Mayur Panabhai Shah Appellant Versus State of Gujarat[SC 1982 January]

Keywords: Medical Evidence


Evidence Act, 1872—Section 45—Expert evidence—Medical evidence—Presumption of truthfulness—Where a Doctor has deposed in the Court, his evidence has to be appreciated like any other witness—There is no irrebuttable presumption that a Doctor is always witness of truth.

AIR 1983 SC 66 : (1982) 2 SCC 396 : (1982) 1 SCALE 523 : (1982) CriLJ SC 1972


mayur Panabhai Shah Appellant
State of Gujarat Respondent

(Before : P. N. Bhagwati And E. S. Venkataramiah, JJ.)

Criminal Appeal No. 47 of 1982 , Decided on : 22-01-1982


Venkataramiah, J

1. Special leave granted.

2. This is an appeal by special leave directed against the judgment passed by a single Judge of the Gujarat High court summarily dismissing an appeal preferred by the appellant against an order passed by the Additional Sessions Judge No. 11 Ahmedabad convicting the appellant of the offence under Section 376 of the Indian Penal Code and sentencing him to imprisonment for a period of one year. We think that this is not a case which should have been summarily rejected by the learned single Judge and moreover we do not think the learned Judge was right in observing that “Our courts have always taken the doctors as witness of truth.” Even where a doctor has deposed in court, his evidence has got to be appreciated like the evidence of any other witness and there is no irrebuttable presumption that a doctor is always a witness of truth. We would therefore allow the appeal, set aside the judgment of the single Judge and remand the appeal to the High Court with a direction that the appeal may be admitted and after issuing notice to the State it may be disposed of on merits. It would be preferable if the appeal is heard by a Judge other than the learned Judge who heard the appeal at the stage of admission.