Rules of the Supreme Court of the United States

SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES
1 First Street, N. E.
Washington, DC 20543

APTED APRIL 18, 2019

EFFECTIVE JULY 1, 2019

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I.  THE COURT                                               Page

Rule 1.     Clerk……………………………………………………………………………………….. 1

Rule 2.     Library……………………………………………………………………………………. 1

Rule 3.     Term……………………………………………………………………………………….. 1

Rule 4.     Sessions and Quorum…………………………………………………………….. 2

PART II.  ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELORS

Rule 5.     Admission to the Bar…………………………………………………………….. 2

Rule 6.     Argument Pro Hac Vice………………………………………………………….. 3

Rule 7.     Prohibition Against Practice…………………………………………………. 4

Rule 8.     Disbarment and Disciplinary Action…………………………………….. 4

Rule 9.     Appearance of Counsel…………………………………………………………… 5

PART III.  JURISDICTION ON WRIT OF CERTIORARI

Rule 10.   Considerations Governing Review on Certiorari…………………… 5

Rule 11.   Certiorari to a United States Court of Appeals Before Judgment……………………………………………………………………………. 6

Rule 12.   Review on Certiorari: How Sought; Parties…………………………… 6

Rule 13.   Review on Certiorari: Time for Petitioning…………………………… 9

Rule 14.   Content of a Petition for a Writ of Certiorari……………………… 10

Rule 15.   Briefs in Opposition; Reply Briefs; Supplemental Briefs…… 14

Rule 16.   Disposition of a Petition for a Writ of Certiorari………………… 16

PART IV.  OTHER JURISDICTION

Rule 17.   Procedure in an Original Action…………………………………………… 17

Rule 18.   Appeal from a United States District Court………………………. 18

Rule 19.   Procedure on a Certified Question……………………………………….. 23

Rule 20.   Procedure on a Petition for an Extraordinary Writ…………….. 24

PART V.  MOTIONS AND APPLICATIONS

Rule 21.   Motions to the Court…………………………………………………………….. 26

Rule 22.   Applications to Individual Justices…………………………………….. 27

Rule 23.   Stays…………………………………………………………………………………….. 28

PART VI.  BRIEFS ON THE MERITS AND ORAL ARGUMENT

Rule 24.   Briefs on the Merits: In General………………………………………….. 29

Rule 25.   Briefs on the Merits: Number of Copies and Time to File ..   31

Rule 26.   Joint Appendix……………………………………………………………………… 32

Rule 27.   Calendar……………………………………………………………………………….. 35

Rule 28.   Oral Argument……………………………………………………………………… 36

PART VII.  PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE

Rule 29.   Filing  and Service  of  Documents; Special  Notifications;

Corporate Listing……………………………………………………………… 37

Rule 30.   Computation and Extension of Time…………………………………… 41

Rule 31.   Translations…………………………………………………………………………. 42

Rule 32.   Models, Diagrams, Exhibits, and Lodgings…………………………. 42

Rule 33.   Document Preparation: Booklet Format; 81/2- by 11-Inch

Paper Format……………………………………………………………………. 43

Rule 34.   Document Preparation: General Requirements………………….. 47

Rule 35.   Death, Substitution, and Revivor; Public Officers………………. 49

Rule 36.   Custody of Prisoners in Habeas Corpus Proceedings…………. 50

Rule 37.   Brief for an Amicus Curiae………………………………………………….. 51

Rule 38.   Fees………………………………………………………………………………………. 54

Rule 39.   Proceedings In Forma Pauperis…………………………………………… 54

Rule 40.   Veterans, Seamen, and Military Cases………………………………. 56

PART VIII.  DISPOSITION OF CASES

Rule 41.   Opinions of the Court…………………………………………………………… 56

Rule 42.   Interest and Damages………………………………………………………….. 57

Rule 43.   Costs…………………………………………………………………………………….. 57

Rule 44.   Rehearing……………………………………………………………………………… 58

Rule 45.   Process; Mandates……………………………………………………………….. 60

Rule 46.   Dismissing Cases…………………………………………………………………. 60

PART IX.  DEFINITIONS AND EFFECTIVE DATE

Rule 47.   Reference to “State Court” and “State Law”………………………. 61

Rule 48.   Effective Date of Rules…………………………………………………………. 61


PART I.  THE COURT

Rule 1.  Clerk

  1. The Clerk receives documents for fling with the Court and has authority to reject any submitted fling that does not comply with these Rules.
  2. The Clerk maintains the Court’s records and will not permit any of them to be removed from the Court building except as authorized by the Court. Any document fled with the Clerk and made a part of the Court’s records may not thereafter be withdrawn from the offcial Court fles. After the conclusion of proceedings in this Court, original records and documents transmitted to this Court by any other court will be returned to the court from which they were received.
  1. Unless the Court or the Chief Justice orders otherwise, the Clerk’s offce is open from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except on federal legal holidays listed in 5 U. S. C. § 6103.

