The Constitution of India: Equal Opportunity and Rights for All Citizens — Major Provisions

Article 14: Ensures equality before the law and equal protection by the law

Article 15: Prohibits discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex and place of birth.

Article 21: No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except through the procedure established by law.

Article 25: Ensures freedom of conscience and the right to freely profess, practice and propagate religion.

Article 26: Ensures right to manage religious institutions, religious affairs, subject to public order, morality and health.

Article 29: Protects minorities’ right to conserve their language, script or culture.

Article 30: Provides for the protection of the interests of minorities by giving them a right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice. The State is directed not to discriminate against minorities’ institutions in granting aid.

Article 350A: Directs the State to provide facilities for instruction in the mother tongue at the primary stage of education