National Register of Indian Citizens (NRIC) and Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003.

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  •  NRIC is a register of Indian citizens.
  • National Register of Citizens (NRC) is governed by Rule 4(A) of the Citizenship Rules, 2003 and NRC, 1951
  • National Population Register (NPR) is a comprehensive identity database to be maintained by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India under the ministry of home affairs.
  • NPR is a register of “usual residents of the country”. National Population Register (NPR) is one of the most anticipated Indian Government projects that are expected to deliver its real value in coming years.
  • The publication of the first draft of the updated National Register of Citizens (NRC) of Assam by the Office of the State Coordinator of NRC on December 31, 2017 for dealing with the influx of illegal migrants from Bangladesh into that state.
  • The NRC of 1951 and theAssam Electoral Roll of 1971 (up to midnight of 24 March 1971) are together called Legacy Data. Persons whose names appeared in these documents and their descendants are certified as Indian citizens.
Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of
National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003.

MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS
NOTIFICATION
New Delhi, the 10th December, 2003

G.S.R.937(E).- In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-sections (1) and (3) of
section 18 of the Citizenship Act, 1955 (57 of 1955), the Central Government hereby
makes the following rules, namely :-

1. Short title and commencement.  (1) These rules may be called the Citizenship
(Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003.
(2) They shall come into force on the date of their publication in the Official
Gazette.

2. Definitions. ñ In these rules, unless the context otherwise requires, ñ
(a) ìActî means the Citizenship Act, 1955 (57 of 1955);
(b) ìChief Registrar of Births and Deathsî means the Chief Registrar of Births
and Deaths appointed under the Registration of Births and Deaths Act,
1969 (18 of 1969);
(c) ìCitizenî means the Citizen of India in terms of the Constitution of India
and provisions of the Act;
(d) ìDirector of Citizen Registrationî means the Director of Census in a State
or Union territory appointed by the Central Government under the Census
Act, 1948 (37 of 1948), who shall also function as the Director of Citizen
Registration in that State, or as the case may be, in the Union territory;
(e) ìDistrict Register of Indian Citizensî means the register containing details
of Indian Citizens usually residing in the district;
(f) ìDistrict Registrar of Citizen Registrationî means the District Magistrate of
every revenue district, by whatever name known, who shall act as the
District Registrar of Citizen Registration;
(g) ìLocal Register of Indian Citizensî means the register containing details of
Indian Citizens usually residing in a village or rural area or town or ward or
demarcated area (demarcated by the Registrar General of Citizen
Registration) within a ward in a town or urban area;
(h) ìLocal Registrar of Citizen Registrationî means a local officer, or a
revenue officer, appointed by the State Government at the lowest
geographical jurisdiction, that is to say, of a village or rural area or town, or

ward or demarcated area (demarcated by the Registrar General of Citizen
Registration) within a ward in a town or urban area, who shall function as
Local Registrar for the purpose of preparation of Local Register of Indian
Citizens;

(i) National Identity Cardî means the identity card issued under rule 13;
(j) ìNational Identity Numberî means a unique identity number allotted to
every Indian Citizen by the Registrar General of Citizen Registration,
India;
(k) National Register of Indian Citizensî means the register containing details
of Indian Citizens living in India and outside India;
(l) ìPopulation Registerî means the register containing details of persons
usually residing in a village or rural area or town or ward or demarcated
area (demarcated by the Registrar General of Citizen Registration) within
a ward in a town or urban area;
(m) ìRegistrar General of Citizen Registrationî means the Registrar General,
India, appointed under the Registration of Births and Deaths Act, 1969 (18
of 1969), who shall also function as the Registrar General of Citizen
Registration, India;
(n) ìState Register of Indian Citizensî means the register containing details of
Indian Citizens usually residing in the State;
(o) Sub-district or Taluk Registrar of Citizen Registrationî means the Subdistrict
Magistrate or Taluk Executive Magistrate of every sub-district or
taluk, by whatever name known, as the case may be, who shall function
as Sub-district or Taluk Registrar of Citizen Registration;
(p) ìSub-district Register of Indian Citizensî means the register containing
details of Indian Citizens usually residing in a taluk, or by whatever name
known, of the sub-district.

3. National Register of Indian Citizens. ñ (1) The Registrar General of Citizen
Registration shall establish and maintain the National Register of Indian Citizens.
(2) The National Register of Indian Citizens shall be divided into sub-parts
consisting of the State Register of Indian Citizens, the District Register of Indian
Citizens, the Sub-district Register of Indian Citizens and the Local Register of Indian
Citizens and shall contain such details as the Central Government may, by order, in
consultation with the Registrar General of Citizen Registration, specify.

