LL.B.(Three years course) (First Year) Ist Semester

Paper I

Unit –I: Introduction
Nature and scope of Jurisprudence
Need for study of Jurisprudence
Linkage between Jurisprudence and other sciences

Unit – II: Schools of Jurisprudence
Natural Law with Indian Perspective
Analytical Positivism, Pure Theory, Legal Realism
Historical Jurisprudence

Unit – III: School of Jurisprudence-II
Sociological Jurisprudence with Indian Perspective
Administration of Justice
Civil and Criminal Justice System

Unit – IV: Sources of Law
Boderheimer-Jurisprudence-The Philosophy & Method of Law (1996) Unversal, Delhi
R.W.M. Dias-Jurisprudence (1994) Indian Reprint-Adithya Books, Delhi
Fitzgerald-Salmond on Jurisprudence (1999), Tripathi, Bombay
Dhyani SN-Jurisprudence-A Study of Indian Legal Theory (1985)

LL.B.(Three years course) (First Year) Ist Semester

Paper II
Law of Contract-I

Unit I: Formation of Contract
Meaning and nature of contract
Offer/Proposal: Definition, Communication, Revocation, General/Specific offer, Invitation of treat
Acceptance: Definition, Communication, Revocation, Provisional acceptance, Tenders/Auctions

Unit II: Consideration and Capacity
Consideration: Definition, Essentials, Privity of Contract, Exception Section 2(d) 25
Capacity to enter into a contract; Minor’s Position, Nature/effect of minor’s agreements.
Unit III: Validity, Discharge and Performance of Contract
Free Consent
Coercion, Undue influence, Misrepresentation, Fraud, Mistake
Unlawful consideration and object
Effect of void, voidable, valid, illegal, unlawful and uncertain agreement/contracts
Discharge of Contracts
Time and Place of performance Agreement
Impossibility of performance and frustration
Breach: Anticipatory & Present

Unit IV: Remedies and Quasi Contracts
Remedies: Damages, Kinds, Remoteness etc., Injunction, Specific Performance, Quantum Meruit.
Quasi Contract (Section 68-72)
Act: Indian Contract Act, 1872
1. Beatsen (ed.)-Anson’s Law of Contract: (27th Ed. 1998)
2. Anson-Law of Contract (1998), Universal, Delhi
3. Pollock and Mulla-Indian Contract Act
4. Avtar Singh-Law of Contract, Eastern Book Co.(Lucknow)
5. S.K.Kapoor- Samvidha Vidhi (Hindi)

LL.B.(Three years course) (First Year) Ist Semester

Paper III
Law of Tort-I

Unit-I: Introduction and Principle in Tort
Nature & Definition of Tort
Development of Tort
Tort distinguished from Contract, Crime and Breach of Trust
Cyber tort

Unit-II:General Condition of Liability in Tort
Wrongful Act
Legal Damage
Damnum sine Injuria
Injuria sine Damnum
Legal Remedy-Ubi jus ibi remedium
Mental Element in Tort
Motive, Intention, Malice and its Kinds
Malfeasance, Misfeasance and non-feasance
Fault whether essential

Unit III
Justification of Tort
Volenti non fit injuria
Act of God
Inevitable accidents
Plaintiff’s default
Private defence
Judicial and Quasi-Judicial Act
Parental and Quasi-Parental authority
Acts causing slight harm

Unit-IV: Remedies and Damages
Personal Capacity
Who can not sued
Who can not be sued
General Remedies in Tort
Damages and its kinds
Remoteness of Damage (In Re Prolemis & Wagon Mount Case)
Judicial and Extra Judicial Remedies
Joint Tort feasors
Vicarious Liability
1. Salmond & Heuston-On the Law of Torts (2000), Universal, Delhi
2. D.D.Basu, The Law of Torts (1982) Kamal, Calcutta.
3. Winfield & Jolowiz on Tort (1999) Sweet and Maxwell, London
4. Ratan Lal & Dhiraj Law-The Law of Torts (1997) Universal, Delhi
5. R.K.Bangia, Law of Torts

LL.B.(Three years course) (First Year) Ist Semester
Paper IV
Family Law-I
Hindu Law
Nature , Who is Hindu & Sources of Hindu Law
Hindu Marriage Act, 1955: (Sec.5-23)
Unit –II
Maintenance Under Hindu Marriage Act (Sec.24 & 25)
Maintenance Under Hindu Adoption And Maintenance Act, 1956 (Sec.18, 19 & 20)
Adoption: Essential & Effect (Sec.6 to 12 of HA&MA, 1956)
Kinds and Powers of guardian under Hindu Minority & Guardianship Act, 1956 (Sec.6-13)

Muslim Law

Unit –III
Nature & Sources of Muslim Law, Who is Muslim?
Muslim Marriage: Essentials, Option of puberty, Kinds of Marriage under Sunni Law & Shia Law
Mehr: Definition, Concept, Kinds of Dower, Rights of Wife in case of Unpaid Mehr

Unit-IV: Divorce
Classification of Divorce
Maintenance of Wife Under Muslim personal law, Cr.P.C and Muslim Women (Protection of Right on Divorce) Act, 1986
Parentage and Legitimacy
Kinds and Powers of guardian
1. Hindu Marriage Act, 1955
2. Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act, 1956
3. Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act, 1956
3. Muslim Women (Protection of Right on Divorce) Act, 1986
1. J.D.M. Derrett- Hindu Law
2. Mulla -Hindu Law, (18th Ed. 2002) Butterworth Publication
3. Paras Diwan, Hindu Law, Allahabad Law Agency
4. Dr.R.K.Singh, Hindu Law (Hindi), Allahabad Law Agency
5. Kusum & P.P.Sexena, Lecture on Hindu Law, Butterworthe Publication Hi

LL.B.(Three years course) (First Year) Ist Semester

Paper V
Law of Crimes-I
Unit-I: Introduction to Substantive Criminal Law
Extent and operation of the Indian Penal Code
Definition of crime
Fundamental elements of crime
Stage of a crime; Intention, Preparation, Attempt, Commission (i) Essentials of the attempt,
Impossible attempt, attempt and preparation distinguished
Unit-II: General Explanations and Exceptions (Sec.76-106)
(i)Definition (ii) Constructive joint liability (iii) Mistake (iv) Judicial and Executive acts (v)
Accident (vi) Necessity (vii) Infancy (viii) Insanity (ix) Intoxication (x) Consent (xi) Good faith
(xii) Private defence
Unit-III: Abetment and Criminal Conspiracy (Sec.107 to 114; Sec 120-A,B)
Unit-IV: Punishment
Theories: Deterrent, Retributive, Preventive, Expiatory and Reformative Theory
Punishment under the IPC: Fine, Life-Imprisonment, Death Sentence
The Indian Penal Code, 1860
1. Pillai, PSA, Criminal Law
2. Jeroma Hall, Principles of Criminal Law
3. R.C.Nigam, Criminal Law
4. Ratan Lal & Dhiraj Law, Indian Penal Code
5. K.D.Gaur, Criminal Law cases and materials

LL.B.(Three years course) (First Year) Ist Semester

Paper VI
Constitutional Law Of India-I
Unit-I: Constitution
Definition and Classification
Sources of Constitution
Constitutional Conventions
Salient features of Indian Constitution
Rule of Law
Separation of powers
Unit-II: Distributive of Powers between Center and States
Legislative Powers – Administrative Powers – Financial Power
Doctrine of Territorial Nexus–Doctrine of Harmonious Construction-Doctrine of Pith and
Substance-Doctrine of Repugnancy
Unit-III: Constitutional Organs
(a) Parliament (b) Parliamentary Sovereignty (iii) Parliamentary Privileges (iv) Anti Defection
Law (v) Executive Power (vi) Collective Responsibility of Cabinet (vii) Judiciary-Jurisdiction of
Supreme Court and High Courts (viii) Independence of Judiciary
(ix) Public Interest Litigation (x) Power of Judicial Review (xi) Doctrine of Political Question
Unit-IV: Emergency Provisions, Amendment of Constitution, Doctrine of Basic Structure,
Contractual and Tortious Liability of State, Right to Property and Freedom of Trade &
1. The Constitution of India, 1950
1. D.D.Basu, Shorter Constitution of India, 2001 Wadhwa, Nagpur
2. H.M.Seervai, Constitution of India, Tripathi Bombay
3. V.N.Shukla, Constitution of India, Eastern Book Co. Lko.
4. M.P.Jain, Constitution of India, Wadhwa Nagpur
5. B.K.Sharma, Introduction to Constitution of India, Prentice Hall.

LL.B.(Three years course) (First Year) Ist Semester

Paper VII
Public International Law-I

Unit- I
Definition and nature, General and Regional rules of International Law, Distinction between public International Law and Private International Law, Hogo Grotius, Is International Law true Law? Sanctions of observance of International Law, Sources of International Law (Article 38, Statute of the International Court of Justice), Relationship between international law and
municipal law (Monism, Dualism, British, American and Indian Practice), Subject of
international law (Various thories), Individual as subject of international law. The essential
characteristics of a State in International Law, Micro States, Sovereignty of States,
Condominium, Vassal States and protectorates, Holy See, Commonwealth of Nations.

