Day: March 23, 2019


“absconder” means a person against whom a warrant is in force on account of an offence under the Indian Penal Code or any other law or in respect of whom an order […]

Classes of tenants

There shall be, for the purpose of this Act, the following classes of tenants, (namely) :— (1) tenure-holders, including under-tenure-holders, (2)raiyats, and (3) under-raiyats, that is to say, tenants holding whether immediately […]


“Occupant” includes every zamindar, tenure-holder, farmer and other person entitled to receive rents in respect of land or holding land on a claim that he is so entitled, and every raiyat in occupation of land […]

Tenure-holder and Raiyat

(1) “Tenure-holder” means primarily a person who has acquired from a proprietor or from another tenure-holder a right to hold land for the purpose of collecting rents or bringing it under cultivation […]

Tenure and tenure-holder

“Tenure” includes all permanent interests in land, with the exception of estates as above defined, and with the exception of those of raiyats having a right of occupancy only; it also includes all ghatwali holdings; “tenure-holder” […]


“Estate” means -any land which is entered on the revenue-roll as separately assessed with the public revenue ; any land acquired from the [Government] under one title, which is liable to pay land-revenue at […]


Article 31, like Art, 19 (1) (f), is concerned with “property.” Both the Articles are in the same chapter and deal with fundamental rights. Therefore, it is reasonable to say that the […]

Police power

We are familiar with the expression “police power” which is in vogue in the United States of America. ‘This expression simply denotes that in special cases the State can step in where […]


in India where the offence under section 124A of the Penal Code should be construed with reference to the words used in that section. They also added :- “The word ‘sedition’ does […]

Judicial power vs Judicial decision

A quasi judicial decision equally presupposes an existing dispute between two or more parties and involves and but does not necessarily involve and never involves. The place of is in fact taken by administrative action, the character of which is determined by the Minister’s free choice