Advisory Councils and a National College of Physical Training.
1 Edw. 8 &
1 Geo. 6 c. 67
Factories Act 1937 (pdf 22.8mb)
wide-ranging Act including limitations on the employment of young people in hazardous environments.
1 & 2 Geo. 6 c. 40 Children and Young Persons Act 1938
2 & 3 Geo. 6 c. 4 Custody of Children (Scotland) Act 1939
2 & 3 Geo. 6 c. 27 Adoption of Children (Regulation) Act 1939
2 & 3 Geo. 6 c. 60 Senior Public Elementary Schools (Liverpool) Act 1939
2 & 3 Geo. 6 c. 96 Education (Scotland) (War Service Superannuation) Act 1939 (pdf 102kb)
teachers’ war service to be reckoned for superannuation.
2 & 3 Geo. 6 c. 106 Universities and Colleges (Emergency Provisions) Act 1939
4 & 5 Geo. 6 c. 20 Public and Other Schools (War Conditions) Act 1941
4 & 5 Geo. 6 c. 23 Temporary Migration of Children (Guardianship) Act 1941
5 & 6 Geo. 6 c. 5 Education (Scotland) Act 1942
6 & 7 Geo. 6 c. 9 Universities and Colleges (Trusts) Act 1943 (pdf 131kb)
provisions regarding trust property at Oxford, Cambridge and St Mary’s College Winchester.
7 & 8 Geo. 6 c. 8 Guardianship (Refugee Children) Act 1944
7 & 8 Geo. 6 c. 31 Education Act 1944 (pdf 1.8mb)
the ‘Butler Act’ set the structure of the post-war system of state education.
8 & 9 Geo. 6 c. 37 Education (Scotland) Act 1945 (pdf 1.5mb)
the Scottish version of the 1944 Act.
9 & 10 Geo. 6 c. 50 Education Act 1946 (pdf 280kb)
set out arrangements for the management of voluntary and controlled schools.
9 & 10 Geo. 6 c. 72 Education (Scotland) Act 1946
further enactments building on the Education (Scotland) Act 1945.
10 & 11 Geo. 6 c. 36 Education (Exemptions) (Scotland) Act 1947
made temporary provision for children to miss school to help with harvesting the potato crop.
10 & 11 Geo. 6 c. 43 Local Government (Scotland) Act 1947 (pdf 5.9mb)
wide-ranging Act (including provisions relating to education) consolidating previous Acts and amendments.
NI 1947 c. 3 Education Act (Northern Ireland) 1947
a major Act of the Northern Ireland Parliament setting out arrangements for the education system.
11 & 12 Geo. 6 c. 26 Local Government Act 1948 (pdf 1.9mb)
wide-ranging Act (including provisions relating to education) consolidating previous Acts and amendments.
11 & 12 Geo. 6 c. 40 Education (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1948(pdf 292kb)
laid down new rules on various administrative matters.
11 & 12 Geo. 6 c. 43 Children Act 1948
made provision for the care and welfare of children without parents or whose parents were unfit or unable to take care of them.
11 & 12 Geo. 6 c. 46 *Employment and Training Act 1948
established the Youth Employment Service.
11 & 12 Geo. 6 c. 53 Nurseries and Child-Minders Regulation Act 1948 (pdf 200kb)
laid down rules for the regulation and inspection of child minders.
12 & 13 Geo. 6 c. 19 Education (Scotland) Act 1949
made various amendments to the Education (Scotland) Act, 1946.
12, 13 & 14 Geo. 6 c. 98 Adoption of Children Act 1949 (pdf 295kb)
made amendments to the Adoption of Children Act 1926.
NI 1950 c. 1 Education (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act (Northern Ireland) 1950
NI 1950 c. 20 Education (Extension of Benefits) Act (Northern Ireland) 1950
NI 1951 c. 10 Education (Amendment) Act (Northern Ireland) 1951
15 & 16 Geo. 6 & 1 Eliz. 2 c. 50 Children and Young Persons (Amendment) Act 1952 (pdf 209kb)
made amendments to the Children and Young Persons Act 1933 and the Criminal Justice Act 1948.
ELIZABETH II
NI 1952 c. 17 Education (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act (Northern Ireland) 1952
1 & 2 Eliz. 2 c. 33 Education (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1953(pdf 424kb)
amendments to the 1944 Education Act relating to displaced pupils, controlled schools, dental treatment etc.
