There are 20 judges per 10 lakh people in India.
Minister of State for Law P P Chaudhary told the Lok Sabha on February 6, 2019, based on the population as per the Census 2011 and sanctioned strength of judges in the Supreme Court, the 24 high courts, and lower judiciary in 2018, the judge-population ratio in the country works out to be 19.78 judges per million population.
The ratio was 17.48 judges per million population in 2014.
The sanctioned strength of judges of high courts has increased from 906 judges in June 2014 to 1,079 judges in December 2018 and the sanctioned strength of judges of district/subordinate courts has increased from 20,214 in 2014 to 22,833 in 2018.
The working strength of judges in high courts is 673 while for the Supreme Court it is 28 against the sanctioned strength of 31.