Under the indian succession act, 1925, chapter I of Part IX of the act provides for grant of Probate and/or Letters of Administration. A probate can be granted only to an executor appointed by the Will. Chapter III of the act provides for revocation or annulment for just cause. Illustration appended to Section 263 of the act reads as under :
(i) The Court by which the grant was made had no jurisdiction.
(ii) The grant was made without citing parties who ought to have been cited.
(iii) The will of which probate was obtained was forged or revoked.
(iv) A obtained letters of administration to the estate of B, as his widow, but it has since transpired that she was never married to him.
(v) A has been taken administration to the estate of B as if he had died intestate, but a will has since been discovered.
(vi) Since probate was granted, a latter will has been discovered.
(vii) Since probate was granted, a codicil has been discovered which revokes or adds to the appointment of executors under the will.
(viii) The person to whom probate was, or letters of administration were, granted has subsequently become of unsound mind.”
9. Illustration (ii) provides for revocation of grant if made without citing parties who ought to have been cited.
10. Section 283 of the act provides for the powers of the District Judge to grant probate, which is in the following terms :
“283. Power of District Judge.- (1) In all cases the District judge or District Delegate may, if he thinks proper, –
(a) examine the petitioner in person, upon oath;
(b) require further evidence of the due execution of the will or the right of the petitioner to the letters of administration, as the case may be;
(c) issue citations calling upon all persons claiming to have any interest in the estate of the deceased to come and see the proceedings before the grant of probate or letters of administration.
(2) The citation shall be fixed up in some conspicuous part of the court-house, and also the office of the Collector of the district and otherwise published or made known in such manner as the Judge or District Delegate issuing the same may direct.
(3) Where any portion of the assets has been stated by the petitioner to be situate within the jurisdiction of a District Judge in another State, the District Judge issuing the same shall cause a copy of the citation to be sent to such other District Judge, who shall publish the same in the same manner as if it were a citation issued by himself, and shall certify such publication to the District Judge who issued the citation.”.
Section 307(1) of the act provides for power of the Executor or Administrator to dispose of property in the following terms :
“307. Power of executor or administrator to dispose of property.- (1) Subject to the provisions of sub-section (2), an executor or administrator has power to dispose of the property of the deceased, vested in him under section 211, either wholly or in part, in such manner as he may think fit.”