1 & 2 Eliz. 2 c. 40 University of St Andrews Act 1953
provided for the re-organisation of University education in St. Andrews and Dundee.
1 & 2 Eliz. 2 c. 45 School Crossing Patrols Act 1953
allowed school crossing patrols to control traffic.
NI 1953 c. 11 Education (Amendment) Act (Northern Ireland) 1953
3 & 4 Eliz. 2 c. 28 Children And Young Persons (Harmful Publications) Act 1955 (pdf 94kb)
banned the publication and sale of ‘horror comics’ etc.
4 & 5 Eliz. 2 c. 24 Children and Young Persons Act 1956
dealt with escapes from approved schools and remand homes etc.
4 & 5 Eliz. 2 c. 53 Teachers (Superannuation) Act 1956 (pdf 572kb)
amended previous legislation relating to teachers’ pensions in England and Wales and in Scotland.
4 & 5 Eliz. 2 c. 75 Education (Scotland) Act 1956
made various amendments to the Education (Scotland) Act, 1946.
NI 1956 c. 15 Educational Endowments (Confirmation of Schemes) Act (Northern Ireland) 1956
NI 1956 c. 24 Education (Amendment) Act (Northern Ireland) 1956
6 & 7 Eliz. 2 c. 40 Matrimonial Proceedings (Children) Act 1958
sought to protect the interests of children in divorce cases.
6 & 7 Eliz. 2 c. 55 Local Government Act 1958 (pdf 1.9mb)
wide-ranging Act including provisions relating to education.
6 & 7 Eliz. 2 c. 65 Children Act 1958
made new provisions for the protection of children living away from their parents and amended the law relating to adoption.
NI 1958 c. 28 Education (Amendment) Act (Northern Ireland) 1958
7 & 8 Eliz. 2 c. 60 Education Act 1959
gave the Minister greater powers relating to grants and loans to aided schools and special agreement schools.
7 & 8 Eliz. 2 c. 72 Mental Health Act 1959 (pdf 2.9mb)
wide-ranging Act including provisions relating to children.
8 & 9 Eliz. 2 c. 33 Indecency with Children Act 1960 (pdf 61kb)
strengthened the law relating to sexual offences against children, especially young girls.
NI 1960 c. 9 Education (Amendment) Act (Northern Ireland) 1960
10 & 11 Eliz. 2 c. 12 Education Act 1962 (pdf 240kb)
required LEAs to provide students with grants for living costs and tuition fees; placed legal obligation on parents to ensure that children received a suitable education at school or otherwise – failure to comply could result in prosecution; made LEAs legally responsible for ensuring that pupils attended school.
10 & 11 Eliz. 2 c. 33 *Health Visiting and Social Work (Training) Act 1962 (pdf 5.1mb)
10 & 11 Eliz. 2 c. 47 Education (Scotland) Act 1962 (pdf 2.6mb)
major Act consolidating previous legislation relating to education in Scotland.
NI 1962 c. 11 Education (Amendment) Act (Northern Ireland) 1962
1963 c. 20 Remuneration of Teachers Act 1963
gave the Minister powers relating to the remuneration of teachers.
1963 c. 21 Education (Scotland) Act 1963
miscellaneous provisions relating to examinations and teachers’ salaries and pensions.
1963 c. 33 London Government Act 1963
abolished London County Council (LCC) and replaced it with the Greater London Council (GLC).
1963 c. 37 Children and Young Persons Act 1963 (pdf 1020kb)
extended LEAs’ responsibilities for the welfare of children.
NI 1963 c. 27 Education (Amendment) Act (Northern Ireland) 1963
1964 c. 16 Industrial Training Act
made further provision for industrial and commercial training.
1964 c. 51 Universities and College Estates Act 1964 (pdf 164kb)
amended the law relating to university and college property.
1964 c. 75 Public Libraries and Museums Act
made provision for improvements in the public library service.
1964 c. 82 Education Act 1964 (pdf 64kb)
the ‘Boyle Act’ allowed the creation of middle schools.
1965 c. 3 Remuneration of Teachers Act 1965
set out new provisions for determining the remuneration of teachers.
1965 c. 7 Education (Scotland) Act 1965
amended the Education (Scotland) Act 1963.
1965 c. 19 Teaching Council (Scotland) Act 1965 (pdf 336kb)
provided for the establishment of a General Teaching Council for Scotland.
1966 c. 13 Universities (Scotland) Act 1966 (pdf 356kb)
provided for the reconstitution of the universities of St Andrew’s, Glasgow, Aberdeen and Edinburgh and for the foundation of the University of Dundee.