Rule 2.  Library

  1. The Court’s library is available for use by appropriate personnel of this Court, members of the Bar of this Court, Members of Congress and their legal staffs, and attorneys for the United States and for federal departments and agencies.
  1. The library’s hours are governed by regulations made by the Librarian with the approval of the Chief Justice or the Court.
  2. Library books may not be removed from the Court building, except by a Justice or a member of a Justice’s staff.

Rule 3.  Term

The Court holds a continuous annual Term commencing on the frst Monday in October and ending on the day before the frst Monday in October of the following year. See 28 U. S. C. § 2. At the end of each Term, all cases pending on the docket are continued to the next Term.

Rule 4.  Sessions and Quorum

  1. Open sessions of the Court are held beginning at 10 a.m. on the frst Monday in October of each year, and thereafter as announced by the Court. Unless it orders otherwise, the Court sits to hear arguments from 10 a.m. until noon and from 1 p.m. until 3 p.m.
  1. Six Members of the Court constitute a quorum. See 28 U. S. C. § 1. In the absence of a quorum on any day ap-pointed for holding a session of the Court, the Justices at-tending—or if no Justice is present, the Clerk or a Deputy Clerk—may announce that the Court will not meet until there is a quorum.
  2. When appropriate, the Court will direct the Clerk or the Marshal to announce recesses.

PART II. ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELORS

Rule 5.  Admission to the Bar

  1. To qualify for admission to the Bar of this Court, an applicant must have been admitted to practice in the highest court of a State, Commonwealth, Territory or Possession, or the District of Columbia for a period of at least three years immediately before the date of application; must not have been the subject of any adverse disciplinary action pro-nounced or in effect during that 3-year period; and must ap-pear to the Court to be of good moral and professional character.
  1. Each applicant shall fle with the Clerk (1) a certifcate from the presiding judge, clerk, or other authorized offcial of that court evidencing the applicant’s admission to practice there and the applicant’s current good standing, and (2) a completely executed copy of the form approved by this Court and furnished by the Clerk containing (a) the applicant’s per-sonal statement, and (b) the statement of two sponsors en-dorsing the correctness of the applicant’s statement, stating that the applicant possesses all the qualifcations required for admission, and affrming that the applicant is of good moral and professional character. Both sponsors must be members of the Bar of this Court who personally know, but are not related to, the applicant.
  1. If the documents submitted demonstrate that the appli-cant possesses the necessary qualifcations, and if the appli-cant has signed the oath or affrmation and paid the required fee, the Clerk will notify the applicant of acceptance by the Court as a member of the Bar and issue a certifcate of ad-mission. An applicant who so wishes may be admitted in open court on oral motion by a member of the Bar of this Court, provided that all other requirements for admission have been satisfed.
  1. Each applicant shall sign the following oath or affrma-tion: I, ……………, do solemnly swear (or affrm) that as an attorney and as a counselor of this Court, I will conduct my-self uprightly and according to law, and that I will support the Constitution of the United States.
  1. The fee for admission to the Bar and a certifcate bear-ing the seal of the Court is $200, payable to the United States Supreme Court. The Marshal will deposit such fees in a separate fund to be disbursed by the Marshal at the direction of the Chief Justice for the costs of admissions, for the beneft of the Court and its Bar, and for related purposes.
  2. The fee for a duplicate certifcate of admission to the Bar bearing the seal of the Court is $15, and the fee for a certifcate of good standing is $10, payable to the United States Supreme Court. The proceeds will be maintained by the Marshal as provided in paragraph 5 of this Rule.

