CHAPTER VIII Carriage Of Passengers [Section 49 to 60]
Railway Act Section-49 Exhibition Of Certain Timings And Tables Of Fares At Stations
Railway Act Section-50 Supply Of Tickets On Payment Of Fare
Railway Act Section-51 Provision For Case In Which Ticket Is Issued For Class Or Train Not Having Accommodation For Additional Passengers
Railway Act Section-52 Cancellation Of Ticket And Refund
Railway Act Section-53 Prohibition Against Transfer Of Certain Tickets
Railway Act Section-54 Exhibition And Surrender Of Passes And Tickets
Railway Act Section-55 Prohibition Against Travelling Without Pass Or Ticket
Railway Act Section-56 Power To Refuse To Carry Persons Suffering From Infectious Or Contagious Diseases
Railway Act Section-57 Maximum Number Of Passengers For Each Compartment
Railway Act Section-58 Earmarking Of Compartment, etc For Ladies
Railway Act Section-59 Communications Between Passengers And Railway Servant In Charge Of Train
Railway Act Section-60 Power To Make Rules In Respect Of Matters In This Chapter
Exhibition of certain timings and tables of fares at stations.-
(1) Every railway administration shall cause to be pasted in a conspicuous and accessible place at every station in Hindi and English and also in the regional language commonly in use in the area where the station is situated,-
(i) a table of times of arrival and departure of trains which carry passengers and stop at that station, and
(ii) list of fares from such station to such other stations as it may consider necessary.
(2) At every station where tickets are issued to passengers, a copy of the time table in force shall be kept in the office of the station master.
Supply of tickets on payment of fare.-
(1) Any person desirous of travelling on a railway shall, upon payment of the fare, be supplied with a ticket by a railway servant or an agent authorised in this behalf and such ticket shall contain the following particulars, namely:-
(i) the date of issue;
(ii) the class of carriage;
(iii) the place from and the place to which it is issued; and
(iv) the amount of the fare.
(2) Every railway administration shall display the hours during which booking windows at a station shall be kept open for the issue of tickets to passengers.
(3) The particulars required to be specified on a ticket under clauses (ii) and (iii) of sub-section (1) shall,-
(a) if it is for the lowest class of carriage, be set forth in Hindi, English and the regional language commonly in use at the place of issue of the ticket; and
(b) if it is for any other class of carriage, be set forth in Hindi and English:
Provided that where it is not feasible to specify such particulars in any such language due to mechanisation or any other reason, the Central Government may exempt such particulars being specified in that language.
Provision for case in which ticket is issued for class or train not having accommodation for additional passengers.-
(1) A ticket shall be deemed to have been issued subject to the condition of availability of accommodation in the class of carriage and the train for which the ticket is issued.
(2) If no accommodation is available in the class of carriage for which a ticket is issued, and the holder thereof travels in a carriage of a lower class, he shall, on returning such ticket, be entitled to a refund of the difference between the fare paid by him and the fare payable for the class of carriage in which he travels.
Cancellation of ticket and refund.-
If a ticket is returned for cancellation, the railway administration shall cancel the same and refund such amount as may be prescribed.
Prohibition against transfer of certain tickets.-
A ticket issued in the name of a person shall be used only by that person:
Provided that nothing contained in this section shall prevent mutual transfer of a seat or berth by passengers travelling by the same train:
Provided further that a railway servant authorised in this behalf may permit change of name of a passenger having reserved a seat or berth subject to such circumstances as may be prescribed.
Exhibition and surrender of passes and tickets.-
Every passenger shall, on demand by any railway servant authorised in this behalf, present his pass or ticket to such railway servant for examination during the journey or at the end of the journey and surrender such ticket-
(a) at the end of the journey, or
(b) if such ticket is issued for a specified period, on the expiration of such period.
Prohibition against travelling without pass or ticket.-
(1) No person shall enter or remain in any carriage on a railway for the purpose of travelling therein as a passenger unless he has with him a proper pass or ticket or obtained permission of a railway servant authorised in this behalf for such travel.
(2) A person obtaining permission under sub-section (1) shall ordinarily get a certificate from the railway servant referred to in that sub-section that he has been permitted to travel in such carriage on condition that he subsequently pays the fare payable for the distance to be travelled.