Unit- II
Recognition-Definition of State Recognition, Recognition of Government, Theories of
Recognition, Recognition De Jure and De Facto, The Duty to Recognize, Legal Effect of
Recognition, Withdrawl of Recognition, Retroactive effect of Recognition.
States Succession: Definition and Kinds of Succession, consequences of state s uccession,
Succession in respect of International Ogranisation.
Intervention: Definition and its Prohibition, Grounds of Intervention. Intervention by invitation.
State Jurisdiction-Territorial Jurisdiction and its limitations.
State Responsibility-Kinds of State Responsibility, Consequences of State Responsibility.

Unit- III:
State Terrotory: Concept, modes of acquisition, International Rivers
Air Space: Various Throies, Aerial Navigation (Five freedom of Air), Outer Space Treaty, 1967
Law of Sea: Maritime Belt, Contiguous Zone, Continental Shelf, Excclusive Econimic Zone, The High Seas, Land Locked States, International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, Piracy.

Unit IV:
Extradiction: Definition, Purpose of Extradition, Legal Duty, Extradiction of Political Offenders,
Doctrine of Double Criminality, Rule of Speciality
Asylum: Meaning, Right of Asylum, Types of Asylum
Deplomatice Agents: Who are Diplomatic Agent? Classification of Heads of Mission, Function of Diplomatic Agents, The basis of Immunities and Privileges, Privileges and Immunities, Waiver of Immunity, Termination of Diplomatic Mission.
Consuls: Classification, function, privileges and Immunities. Internation Treaties: Meaning, kinds formation, Pacta Sunt Servanda, Rebus Sic Stantibus, Jus Cogens, Reservations and Termination.
1. Starke, Introduction to International Law
2. Rebecca Wallace, International Law
3. Brownlie, Principles of International Law
4. S.K.Kapoor, Public International Law
5. M.P.Tandon, Public International Law, ALA
6. K.C.Joshi, International Law


LL.B.(Three years course) (First Year)  IInd Semester

Paper I


Unit-I: State, Sovereignty and Law
Nature and functions of a State and its relationship with law
Nature and development of Sovereignty
Nature and Kinds of law and theories of justice

Unit-II: Law and Legislation
Law and Morality
Law and Religion
Law and Social change

Unit-III: Concepts of Law
Rights and Duties
Possession, Ownership and Property

Unit-IV: Principles of Liability
Liability and Negligence
Absolute Liability
Books: Same as Semester I

LL.B.(Three years course) (First Year) IInd Semester

Paper II
Law of Contract II: Specific Contract

A. Indemnity and Guarantee (Sec.124-147)
Indemnity & Guarantee-the Concept, Definition, Methods
Commencement of liability of the indemnifier
Nature of indemnity clauses
Distinction between indemnity and Guarantee
Right/Duties of Indemnifier, Indemnified and Surety
Discharge of Surety’s liability
Kinds of Guarantee
Bailment and Pledge (Sec. 148-171 and Sec.172-181)
a. Meaning and Distinction
b. Rights and Duties of Bailor/Bailee, Pawnor/Pawnee
c. Lien
d. Termination of Bailment
Commercial utility of pledge transactions
Unit-III: Agency (Sec.182 to 238)
Definitions of Agent and Principal
Essentials of relationship of agency
Creation of agency: by agreement, ratification and law
Relation of principal/agent, subagent and substituted agent
Termination of agency
Unit IV: Government Contract
Constitutional provisions, procedural requirement-kinds of Govt. Contracts performance of such
contracts, Settlement of disputes and remedies.
Books: Same as Semester I

LL.B.(Three years course) (First Year) IInd Semester

Paper III
Law of Tort II

Specific Wrong and Consumer Protection Laws
Unit-I: Tort Relating to Person
Assault, Battery, False Imprisonment and abuses, Legal Proceedings, Malicious Procaution
Unit II: Tort relating to Property
Trespass, Nuisance, Trespass to Land and Goods
Defamation, Detinue, Conversion
Tort to incorporal personal property-Copy right, Trade mark, Trade name and Patent right
Negligence, Res ipsa loquitor, Contributory negligence, Strict Liability or liability without fault
and its applicability under MVA, 1988
Unit-III: Consumer Protection Act:
Consumersion in India (Historical Background), Consumers: the concept, definition and scope,
object of CPAct, Rights of Consumers.
Unfair Trade Practice, Restriction Trade Practice, Defect in goods, Deficiency in service:
Medical, Lawyering, Electricity, Housing, Postal services etc.
Unit- IV: Enforcement of Consumer Rights: Consumer Forum under C.P.Act-Jurisdiction,
Powers and functions, Exceptions of order, Judicial Review, PIL, Class action, Remedies,
Appeal, Administrative Remedies, C.P.Courts.
Consumer Protection Act, 1986
1. Saraf D.N., Law of Consumer Protection in India, 1995 Tripathi
2 R.K.Bangia, Consumer Protection Act
3. P.K.Majumdar, The Law of Consumer Protection in India, 1998 Orient Publishing Co. Delhi

LL.B.(Three years course) (First Year) IInd Semester

Paper IV
Family Law-II

Hindu Law
Unit-I: Joint Hindu Family
Origin, Nature of Joint Family and Coparcenary, Characteristic features of Coparcenary,
Distinction between Coparcenary and Joint Family, Classification of Property: Joint Family
Property and Separate Property, Karta: Position, Powers and Liabilities, Debts
Partition: Definition, Persons entitled to demand Partition, Reopening and Reunion
Hindu Succession Act, 1956: Features, Devolution of interest in Coparcenary Property (Sec.6),
List of heirs in Class-I & II of the Schedule, Hindu Women’s Right to Property
Muslim Law
Unit III
Hiba: Definition, Essentials, Kinds and Formalities for a Valid Hiba, Revocation of Hiba.
Will: Definition, Essentials and Kinds of a Valid Will, Abatement of Legacies, Revocation of Will.
Pre-emption: Definition, Classification & Formalities
Inheritance under Sunni Law, Doctrine of Aul and Radd
Same as in Semester III
1. Hindu Succession Act, 1956
Books: Same as Semester I

LL.B.(Three years course) (First Year) IInd Semester

Paper V

Law of Crimes-II
Unit I: Offences affecting the Human Body
offences affecting life, causing of miscarriage or injuries to unborn children
offences of hurt, of wrongful restraint and wrongful confinement
offences of Criminal Force and Assault, offences of kidnapping and abduction
Unit II: Offences against women
Obscene acts and songs
Outraging the modesty of women
Cruelty by husband or relatives of husband
Offences relating to marriage
Unit III: Offences against Property
Theft, Extortion, Robbery and Dacoity
Criminal misappropriation and Criminal breach of trust
Criminal trespass
Unit IV: Defamation and offences relating to documents and property marks
Criminal intimidation, sedition, disturbing religious feelings, enmity between classes of people
Books: Same as Semester I

LL.B.(Three years course) (First Year) IInd Semester

Paper VI
Constitutional Law Of India-II

Unit –I: Fundamental Rights
Definition of State for enforcement of fundamental rights-Justiciability of fundamental rightsDoctrine
of eclipse, severability, waiver, distinction between pre-constitutional law and postconstitutional
Right to Equality: Doctrine of Reasonable classification and the principle of absence of
Fundamental Freedom: Freedom of speech and expression, Freedom of Association, Freedom of
Movement, Freedom of Reside and Settle, Freedom of Trade, Business and Profession-expansion
by judicia l interpretation-reasonable restrictions.
Unit II: Fundamental rights
Right to life and personal liberty-scope and content (expensive interpretation)
Preventive detention under the Constitution-Policy and safeguards-Judicial review
Right against exploitation-forced labour and child employment
Freedom of religion
Educational and cultural rights
Unit III: Right to Constitutional Remedies:
Right to Constitutional Remedies-Judicial ReviewWrits:
Hebeas Corpus, Mandamus, Certiorari, Prohibition and Quo-warranto-Art.32 and 226
Unit IV: Directive Principle, Fundamental Duties, Social Justice and Right to Information
Directive Principle of State Policy-Nature and justiciability of the Directive Principles-Interrelationship
between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles-Fundamental Duties
Social justice under the Indian Constitution-Compensatory discrimination for backward classesMandal
Commission’s case and other cases-Protective discrimination doctrine.
Right to Information Act: Central and State Commission, Public Authorities, Right to
Information and Power of Judicial Review
Books: Same as Semester I

LL.B.(Three years course) (First Year) IInd Semester

Paper VII
Public International Law-II

Unit- I
International Organizations: Definition, the condition which should exits for their development, Their Legal Personality, capacity to enter into international treaties,, Privilege and Immunities, League of Nations: Principal Organs, Its weaknesses, Mandate System.
Unit- II United Nations:
Establishment, Preamble, Purpose & Principles of UN, Membership, suspension, expulsion and withdrawl. Principal Organs of the UN, Amendment to the Charter.
Unit- III
Settlement of International disputes, Pecific and compulsive, War: Definition, Non-war armed conflic t, Declaration, Legal Regulation, Effects of the Outbreak of War.
The Law of Warfare- Need, Laws of Land, Maritime and aerial Warfare, War crime-Nuremberg and Tokyo Trials, Genocide: Meaning, Main provisions of the Genocide Convention.
Unit- IV
Neutrality – Meaning under the UN Charter, Rights and duties of neutral and Belligerent States, End of Neutrality, Right of Angary, Contraband and the Doctrine of Continuous Voyage, Blockade, Right of Visit and Search, Prize Courts,
S.P.Gupta, International Organisation, ALA
H.O.Agrawal, International Law and Human Rights