(3) The National Register of Indian Citizens shall contain the following particulars
in respect of every Citizen, namely :-
(i) Name;
(ii) Fatherís name;
(iii) Motherís name;
(iv) Sex;
(v) Date of birth;
(vi) Place of birth;
(vii) Residential address (present and permanent);
(viii) Marital status ñ if ever married, name of the spouse;
(ix) Visible identification mark;
(x) Date of registration of Citizen;
(xi) Serial number of registration; and
(xii) National Identity Number.
(4) The Central Government may, by an order issued in this regard, decide a
date by which the Population Register shall be prepared by collecting information
relating to all persons who are usually residing within the jurisdiction of Local
Registrar.
(5) The Local Register of Indian citizens shall contain details of persons after due
verification made from the Population Register.
4. Preparation of the National Register of Indian Citizens. ñ (1) The Central
Government shall, for the purpose of National Register of Indian Citizens, cause to
carry throughout the country a house-to-house enumeration for collection of
specified particulars relating to each family and individual, residing in a local area
including the Citizenship status.
(2) The Registrar General of Citizen Registration shall notify the period and
duration of the enumeration in the Official Gazette.
(3) For the purposes of preparation and inclusion in the Local Register of Indian
Citizens, the particulars collected of every family and individual in the Population
Register shall be verified and scrutinized by the Local Registrar, who may be
assisted by one or more persons as specified by the Registrar General of Citizen
Registration.
(4) During the verification process, particulars of such individuals, whose
Citizenship is doubtful, shall be entered by the Local Registrar with appropriate
remark in the Population Register for further enquiry and in case of doubtful
Citizenship, the individual or the family shall be informed in a specified proforma
immediately after the verification process is over.
(5) (a) Every person or family specified in sub-rule (4), shall be given an
opportunity of being heard by the Sub-district or Taluk Registrar of Citizen
Registration, before a final decision is taken to include or to exclude their particulars
in the National Register of Indian Citizens.
(b) The Sub-district or Taluk Registrar shall finalize his findings within a
period of ninety days of the entry being made, or within such reasonable extended
time for which he shall record the reasons in writing.
(6) (a) The draft of the Local Register of Indian Citizens shall be published by
the Sub-district or Taluk Registrar, for inviting any objections or for inclusion of any
name or corrections for the family or individual particulars collected and proposed to
be finally entered in the National Register of Indian Citizens.
(b) Any objection against a particular entry or for inclusion of a name, or
corrections if any, in the Local Register of Indian Citizens may be made within a
period of thirty days from the date of publication of the draft of the Local Register of
Indian Citizens, spelling out the nature and reasons for the objection in such form as
may be specified by the Registrar General of Citizen Registration.
(c) Subject to the provisions contained in clause (a) of sub-rule (5), the Subdistrict
or Taluk Registrar shall consider such objections and summarily dispose off
the same within a period of ninety days, and thereafter submit the Local Register of
Indian Citizens so prepared to the District Registrar of Citizen Registration who shall
cause the entries in the Local Register of Indian Citizens, to be transferred to the
National Register of Indian Citizens.
(7) (a) Any person aggrieved by the order of the Sub-district or Taluk
Registrar under sub-rule (5) or sub-rule (6), may prefer an appeal within thirty days
from the date of such order, to the District Registrar of Citizen Registration.
(b) The District Registrar of Citizen Registration shall take a final decision, after
giving an opportunity of being heard to the person so aggrieved, within a period of
ninety days from the date of appeal.
(c) In case the appeal is allowed, the particulars shall be entered in the National
Register of Indian Citizens.
5. Officials of the Central Government, State Governments and local bodies to
assist the Registrar General of Citizen Registration. ñ Every official of the Central
Government, State Government, local bodies or their undertakings shall assist the
Registrar General of Citizen Registration or any person authorized by him in this
behalf, in preparation of the database relating to each family and every person, and
in implementing the provisions of these rules.
6. Initialization of National Register of Indian Citizens. ñ (1) The Registrar
General of Citizen Registration shall, by order, notify the date on which the National
Register of Indian Citizens shall be initialized throughout the country.
(2) The order made under sub-rule (1) may provide for the initialization period
specified by the Registrar General of Citizen Registration for establishment of the
National Register of Indian Citizens.
(3) Every individual must get himself registered with the Local Registrar of Citizen
Registration during the period of initialization as specified under sub-rule (2).
7. Head of family and individual to act as informant. ñ (1) It shall be compulsory
for every Citizen of India to assist the officials responsible for preparation of the
National Register of Indian Citizens under rule 4 and get himself registered in the
Local Register of Indian Citizens during the period of initialization.
(2) It shall be the responsibility of the head of every family, during the period
specified for preparation of the Population Register, to give the correct details of
name and number of members and other particulars, as specified in sub-rule (3) of
rule 3, of the family of which he is the head.
(3) It shall be the responsibility of every Citizen to register once with the Local
Registrar of Citizen Registration and to provide correct individual particulars to that
authority.
(4) In the case of dependents, such as minor who has not attained the age of
eighteen years, or who is disabled, the responsibility of reporting the particulars
under this rule shall be of the head of the family:
Provided that in so far as inmates of institutions, such as orphanages, old age
homes, mental asylums are concerned, the responsibility for providing the requisite
details shall lie with the head of the Institution.