Rule 6.  Argument Pro Hac Vice

  1. An attorney not admitted to practice in the highest court of a State, Commonwealth, Territory or Possession, or the District of Columbia for the requisite three years, but otherwise eligible for admission to practice in this Court under Rule 5.1, may be permitted to argue pro hac vice.
  1. An attorney qualifed to practice in the courts of a for-eign state may be permitted to argue pro hac vice.
  1. Oral argument pro hac vice is allowed only on motion of the counsel of record for the party on whose behalf leave is requested. The motion shall state concisely the qualifca-tions of the attorney who is to argue pro hac vice. It shall be fled with the Clerk, in the form required by Rule 21, no later than the date on which the respondent’s or appellee’s brief on the merits is due to be fled, and it shall be accompa-nied by proof of service as required by Rule 29.

Rule 7. Prohibition Against Practice

No employee of this Court shall practice as an attorney or counselor in any court or before any agency of government while employed by the Court; nor shall any person after leaving such employment participate in any professional ca-pacity in any case pending before this Court or in any case being considered for fling in this Court, until two years have elapsed after separation; nor shall a former employee ever participate in any professional capacity in any case that was pending in this Court during the employee’s tenure.

Rule 8.  Disbarment and Disciplinary Action

  1. Whenever a member of the Bar of this Court has been disbarred or suspended from practice in any court of record, or has engaged in conduct unbecoming a member of the Bar of this Court, the Court will enter an order suspending that member from practice before this Court and affording the member an opportunity to show cause, within 40 days, why a disbarment order should not be entered. Upon response, or if no response is timely fled, the Court will enter an ap-propriate order.
  1. After reasonable notice and an opportunity to show cause why disciplinary action should not be taken, and after a hearing if material facts are in dispute, the Court may take any appropriate disciplinary action against any attorney who is admitted to practice before it for conduct unbecoming a member of the Bar or for failure to comply with these Rules or any Rule or order of the Court.

Rule 9. Appearance of Counsel

  1. An attorney seeking to fle a document in this Court in a representative capacity must frst be admitted to practice before this Court as provided in Rule 5, except that admis-sion to the Bar of this Court is not required for an attorney appointed under the Criminal Justice Act of 1964, see 18 U. S. C. § 3006A(d)(7), or under any other applicable federal statute. The attorney whose name, address, and telephone number appear on the cover of a document presented for fling is considered counsel of record. If the name of more than one attorney is shown on the cover of the document, the attorney who is counsel of record shall be clearly identi-fed. See Rule 34.1(f).
  1. An attorney representing a party who will not be fling a document shall enter a separate notice of appearance as counsel of record indicating the name of the party repre-sented. A separate notice of appearance shall also be en-tered whenever an attorney is substituted as counsel of rec-ord in a particular case.

PART III.  JURISDICTION ON WRIT OF CERTIORARI

Rule 10. Considerations Governing Review on Certiorari

Review on a writ of certiorari is not a matter of right, but of judicial discretion. A petition for a writ of certiorari will be granted only for compelling reasons. The following, al-though neither controlling nor fully measuring the Court’s discretion, indicate the character of the reasons the Court considers:

  • a United States court of appeals has entered a deci-sion in confict with the decision of another United States court of appeals on the same important matter; has decided an important federal question in a way that conficts with a decision by a state court of last resort; or has so far departed from the accepted and usual course of judicial proceedings, or sanctioned such a de-parture by a lower court, as to call for an exercise of this Court’s supervisory power;
  • a state court of last resort has decided an impor-tant federal question in a way that conficts with the decision of another state court of last resort or of a United States court of appeals;
  • a state court or a United States court of appeals has decided an important question of federal law that has not been, but should be, settled by this Court, or has decided an important federal question in a way that conficts with relevant decisions of this Court.

A petition for a writ of certiorari is rarely granted when the asserted error consists of erroneous factual fndings or the misapplication of a properly stated rule of law.

Rule 11. Certiorari to a United States Court of Appeals Before Judgment

A petition for a writ of certiorari to review a case pending in a United States court of appeals, before judgment is en-tered in that court, will be granted only upon a showing that the case is of such imperative public importance as to justify deviation from normal appellate practice and to require im-mediate determination in this Court. See 28 U. S. C. § 2101(e).