LL.B.(Three years course) (Second Year)  IIIrd Semester

Paper I
Human Rights Law and Practice

Human Rights: Meaning, Evolution of Human Rights: Ancient and Natural law perspective,
Natural Rights and Human Rights, Legal Right and Human Rights, Human Rights-Classification,
Human Rights and League of Nations, Sources of International Human Rights Law, Human
U.N.Charter and Human Rights, Universal Declaration of Human Rights and its legal
Covenants and Conventions: International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural
Rights,1966; International Conventions on Civil & Political Rights, 1966 The European
Convention on Human Rights, 1950, The American Convention on Human Rights, 1969, African
Charter on Human and Peoples Rights, The Viena Conference on Human Rights, Convention
Against Torture and Other Cruel Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, Rights of the Aged.
Unit III:
Human Rights in India, Human Rights and Indian Constitution, The Protection of Human Rights Act, 1992
Judicial activism & Protection of Human Rights in India, Role of Non-Governmental
organization in the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights; Refugees
Unit IV:
National Human Rights Commission, National Commission for Minorities, National Commission for Safai karamcharis, National Commission for Women, National Commission for Backward Classes and National Commission for Schedule Castes and Schedule Tribes.
1. The Charter of UNO
2. The Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993
3. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948
4. The Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993
1. Prof. S.K.Verma, Public International Law (1998) Prentice Ha ll of India
2. Wallace, International Human Rights, 1996 Sweet & Maxwell
3. Theodor Meron (ed.), Human Right in International Law
4. V.R.Krishna Iyer, The Dialectics and Dynamics of Human Right in India
5. S.K.Kapoor, Human Right under Int.Law & Indian Law

LL.B.(Three years course) (Second Year) IIIrd Semester

Paper II
Property Law and Easement-I

Unit-I: Concept of Property and General Principles Relating to Transfer of Property
Concept of property: distinction between moveable and immoveable property
Definition clause: Immovable property, Attestation, Notice, Actionable claim
Definition to transfer of property (Sec.5)
Transfer and non-transfer property (Sec.10-12)
Transfer to an unborn person and rule against perpetuity (Sec.13, 14)
Vested and Contingent interest (Sec.19 & 21)
Rule of Election (Sec.35)
Unit-II: General Principles Governing Transfer of Immoveable Property
Transfer by ostensible owner
Rule of feeding the grant by estoppel
Rule of Lis pendens
Fraudulent transfer
Rule of part performanc e
Vested and contingent interest
Conditional transfer
Unit-III: Specific Transfers
Sale and gift
Mortgage and charge
Lease and Licence

Unit-IV: Easement Act
Object and main provisions of the Easement Act
1. The Transfer of Property Act, 1882
2. The Indian Easement Act, 1882
1. Mulla, Transfer of Property Act, 1999, Universal Delhi
2. Subba Rao, Transfer of Property Act, 1994, Subbiah Chetty, Madras
3. V.P.Sarathy, Transfer of Property, 1995 Eastern Book Co.
4. T.P.Tripathi, Transfer of Property Act, 2007
5. S.N.Shukla, Transfer of Property Act, 2007

LL.B.(Three years course) (Second Year) IIIrd Semester

Paper III
Commercial Law

Partnership, Sale of Goods Act
Unit-I: Indian Partnership Act
History, Nature and Definition & Kinds of Partnership, Test of Determining, Distinction form
Company and Joint Family Business, Co-ownership (Sec.4 to 8) General and Specific Duties of
Partner, Rights of Partner to Each other (Sec.9 to 17), Partners to be agent of the Firm: Implied
authority, Emergency Power Effect of Admission & Notice, Liabilities: Joint & Several, Liability
for wrongful acts & Misapplication of Money
Unit-II: Incoming & Outgoing Partners (Sec31 to 38), Dissolution of Firm (Sec.39 to 55),
Registration of Firm (Sec.56 to 71)
Unit-III: Sales of Goods
Definition, Conditions and Performance, Formation of Contract (Sec.4 to 17), Effect of Contract
(Sec.18 to 31)
Unit IV:
Sale of Goods: Right of Parties and Remedies, Performance of Contract (Sec.31 to 44), Rights of Unpaid Seller (Sec.45 to 54), Suits for Breach of Contract (Sec.55 to 61)
1. Indian Partnership Act, 1932
2. The Sale of Goods Act, 1930
1. Avtar Singh, Partnership & Sales of Goods Act, Eastern Book Co.
2. Mulla, Partnership & Sales of Goods Act, Tripathi
3. Dr.R.K.Bangia, Partnership Act
4. H.P.Gupta, Partnership Act

LL.B.(Three years course) (Second Year) IIIrd Semester

Paper IV
Labour Law I
Labour Laws-I (Law relating to Labour Management Relation in India)

Industrial Relation, Labour Problem and Labour Policy in India
Trade Union Act, 1926 (Labour Management Relation); History and Development of Trade Union Movement , Registration of Trade Union, Rights and Liabilities of Registered Trade Union, Penalties and procedure, Collective Bargaining-Process, Merit and Demerit

Unit-II Industrial Dispute Act, 1947
Scope of Industry, Workmen, Employers, Industrial Disputes, Authorities under the Industrial Dispute Act, 1947; Procedure, Power and Duties of Authorities, Reference of Disputes to Boards, Courts or Tribunals

Strike, Lock Out, Lay Off, Retrenchment and Closure
Unfair Labour Practices, Penalties, Offences by Companies etc. Industrial Employment
(Standing Order) Act, 1946

Philosophy of Labour Welfare, Historical Development of Labour Welfare, The Factories Act,
1948: Interpretation-competent person, Hazardous process, manufacturing process, Worker, Factory, Occupier, Health, Safety and Welfare, Working House of Adults, Employment of young persons, Inspectors-Appointment and Powers.
1. Trade Union Act, 1926
2. Industrial Dispute Act, 1947
3. Factories Act, 1948
1. John Bowers & Simon Honey Ball, Text Book on Labour Law (1996) Blackstone, London
2. K.M.Pillai, Labour and Industrial Laws
3. V.G.Goswami, Labour and Industrial Laws, 1999
4. Dr. S.K.Puri, Labour and Industrial Laws (New Ed.)
5 D.D.Seth, Commentaries on Industrial Disputes Act, 1998

LL.B.(Three years course) (Second Year) IIIrd Semester

Paper V
Insurance Law
Unit I
Introduction, Meaning of Insurance, Historical Aspect, Characteristic of Insurance, Nature of
Insurance Contract
Unit II
Theory of Cooperation, Theory of Probability, Principles of Insurance, Utmost Good Faith,
Insurance Interest
Unit III
Re-Insurance, Double Insurance, Insurance & Wages, Types of Ins urance:
Life Insurance
Marine Insurance
Fire Insurance &
Miscellaneous Insurance

Unit IV
Indemnity, Subrogation, Causa Proxima, Mitigation of Loss, Attachment of Risk, Contribution
Constitution, Function and Powers of Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority
Application of Consumer Protection Act, 1986
1. M.N.Mishra, Law of Insurance
2. C.Rangarajan, Handbook of Insurance and Allied Laws

LL.B.(Three years course) (Second Year) IIIrd Semester
Paper VI
Administrative Law-I
Unit I: Evolution and Scope of Administrative Law
Nature, Scope and Development of Administrative Law
Rule of Law and Administrative Law
Separation of Powers and its relevance
Concept of state from laissez-fair to social welfare; position in U.K., USA.,
Relationship between Constitutional Law and Administrative Law
Administrative of function of Administration
Classification of functions of Administration
Unit II: Legislative Function of Administration
Delegated legislation: Necessity and Constitutionality
Forms and requirements
Control: Legislative, Judicial, Procedural
Sub-delegation of legislative power, conditional legislation, Henry VIII Clasue
Unit III: Judicial Functions of Administration
Need for devolution of adjudicatory authority on administration
Nature of Tribunal: Constitution, Power, Procedures, Rules of evidence
Administrative Tribunals
Principles of Natural Justice:
(i) Rule against Bias
(ii) Audi Alter Partem: Essentials of hearing process, Cross examination, Legal representation,
Pre and post-decisional hearing
Rules of evidence-no evidence, some evidence and substantial evidence
Institutional Decisions
Unit IV: Administrative Discretion
Need for administrative discretion, Limitation on exercise of discretion, Malafide exercise,
irrelevant considerations & non-exercise of discretionary power, Judicial review of administrative
discretion, Remedies.
1. Wade, Administrative Law (VII Ed.) Indian Print, Universal
2. M.P.Jain, Principles of Adminstrative Law, Universal Delhi
3. S.P.Sathe, Administrative Law, Butterworths, Delhi
4. C.K.Thakkar, Administrative Law, Eastern Book Co.

