CIVIL

International Copyright Order, 1999

Published vide S.O. 228(E), dated 24.3.1999, published in the Gazette of India, Ext., Pt. II, Section 3(i) dated 6.4.1999.

In exercise of the powers conferred by section 40 of the Copyright Act, 1957 (14 of 1957), and in supersession of the International Copyright Order, 1991, the Central Government hereby makes the following Order, namely:—

1. (1) This Order may be called The International Copyright Order, 1999.(2) It shall come into force on the date of its publication in the Official Gazette.

2. In this Order, unless the context otherwise requires,—

(a) “Berne Convention Country” means a country which is a member of the Berne Copyright Union, and includes a country mentioned either in Part I or in Part II of the Schedule;

(b) “Phonogram” means an exclusively aural fixation of a performance or other sounds;

(c) “Phonograms Convention Country” means a country which has either ratified, or accepted, or acceded to the Convention for the Protection of Producers of Phonograms against Unauthorized Duplication of their Phonograms, done at Geneva on the twenty-ninth day of October, one thousand nine hundred and seventy-one, and includes a country mentioned in Part V of the Schedule;

(d) “Schedule” means the Schedule appended to this Order;

(e) “Universal Copyright Convention Country” means a country which has either ratified or accepted, or acceded to the Universal Copyright Convention, and includes a country mentioned either in Part III or in Part IV of the Schedule;

(f) “World Trade Organisation Country” means a country which is a member of the World Trade Organisation and which has either ratified, or accepted, or acceded to the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Right, 1994, and includes a country mentioned in Part VI of the Schedule.

3. Subject to the provisions of paragraphs 4, 5 and 6, all the provisions of the Copyright Act, 1957 (14 of 1957) (hereafter referred to as the Act), except those in Chapter VIII, and those other provisions which apply exclusively to Indian works, shall apply:—

(a) to any work first made or published in a country mentioned in Part I, II, III, IV or VI of the Schedule, in like manner as if it was first published in India;

(b) to any work first made or published in a country other than a country mentioned in Part I, II, III, IV or VI of the Schedule, the author of which was, at the date of such publication, or, where the author was dead on that date, he was at the time of his death, a national of a country mentioned in Part I, II, III, IV or VI of the Schedule, in like manner, as if the author was a citizen of India at that point of time;

(c) to an unpublished work, the author whereof was, at the time of the making or publication of the work, a national or domiciled in any country mentioned in Part I, II, III, IV or VI of the Schedule, in like manner, as if the author was a citizen of, or domiciled in India;

(d) to any work first made or published by a body corporate incorporated under any law of a country mentioned in Part I, II, III, IV or Part VI of the Schedule, in like manner, as if it was incorporated under a law in force in India; and

(e) to a sound recording first made, the producer of which was, at the date of such production, a national of a country mentioned in Part V or Part VI of the Schedule or a body corporate incorporated under a law in force in such a country, in like manner as if the producer was the citizen of India or a body corporate incorporated under a law in force in India, as the case may be, at that point of time.

4. Notwithstanding anything contained in paragraph 3, the provisions of Chapter VIII of the Act shall apply to a Broadcasting Organisation and a Performer in a World Trade Organisation Country mentioned in Part VI of the Schedule.

5. Notwithstanding anything contained in clause (a) of paragraph 3 and paragraph 4 the provisions of sub-section (1) of section 32 of the Act—

(i) shall not apply to a work first made or published in any Berne Convention Country mentioned in Part I or Part II of the Schedule;

(ii) shall not apply to a work first made or published in any World Trade Organisation Country mentioned in Part VI of the Schedule;

(iii) shall apply to a work first made or published in any Universal Copyright Convention Country mentioned in Part III or Part IV of the Schedule, only in respect of the translation of such work into any language specified in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India.

6. The provisions of sections 32 [excluding its sub-section (1), 32-A and 32-B shall apply to a work first made or published in a Berne Convention Country mentioned in Part I of the Schedule or in a Universal Copyright Convention Country mentioned in Part III of the Schedule or in a World Trade Organisation Country mentioned in Part VI of the Schedule.

7. The term of copyright in a work shall not exceed that which is enjoyed by it in its country of origin.

Explanation .—In this paragraph, “the country of origin” shall mean—

(a) in the case of a work first made or published in a Berne Convention Country or a Universal Copyright Convention Country or a World Trade Organisation Country, that country;

(b) in the case of a work made or published simultaneously either in a Berne Convention Country or a Universal Copyright Convention Country or in a World Trade Organisation Country and in a country which is neither a Berne Convention Country nor a Universal Copyright Convention Country nor a World Trade Organisation Country, the former country;

(c) in the case of a work which is made or published simultaneously in several Berne Convention Countries, the country whose laws grant the shortest term of copyright to such a work;

(d) in the case of a work which is made or published simultaneously in several Universal Copyright Convention Countries, the country whose laws grant the shortest term of copyright to such a work;

(e) in the case of a work which is made or published simultaneously in several World Trade Organisation Countries, the country whose laws grant the shortest term of copyright to such a work;

(f) in the case of an unpublished work or a work first made or published in a country other than a Berne Convention Country or a Universal Copyright Convention Country or a World Trade Organisation Country, the country of which the author was a citizen, or the country in which he was domiciled at the time of its first publication, whichever grants the longer term of copyright.

