RAW The R&AW is a highly sensitive department dealing with national interest, including its security — internal as well as external. The RAW was concerned with international affairs and undercover activities pertaining to national security. Certain cadres of employees of RAW formed an association. Earlier different branches and departments of the RAW in Delhi were scattered in several buildings. Ultimately […]

65. As a result of the aforesaid discussion, we hereby direct as under :- I CENTRAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION (CBI) AND CENTRAL VIGILANCE COMMISSION (CVC) 1. The Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) shall be given statutory status. 2. Selection for the post of Central Vigilance Commissioner shall be made by a Committee comprising the Prime Minister, Home Minister and the Leader […]

i) Janata Dal Vs. H.S. Chowdhary and Others, (2 Judges) (SCC p.348, para 109) 109. It is thus clear that only a person acting bona fide and having sufficient interest in the proceeding of PIL, will alone have a locus standi and can approach the court to wipe out the tears of the poor and needy, suffering from violation of […]

Intelligence Bureau. Research and Analysis Wing of the Cabinet Secretariat. Directorate of Revenue Intelligence. Central Economic Intelligence Bureau. Directorate of Enforcement. Narcotics Control Bureau. Aviation Research Centre. Special Frontier Force. Border Security Force. Central Reserve Police Force. Indo-Tibetan Border Police. Central Industrial Security Force. National Security Guards. Assam Rifles. Special Service Bureau Special Branch (CID), Andaman and Nicobar. The Crime […]

The reformation that transformed the intellectual landscape of Europe is dated from 1517. In 1515 the Ottoman Sultan Selim I, persuaded by the influential clerics of the realm, issued a decree that imposed the death penalty on anyone using a printing press, invented in Germany in 1455, to print books in Turkish or Arabic.  Christian Europe aptly used the print […]

The Goths crossed the Danube into Roman territory in 376 AD.Gothic is the only language of the Germanic family to employ a polysyllabic dental suffix in forming the preterite of weak verbs. For example, where Old English has neredon ‘we saved’, Gothic has nasidēdum ‘we saved’.The Germanic language is traditionally divided into three branches: North, West, and East Germanic. The corpus of the Gothic […]

Sanskrit: मकर संक्रांति. It marks the first day of sun’s transit into the Makara (Capricorn zodiac), marking the end of the month with the winter solstice and the start of longer days[Uttarayan]. In Bengal, it is called Poush Sankranti. Basanta Kal or Spring season starts on 14th January in Northan hemisphere. Though Uttarayan starts on December 21. Sankranti is based […]

The word Ephemeris is Latin and comes originally from the Greek word ‘ephèmeros, -on,’meaning daily. Ephemeris is an almanac of the daily motions of the planets and stars.  In Sanskrit Ayanamsa is mostly assumed to be close to be 24° today, according to N. C. Lahiri 23.85° as of 2000 [Ayanansha = Ayan + Ansh = 24° (Nearly)] Lahiri’s Indian ephemeris of […]

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