Administration of Justice in India

Department of Justice headed by  Secretary (Justice) 
[Under Ministry of Law & Justice]

Allocation of Business Rules 1961

  1. Appointment, resignation and removal of the Chief Justice of India and Judges of the Supreme Court of India; their salaries, rights in respect of leave of absence (including leave allowances), pensions and travelling allowances.
  2. Appointment, resignation and removal, etc., of Chief Justice and Judges of High Courts in States; their salaries, rights in respect of leave of absence (including leave allowances), pensions and travelling allowances.
  3. Appointment of Judicial Commissioners and Judicial officers in Union Territories.
  4. Constitution and organisation (excluding jurisdiction and powers) of the Supreme Court (but including contempt of such Court) and the fees taken therein.
  5. Constitution and organisation of the High Courts and the Courts of Judicial Commissioners except provisions as to officers and servants of these courts.
  6. Administration of justice and constitution and organisation of courts in the Union Territories and fees taken in such courts.
  7. Court fees and Stamp duties in the Union Territories.
  8. Creation of all India Judicial Service.
  9. Conditions of service of District Judges and other Members of Higher Judicial Service of Union Territories.
  10. Extension of the Jurisdiction of a High Court to a Union Territory or exclusion of a Union Territory from the Jurisdiction of a High Court.
  11. Legal aid to the poor.
  12. Administration of Justice.
  13. Access to Justice, Justice Delivery and Legal Reforms.


Department of Justice is responsible for the following obligations

  1. Setting up new high courts/branches
  2. Setting up Model Courts
  3. Gram Nayalaya
  4. Increasing Judges Strength in High Court
  5. Judicial Infrastructure
  6. National Judicial Academy
  7. Service condition of judges
Essential Facts
  • The Supreme Court and High Courts  has been working on 222 days in a year
  • Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan have authorized the use of Hindi in addition to English language in the proceedings of the High Courts in their States.
  • States have provisions for reservation of posts in State Judicial Services for eligible candidates belonging to SC/ST/OBC category for recruitment and promotion.
  • Pension Parity vide Order of Supreme Court in P. Ramakrishnam Raju Vs Union of India & Others
  • The Judiciary is independent in India and, hence, Department of justice does not ask for Action Taken Report from the Courts or send reminders to them
  • Setting up of subordinate courts including Fast Track Courts (FTCs) is the responsibility of the State Governments
  • Family Courts are established by the State Governments in consultation with the respective High Court