Rule 12.  Review on Certiorari: How Sought; Parties

  1. Except as provided in paragraph 2 of this Rule, the peti-tioner shall fle 40 copies of a petition for a writ of certiorari, prepared as required by Rule 33.1, and shall pay the Rule 38(a) docket fee.
  2. A petitioner proceeding in forma pauperis under Rule 39 shall fle an original and 10 copies of a petition for a writ of certiorari prepared as required by Rule 33.2, together with an original and 10 copies of the motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis. A copy of the motion shall pre-cede and be attached to each copy of the petition. An in- mate confned in an institution, if proceeding in forma pau-peris and not represented by counsel, need fle only an original petition and motion.
  1. Whether prepared under Rule 33.1 or Rule 33.2, the petition shall comply in all respects with Rule 14 and shall be submitted with proof of service as required by Rule 29. The case then will be placed on the docket. It is the peti-tioner’s duty to notify all respondents promptly, on a form supplied by the Clerk, of the date of fling, the date the case was placed on the docket, and the docket number of the case. The notice shall be served as required by Rule 29.
  1. Parties interested jointly, severally, or otherwise in a judgment may petition separately for a writ of certiorari; or any two or more may join in a petition. A party not shown on the petition as joined therein at the time the petition is fled may not later join in that petition. When two or more judgments are sought to be reviewed on a writ of certiorari to the same court and involve identical or closely related questions, a single petition for a writ of certiorari covering all the judgments suffces. A petition for a writ of certiorari may not be joined with any other pleading, except that any motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis shall be attached.
  1. No more than 30 days after a case has been placed on the docket, a respondent seeking to fle a conditional cross-petition ( e., a cross-petition that otherwise would be un-timely) shall fle, with proof of service as required by Rule 29, 40 copies of the cross-petition prepared as required by Rule 33.1, except that a cross-petitioner proceeding in forma pauperis under Rule 39 shall comply with Rule 12.2. The cross-petition shall comply in all respects with this Rule and Rule 14, except that material already reproduced in the ap-pendix to the opening petition need not be reproduced again. A cross-petitioning respondent shall pay the Rule 38(a) docket fee or submit a motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis. The cover of the cross-petition shall indicate clearly that it is a conditional cross-petition. The cross-petition then will be placed on the docket, subject to the provisions of Rule 13.4. It is the cross-petitioner’s duty to notify all cross-respondents promptly, on a form supplied by the Clerk, of the date of fling, the date the cross-petition was placed on the docket, and the docket number of the cross-petition. The notice shall be served as required by Rule 29. A cross-petition for a writ of certiorari may not be joined with any other pleading, except that any motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis shall be attached. The time to fle a conditional cross-petition will not be extended.
  1. All parties to the proceeding in the court whose judg-ment is sought to be reviewed are deemed parties entitled to fle documents in this Court, unless the petitioner notifes the Clerk of this Court in writing of the petitioner’s belief that one or more of the parties below have no interest in the outcome of the petition. A copy of such notice shall be served as required by Rule 29 on all parties to the proceed-ing below. A party noted as no longer interested may re-main a party by notifying the Clerk promptly, with service on the other parties, of an intention to remain a party. All parties other than the petitioner are considered respondents, but any respondent who supports the position of a petitioner shall meet the petitioner’s time schedule for fling docu-ments, with the following exception: A response of a party aligned with petitioner below who supports granting the pe-tition shall be fled within 30 days after the case is placed on the docket, and that time will not be extended. Counsel for such respondent shall ensure that counsel of record for all parties receive notice of its intention to fle a brief in support within 20 days after the case is placed on the docket. A respondent not aligned with petitioner below who supports granting the petition, or a respondent aligned with petitioner below who takes the position that the petition should be de-nied, is not subject to the notice requirement and may fle a response within the time otherwise provided by Rule 15.3. Parties who fle no document will not qualify for any relief from this Court.
  1. The clerk of the court having possession of the record shall keep it until notifed by the Clerk of this Court to cer-tify and transmit it. In any document fled with this Court, a party may cite or quote from the record, even if it has not been transmitted to this Court. When requested by the Clerk of this Court to certify and transmit the record, or any part of it, the clerk of the court having possession of the record shall number the documents to be certifed and shall transmit therewith a numbered list specifcally identifying each document transmitted. If the record, or stipulated por-tions, have been printed for the use of the court below, that printed record, plus the proceedings in the court below, may be certifed as the record unless one of the parties or the Clerk of this Court requests otherwise. The record may consist of certifed copies, but if the lower court is of the view that original documents of any kind should be seen by this Court, that court may provide by order for the trans-port, safekeeping, and return of such originals.