LL.B.(Three years course) (Second Year) IIIrd Semester
Paper VII
Company Law-I
Unit I: Formation, Registration and Incorporation of Company
Meaning of Corporation
Nature and kinds of company
Promoters: Position, duties and liabilities
Mode and consequences of incorporation
Uses and abuses of the corporate form, lifting of corporate veil
Theory of Corporate personality
Unit II: Memorandum of Association, alteration and the doctrine of ultra vires
Articles of Association, binding nature, alteration, relation with memorandum of Association,
Doctrine of Constructive Notice and Indoor Management-exceptions
Unit III: Capital Formation of Regulation
Prospectus: Issues, contents, kinds, liabilities for misstatement, statement in liew of prospectus
The nature and classification of company securities
Shares and general principles of allotment
Statutory share certificate, its objects and effects
Transfer of shares, restriction of transfer, relationship between transferor and transferee, issue of
share at premium, role of public finance institutions
Share Capital, reduction of share capital
Conversion of loans debentures into capital
Duties of court to protect interests of creditors and shareholders
Unit IV: Corporate Administrative
Directors: Kinds, Powers and Duties
Role of nominee Directors, Managing Director and other managerial personnel.
The Companies Act, 1956
1. L.C.B.Gower, Principles of Modern Company Law, 1997 Sweet & Maxwell, London
2. A. Ramaiya, Guide to the Companies Act, 1998 Wadhwa
3. Palmer, Palmer’s Company Law, 1987 Stevens, London
4. Avtar Singh, Indian Company Law, Eastern Book Co.
5. R.K.Bangia, Company Law

LL.B.(Three years course) (Second Year) IVth Semester
Paper I
Environmental Laws, Forest laws & Animals Protection Laws
Dimensions of Environmental Problems, Pollution & its Kinds, Sustainable development,
Constitutional Provisions & Judicial Activism (Principles-Precautionary principle, Polluter pays
principle, public trust doctrine)
The Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 ; Definition, Central and State Pollution Control Boards: Constitution, power and function; Sample of effluents, Citizen Suit Provision
The Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1981; Definition, Central and State Pollution Control Boards: Constitution, power and function; Sample of effluents, Citizen Suit Provision
The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, The National Environment Tribunal Act, 1955 and The National Environment Appellate Authority Act, 1997
Indian Forest Act, 1927
Kinds of forest-private, Reserved, Protected and Village Forest, The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980
The Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972; Authorities to be appointed and constituted under the Act,
Hunting of wild animals, Protection of Specified Plants, Trade or Commerce in Wild Animals, animals articles and trophies; Its prohibition.
1. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974
2. The Air ((Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981
3. The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
4. The National Environment Tribunal Act, 1955
5. The National Environment Appellate Authority Act, 1997
1. Shyam Diwan, Armin Rosencranz, Environmental Law & Policy in India
2. P. Leelakrishnan, The Environmental Law in India
3. Dr.P.S.Jaswal, Environmental Law
4. S.K.Nanda, Environmental Law, 2007

LL.B.(Three years course) (Second Year) IVth Semester
Paper II
Investment/Competition Law
Unit I: Competition Law
Background, Prohibitions, Competition Commission of India
Unit II: Corporate Finance and Regulatory Framework
Security Contract (Regulation) Act, 1956
SEBI Act, 1992
Depositories Act, 1996
The Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest
Act, 2002

Unit III: Regulatory Framework for Foreign Trade, Multinational Companies
Foreign Trade (Development & Regulation) Act, 1992
UNCTAD Draft Model on Trans-national Corporations
Control and Regulation of foreign companies in India
Foreign collaborations and joint ventures.
Unit IV: Foreign Exchange Management
Background, Policies, Authorities
Competition Act, 2002
Security Contract (Regulation) Act, 1956
SEBI Act, 1992
Depositories Act, 1996
Foreign Trade (Development & Regulation) Act, 1992
Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999
Taxman’s Student’s Guide to Economic Laws

LL.B.(Three years course) (Second Year) IVth Semester
Paper III
Law of Evidence

Unit I: Introduction and Relevancy
Evidence and its relationship with the substantive and procedural laws
Definition: Facts, facts in issue, relevant, evidence proved, disproved, not proved, oral and
documentary evidence (Sec.3)
Relevancy and admissibility
Doctrine of res gestae (Sec.6,7,8,9)
Conspircy (Sec.10)

Unit II: Admission (Sec.17-23), Confessions (Sec.24-30), Dying Declaration (Sec.32)

Unit III: Method of Proof of facts
Presumptions (Sec.4, 41, 79-90, 105,107,108,112,113-A, 114 and 114-A)
Oral and documentary evidence (Sec.59-78)
Rules relating to Burden of Proof (Sec.101-105)
Facts prohibited form proving: Estoppel (Sec.115-117), Privileged Communications (Sec.122- 129)

Unit IV: Presumptions regarding discharge of Burden of Proof
Evidence by accomplice (Sec.133 with 114(b))
Judicial notice (Sec.114)
Dowry Death (Sec.113-B)
Certain Offences (Sec.111-A)
The Indian Evidence Act, 1872
1. Ratan Lal & Dhiraja Lal, The Law of Evidence
2. Avtar Singh, Principles of Law of Evidence

LL.B.(Three years course) (Second Year) IVth Semester
Paper IV
Labour Laws-II (Social Security and Wage Legislation)
Unit-I: Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923 (Sec.1-10, 12, 14, 14A, 17 & 20)
Conceptual frame work of Social Security-Evolution and concept of Social Security, Scheme of Social Security, Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923: Definitions, Aims & Object, Liability of Employer,
Notional Extension & Defences, Determination of Amount of Compensation, Compensation
when due-Penalty for default, Contracting Out (Sec.17), Appointment & Powers of
Commissioner (Sec.19-31)

Unit-II: Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 (Sec.3-18)
Aims & Object, Definitions, Restriction on employment, Right to Maternity Benefit, Medical
Bonus, Leave Dismissal during Pregnancy (Sec.10-16), forfeiture of Maternity benefit, Leave for
Miscarriage, Penalty for contravention of Act by Employer, Cognizance of offences.
The Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972: Aims and Objects of Act, Definition, Controlling Authority,
Payment of Gratuity, Recovery of Gratuity, Determination of the amount of Gratuity
Unit-III: Minimum Wages Act, 1948
Theories and Concept of Wages , Aims & Objects of Act, Definition, Fixation & Revision of
rates of Wages, Working Hours and Determination of Wages and Claim etc. AuthorityAppointment
& Powers of the Authority.
The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976, Payment of Remuneration at equal rates to Men and Women
workers and other matters.

Unit-IV: Payment of Wages Act, 1936
Aims & Object, Responsibility of Payment of Wages, Time of Payment of Wages & Fixation of
Wage Period, Authorized Deductions (Sec.7 to 13), Appointment & Powers of Inspectors and
Authority for Adjudication of Claims (Sec.15-18), Penalty for offences under the Act.
The Payment of Bonus Act: Scope and Application, Definition, Computation of Gross profit and
available s urplus, Eligibility for Bonus, Disqualification for Bonus, Minimum and Maximum
1. Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923
2. Maternity Benefit Act, 1961
3. Payment of Wages Act, 1936
4. Minimum Wages Act, 1948
1. K.D.Srivastava, Commentaries on Minimum Wages Act, 1995, Eastern Book Co.
2. K.D.Srivastava, Commentaries on Payment of Wages Act, 1998, Eastern Book Co.
3. S.B.Rao, Law and Practice on Minimum Wages, 1999

LL.B.(Three years course) (Second Year) IVth Semester
Paper V
Banking Law
Unit I: Banking Regulation Act, 1949
Concept of Bank and Banker, Functions of Banks, Classification of Banks, Relationship between
Bank and Customer, Control by government and it agencies, Management of Banking companies,
On account and audit, Reconstruction and reorganization of banking companies, Suspension and
winding up of business of banking companies, Social control over banking, Banking
Ombudsman, Recent Trends in Banking: Automatic Teller Machine and Internet Banking, Smart
Credit Cards, Banking Frauds.
Unit II: Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934
Incorporation, Capital, Management and Business of Banking Company, Central Banking
function of Reserve Bank of India, Collection and furnishing of Credit Information, Control of
Reserve Bank of India over Non-banking Institutions and Financial Institutions, Credit Control by
Reserve Bank of India, General provisions and penalties.
Unit III: Negotiable Instrument Act, 1881
Definition and characteristic of Negotiable Instruments, Types of Negotiable Instruments,
Definition and Essentials of Promissory Note, Bill of Exchange and Cheque, Liabilities and
Capacity of Parties of Negotiable Instrument, Holder and Holder in due course, Transfer and
Negotiation of Negotiable Instrument.
Unit IV:
Crossing of Cheques and payment, Dishonour of Cheques, Presentment and Payment, Dishonour,
Noting and Protest of Negotiable Instrument, Endorsement: Definition, Essential of a valid
endorsement and its kinds, Rules of evidence and compensation.
1. Bashyam and Adiga, The Negotiable Instrument Act, 1997
2. M.L.Tannen, Jannen’s Banking Law & Practice in India, 2000
3. Dr. Avtar Singh, Negotiable Instrument Act.
4. S.N. Gupta, The Banking Law in Theory & Practice, 1999
5. Sharma and Nainta, Banking Law & Negotiable Instruments Act

