Human Rights Bodies PAST AND PRESENT OF THE UNITED NATIONS

Charter-based bodies

Human Rights Council
Universal Periodic Review
Commission on Human Rights (replaced by the Human Rights Council)
Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council
Human Rights Council Complaint Procedure

Treaty-based bodies

There are ten human rights treaty bodies that monitor implementation of the core international human rights treaties:

Human Rights Committee (CCPR)
Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR)
Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD)
Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)
Committee against Torture (CAT)
Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture (SPT)
Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)
Committee on Migrant Workers (CMW)
Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)
Committee on Enforced Disappearances (CED)

CORE HUMAN RIGHTS INSTRUMENTS

Date
Monitoring Body
ICERD International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
21 Dec 1965
CERD
ICCPR International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
16 Dec 1966
CCPR
ICESCR International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
16 Dec 1966
CESCR
CEDAW Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
18 Dec 1979
CEDAW
CAT Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
10 Dec 1984
CAT
CRC Convention on the Rights of the Child
20 Nov 1989
CRC
ICMW International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
18 Dec 1990
CMW
CPED International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance
20 Dec 2006
CED
CRPD Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
13 Dec 2006
CRPD
ICESCR – OP Optional Protocol to the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
10 Dec 2008
CESCR
ICCPR-OP1 Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
16 Dec 1966
CCPR
ICCPR-OP2 Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty
15 Dec 1989
CCPR
OP-CEDAW Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women
10 Dec 1999
CEDAW
OP-CRC-AC Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict
25 May 2000
CRC
OP-CRC-SC Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography
25 May 2000
CRC
OP-CRC-IC Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a communications procedure

14 Apr 2014

CRC
OP-CAT Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
18 Dec 2002
SPT
OP-CRPD Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
12 Dec 2006
CRPD