Rule 13. Review on Certiorari: Time for Petitioning

  1. Unless otherwise provided by law, a petition for a writ of certiorari to review a judgment in any case, civil or crimi-nal, entered by a state court of last resort or a United States court of appeals (including the United States Court of Ap-peals for the Armed Forces) is timely when it is fled with the Clerk of this Court within 90 days after entry of the judgment. A petition for a writ of certiorari seeking review of a judgment of a lower state court that is subject to discre-tionary review by the state court of last resort is timely when it is fled with the Clerk within 90 days after entry of the order denying discretionary review.
  1. The Clerk will not fle any petition for a writ of certio-

rari that is jurisdictionally out of time. See, e. g., 28 U. S. C. § 2101(c).

  1. The time to fle a petition for a writ of certiorari runs from the date of entry of the judgment or order sought to be reviewed, and not from the issuance date of the mandate (or its equivalent under local practice). But if a petition for re- hearing is timely fled in the lower court by any party, or if the lower court appropriately entertains an untimely peti-tion for rehearing or sua sponte considers rehearing, the time to fle the petition for a writ of certiorari for all parties (whether or not they requested rehearing or joined in the petition for rehearing) runs from the date of the denial of rehearing or, if rehearing is granted, the subsequent entry of judgment.
  1. A cross-petition for a writ of certiorari is timely when it is fled with the Clerk as provided in paragraphs 1, 3, and 5 of this Rule, or in Rule 12.5. However, a conditional cross-petition (which except for Rule 12.5 would be untimely) will not be granted unless another party’s timely petition for a writ of certiorari is granted.
  2. For good cause, a Justice may extend the time to fle a petition for a writ of certiorari for a period not exceeding 60 days. An application to extend the time to fle shall set out the basis for jurisdiction in this Court, identify the judgment sought to be reviewed, include a copy of the opinion and any order respecting rehearing, and set out specifc reasons why an extension of time is justifed. The application must be fled with the Clerk at least 10 days before the date the peti-tion is due, except in extraordinary circumstances. The ap-plication must clearly identify each party for whom an ex-tension is being sought, as any extension that might be granted would apply solely to the party or parties named in the application. For the time and manner of presenting the application, see Rules 21, 22, 30, and 33.2. An application to extend the time to fle a petition for a writ of certiorari is not favored.

Rule 14. Content of a Petition for a Writ of Certiorari

  1. A petition for a writ of certiorari shall contain, in the order indicated:

(a) The questions presented for review, expressed con-cisely in relation to the circumstances of the case, without unnecessary detail. The questions should be short and should not be argumentative or repetitive. If the petitioner or respondent is under a death sentence that may be affected by the disposition of the petition, the notation “capital case” shall precede the questions presented. The questions shall be set out on the frst page following the cover, and no other information may appear on that page. The statement of any question presented is deemed to comprise every subsidiary question fairly included therein. Only the questions set out in the petition, or fairly included therein, will be considered by the Court.

