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VVIP Security and Security Category in India
VVIP security is decided by a committee consisting of Intelligence Bureau (IB) officials, the home secretary, and the home minister.
Depending on the level of threat, security is classified into four main levels.
X,Y,Z and Z+ category.
Provided to VIPs and VVIPs.
Has a security cover of over 36 personnel.
Guarded extensively by NSG.
NSG with Special Protection Group (SPG) guards the Prime Minister, former PMs and their immediate family members.
Round the clock personal security.
Contains 28 NSG commandos, an escort, a pilot and tailing vehicles, Cobra commandos and 12 home guards.
Provided to low-profile individuals.
Entails 2 Personal Security Officers (PSOs) and one escort car to an individual.
Has a security cover of 22 personnel including a pilot.
Provided to lower-key profile indiviaduals.
Also entails 2 PSOs but without an escort car.
Has a security cover of 11 personnel.
Provided to individuals with the lowest threat.
Entails only 1 PSO.
Has a security cover of 2 personnel.
The SPG, with less than 4,000 personnel in its ranks and a budget of Rs 330 crore Apx this year, is the most expensive VIP guarding security force considering the man-budget ratio.
SPG, a force carved out from various para-military and state police forces, was formed in 1988 by an act of Parliament for “providing proximate security to the Prime Minister and former Prime Ministers and members of their immediate families. The need for such a force was felt after assassination of former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in 1984. The force has six protectees now – Prime Minister Narendra Modi, former PMs Manmohan Singh and Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Congress leaders Sonia Gandhi, Rahul Gandhi and his sister Priyanka Vadra.
A total of around 450 VIP’s in India gets the high security and 17of them gets Z+ security.