Power to refuse to carry persons suffering from infectious or contagious diseases.-
(1) A person suffering from such infectious or contagious diseases, as may be prescribed, shall not enter or remain in any carriage on a railway or travel in a train without the permission of a railway servant authorised in this behalf.
(2) The railway servant giving permission under sub-section (1), shall arrange for the separation of the person suffering from such disease from other persons in the train and such person shall be carried in the train subject to such other conditions as may be prescribed.
(3) Any person who enters or remains in any carriage or travels in a train without permission as required under sub-section (1) or in contravention of any condition prescribed under sub-section (2), such person and a person accompanying him shall be liable to the forfeiture of their passes or tickets and removal from railway by any railway servant.
Maximum number of passengers for each compartment.-
Subject to the approval of the Central Government, every railway administration shall fix the maximum number of passengers which may be carried in each compartment of every description of carriage, and shall exhibit the number so fixed in a conspicuous manner inside or outside each compartment in Hindi, English and also in one or more of the regional languages commonly in use in the areas served by the railway.
Earmarking of compartment, etc., for ladies.-
Every railway administration shall, in every train carrying passengers, earmark for the exclusive use of females, one compartment or such number of berths or seats, as the railway administration may think fit.
Communications between passengers and railway servant in charge of train.-
A railway administration shall provide and maintain in every train carrying passengers, such efficient means of communication between the passengers and the railway servant in charge of the train as may be approved by the Central Government:
Provided that where the railway administration is satisfied that the means of communication provided in a train are being misused, it may cause such means to be disconnected in that train for such period as it thinks fit:
Provided further that the Central Government may specify the circumstances under which a railway administration may be exempted from providing such means of communication in any train.
Power to make rules in respect of matters in this Chapter.-
(1) The Central Government may, by notification, make rules to carry out the purposes of this Chapter.
(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:-
(a) the convenience and accommodation (including the reservation of seats or berths in trains) to passengers;
(b) the amount of refund for the cancellation of a ticket;
(c) the circumstances under which change of names of passengers, having reserved seats or berths, may be permitted;
(d) the carriage of luggage and the conditions subject to which luggage may be kept in the cloak rooms at the stations;
(e) diseases which are infectious or contagious;
(f) the conditions subject to which a railway administration may carry passengers suffering from infectious or contagious diseases and the manner in which carriages used by such passengers may be disinfected;
(g) generally, for regulating the travelling upon, and the use, working and management of the railways.
(3) Any rule made under this section may provide that a contravention thereof shall be punishable with fine which shall not exceed five hundred rupees.
(4) Every railway administration shall keep at every station on its railway a copy of all the rules made under this section and shall also allow any person to inspect it free of charge.
CHAPTER XIII Liability Of Railway Administration For Death And Injury To Passengers Due To Accidents
- Definitions.– In this Chapter, unless the context otherwise requires,-
(a) “accident” means an accident of the nature described in section 124;
(b) “dependant” means any of the following relatives of a deceased passenger, namely:-
(i) the wife, husband, son and daughter, and in case the deceased passenger is unmarried or is a minor, his parent;
(ii) the parent, minor brother or unmarried sister, widowed sister, widowed daughter-in-law and a minor child of a pre-deceased son, if dependant wholly or partly on the deceased passenger;
(iii) a minor child of a pre-deceased daughter, if wholly dependant on the deceased passenger;
(iv) the paternal grandparent wholly dependant on the deceased passenger;
[(c) “untoward incident” means-
(1)(i) the commission of a terrorist act within the meaning of sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act, 1987 (28 of 1987); or
(ii) the making of a violent attack or the commission of robbery or dacoity; or
(iii) the indulging in rioting, shoot-out or arson, by any person in or on any train carrying passengers, or in a waiting hall, cloak room or reservation or booking office or on any platform or in any other place within the precincts of a railway station; or
(2) the accidental falling of any passenger from a train carrying passengers.]
