Keywords: Justice, Constitution, Judiciary, Administration, Right
Department of Justice headed by Secretary (Justice) [Under Ministry of Law & Justice]
Allocation of Business Rules 1961
- Appointment, resignation and removal of the Chief Justice of India and Judges of the Supreme Court of India; their salaries, rights in respect of leave of absence (including leave allowances), pensions and travelling allowances.
- Appointment, resignation and removal, etc., of Chief Justice and Judges of High Courts in States; their salaries, rights in respect of leave of absence (including leave allowances), pensions and travelling allowances.
- Appointment of Judicial Commissioners and Judicial officers in Union Territories.
- Constitution and organisation (excluding jurisdiction and powers) of the Supreme Court (but including contempt of such Court) and the fees taken therein.
- Constitution and organisation of the High Courts and the Courts of Judicial Commissioners except provisions as to officers and servants of these courts.
- Administration of justice and constitution and organisation of courts in the Union Territories and fees taken in such courts.
- Court fees and Stamp duties in the Union Territories.
- Creation of all India Judicial Service.
- Conditions of service of District Judges and other Members of Higher Judicial Service of Union Territories.
- Extension of the Jurisdiction of a High Court to a Union Territory or exclusion of a Union Territory from the Jurisdiction of a High Court.
- Legal aid to the poor.
- Administration of Justice.
- Access to Justice, Justice Delivery and Legal Reforms.
Department of Justice is responsible for the following obligations
- Setting up new high courts/branches
- Setting up Model Courts
- Gram Nayalaya
- Increasing Judges Strength in High Court
- Judicial Infrastructure
- National Judicial Academy
- Service condition of judges
- The Supreme Court and High Courts has been working on 222 days in a year
- Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan have authorized the use of Hindi in addition to English language in the proceedings of the High Courts in their States.
- States have provisions for reservation of posts in State Judicial Services for eligible candidates belonging to SC/ST/OBC category for recruitment and promotion.
- Pension Parity vide Order of Supreme Court in P. Ramakrishnam Raju Vs Union of India & Others
- The Judiciary is independent in India and, hence, Department of justice does not ask for Action Taken Report from the Courts or send reminders to them
- Setting up of subordinate courts including Fast Track Courts (FTCs) is the responsibility of the State Governments
- Family Courts are established by the State Governments in consultation with the respective High Court