8. Power of District Registrar, Sub-district or Taluk Registrar or Local Registrar of
Citizen Registration to obtain information. ñ The District Registrar, Sub-district or
Taluk Registrar or the Local Registrar of Citizen Registration may, by order, require
any person to furnish any information within his knowledge in connection with the
determination of Citizenship status of any person and the person required to furnish
information shall be bound to comply with such requisition.
9. Procedure as to making of entries in National Register of Indian Citizens. ñ The
Registrar General of Citizen Registration may, by order, specify the procedure to be
followed in preparation of the National Register of Indian Citizens and disposal of
claims and objections with regard to family and individual particulars proposed to be
entered in that Register.

10. Deletion of name and particulars from National Register of Indian Citizens.
(1) The name and particulars of a Citizen may be removed from the
National Register of Indian Citizens by an order of the Registrar General of Citizen
Registration or any officer authorized by him in this behalf in the event of
(i) death of the person; or
(ii) the person ceasing to be an Indian Citizen under section 8 of the
Act; or
(iii) revocation of Indian Citizenship under section 9 of the Act; or
(iv) the particulars provided by the individual or the family found to be
incorrect subsequently, thereby affecting the Citizenship status of
the person.
(2) It shall be the duty of the Indian Citizen concerned to inform the District
Registrar of Citizen Registration, within a period of thirty days, about the cessation of
his Indian Citizenship under clause (ii) of sub-rule (1);
(3) In the event of an order under sub-rule (1), the person concerned, or in
the event of his death his nearest relative, shall be duly informed about the deletion
of any entry from the National Register of Indian Citizens.
Provided that any person aggrieved by the order of an authorized officer may
prefer an appeal against such order to the Authority within a period of thirty days of
such order.
(4) The appeal under sub-rule (3) shall be disposed off, after giving to the
appellant an opportunity of being heard, and produce any documentary or oral
evidence in support of his claim.

11. Maintenance and updating of National Register of Indian Citizens. ñ (1) The
Registrar General of Citizen Registration shall cause to maintain the National
Register of Indian Citizens in electronic or some other form which shall entail its
continuous updating on the basis of extracts from various Registers specified under
the Registration of Births and Deaths Act, 1969 (18 of 1969) and the Act.
(2) It shall be the responsibility of the head of each and every family to ensure
that any event of birth or death occurring in the family has been duly entered in, or
deleted from, the Local Register of Indian Citizens.
(3) The Chief Registrar of Births and Deaths and all other officials engaged in the
registration of births and deaths shall assist the Registrar General of Citizen
Registration in updating the National Register of Indian Citizens as required under
sub-rule (1).

12. Modification of entries in National Register of Indian Citizens.  The Sub-district
or Taluk Registrar may, on an application made by the concerned person and after
due verification, authorize the modification of any entry in respect of the following
particulars in National Register of Indian Citizens, namely:-
(a) change of name; or
(b) the name of the applicantís parent in case his status has been altered
by adoption under the relevant laws; or
(c) change of residential address; or
(d) change of marital status; or
(e) change of sex.

13. Issue of National Identity Cards.  The Registrar General of Citizen Registration, or any officer authorised by him in this behalf, shall issue the National Identity Card to every Citizen whose particulars are entered in the National Register of Indian Citizens under sub-rule (3) of rule 3.

