Manifesto of the Communist Party

Contents Preamble I: Bourgeois and Proletarians II: Proletarians and Communists III: Socialist and Communist Literature IV: Position of the Communists in Relation to the Various Existing Opposition Parties A spectre is haunting Europe — the spectre of communism. All the powers of old Europe have entered into a holy alliance to exorcise this spectre: Pope and Tsar, Metternich and Guizot, French Radicals and German police-spies. … Continue reading Manifesto of the Communist Party

Draft of a Communist Confession of Faith[1847]

Works of Frederick Engels 1847  Question 1: Are you a Communist? Answer: Yes. Question 2: What is the aim of the Communists? Answer: To organise society in such a way that every member of it can develop and use all his capabilities and powers in complete freedom and without thereby infringing the basic conditions of this society. Question 3: How do you wish to achieve … Continue reading Draft of a Communist Confession of Faith[1847]

Frederick Engels’ Speech at the Grave of Karl Marx [1883]

Highgate Cemetery, London. March 17, 1883 On the 14th of March, at a quarter to three in the afternoon, the greatest living thinker ceased to think. He had been left alone for scarcely two minutes, and when we came back we found him in his armchair, peacefully gone to sleep — but for ever. An immeasurable loss has been sustained both by the militant proletariat … Continue reading Frederick Engels’ Speech at the Grave of Karl Marx [1883]

The Monroe Doctrine [ USA 1823]

Keywords:  Policy of the United States from President James Monroe’s seventh annual message to Congress, December 2, 1823: At the proposal of the Russian Imperial Government, made through the minister of the Emperor residing here, a full power and instructions have been transmitted to the Minister of the United States at St. Petersburgh to arrange, by amicable negotiation, the respective rights and interests of the two nations … Continue reading The Monroe Doctrine [ USA 1823]

To those who keep slaves, and approve the practice[USA 1794]

Keywords : Slavery Richard Allen, 1794 The judicious part of mankind will think it unreasonable that a superior good conduct is looked for from our race, by those who stigmatize us as men, whose baseness is incurable, and may therefore be held in a state of servitude, that a merciful man would not doom a beast to; yet you try what you can to prevent … Continue reading To those who keep slaves, and approve the practice[USA 1794]

Petition from the Pennsylvania Society for the Abolition of Slavery[USA 1790]

Signed by Benjamin Franklin, President of the Pennsylvania Society, February 3, 1790 To the Senate & House of Representatives of the United States, The Memorial of the Pennsylvania Society for promoting the Abolition of Slavery, the relief of free Negroes unlawfully held in bondage, & the Improvement of the Condition of the African Races. Respectfully Sheweth, That from a regard for the happiness of Mankind an … Continue reading Petition from the Pennsylvania Society for the Abolition of Slavery[USA 1790]

Washington’s Farewell Address[USA 1796]

President George Washington’s Farewell Address — 1796 Friends and Fellow Citizens: The period for a new election of a citizen to administer the executive government of the United States being not far distant, and the time actually arrived when your thoughts must be employed in designating the person who is to be clothed with that important trust, it appears to me proper, especially as it … Continue reading Washington’s Farewell Address[USA 1796]

Lincoln’s First Inaugural Address[USA 1861]

March 4, 1861 Fellow citizens of the United States: In compliance with a custom as old as the government itself, I appear before you to address you briefly, and to take, in your presence, the oath prescribed by the Constitution of the United States, to be taken by the President “before he enters on the execution of his office.” I do not consider it necessary, … Continue reading Lincoln’s First Inaugural Address[USA 1861]

The Pledge of Allegiance [1892]

The Pledge of Allegiance was written in August 1892 by the socialist minister Francis Bellamy (1855-1931). It was originally published in The Youth’s Companion on September 8, 1892. Bellamy had hoped that the pledge would be used by citizens in any country. In its original form it read: “I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and … Continue reading The Pledge of Allegiance [1892]

The American’s Creed [1918]

  by William Tyler Page I believe in the United States of America as a government of the people, by the people, for the people; whose just powers are derived from the consent of the governed, a democracy in a republic, a sovereign Nation of many sovereign States; a perfect union, one and inseparable; established upon those principles of freedom, equality, justice, and humanity for … Continue reading The American’s Creed [1918]