CIVIL

The name of a Roman citizen

1. The name of a Roman citizen regularly consisted of three parts: the praenōmen (or given name), the nōmen (name of the gens or clan), and the cognōmen (family name). Such a typical name is exemplified by Mārcus Tullius Cicerō, in which Mārcus is the praenōmen, Tullius the nōmen, and Cicerō the cognōmen. Sometimes a second cognōmen (in later Latin called an agnōmen) is added—especially in honor of military achievements; as,—

Gāius Cornēlius Scīpiō Āfricānus.

2. ABBREVIATIONS OF PROPER NAMES.

A. = Aulus. Mam. = Māmercus.
App. = Appius. N. = Numerius.
C. = Gāius. P. = Pūblius.
Cn. = Gnaeus. Q. = Quīntus.
D. = Decimus. Sex. = Sextus.
K. = Kaesō. Ser. = Servius.
L. = Lūcius. Sp. = Spurius.
M. = Mārcus. T. = Titus.
M’. = Mānius. Ti. = Tiberius.

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