LL.B.(Three years course) (Second Year) IVth Semester
Paper VI
Administrative Law II
Unit I: Judicial Control of Administrative Law
Exhaustion of Administrative remedies, standing Laches, Res Judicata, Jurisdictional error, Error
apparent on face of record, Violation of principles of natural justice, unreasonableness,
Legitimate expectation, Writ-Mandamus, Certiorari, Prohibition, Quo Warranto, Habeas Corpus,
Specific performance and Civil suits for compensation, Dec laratory judgments and Injunctions.
Unit II: Liability for Wrong: (Tortious and Contractual):
Sovereign and non-sovereign functions, statutory immunity, Act of State, Contractual liability of
state, Tortuous Liability, Govt. privilege in legal proceedings. Estoppels and waiver.
Unit III:
Informal method of settlement of disputes and Grievance Redressal procedures
Conciliation and meditation through social action groups, Public inquiries & Commissions of
enquiry, Ombudsman, Vigilance Commission, Right to Information Act.
Unit IV:
Corporation and Autonomous Public undertaking: State monopoly, Legislative and Govt.
Control, legal remedies, Accountability.
Books: Same as previous Semester

LL.B.(Three years course) (Second Year) IVth Semester
Paper VII
Company Law II
Unit I:
Dividends-Payments-Capitalization-profit; Audit to Account.
Debentures, Kinds, shareholders and debenture holders, remedies of debenture holders.
Borrowing powers and effect of unauthorized borrowings, charges and mortgages, Loans to other companies, Instruments, contracts by companies.
Unit II: Insider trading
Meeting: Kinds and Procedure
The balance of powers within companies-Majority control and minority protection,
Unit III: Winding up of Companies
Kinds, Consequences and reasons of winding up
Role of the Court
Liability of past members
Payment of liabilities
Reconstruction and amalgamation
Unit IV:
Law and Multinational Companies, International norms for control, FEMA 1999-Controls joint
ventures, Investment in India-Repatriation of project, Collaboration agreements for technology
transfer- Prevention of oppression and powers of court and central government
Emerging trends in Corporate social responsibility, legal liability of company-civil, criminal,
tortuous and environmental
Books: Same as previous Semester

LL.B.(Three years course) (Third Year) Vth Semester

Paper I
Code of Civil Procedure & Law of Limitation I
Unit I: Introduction
Definition: Decree, Judgment, Order, Foreign Court, Foreign Judgment, Mens Profits, Affidavit,
Suit of a civil nature, Plaint, Written Statement, Legal Representative

Important Concepts: Res-sub-judice, Resjudicata, Restrictions, Caveat, Inherent Power, Courts
Unit II: Initial Steps in a Suit
Jurisdiction and place of suing
Institution of suit
Pleading: Meaning, Object, General Rules, Amendment of Pleading
Plaint and Written statement
Parties to a suit
Discovery, Inspection and Production of documents
Appearance and non-appearance of parties
First Hearing
Unit III: Interim Orders
Arrest before judgment
Attachment before judgement
Temporary Injunctions
Interlocutory Order
Security of costs
Unit IV: Suit in Particular case
Suits by or against Government
Suits by indigent person
Inter-pleader Suit
Summary Procedure
Suits relating to Pubic Nuisance
1. The Civil Procedure Code, 1908
2. The Limitation Act, 1963
1. Mulla, Code of Civil Procedure, Universal, Delhi
2. C.K.Thakkar, Code of Civil Procedure, 2000 Universal Delhi
3. M.P.Tandon, Code of Civil Procedure
4. Anil Nandwani, Code of Civil Procedure
5. C.K.Takwani, Code of Civil Prodecure

LL.B.(Three years course) (Third Year) Vth Semester
Paper II
Code of Criminal Procedure-I
Unit I: Introduction
Object, Scope and Extent of Cr.P.C
Constitution of criminal courts and their powers
Unit II: Provision for Investigation
Arrest, Search and Seizure
Processes to Compel Appearance
Information to Police
Power to Investigate
Unit III: Proceedings before Magistrate
Jurisdiction of Criminal Courts in inquire and arrest
Cognizance and initiation of proceeding before Magistrate
Complaints to Magistrate and commencement of proceedings
Unit IV: Public Order and Alimony
Security for peace and good behaviour
Maintenance of Public order and Tranquility
Maintenance of Wife, Children and Parents
The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973
1. Chandrasekharan Pillai, Kelkar Lecturer on Criminal Procedure, 1998 Eastern Book Co.
2. Ratan Lal & Dheeraj Lal, Cr.PC, Universal, Delhi
3. Woodroffe, Commentaries on Cr.P.C, 2000 Universal

LL.B.(Three years course) (Third Year) Vth Semester
Paper III
Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)
Unit I:
Concept, Need and Development, Advantages.
Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996: Object, Development and Salient features
Arbitration: Definition, Sources, Kinds, Scope and Differences to Court
Arbitration Agreement, Composition of Arbitral Tribunal
Unit II
Jurisdiction of Arbitral Tribunal, Conduct of Arbitral Proceeding, Making of Arbitral Award and
Termination of Proceedings
Unit III
Recourse against Arbitral Award, finality and Enforcement of Arbitral Award, Appeal,
Enforcement of Certain Foreign Awards
Unit IV
Conciliation, Mediation, Lok-Adalat & Permanent Lok-Adalat, Negotiation, mid Arb.media,
Summary trials, etc.
Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996
Legal Service Authority Act, 1987
1. B.P.Saraf & M.Jhunjhunwala, Law of Arbitration & Conciliation, (2000) Snow White,
2. Gerald R.William (ed.), The New Arbitration & Conciliation Law of India
3. P.C.Rao & William Sheffield, Alternative Disputes Resolutions, (1997) Universal, Delhi
4. Johari, Commentary on Arbitration and Conciliation Act. 1999 Universal, Delhi
5. G.K.Kwatra, The Arbitration & Conciliation Law of India, (2000), Universal, Delhi
6. B.D.Singh, ADR System, (2007) New Royal Book Co. Lucknow

LL.B.(Three years course) (Third Year) Vth Semester
Paper IV
Interpretation of Statutes
Unit I
Law Making: Legislature, Executive and the Judiciary,
Principle of Utility, Law and Public Opinion, Law and Social Control, Relevance of John Rawls
and Robert Nozick-individual interest to community interest. Law and Morals
Unit II
Meaning of the term Statute, Enactment, Interpretation and Construction, Kinds of Statutes,
Statutes are valid, Intention of the Legislature, Commencement, operation, repeal and revival of
statutes, Statute must be read as a whole in its context.
Unit III
Necessity for Rules of Interpretation, Literal Rule, Mischief Rule, Golden Rule.
Harmonious Construction. Noscitur a sociis, Ejusdem generis, Reddendo Singula Singulis, ut res
magis valeat quam pereat, In bonam partem, Delegatus non potest delegare, Expressio unius
exclusio alterius.
Unit IV
Interprtation of Directory and Mandatory provision, Beneficial Construction, Taxing Statutes,
Penal Statutes, Internal and External Aids to Interpretation.
1. P.St.Langan (Ed.), Maxwell on the Interpretation of Statutes, (1997), N.M.Tripathi, M ombai
2. Vepa, Sarathi, Interpretation of Statutes
3. Bawa & Roy, Interpretation of Statutes
4. Benthem Theory of Legislation, Eastern Book Co.
5. G.P.Singh, Principles of Statutory Interpretation, 1999 Wadhwa

LL.B.(Three years course) (Third Year) Vth Semester
Paper V
Land Laws and other Local Laws-I
Unit I
Special features & Object of U.P.Z.A and L.R.Act,
Acquisitions of Interest of Intermediaries & its Consequences
Gram Sabha, Gram Panchayat and Land Management Committee
Unit II
Classes of tenure holder
Rights of tenure holder
Unit III
Surrender and Abandonment
Allotment of Land by Land Management Committee
Land revenue
Unit IV
Revenue Courts and Revenue Authorities
Procedure and Powers of Revenue Court and Revenue Officers
Maintenance of Maps and Records, Revision or Maps and Records
Appeal, Revision and Review
The UPZA and Land Reforms Act, 1950
1. Dr.R.R.Maurya, U.P.Land Laws, 28 th Ed.2007
2. Dr.C.P.Singh, U.P. Land Laws. ALA
3. Dr.R.P.Singh, U.P.Land Laws

