Intelligence Bureau. Research and Analysis Wing of the Cabinet Secretariat. Directorate of Revenue Intelligence. Central Economic Intelligence Bureau. Directorate of Enforcement. Narcotics Control Bureau. Aviation Research Centre. Special Frontier Force. Border Security Force. Central Reserve Police Force. Indo-Tibetan Border Police. Central Industrial Security Force. National Security Guards. Assam Rifles. Special Service Bureau Special Branch (CID), Andaman and Nicobar. The Crime […]

The reformation that transformed the intellectual landscape of Europe is dated from 1517. In 1515 the Ottoman Sultan Selim I, persuaded by the influential clerics of the realm, issued a decree that imposed the death penalty on anyone using a printing press, invented in Germany in 1455, to print books in Turkish or Arabic.  Christian Europe aptly used the print […]

The Goths crossed the Danube into Roman territory in 376 AD.Gothic is the only language of the Germanic family to employ a polysyllabic dental suffix in forming the preterite of weak verbs. For example, where Old English has neredon ‘we saved’, Gothic has nasidēdum ‘we saved’.The Germanic language is traditionally divided into three branches: North, West, and East Germanic. The corpus of the Gothic […]

Sanskrit: मकर संक्रांति. It marks the first day of sun’s transit into the Makara (Capricorn zodiac), marking the end of the month with the winter solstice and the start of longer days[Uttarayan]. In Bengal, it is called Poush Sankranti. Basanta Kal or Spring season starts on 14th January in Northan hemisphere. Though Uttarayan starts on December 21. Sankranti is based […]

The word Ephemeris is Latin and comes originally from the Greek word ‘ephèmeros, -on,’meaning daily. Ephemeris is an almanac of the daily motions of the planets and stars.  In Sanskrit Ayanamsa is mostly assumed to be close to be 24° today, according to N. C. Lahiri 23.85° as of 2000 [Ayanansha = Ayan + Ansh = 24° (Nearly)] Lahiri’s Indian ephemeris of […]

National character, in our considered view, cannot be sacrificed for benefits – individual or societal. If, we desire to build a nation, on the touchstone of ethics and character, and if our determined goal is to build a nation where only the rule of law prevails, then we cannot accept the claim of the appellants, for the suggested societal gains. Viewed in the aforesaid perspective, we have no difficulty whatsoever, in concluding, in favour of the rule of law.

Selective reading from : HISTORY OF THE WORLD BY H. G. WELLS IN the four gospels we find the personality and teachings of Jesus but very little of the dogmas of the Christian church. It is in the epistles, a series of writings by the immediate followers of Jesus, that the broad lines of Christian belief are laid down. Chief […]


This saintly anarchist, who aroused the people of the abyss, the outcasts and “sinners,” the Chandala of Judaism, to rise in revolt against the established order of things—and in language which, if the Gospels are to be credited, would get him sent to Siberia today—this man was certainly a political criminal, at least in so far as it was possible to be one in so absurdly unpolitical a community.

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