1966 c. 42 Local Government Act 1966 (pdf 880kb)
made various changes in funding between central government and LEAs. Section 11 dealt with the funding of education for immigrant children.
NI 1966 c. 18 Education (Amendment) Act (Northern Ireland) 1966
1967 c. 3 Education Act 1967 (pdf 68kb)
gave the Secretary of State greater powers in relation to grants and loans to aided and special agreement schools etc.
1968 c. 12 Teachers Superannuation (Scotland) Act 1968(pdf 262kb)
amended teachers’ superannuation arrangements.
1968 c. 17 Education Act 1968 (pdf 180kb)
laid down rules about changing the character of a school (eg to comprehensive).
1968 c. 37 Education (No. 2) Act 1968
made further provision for the government of colleges of education, other further education institutions and special schools maintained by local education authorities.
1969 c. 49 Education (Scotland) Act 1969
amended various laws relating to education in Scotland, especially the 1962 Education (Scotland) Act.
1969 c. 54 Children and Young Persons Act 1969 (pdf 2.2mb)
gave LEAs responsibilities for children not receiving education or in need of care and control.
1970 c. 14 Education (School Milk) Act 1970
extended the provision of free school milk to junior pupils in middle schools.
1970 c. 52 Education (Handicapped Children) Act 1970 (pdf 60kb)
transferred responsibility for education of severely handicapped children from health authorities to LEAs.
1971 c. 2 Teaching Council (Scotland) Act 1971 (pdf 64kb)
allowed General Teaching Council for Scotland fees to be deducted from salaries.
1971 c. 42 Education (Scotland) Act 1971
amended the law relating to free education and the charging of fees in Scotland.
1971 c. 74 Education (Milk) Act 1971
limited the provision of free milk in schools (and led to the jibe ‘Thatcher, Thatcher, milk snatcher’).
1972 c. 44 Children Act 1972
the minimum age at which children could be employed was not to be affected by changes in the school leaving age.
1972 c. 70 Local Government Act 1972
a wide-ranging Act which reduced the number of LEAs from 146 to 104 (implemented on 1 April 1974).
1973 c. 16 Education Act 1973 (pdf 296kb)
provisions relating to certain educational trusts and local education authority awards.
1973 c. 23 Education (Work Experience) Act 1973 (pdf 52kb)
allowed LEAs to organise work experience for final year school students.
1973 c. 24 Employment of Children Act 1973 (pdf 144kb)
new regulations and supervision by local authorities.
1973 c. 32 National Health Service Reorganisation Act 1973
transferred the school health service from LEAs to Area Health Authorities, but LEAs still responsible for dental and medical inspections.
1973 c. 50 Employment and Training Act 1973 (pdf 1.5mb)
required LEAs to set up careers services; established the Manpower Services Commission (MSC) under the Department of Employment, the Employment Service Agency and the Training Services Agency.
1973 c. 59 Education (Scotland) Act 1973
increased the powers of the Secretary of State in relation to the employment of teachers.
1974 c. 7 Local Government Act 1974 (pdf 2.2mb)
wide-ranging Act including some provisions relating to education.
1974 c. 27 Education (Mentally Handicapped Children) (Scotland) Act 1974 (pdf 123kb)
required Scottish education authorities to provide for the education of mentally handicapped children.
1975 c. 2 Education Act 1975
amended the law relating to local education authority grants, awards to students at adult education colleges, and increased central government funding for aided and special agreement schools.
1975 c. 61 Child Benefit Act 1975
replaced family allowances with child benefit.
1975 c. 65 Sex Discrimination Act 1975 (pdf 1.8mb)
had effects on school admissions, appointments and curricula.
1975 c. 72 Children Act 1975 (pdf 1.8mb)
wide-ranging Act relating to the adoption, custody and care of children.
1976 c. 5 Education (School-leaving Dates) Act 1976 (pdf 56kb)
a minor amendment to section 9 of the 1962 Education Act.
1976 c. 20 Education (Scotland) Act 1976
miscellaneous provisions relating to school starting and leaving dates, supply of milk etc.
1976 c. 74 Race Relations Act 1976 (pdf 1.3mb)
new laws relating to discrimination and race relations with implications for schools and education authorities.
1976 c. 81 Education Act 1976 (pdf 148kb)
gave the Secretary of State the power to ask LEAs to plan for non-selective (ie comprehensive) secondary education (repealed by the Conservatives in 1979).