LL.B.(Three years course) (Third Year) Vth Semester
Paper VI
Professional Ethics and Court Craft
Unit I
Historical development of Legal Profession in India.
Constitution, Function, Powers and Jurisdiction of State
Bar Council and Bar Council of India
Admission and enrolment of Advocates.
Unit II
Profession ethics and Advocacy, Standards of Professional
Conduct and Etiquette, Conflict between interest and duty, Duty
to court, Duty to Client, Duty to opponent, Duty to Colleagues,
Duty towards Society and obligation to render legal aid
Unit III: Bench-Bar Relationship
Reciprocity as partners in administration of Justice
Professional Misconduct
Rights and Privileges of Advocates
Unit IV: Contempt of Court Act, 1971
Historical development of Contempt of Court Act in India, Object and Constitutional validity of
Contempt of Court Act.
Definition, Kinds of Contempt
Contempt by Judges, Magistrates, Lawyers and other persons
Cognizence, Procedure, Appellate provisions regarding Contempt Defences, Punishment and
Remedies against punishment for Contempt of Court and Punishment for Contempt, Defences under contempt of court.
1. Rajendra V Pai v Alex Frrnandes AIR 2002 SC 1808
2. In re; A an advocate AIR 1962 SC 1337
3. In re; Mr. G a Senior Advocate of SC AIR 1954 SC 557
4. In re; Lalit Mohan Das AIR 1957 SC 250
5. Sheo Narayan Jafa v Judge Allahabad H.C. AIR 1953 SC 368
6. P. J. Ratnam v d. Kanik ran AIR 1964 SC 244
7. In re; “M” an Advocate AIR 1957 SC 149
8. L.D. Jaisingham v Narain das N Punjabi (1976) 1 ACC 354
9. Jhon D’ Souza v Edward Ani (1994) 2 SCC 64
10. In re; V.C. Mishra AIR 1995 SC 2348
1. The Advocate Act, 1961
2. Contempt of Court Act, 1971
3. The Advocates Welfare Fund Act, 2001
The Bar Council of India Rules, 1961
1. Holland Avrom Shree, Advocacy, 1994 Universal, Delhi
2. Keith Evam, The Golden Rules of Advocacy, 1994, Universal, Delhi
3. Sandeep Bhalla, Advocates Act & Professional Misconduct, Nasik Law House
4. JPS Sirohi, Professional Ethics, Lawyer’s Accountability, Bench-Bar Relationship, ALA
5. Mr. Krishna Murthy Iyer’s Book on Advocacy
6. The Bar Council Code of Ethics

LL.B.(Three years course) (Third Year) Vth Semester
Optional Paper: Paper VII-A
Law of Taxation-I
Unit I
History of Tax Law in India, Constitutional provisions relating to Taxation Nature and Scope of
Tax, Definition: Persons, Assesses, Tax Pays, Previous year, Assessment years, Financial year,
Income, Gross Taxable Income, Taxable Income, Agricultural Income, Tax Evasion and Tax
Unit II: Direct Tax
Income Tax, Residential Status: Rules (Sec.6), Tax Liability
Exemption (Sec.10), Deduction (Sec.80), related to individual, Expenses & Income, Rebate
(Sec.88 & 88 B), Deemed income and clubbing of income, Carried Forward and Set of losses.
Unit III: Income Tax
Heads of Income: Income from Salary, House property, Business and Profession, Capital Gain
and other sources
Calculation of Gross Total and Taxable income, Tax rebate and Computation of Tax Liability,
Tax Collection at source and Advance Tax
Unit IV
Assessment Procedure, Types of Assessment
Income Tax Authority: Their function, Duties and Powers, Appeal, Offences, Fines and Penalties,
Settlement of grievances and Prosecution, Income Tax Act, 1961, Income Tax Rules
1. Ramesh Sharma, Supreme Court on Direct Taxes, (1998)
2. Sampat Iyengar, Law of Income Tax, (1998)
3. Kanga and Palkiwala, The Law and Practice of Income Tax

LL.B.(Three years course) (Third Year) Vth Semester

Optional Paper: Paper VII-B
Criminology, Penology & Victimology-I
Unit I
Criminology: Nature & Scope
Nature and Extent of Crime in India, Criminology, Criminal Law and Criminology
General Approaches to Crime control organized Crime (Smuggling in Narcotics etc), White
Collor Crime-Corruption in Public Life
Socio-Economic Crime-Adulteration of Foods and Drugs
Crime in the Profession
Perpetrators of Ordinary Crime
The situational crime
The chronic offender
Criminality of women
Young offender
Unit II
School of Criminology
The Constitutional School of Criminology, Lombroso and others, Hereditary and metal
retardation as causes of Crime, Sociological theories Anomies, Modern Sociological Theiroes:
Sutherland’s differential Association theory, Reckless’s Social vulnerable theory. Multiple
Causation Theories
Unit III
Factor Responsible for Causation of Crime, Environment, home and community influences,
urban and rural crimes. The ghetto, broken homes, effect of TV, Video, Press, Narcotics and
Alcohol, Caste community tension-Case, Wars and Communal riots-their causes and
demoralizing effects, Atrocities against Scheduled Cadres.
Unit IV
Criminal Justice Structure, Criminal law and its administration, The Police System, Structural
Organization of Police and the States, Power and Duties of Police under the Police Act and
Cr.P.C, Arrest, Search and Seizure and Constitutional imperatives, Liability of Police for
Custodial Violence, Select Aspects of National Police Commission Report
1. Katherine S Williams, Textbook on Criminology, 1999
2. Loveland, Frontiers of Criminality, 1995
3. Manheim H, comparative Criminology, 1965
4. Walker, N. Crime and Criminology, 1987

LL.B.(Three years course) (Third Year) Vth Semester
Optional Paper: Paper VII-C
Air and Space Law-I
Unit I : Introduction
Definition of Air Law
Nature, Scope and Source
Development of Air Law (Paris Convention, 1910; Paris Convention, 1919; Madrid Convention,
1926; Havana Convention, 1928; Warsaw Convention and Chicago Convention, 1944)
Freedom of the Air and Sovereignty in the Air
Membership and Organs of ICAO
Legislative, Administrative and Judicial function.
Economic and Technical regulations
Unit II: Bilateralism and Multi-literalism
Concept of bilateralism
Views on multi-literalism
Merits and demerits
Regionalism in civil aviation
India and bilateral agreement
Unit III: Safety and security in civil aviation
The Concept, Aviation terrorism
International Norms-conventions, protocols and regulations
Regulation in India : Air safety provisions , Air Traffic management, Legal regime of Air Space
and Outer Space, Problem of application of Air, Space and telecommunication laws
State obligation to provide Air Navigation services, Sovereign rights of States
Unit IV : New Development in India
Technology development and problem in civil aviation
Airports-leasing and privatization-legal issues
Liability in International civil aviation
Manufacturers, operators, operators agents and maintenance contractors
Third party liability for surface damage
1. Azbeyratne, RIR, Legal and Regulatory Issures in International Aviation (1996)
2. S. Bhatt, The New Aviation Policy in India (1977)
3. Carole Blackshow, Aviation Law and Regulation
4. V.S.Mani, Recent Trends in International Space and Policy (1966)

LL.B.(Three years course) (Third Year) Vth Semester

Optional Paper: Paper VII-D
Law and Medicine -I
Introduction: General backgroud, Inter-relationship between law and medicine, issues involvedneed
for legal control, constitutional perspectives, right of life, fundamental right, right to health,
right to emergency medical care, directive principles-health of workers, public assistnance in
sickness and disability, Raising the level of nutrition and public health, power to make Law.
Unit II: Regulation of medical and paramedical profession
Regulatory authorities, disciplinary control, Doctors and Paramedical professionals, controls on
institutions, Hospitals: Testing Laboratories, Institutions for research and experiments;
Regulation on manufacture, storage and sale of medicine-Production, transport and storage, sale
Unit III: Liability for professional negligence
Tort, standard of care, problems of evidence, contractual liability, criminal liability, Liability of
doctors and hospitals under Consumer Protection Act.
Unit IV: International Norms:
Council of Europe Convention on Human Rights and Bio-medicine-1999, Health care,
Professional Standard, consent, Privacy and right to information, non-discrimination Genetic
Tests, Organ Transplantation, Scientific Research.
1. R.K.Bag, Law of Medical Negligence & Compensation, Eastern Law House
2. R.K.Nayak (Ed.) Indian Law Institute, Global Health Law
3. Malcolm Khan & Michelle Robson, Medical Negligence, Cavendish Publishing Limited,
4. Anoop K Kaushal, Medical Negligence & Legal Remedies with Special Reference to CPA,
5. Mason & Me Call Smith, Law & Medicine Ethics, Butter worths, London

LL.B.(Three years course) (Third Year) Vth Semester
Optional Paper: Paper VII-E
Women and Law relating to Children-I
Unit I: Introduction
A Need of separate study
International concerns and Convention
Social and Legal inequality, Social reform movement in India
Position of Women in pre and Post Independence India
Unit II: Indian Constitution and Women
Constitutional safeguards for the Protection of Women
Personal Laws-unequal position of women
Gender Discrimination under Personal Laws (Hindu, Muslim and Cristian Laws)
Women rights regarding to Marriage, Divorce, Property and Maintenance
Unit III: Criminal Law & Women
Adultery, Rape etc and provisions of Maintenance under Cr.PC
Dowry Prohibition, Prevention of Immoral Traffic; The Commission of Sati (Prevention) Act;
Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act.
Unit IV: Women and Employment
Protective Laws, Exploitation and Harassment at Workplaces
Protection and enforcement agencies
Courts, Family Court, Commission for Women, NGOs
1. Prof. Nomita Aggarwal, Women and Law
2. Dr. Manjula Batra, Women and Law
3. G.P.Reddy, Women and Law

LL.B.(Three years course) (Third Year) Vth Semester
Optional Paper: Paper VII- F
Cyber Law -I
Unit I:
Fundamentals of Cyber Space
Understanding Cyber Space
Interface of Technology and Law Defining Cyber Laws
Unit II.
Jurisdiction in Cyber Space
Concept of Jurisdiction
Internet Jurisdiction
Indian Context of Jurisdiction
International position of Internet Jurisdiction Cases in Cyber Jurisdiction
Unit III.
E-commerce- Legal issues
Legal Issues in Cyber Contracts
Cyber Contract and IT Act 2000
The UNCITRAL Model law on Electronic Commerce
Unit IV
Intellectual Property Issues and Cyberspace – The Indian Perspective
Overview of Intellectual Property related Legislation in India
Copyright law & Cyberspace
Trademark law & Cyberspace
Law relating to Semiconductor Layout & Design