- Extent of liability.– When in the course of working a railway, an accident occurs, being either a collision between trains of which one is a train carrying passengers or the derailment of or other accident to a train or any part of a train carrying passengers, then whether or not there has been any wrongful act, neglect or default on the part of the railway administration such as would entitle a passenger who has been injured or has suffered a loss to maintain an action and recover damages in respect thereof, the railway administration shall, notwithstanding anything contained in any other law, be liable to pay compensation to such extent as may be prescribed and to that extent only for loss occasioned by the death of a passenger dying as a result of such accident, and for personal injury and loss, destruction, damage or deterioration of goods owned by the passenger and accompanying him in his compartment or on the train, sustained as a result of such accident.
Explanation .-For the purposes of this section “passenger” includes a railway servant on duty.
[124-A. Compensation on account of untoward incidents. – When in the course of working a railway an untoward incident occurs, then whether or not there has been any wrongful act, neglect or default on the part of the railway administration such as would entitle a passenger who has been injured or the dependant of a passenger who has been killed to maintain an action and recover damages in respect thereof, the railway administration shall, notwithstanding anything contained in any other law, be liable to pay compensation to such extent as may be prescribed and to that extent only for loss occasioned by the death of, or injury to, a passenger as a result of such untoward incident:
Provided that no compensation shall be payable under this section by the railway administration if the passenger dies or suffers injury due to-
(a) suicide or attempted suicide by him;
(b) self-inflicted injury;
(c) his own criminal act;
(d) any act committed by him in a state of intoxication or insanity;
(e) any natural cause or disease or medical or surgical treatment unless such treatment becomes necessary due to injury caused by the said untoward incident.
Explanation .-For the purposes of this section, “passenger” includes-
(i) a railway servant on duty; and
(ii) a person who has purchased a valid ticket for travelling, by a train carrying passengers, on any date or a valid platform ticket and becomes a victim of an untoward incident.]
- Application for compensation.– (1) An application for compensation under section 124 [or section 124-A] may be made to the Claims Tribunal-
(a) by the person who has sustained the injury or suffered any loss, or
(b) by any agent duly authorised by such person in this behalf, or
(c) where such person is a minor, by his guardian, or
(d) where death has resulted from the accident, [or the untoward incident], by any dependant of the deceased or where such a dependant is a minor, by his guardian.
(2) Every application by a dependant for compensation under this section shall be for the benefit of every other dependant.
- Interim relief by railway administration.– (1) Where a person who has made an application for compensation under section 125 desires to be paid interim relief, he may apply to the railway administration for payment of interim relief alongwith a copy of the application made under that section.
(2) Where, on the receipt of an application made under sub-section (1) and after making such inquiry as it may deem fit, the railway administration is satisfied that circumstances exist which require relief to be afforded to the applicant immediately, it may, pending determination by the Claims Tribunal of the actual amount of compensation payable under section 124 [or section 124-A], pay to any person who has sustained the injury or suffered any loss, or where death has resulted from the accident, to any dependant of the deceased, such sum as it considers reasonable for affording such relief, so, however, that the sum paid shall not exceed the amount of compensation payable at such rates as may be prescribed.
(3) The railway administration shall, as soon as may be, after making an order regarding payment of interim relief under sub-section (2), send a copy thereof to the Claims Tribunal.
(4) Any sum paid by the railway administration under sub-section (2) shall be taken into account by the Claims Tribunal while determining the amount of compensation payable.
- Determination of compensation in respect of any injury or loss of goods.– (1) Subject to such rules as may be made, the rates of compensation payable in respect of any injury shall be determined by the Claims Tribunal.
(2) The compensation payable in respect of any loss of goods shall be such as the Claims Tribunal may, having regard to the circumstances of the case, determine to be reasonable.
- Saving as to certain rights.– (1) The right of any person to claim compensation under section 124 [or section 124-A] shall not affect the right of any such person to recover compensation payable under the Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923 (8 of 1923), or any other law for the time being in force; but no person shall be entitled to claim compensation more than once in respect of the same accident.
(2) Nothing in sub-section (1) shall affect the right of any person to claim compensation payable under any contract or scheme providing for payment of compensation for death or personal injury or for damage to property or any sum payable under any policy of insurance.
- Power to make rules in respect of matters in this Chapter.– (1) The Central Government may, by notification, make rules to carry out the purposes of this Chapter.
(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:-
(a) the compensation payable for death;
(b) the nature of the injuries for which compensation shall be paid and the amount of such compensation.