Schedule

PART – I

Berne Convention Countries Which Have Ratified/accepted/ Acceded To The 1971 Text Of The Convention

[See Paragraph 2(a)]

1. Albania 71. Kyrgyzstan
2. Algeria 72. Latavia
3. Antigua and Barbuda 73. Lesotho
4. Argentina 74. Liberia
5. Armenia 75. Libiyan Arab Jamahiriya
6. Australia 76. Liechtenstein
7. Austria 77. Lithuania
8. Azerbaijan 78. Luxumberg
9. Bahamas 79. Malawi
10. Bahrain 80. Malaysia
11. Bangladesh 81. Mali
12. Barbados 82. Malta
13. Belarus 83. Mauritania
14. Belgium 84. Mauritius
15. Belize 85. Mexico
16. Benin 86. Monaco
17. Bolivia 87. Mongolia
18. Bosnia & Herzegovina 88. Morocco
19. Botswana 89. Namibia
20. Brazil 90. Netherlands
21. Bulgaria 91. Niger
22. Burkina Faso 92. Nigeria
23. Cameroon 93. Norway
24. Canada 94. Oman
25. Cape Verde 95. Panama
26. Central African Republic 96. Paraguay
27. Chile 97. Peru
28. China 98. Philippines
29. Colombia 99. Poland
30. Congo 100. Portugal
31. Costa Rica 101. Qatar
32. Cote d’lvoire 102. Republic of Korea
33. Croatia 103. Republic of Moldova
34. Cuba 104. Panama
35. Cyprus 105. Russian Federation
36. Czech Republic 106. Rwanda
37. Democratic Republic of the Congo 107. Saint Kitts & Nevis
38. Denmark 108. Saint Lucia
39. Domonica 109. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
40. Dominican Republic 110. Senegal
41. Ecuador 111. Singapore
42. Egypt 112. Slovakia
43. El Salvador 113. Slovenia
44. Equatorial Guinea 114. South Africa
45. Estonia 115. Spain
46. Finland 116. Sri Lanka
47. France 117. Surinam
48. Gabon 118. Swaziland
49. Gambia 119. Sweden
50. Georgia 120. Switzerland
51. Germany 121. Tajikstan
52. Ghana 122. Thailand
53. Greece 123. The Former Yugoslavia Republic of Macedonia
54. Grenada 124. Togo
55. Guatemala 125. Trinidad and Tobago
56. Guinea 126. Tunisia
57. Guinea-Bissau 127. Turkey
58. Guyana 128. Ukraine
59. Haiti 129. United Kingdom
60. Holy See 130. United Republic of Tanzania
61. Honduras 131. United States of America
62. Hungary 132. Uruguay
63. Iceland 133. Venezuela
64. Indonesia 135. Zambia
65. Italy 136. Zimbabwe
134. Yugoslavia
66, Jamaica
67. Japan
68. Jordan
69. Kazakhstan
70. Kenya

PART-II

Berne Convention Countries Which Are Yet To Ratify/ Accept/ Accede To The 1971 Text Of Convention

[See Paragraph 2(a)]

1. Chad 2. Fiji 3. Ireland 4. Israel 5. Lebanon 6. Madagascar 7. New Zealand 8. Pakistan

PART-III

Universal Copyright Convention Countries Which Have Ratified/ Accepted/acceded To The 1971 Text Of The Convention

[See Paragraph 2(e)]

1. Algeria 30. Kenya
2. Australia 31. Mexico
3. Austria 32. Monaco
4. Bahamas 33. Morocco
5. Bangladesh 34. Netherlands
6. Barbados 35. Niger
7. Bolivia 36. Norway
8. Bosnia & Herzegovina 37. Panama
9. Brazil 38. Peru
10. Bulgaria 39. Poland
11. Cameroon 40. Portugal
12. China 41. Republic of Korea
13. Colombia 42. Russian Federation
14. Costa Rica 43. Rwanda
15. Croata 44. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
16. Cyprus 45. saudi Arabia
17. Czech Republic 46. Senegal
18. Denmark 47. Slovakia
19. Dominican Republic 48. Slovenia
20. Ecudor 49. Spain
21. El Salvador 50. Sri Lanka
22. Finland 51. Sweden
23. France 52. Switzerland
24. Germany 53. Trinidad and Tobago
25. Guinea 54. Tunisia
26. Holy See 55. United Kingdom
27. Hungary 56. United States of America
28. Italy 57. Uruguay
29. Japan 58. Yugoslavia