LL.B.(Three years course) (Third Year) Vth Semester
Optional Paper: Paper VII-G
Intellectual Property Laws-I
Meaning of Intellectual Property: International Instruments: Paris Union, TRIPS, WIPO,
The Patents Act, 1970
Introduction, Aims, Objective, Features & Principles, Inventions (Sec.2j) Invention not patentable
(Sec.3 to 5), Application (Sec.6 to 8), Specification (Sec.9 to 10), Opposition (Sec.25), Grant &
Sealing of Patent (Sec.43), Conditions for grant of patent (Sec.47)
Unit II:
Rights of Patents (Sec.47), Term of Patent (Sec.53). Patents of Addition (Sec.54 & 55), Surrender
& Revocation (Sec. 63 to 66) Patents Office (Sec. 73 to 74 r.4(2), Compulsory Licenses (Sec.84),
License of right (Sec.86 to 88), Government use (Sec. 99), infringement (Sec.104 to 115), Patent
Agents (Sec.125 to 132), International Arrangements (Sec.133 to 139), Paris convention, 1999
Amendment Act, 17 of 1999, Sec.5 amended, Exclusive Marketing Right (Sec.24A-24F).
Unit III: The Trade Marks Act, 1999
Introduction (Sec.2), Registration (Sec.4 to 17), Procedure (Sec.18 to 26), Effect of Registration
(Sec.27 to 32), Deceptive Similarity, Infringement, Passing off.
Intellectual Property in Trade Mark
Unit IV: Law relating to Geographical Indications
Introduction, meaning and salient features of Geographical Indication of Goods under the Geographical Indication of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999
Procedure for Registration, Duration and Renewal, Right conferred by registration, Infringement of Geographical Indication, Remedies, Offences and Penalties.
1. The Patents Act, 1970
2. The Trade Marks Act, 1999
3. Geographical Indication of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999
1. Prof.A.K.Avasthi (ed.) Spotlight on Intellectual Property Rights, 2005
2. Nagarajun, Intellectual Property
3. Menu Paul, Intellectual Property

LL.B.(Three years course) (Third Year) VIth Semester
Paper I
Code of Civil Procedure & Law of Limitation II
Unit I: Judgement and Decree
Judgment: Definition, Essentials, Pronouncement, Contents and Alteration
Decree: Definition, Essentials, Types, Drawing up of a Decree, Contents and Decree in particular
Interest, Costs
Unit II: Execution
Court by which decree may be executed
Payment under decree
Application for execution
Mode of execution
Questions to be determined by executing court
Unit III: Appeals
Appeals from original decree
Appeals from appellate decree
General provisions relating to appeals
Appeals to Supreme Court
Appeals by indigent person
Reference to High Court
Review and Revision
Unit IV: Law of Limitation and Registration
Meaning, nature and scope of law of limitation
Bar of Limitation and its efficacy
Sufficient Cause: its meaning and applicability
Legal Disability: Meaning, Scope and Effect
Continuous running of time: General principle, meaning, scope and it exceptions
Law relating to Registration of documents
Books: Same as previous semester

LL.B.(Three years course) (Third Year) VIth Semester
Paper II
Code of Criminal Procedure-II
Unit I: Introduction to Trial Procedure
Trial by Session Court
Warrant Trial
Mode of taking and recording
Unit II: Trials
Summons Trial in summons cases
Summary Trial
General provision as to Enquiries and Trial
Unit III: Appeal, Revision and Reference
Appeals and Appellate Authorities in Criminal cases
Reference and inherent power of High Court
Unit IV: Bail and Sentencing
Execution of Sentence
Suspension, Remission and Commutation of Sentences
Provision as to Bail
Opportunity of hearing concept before criminal courts
Limitation for taking cognizance
Books: Same as previous semester

LL.B.(Three years course) (Third Year) VIth Semester
Paper III
Drafting/Pleading and Conveyancing
Unit I: Fundamental Rule of Pleading
Meaning and Definition of Pleading, History/Object and Interpretation
Rules of Pleading: General and Fundamental, Amendment of Pleading.
Civil: Plaint, Written Statement, Interlocutory Application, Original Petition, Affidavit, Execution
Petition, Memorandum of Appeal and Revision, Petition under Article 226 and 32 of the
Constitution of India.
Unit II:
Criminal: Complaint, Criminal Miscellaneous petition, Bail Application, Memorandum of Appeal
and Revision.
Unit III: Model Draft of Application
Application for Restoration of Suit; Amendment in the Pleading, Implements of Parties,
Substitution of Parties, Setting aside exparte decree, Alimony, Bail, Matrimonial petition, legal
notice, Appointment of receiver/ local commission; Compromise of Suit, Condonation of delay
and application for execution etc., Drafting of Writ petition and PIL petition.
Unit IV: Conveyancing: Theory and Model Draft
Defintion and essential part of a deed, Model deed: Sale-deed, Mortgage deed, Gift-deed, Willdeed,
Trust deed, Lease-deed, Promissory Note, General Power of Attorney, Partnership deed;
Tenancy deed; Relinquishment deed etc.
1. Banerjee and Awasthi, Guide to Drafing
2. Michael Haewood, Conveyancing
3. William M.Ross, Pleading
4. G.C.Mogha & K.N.Goyal, Indian Conveyancer

LL.B.(Three years course) (Third Year) VIth Semester
Paper IV
Equity, Trust, Fiduciary Relationship & Specific Relief Act
Unit I: The Origin and Development of Equity
Equity and its relation with law, The Maxim of Equity, The concept of Trust
Maxims of Equtiy
Doctrine of Equity
Election, Mortgage once a mortgage always a mortgage. Clog on redemption, Foreclosure
Unit II:
The Concept of Trust, Distinction with agency and contract, Classification of Trust, Constructive
trust, Religious and Charitable Trust Common property resources and public trust doctrine,
Power, Right and Duties and Disabilities of Trustee, Discharge and appointment of new Trustee,
Extinction of Trust, Rights and Liabilities of Beneficiary
Unit-III: Specific Relief Act
Introduction: Meaning, Nature & Scope of equitable relief, History of Specific Relief.
Relieves regarding possession of immovable & movable property
Meaning of specific performance, enforcement of contract, defences, part-performance of
Conditions of ractification, Cancellation, Partial cancellation, Power of restoration or
Conditions of Rescission, Grounds of Declaration, The effect of decree of declaration, Meaning
of injunction & its kinds
Grounds of issuing of perpetual injunctions & the exception
1. S. Krishnamurthy Aiyar, Principles and Digest of Trusts laws
2. R.H.Mandsley and E.H.Burn, Trust and Trustees
3. Philip H. Pettit, Equity and Law of Trust

LL.B.(Three years course) (Third Year) VIth Semester
Paper V
Land Laws and Agricultural Laws II
Unit I:
U.P.Consolidation of Holding Act, 1953
Unit II:
U.P.Panchayat Raj Act, 1947
Unit III:
U.P.Urban Building (Regulation of Letting, Rent and Eviction) Act, 1947
Unit IV:
(i) U.P.Urban Planning and Development Act, 1973;
(ii) U.P.Municipalities Act, 1916
1. U.P.Consolidation of Holding Act, 1953
2. U.P.Panchayat Raj Act, 1947
3. U.P.Urban Building (Regulation of Letting, Rent and Eviction) Act, 1947
4. U.P.Urban Planning and Development Act, 1973
5. U.P.Municipalities Act, 1916

LL.B.(Three years course) (Third Year) VIth Semester
Paper VI
Moot Court Exercise, Legal Awareness and Internship
(Practical and Viva-Voce)

The Paper will have following components:
a) Moot Court: Every student may be required to do at least three moot courts in a year. The
moot court work will be on assigned problem.
b) Observance of Trial in two cases, one Civil and one Criminal.
Students may be required to attend two trials in the course of the last two or three years of LL.B.
studies. They will maintain a record and enter the various steps observed during their attendance
on different days in the court assignment.
c) Interviewing techniques and Pre-trial preparations and Internship diary.
Each student will observe two interviewing sessions of clients at the Lawyer’s Office/Legal Aid
Office and record the proceedings in a diary. Each student will further observe the preparation of
documents and court papers by the Advocate and the procedure for the filing of the suit/petition.
d) The fourth component of this paper will be Viva Voce examination on all the above three
e) Student will be required to undertake legal awareness programme in association with N.S.S.
and other authorities as directed by the Faculty.