1978 c. 13 Education (Northern Ireland) Act 1978
facilitated the establishment in Northern Ireland of integrated schools for pupils of different religious affiliations.
1978 c. 37 Protection of Children Act 1978 (pdf 115kb)
made illegal the making and distribution of indecent photographs of children.
1979 c. 49 Education Act 1979 (pdf 40kb)
repealed Labour’s 1976 Act – allowed LEAs to retain selective secondary schools.
1980 c. 5 Child Care Act 1980 (pdf 1.6mb)
wide-ranging Act largely consolidating previous legislation relating to the role of local authorities and voluntary organisations.
1980 c. 6 Foster Children Act 1980
consolidated previous legislation relating to foster children.
1980 c. 20 Education Act 1980
instituted the assisted places scheme (public money for children to go to private schools), gave parents greater powers on governing bodies and over admissions, and removed LEAs’ obligation to provide school milk and meals.
1980 c. 44 Education (Scotland) Act 1980 (pdf 2.1mb)
wide-ranging Act largely consolidating previous legislation.
1980 c. 65 Local Government, Planning and Land Act 1980(pdf 6.4mb)
wide-ranging Act involving changes to the block grant.
1981 c. 58 Education (Scotland) Act 1981 (pdf 1.3mb)
wide-ranging Act including the provision of assisted places at private schools.
1981 c. 60 Education Act 1981 (pdf 496kb)
based on the 1978 Warnock Report, gave parents new rights in relation to special needs.
1982 c. 20 Children’s Homes Act 1982 (pdf 250kb)
provided for the registration, inspection and conduct of homes for children in local authority care.
1983 c. 40 Education (Fees and Awards) Act 1983
provisions relating to university fees and grants for non-UK students.
1984 c. 6 Education (Amendment) (Scotland) Act 1984 (pdf 37kb)
gave the Secretary of State power to control the use of dangerous materials or apparatus in Scottish schools.
1984 c. 11 Education (Grants and Awards) Act 1984 (pdf 88kb)
introduced Education Support Grants (ESGs) – central government funds given to LEAs for specific purposes.
1984 c. 33 Rates Act 1984 (pdf 782kb)
set limits on local authority expenditure by ‘rate-capping’.
1984 c. 37 Child Abduction Act 1984 (pdf 258kb)
amended the criminal law relating to the abduction of children.
1984 c. 56 Foster Children (Scotland) Act 1984 (pdf 549kb)
consolidated previous legislation.
1985 c. 47 Further Education Act 1985 (pdf 193kb)
empowered local authorities to supply goods and services through further education establishments; amended sex discrimination rules relating to PE teachers.
1985 c. 60 Child Abduction and Custody Act 1985 (pdf 623kb)
enabled the UK to ratify international Conventions relating to child abduction and custody decisions.
1986 c. 1 Education (Amendment) Act 1986 (pdf 37kb)
brief Act increasing education support grant limits and removing payment for lunch duties from the 1965 Remuneration of Teachers Act.
1986 c. 9 Law Reform (Parent and Child) (Scotland) Act 1986 (pdf 561kb)
provisions relating to ‘birth out of wedlock’, parental rights and duties etc.
1986 c. 10 Local Government Act 1986 (pdf 438kb)
Section 2 prevented local authorities from publishing political material.
1986 c. 28 Children and Young Persons (Amendment) Act 1986 (pdf 115kb)
amended the law relating to children and young people in care.
1986 c. 40 Education Act 1986 (pdf 92kb)
required LEAs to give governors information on funding.
1986 c. 61 Education (No. 2) Act 1986 (pdf 1.6mb)
required LEAs to state policies, governors to publish annual reports and hold parents’ meetings; laid down rules on admissions, political indoctrination and sex education; abolished corporal punishment; ended Secretary of State’s duty to make annual reports.
1987 c. 1 Teachers’ Pay and Conditions Act 1987
abolished the negotiating procedures set up by the 1965 Act – Secretary of State imposed teachers’ pay and conditions until 1991.
1988 c. 9 Local Government Act 1988
included the notoriously homophobic Section 28 (which was repealed by New Labour in November 2003).
1988 c. 19 Employment Act 1988 introduced bridging allowance for young people waiting to take up YTS place. MSC renamed the Training Commission.
1988 c. 40 Education Reform Act 1988 (pdf 45.9mb)
major act establishing the National Curriculum, testing regime, Local Management of Schools (LMS) etc.
