The legal system of a country can be identified as either following Common Law system or a Civil law system.
A rough estimation that around Eighty countries follows common Law system, they prefer judges opinion over the statutes.
Common Law Countries based on English Common Law[stare decisis /precedent by courts are binding)
- The United States
Civil Law Countries[Only legislative enactments are considered legally binding]
Other Legal systems are :
- Sharia system
- Halakha system
- Canon Law system
- Hybrid legal system [India]
- Adat or Customary/ Cultural Law [ Indonesia ]
- The Kanun (The Code of Lekë Dukagjini of Albenia and kosovo]
- The European Union Court of Justice mixes Civil Law (based on the treaties), attaching importance of Case Law.