PART-IV

Universal Copyright Convention Countries Which Are Yet To Ratify/ Accept/accede To The 1971 Text Of The Convention

[See Paragraph 2(e)]

1. Andorra 19. Lao People’s Democratic Republic
2. Argentina 20. Lebanon
3. Belarus 21. Liberia
4. Belgium 22. Liechtenstein
5. Belize 23. Luxembourg
6. Cambodia 24. Malawi
7. Canada 25. Malta
8. Chile 26. Mauritius
9. Cuba 27. New Zealand
10. Fiji 28. Nicaragua
11. Ghana 29. Nigeria
12. Greece 30. Pakistan
13. Guatemala 31. Paraguay
14. Haiti 32. Phillippines
15. Iceland 33. Tajikistan
16. Ireland 34. Ukraine
17. Israel 35. Venezuela
18. Kazakhistan 36. Zambia

PART-V

Phonograms Convention Countries

[See Paragraph 2(c)]

1. Argentina 30. Israel
2. Australia 31. Italy
3. Austria 32. Jamaica
4. Barbados 33. Japan
5. Brazil 34. Kenya
6. Bulgaria 35. Latvia
7. Burkina Faso 36. Liechenstein
8. Chile 37. Lithuania
9. China 38. Luxembourg
10. Colombia 39. Mexico
11. Costa Rica 40. Monaco
12. Cyprus 41. Netherlands
13. Croatia 42. New Zealand
14. Czech Republic 43. Norway
15. Democratic Republic of the Congo 44. Panama
16. Denmark 45. Paraguay
17. Ecuador 46. Peru
18. Egypt 47. Republic of Korea
19. El Salvador 48. Republic of Maoldova
20. Estonia 49. Romania
21. Fiji 50. Russian Federation
22. Finland 51. Slovakia
23. France 52. Slovenia
24. Germany 53. Spain
25. Greece 54. Sweden
26. Guatemala 55. Switzerland
27. Holy See 56. The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
28. Honduras 57. Trinidad and Tobago
29. Hungary 58. Ukraine
  59. United Kingdom
  60. United States of America
  61. Uruguay
  62. Venezuela

PART-VI

The World Trade Organisation Countries

[See Paragraph 2(1)]

1. Albania 71. Kyrygyz Republic
2. Angola 72. Latavia
3. Antigua and Barbuda 73. Lesotho
4. Argentina 74. Liechtenstein
5. Australia 75. Luxembourg
6. Austria 76. Macau, China
7. Bahrain 77. Madagascar
8. Bangladesh 78. Malawi
9. Barbados 79. Malaysia
10. Belgium 80. Maldives
11. Belize 81. Mali
12. Benin 82. Malta
13. Bolivia 83. Mauritania
14. Botswana 84. Mauritius
15: Brazil 85. Mexico
16. Brunei Oarussalam 86. Mongolia
17. Bulgaria 87. Morocco
18. Burkina Paso 88. Mozambique
19. Burundi 89. Myanmar
20. Cameroon 90. Namibia
21. Canada 91. Netherlands- for the Kingdom in Europe and for theNetherlands Antilles
22. Central African Republic 92. New Zealand
23. Chad 93. Nicaragua
24. Chile 94. Niger
25. Colombia 95. Nigeria
26. Congo 96. Norway
27. Costa Rica 97. Pakistan
28. Cote d’lvoire 98. Panama
29. Cuba 99. Papua New Guinea
30. Cyprus 100 Paraguay
31. Czech Republic 101. Peru
32. Democratic Republic of the Congo 102. Philippines
33. Denmark 103. Poland
34. Djibouti 104. Portugal
35. Dominica 105. Qatar
36. Dominican Republic 106. Romania
37. Ecuador 107. Rwanda
38. Egypt 108. Saint Kitts & Nevis
39. El Salvador 109. Saint Lucia
40. Estonia 110. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
41. European Community 111. Senegal
42. Fiji 112. Sierra Leone
43. Finland 113. Singapore
44. France 114. Slovak Republic
45. Gabon 115. Slovenia
46. Gambia 116. Solomon Islands
47. Georgia 117. South Africa
48. Germany 118. Spain
49. Ghana 119. Sri Lanka
50. Greece 120. Suriname
51. Grenada 121. Swaziland
52. Guatemala 122. Sweden
53. Guinea 123. Switzerland
54. Guinea-Bissau 124. Tanzania
55. Guyana 125. Thailand
56. Haiti 126. Togo
57. Honduras 127. Trinidad and Tobago
58. Hong Kong, China 128. Tunisia
59. Hungary 129. Turkey
60. Iceland 130. Uganda
61. Indonesia 131. United Arab Emirates
62. Ireland 132. United Kingdom
63. Israel 133. United States of America
64. Italy 134. Uruguay
65. Jamaica 135. Venezuela
66. Japan 136. Zambia
67. Jordan 137. Zimbabwe
68. Kenya
69. Korea, Republic of
70. Kuwait