1988 c. 47 School Boards (Scotland) Act 1988
required Scottish local authorities to establish School Boards.
1989 c. 38 Employment Act 1989 (pdf 352kb)
abolished the Training Commission.
1989 c. 39 Self-Governing Schools etc. (Scotland) Act 1989(pdf 1.4mb)
the Tories’ failed attempt to get Scottish schools to opt out of local authority control: only two did so and they both later reversed their decision.
1989 c. 41 Children Act 1989 (pdf 6.0mb)
wide-ranging Act covering local authority services, children’s homes, fostering, child minding and adoption.
1990 c. 6 Education (Student Loans) Act 1990 (pdf 116kb)
introduced ‘top-up’ loans for higher education students and so began the diminution of student grants.
1991 c. 14 Motor Vehicles (Safety Equipment for Children) Act 1991 (pdf 61kb)
an amendment to the Road Traffic Act 1988.
1991 c. 48 Child Support Act 1991 (pdf 823kb)
tightened up the law on maintenance payments.
1991 c. 49 School Teachers’ Pay and Conditions Act 1991(pdf 172kb)
established a review body but gave the Secretary of State the final say.
1992 c. 13 Further and Higher Education Act 1992 (pdf 1.6mb)
removed further education and sixth form colleges from LEA control and established Further Education Funding Councils (FEFCs), unified the funding of higher education under the Higher Education Funding Councils (HEFCs), introduced competition for funding between institutions, abolished the Council for National Academic Awards.
1992 c. 37 Further and Higher Education (Scotland) Act 1992 (pdf 1.7mb)
new arrangements for the funding and management of colleges in Scotland.
1992 c. 38 Education (Schools) Act 1992 (pdf 4.2mb)
new arrangements for the inspection of schools led to the creation of Ofsted (Office for Standards in Education).
1993 c. 35 Education Act 1993 (pdf 19.1mb)
changed the funding of GM schools, laid down rules for pupil exclusions and for ‘failing’ schools, abolished NCC and SEAC and replaced them with the School Curriculum and Assessment Authority (SCAA), defined special educational needs.
1994 c. 16 University of London Act 1994 (pdf 61kb)
made new provision for the making of statutes for the University.
1994 c. 30 Education Act 1994 (pdf 3.7mb)
established the Teacher Training Authority (TTA) and laid down new regulations relating to student unions.
1995 c. 34 Child Support Act 1995 (pdf 459kb)
made provisions relating to child support maintenance and other maintenance.
1995 c. 36 Children (Scotland) Act 1995 (pdf 3.4mb)
wide-ranging Act covering adoption, relationships between parents/guardians and children and children’s homes.
1996 c. 9 Education (Student Loans) Act 1996 (pdf 56kb)
extended the provision of student loans.
1996 c. 43 Education (Scotland) Act 1996 (pdf 901kb)
established the Scottish Qualifications Authority, enabled grants for nursery providers etc.
1996 c. 50 Nursery Education and Grant-Maintained Schools Act 1996 (pdf 2.1mb)
introduced unsuccessful voucher scheme for nursery education (later withdrawn by Labour), and allowed governors of GM schools to borrow money.
1996 c. 56 Education Act 1996 (pdf 1.6mb)
huge act mainly consolidating all education acts since 1944.
1996 c. 57 School Inspections Act 1996 (pdf 8.0mb)
consolidated previous legislation on school inspections.
1997 c. 44 Education Act 1997 (pdf 996kb)
wide-ranging but much watered down because of the forthcoming general election. Abolished NCVQ and SCAA and replaced them with the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority (QCA).
1997 c. 59 Education (Schools) Act 1997 (pdf 92kb)
New Labour’s first education act abolished the assisted places scheme and proposed binding home-school agreements (the latter not implemented).
1998 c. 1 Education (Student Loans) Act 1998 (pdf 88kb)
transferred provision of student loans to the private sector.
1998 c. 30 Teaching and Higher Education Act 1998 (pdf 836kb)
established the General Teaching Council (GTC), abolished student maintenance grants and required students to contribute towards tuition fees.
1998 c. 31 School Standards and Framework Act 1998 (pdf 940kb)
encouraged selection by specialisation, changed the names of types of schools, limited infant class sizes, established Education Action Zones etc.
1999 c. 14 Protection of Children Act 1999 (pdf 86kb)
provided for a list to be kept of persons considered unsuitable to work with children.
