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Distinction between Civil Law And Common Law


The legal system of a country can be identified as either following Common Law system or a Civil law system.

A rough estimation that around Eighty countries follows common Law system, they prefer judges opinion over the statutes.

Common Law Countries based on English Common Law[stare decisis /precedent by courts are binding) 

  • The United States
  • England
  • Canada
  • Australia

Civil Law Countries[Only legislative enactments are considered legally binding]

  • China
  • Japan
  • Germany
  • France
  • Spain

Other Legal systems are  :

  1. Sharia system
  2. Halakha  system
  3. Canon Law system
  4. Hybrid legal system [India]
  5. Adat or Customary/ Cultural Law [  Indonesia ]
  6. The Kanun (The Code of Lekë Dukagjini of Albenia and kosovo]
  • The European Union Court of Justice mixes Civil Law (based on the treaties), attaching importance of Case Law.



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