14. National Identity Cards to be Government property and responsibility of Citizens
to keep them properly. ñ (1) The National Identity Card shall be the property of the
Central Government.
(2) No person shall willfully destroy, alter, transfer or use in any form the National
Identity Card, except for the lawful purposes.
(3) On the happening of any of the events specified under sub-rule (1) of rule 10,
the National Identity Card shall be surrendered, by the Citizen concerned or his
nearest relative, as the case may be, to the Registrar General of Citizen Registration
or any other authorized officer acting on his behalf.
(4) In the event of a loss of the National Identity Card, it shall be the duty of the
Citizen or his nearest relative, as the case may be, to report the matter immediately
to the nearest police station and the concerned Authority.
15. Designation of National Registration Authority and officers. ñ (1) On and from
the date of commencement of these rules, the Registrar General, India shall be
designated as the Registrar General of Citizen Registration, India who shall also
function as such for the purposes of these rules.
(2) The Central Government may designate ñ
(a) one or more officers as Additional or Joint or Deputy Registrar
General of Citizen Registration and such other officers and staff
as may be required; and
(b) an officer as a Director, and one or more officers as Joint Director,
Deputy Director, Assistant Director of Citizen Registration for
each of the States and the Union territories along with requisite
support staff, to assist the Registrar General of Citizen
Registration in discharging the functions and responsibilities
under these rules,
(3) The State Government shall notify a State Co-ordinator of National
Registration not below the rank of a Secretary in the State Government or
equivalent.
16. Supervision and Control of Registrar General of Citizen Registration over
District, Sub-district or Taluk and Local Registrars of Citizen Registration. ñ (1)
The State Government shall designate an officer or a person as Local
Registrar of Citizen Registration for each lowest geographical jurisdiction, that is to
say, of a village or rural area or town, or ward or demarcated area (demarcated by
the Registrar General of Citizen Registration) within a ward in a town or urban area
who shall function as Local Registrar for the purpose of preparation of Local
Register of Indian Citizens.
(2) Every Local Registrar of Citizen Registration shall function under the
overall supervision of the Sub-district or Taluk Registrar of Citizen Registration.
(3) Every Sub-district or Taluk Registrar of Citizen Registration shall
function under the overall supervision of the District Registrar of Citizen Registration.
(4) For the purposes of implementing and carrying out the provisions of these
rules, the District Registrar, the Sub-district or Taluk Registrar and the Local
Registrar of Citizen Registration shall be under the supervision and control of the
Registrar General of Citizen Registration.
(5) The Registrar General of Citizen Registration or any officer authorized by him
at any time may call for any records for examination, and issue directions regarding
inclusion or exclusion of any individual or family particulars from the Population
Register or Local Register of Indian Citizens, to the District Registrar, the Sub-district
or Taluk Registrar and the Local Registrar of Citizen Registration.
17. Penal consequences in certain cases. – Any violation of provisions of rules 5,
7, 8, 10, 11 and 14 shall be punishable with fine which may extend to one thousand
rupees.
18. Guidelines for collection of particulars of individuals, verification, issue of
National Identity Cards, etc. – The Registrar General of Citizen Registration may, in
consultation with the Central Government, issue from time to time such guidelines to
the State Governments as are considered necessary for implementation of these
rules.

[F.No.26011/2/2003-IC.I]
PRAVIN SRIVASTAVA, Jt. Secy.

Note: The Principal rules were published in the Gazette of India vide number SRO 1574,
dated 7-7-1956 and subsequently amended vide number:
1. 2/13/57-IC dated 16-5-58
2. 10/3/58-IC dated 19-11-58
3. 2/11/58-IC dated 31-1-59
4. 2/1/60-IC dated 16-9-60
5. 1/1/62-IC dated 20-12-62
6. 1/1/64-IC dated 3-3-65
7. 24/161(ii)/64-IC dated 5-5-65
8. 2/1/66-IC dated 29-5-67
9. 2/1/68-IC dated 12-11-68
10. 2/1/69-IC dated 14-5-69
11. 2/7/69-IC dated 19-12-69
12. 24/75/69-IC dated 28-8-70
13. 26011/1/71-IC dated 9-8-71
14. 26011/12/(i)/71-IC dated 15-2-72
15. GSR 383(E) dated 5-6-81
16. GSR 25(E) dated 15-1-86
17. GSR 567(E) dated 1-4-86
18. GSR 18(E) dated 7-1-87
19. GSR 392(E) dated 13-4-87, and
20. GSR 141(E) dated 19-3-98
21. GSR 344(E) dated 20-4-2000