2000 c. 14 Care Standards Act 2000 (pdf 430kb)
wide-ranging Act including provisions relating to children; created the post of Children’s Commissioner for Wales.
2000 c. 16 Carers and Disabled Children Act 2000 (pdf 66kb)
made provisions about the assessment of carers’ needs and services to help carers etc.
2000 c. 19 Child Support, Pensions and Social Security Act 2000 (pdf 594kb)
wide-ranging Act amending various laws.
2000 c. 21 Learning and Skills Act 2000 (pdf 484kb)
established the Learning and Skills Councils for England and Wales, allowed city technology colleges to be renamed city academies.
2000 c. 35 Children (Leaving Care) Act 2000 (pdf 78kb)
more duties for local authorities, replacing section 24 of the 1989 Children Act.
2001 c. 10 Special Educational Needs and Disability Act 2001 (pdf 799kb)
amended Part 4 of the 1996 Education Act – made further provision against discrimination on grounds of disability.
2001 c. 18 Children’s Commissioner for Wales Act 2001 (pdf 123kb)
made further provisions relating to the role of the Commissioner.
2002 c. 32 Education Act 2002 (pdf 6.4mb)
wide-ranging Act which implemented the proposals in the 2001 white paper.
2002 c. 38 Adoption and Children Act 2002 (pdf 3.8mb)
wide-ranging Act restating and amending the law relating to the adoption of children.
2004 c. 6 Child Trust Funds Act 2004 (pdf 119kb)
made provisions regarding child trust funds and related matters.
2004 c. 8 Higher Education Act 2004 (pdf 196kb)
based on the 2004 white paper, it allowed universities to charge variable top-up fees.
2004 c. 31 Children Act 2004 (pdf 280kb)
based on the 2003 green paper Every Child Matters.
2005 c. 6 Child Benefit Act 2005 (pdf 147kb)
redefined those entitled to child benefit.
2005 c. 18 Education Act 2005 (pdf 648kb)
mostly concerned with changes to the inspection regime.
2006 c. 3 Equality Act 2006 (pdf 406kb)
established the Commission for Equality and Human Rights with implications for schools.
2006 c. 20 Children and Adoption Act 2006 (pdf 201kb)
made provisions regarding contact with children, family assistance orders, risk assessments etc.
2006 c. 21 Childcare Act 2006 (pdf 381kb)
new rules relating to the provision, regulation and inspection of childcare.
2006 c. 40 Education and Inspections Act 2006 (pdf 1.0mb)
very controversial – passed only with Tory support.
2007 c. 25 Further Education and Training Act 2007 (pdf 196kb)
new arrangements relating to further education and the Learning and Skills Council for England.
2008 c. 6 Child Maintenance and Other Payments Act 2008
established the Child Maintenance and Enforcement Commission.
2008 c. 10 Sale of Student Loans Act 2008 (pdf 86kb)
allowed the government to sell off student loans.
2008 c. 11 Special Educational Needs (Information) Act 2008 (pdf 61kb)
amended the 1996 Education Act in relation to the provision and publication of information about children with special educational needs.
2008 c. 23 Children and Young Persons Act 2008
new arrangements for the provision of social work services.
2008 c. 25 Education and Skills Act 2008 (pdf 672kb)
raised the education leaving age to 18; Key Stage 3 SATs effectively abolished.
2009 c. 22 Apprenticeships, Skills, Children and Learning Act 2009 (pdf 1.0mb)
created a statutory framework for apprenticeships.
2010 c. 9 Child Poverty Act 2010 (pdf 140kb)
set targets relating to the eradication of child poverty.
2010 c. 15 Equality Act 2010 (pdf 745kb)
wide-ranging Act which replaced nine major Acts of Parliament and almost a hundred sets of regulations which had been introduced over several decades.
2010 c. 26 Children, Schools and Families Act 2010 (pdf 124kb)
based on the 2009 white paper but much reduced because of the impending election.
2010 c. 32 Academies Act 2010
coalition government’s first education act provided for massive and rapid expansion of academies.
2011 c. 21 Education Act 2011
increased schools’ powers relating to pupil behaviour and exclusions, further diminished the role of local authorities, further expansion of academies etc.
2014 c. 6 Children and Families Act 2014 (pdf 1.5mb)
wide-ranging Act covering adoption, family justice, special educational needs and disabilities, childcare, welfare of children, the Children’s Commissioner, statutory rights to leave and pay, time off work and ante-natal care, flexible working rights.