LL.B.(Three years course) (Third Year) VIth Semester
Optional Paper: Paper VII-A
Law of Taxation II
(Indirect Taxation)
Unit I: Central Sales Tax Act
Definition: Dealer, Place of Business, Sale, Sale Price (Sec.2)
Formulation of Principles for determining when a sale or purpose takes place in the course of
interstate Trade of Commerce or outside a State or in the Course of Import Export (Sec.3 to 5),
Liability to Tax on interstate Sales (Sec.6), Registration & Cancellation and Penalties.
Unit II: U.P.Trade Tax Act /VAT (Value Added Tax)
Definition: Dealer, Goods Purchase, Sale, Turnover
Incidence of Taxation
Levy of additional Tax
Registration of Dealers
Voluntary Registration
Security from Dealers
Payments of Tax and Filing of Returns
Unit III
Assessment of Tax & its re-Assessment
Recovery of Tax & Penalty
Appeal, Revision, Rectification of Mistake
Unit IV
Service Tax: Taxable service, Meaning and Importance of Service Tax, Constitutional
Perspective, Salient provisions of the Service Tax Law
Gift Tax Act: Definition: Assessee, Assessing, Officer, Doner, Donee, Gift, Transfer of Property
Charge of Gift Tax
Value of Gift, How determined
Wealth Tax Act, VAT
The Central Sales Tax Act, 1956
U.P.Trade Tax Act
The Wealth Tax Act, 1957
1. Bhagwati Prasad, Other Taxes in India
2. M.C. Mehrotra, Other Taxes In India
3. S.D.Singh, Principles of Sales Tax

LL.B.(Three years course) (Third Year) VIth Semester
Optional Paper: Paper VII-B
Criminology/Penology/ Victimology-II
Unit I:
Theories of Punishment: (i) Deterrent Theory (ii) Retributive Theory (iii) Preventive Theory (iv)
Reformative Theory
Efficacy of Punishment: Early stages-Medieval Period, Modern or New Penology, Essentials of
an ideal system of Penal Policy
Unit II
Punishment of Offenders
Some discarded modes of Punishment, Corporal Punishment-whipping, Mutilation,
Transportation, Public execution, Punishment under the Indian Criminal Law-Capital
Punishment, Imprisonment, Fine, Prison System: Administrative Organization of Prison, Jail
Manual, Power of Prison Officials, Open Prisons, Prisoner’s Classification: Male, Female,
Juvenile and Adult, Undertrial and Convicted Prisoners, Constitutional Imperatives and Prison
Reforms, Prison Management-Prisoners Right
Unit III
Treatment of correction of offenders. The need for reformation and rehabilitation of offenders,
Undergoing punishment/imprisonment, Classification of offenders through modern diagnostic
techniques, The role of psychiatrists and Socials workers in the prison., Vocational and religions
education and apprenticeship programmes for the offenders, Group counseling & Resocialization
programmes, Participation of inmates in community service.
Unit IV
Re-socialization Process (Probation and Parole)
Definition, Nature, Duties of Probation Officers, Difference between Parole and Probation,
Parole : Nature of Parole, Authority for granting Parole, Supervisor of Parole, Problems of the
released offender, Attitude of the community towards released offender, Prisoner Aid Society and
other Voluntary Organization governmental Action.
1. Martin Wasik, Emmins On Sentencing (1998)
2. Hall J., Law, Social Science and Criminal Theory
3. J.M.Sethna, Society and the Criminal, 1980
4. A. Siddique, Criminology-Problems and Perspectives, 1997

LL.B.(Three years course) (Third Year) VIth Semester

Optional Paper: Paper VII-C
Air and Space Law-II
Unit I
Changing Global Trend
Globalization, de-regulation and liberalisation in international civil aviation-Infra-structural
problems of air port
Private involvement in owership operation and management of air ports, international regulatory
Rights and Privileges of Air Passergers
Consumer protection in Civil Aviation, Liability for death, injury and delay
Unit II
Air Cargo
International Conventions and Regulations
Aviation related Environmental problems
Aircraft financing and leasing, Aviation Insurance, Settlement of Aviation Related Disputes,
General Principles Role of ICAO and ICJ, Arbitration, Settlement under Municipal Law
Unit III
Space Law
Definition, nature, scope and development
Sources: UN and Outer Space
Space Technology-establishment of COPUOS, International Co-operation for peaceful use
UN Space Treaties, Development of Law by Treaties: The Space Treaty, 1967; The Rescue
Agreement, 1968; The Liability Convention, 1972; The Registration Convention, 1975; The
Moon Treaty, 1979; Partial Test Ban Treaty, 1963; Weather Modification Convention, 1977
Unit IV
International and inter-governmental organisations, Bilateral Agreement in Space Activity,
Satellite Broadcasting and Tele-communications
Use of Space Technology: peaceful and non-peaceful, remote sensing, Disaster prediction,
warning and mitigation, management of earth sources, Satellite navigation and location, Space
Commercialization of Space Activities: Public and private sector activities, industry-government
partnership, IPR Rights, Organisation of Space Activies-DOS, ISRO, Space policy, Need for the
law in the country.
Books: Same as previous semester

LL.B.(Three years course) (Third Year) VIth Semester

Optional Paper: Paper VII-D

Law and Medicine -II

Unit I
Science and Technology
Transplantation or Organ: Test-Tube Babies, Artificial insemination, Genetic engineering,
Population control laws, Poverty and society: Family planning, Legality of coercive method, Sterilization of unfit-Social reforms, Medical Wastes-Control on handling and disposal of Biomedical waste.

Unit II
Experiments on Human being
The Concept: Kinds, subject of experimentation; control, The unborn-Has the unborn
constitutional or other legal rights? Causing miscarriage and injustice to the unborn-liability, Amniocentesis; Medical termination of pregnancy.

Unit III: Surrogated Motherhood
Historical background, the contractual aspect and enforceability, parenthood, who is the legal parent? Problems of consent in caesarean surgery, Right of husband against the right of the wife for surrogated motherhood, Right and duties of surrogated mother when genetic parents refuse to accept the child.

Unit IV: Aids Law
Nature and scope, Regulations of blood and blood products, Regulation of sexual activity, Right and freedon, privacy and liability to report, liberty and secuity, Movement, Marriage and setting up of a family; Work, education, social security, Rights against degrading treatment, equality before law.
Books : Same as previous semester

LL.B.(Three years course) (Third Year) VIth Semester

Optional Paper: Paper VII-E
Women and Law relating to Children-II

Unit I
Social, Constitutional and International legal status of Child
International concern and endeavor for the welfare of the Children, Conventions and Agencies
Constitutional safeguards to Children.

Unit II
Discrimination against Female Children; Termination of pregnancy; PNDT Act
Infanticide; Children and Employment
Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act.

Unit III: Child and Personal Laws
Status of Child under Personal Laws (Hindu, Muslim)
Marriage, Legitimacy, Guardianship, Adoption, Maintenance and Custody
Juvenile Delinquency, Child Sexual Abuse

Unit IV: Social Legislation for the Protection of Children
Child Marriage Restraint Act
Child Labour: Problem and Protection
Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act
Commission for the Protection of Child Act, 2005
1. Child Marriage Restraint Act
2. Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act
3. Commission for the Protection of Child Act, 2005
Unit IV: Social Legislation for the Protection of Women
Commission of Sati (Prevention) Act
Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act
Prevention of Immoral Traffic Act
Prevention of Domestic Violence Act, 2005
Protection from exploitation and Harassment at Work Places
1. S.N.Jain (ed.) Child and the Law, ILI
2. U.Baxi, Law and poverty: Critical Essays

LL.B.(Three years course) (Third Year) VIth Semester

Optional Paper: Paper VII-F
Cyber Law-II

Unit I: Understanding Cyber Crimes
Defining Crime
Crime in context of Internet –Actus Rea/Mens Rea
Types of crime in Internet
Computing damage in Internet crime

Unit II: Indian Penal Law & Cyber Crimes

Unit III: Obscenity and Pornography
Internet and Potential of Obscenity
Indian Law on Obscenity & Pornography
International efforts
Changes in Indian Law

Unit IV: Penalties & Offences under the IT Act
Offences under the Indian Penal Code
Investigation & adjudication issues
Digital evidence

LL.B.(Three years course) (Third Year) VIth Semester

Optional Paper: Paper VII-G
Intellectual Property Laws-II

Unit I: The Copyright Act:
Historical background and Development of Copyright Law, Copyright Act, 1957
Leading International Instruments, Berne Convention, Universal Copyright Convention,
International Copyright under Copyright Act, Copyright in Literary, Dramatic and Musical Works, Sound Recording, Cinematograph Films, Copyright in Computer Programme, Author Special Rights, Right of Broadcasting and performers, Terms of Copyright.

Unit II
Copyright Registrar and Copyright Board-Power and Procedure.
Copyright Societies, Ownership, Assignment, Licence, Translation of Copyright, Compulsory Licences, Infringement-Criteria of Infringement, Infringement of Copyright-Films, Literary and Dramatic works, Importation and Infringement, Fair use provisions.

Unit III
Piracy in Internet, Remedies-especially possibility of Anton Pillar Injunctive Relief in India.
The Design Act, 2000: Introduction, nature and meaning, scope of protection, Procedure for protection, Enforcement and Remedies.

Unit IV: Emerging Frontiers of I.P.R. Regime
Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers Rights Act, 2001: Aims and Objects, Farmers Rights, Compulsory Licence, Registration, Infringement and Remedies.
Biological Diversity Act, 2002: An Overview, Salient features of the Act, 2002-Brief
1. The Copyright Act
2. The Design Act, 2000
3. Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers Rights Act, 2001
4. Biological Diversity Act, 2002
1. Prof.A.K.Avasthi (ed.) Spotlight on Intellectual Property Rights, 2005