  • (i) A list of all parties to the proceeding in the court whose judgment is sought to be reviewed (unless the caption of the case contains the names of all the parties);
  • a corporate disclosure statement as required by Rule 29.6; and
  • a list of all proceedings in state and federal trial and appellate courts, including proceedings in this Court, that are directly related to the case in this Court. For each such proceeding, the list should include the court in question, the docket number and case caption for the proceeding, and the date of entry of the judg-ment. For the purposes of this rule, a case is “directly related” if it arises from the same trial court case as the case in this Court (including the proceedings directly on review in this case), or if it challenges the same criminal conviction or sentence as is challenged in this Court, whether on direct appeal or through state or federal col-lateral proceedings.
  • If the petition prepared under Rule 33.1 exceeds 1,500 words or exceeds fve pages if prepared under Rule 33.2, a table of contents and a table of cited authorities. The table of contents shall include the items contained in the appendix.
  • Citations of the offcial and unoffcial reports of the opinions and orders entered in the case by courts or adminis-trative agencies.
  • A concise statement of the basis for jurisdiction in this Court, showing:
  • the date the judgment or order sought to be re-viewed was entered (and, if applicable, a statement that the petition is fled under this Court’s Rule 11);
  • the date of any order respecting rehearing, and the date and terms of any order granting an extension of time to fle the petition for a writ of certiorari;
  • express reliance on Rule 12.5, when a cross-petition for a writ of certiorari is fled under that Rule, and the date of docketing of the petition for a writ of certiorari in connection with which the cross-petition is fled;
  • the statutory provision believed to confer on this Court jurisdiction to review on a writ of certiorari the judgment or order in question; and
  • if applicable, a statement that the notifcations re-quired by Rule 29.4(b) or (c) have been made.
  • The constitutional provisions, treaties, statutes, ordi-nances, and regulations involved in the case, set out verba-tim with appropriate citation. If the provisions involved are lengthy, their citation alone suffces at this point, and their pertinent text shall be set out in the appendix referred to in subparagraph 1(i).
  • A concise statement of the case setting out the facts material to consideration of the questions presented, and also containing the following:
  • If review of a state-court judgment is sought, speci-fcation of the stage in the proceedings, both in the court of frst instance and in the appellate courts, when the federal questions sought to be reviewed were raised; the method or manner of raising them and the way in which they were passed on by those courts; and pertinent quo-tations of specifc portions of the record or summary thereof, with specifc reference to the places in the rec-ord where the matter appears ( g., court opinion, ruling on exception, portion of court’s charge and exception thereto, assignment of error), so as to show that the fed- eral question was timely and properly raised and that this Court has jurisdiction to review the judgment on a writ of certiorari. When the portions of the record re-lied on under this subparagraph are voluminous, they shall be included in the appendix referred to in subpara-graph 1(i).
  • If review of a judgment of a United States court of appeals is sought, the basis for federal jurisdiction in the court of frst instance.
  • A direct and concise argument amplifying the reasons relied on for allowance of the writ. See Rule 10.
  • An appendix containing, in the order indicated:
  • the opinions, orders, fndings of fact, and conclu-sions of law, whether written or orally given and tran-scribed, entered in conjunction with the judgment sought to be reviewed;
  • any other relevant opinions, orders, fndings of fact, and conclusions of law entered in the case by courts or administrative agencies, and, if reference thereto is necessary to ascertain the grounds of the judgment, of those in companion cases (each document shall include the caption showing the name of the issuing court or agency, the title and number of the case, and the date of entry);
  • any order on rehearing, including the caption showing the name of the issuing court, the title and number of the case, and the date of entry;

(iv) the judgment sought to be reviewed if the date of its entry is different from the date of the opinion or order required in sub-subparagraph (i) of this subparagraph;

  • material required by subparagraphs 1(f) or 1(g)(i); and

(vi) any other material the petitioner believes essen-tial to understand the petition.

If the material required by this subparagraph is voluminous, it may be presented in a separate volume or volumes with appropriate covers.

  1. All contentions in support of a petition for a writ of certiorari shall be set out in the body of the petition, as pro-vided in subparagraph 1(h) of this Rule. No separate brief in support of a petition for a writ of certiorari may be fled, and the Clerk will not fle any petition for a writ of certiorari to which any supporting brief is annexed or appended.
  1. A petition for a writ of certiorari should be stated briefy and in plain terms and may not exceed the word or page limitations specifed in Rule 33.
  2. The failure of a petitioner to present with accuracy, brevity, and clarity whatever is essential to ready and ade-quate understanding of the points requiring consideration is suffcient reason for the Court to deny a petition.
  1. If the Clerk determines that a petition submitted timely and in good faith is in a form that does not comply with this Rule or with Rule 33 or Rule 34, the Clerk will return it with a letter indicating the defciency. A corrected petition submitted in accordance with Rule 29.2 no more than 60 days after the date of the Clerk’s letter will be deemed timely.

Rule 15. Briefs in Opposition; Reply Briefs; Supplemental Briefs

  1. A brief in opposition to a petition for a writ of certiorari may be fled by the respondent in any case, but is not manda-tory except in a capital case, see Rule 14.1(a), or when or-dered by the Court.
  2. A brief in opposition should be stated briefy and in plain terms and may not exceed the word or page limitations specifed in Rule 33. In addition to presenting other argu-ments for denying the petition, the brief in opposition should address any perceived misstatement of fact or law in the petition that bears on what issues properly would be before the Court if certiorari were granted. Counsel are admon-ished that they have an obligation to the Court to point out in the brief in opposition, and not later, any perceived mis-

statement made in the petition. Any objection to consider-ation of a question presented based on what occurred in the proceedings below, if the objection does not go to jurisdic-tion, may be deemed waived unless called to the Court’s at-tention in the brief in opposition. A brief in opposition should identify any directly related cases that were not iden-tifed in the petition under Rule 14.1(b)(iii), including for each such case the information called for by Rule 14.1(b)(iii).

  1. Any brief in opposition shall be fled within 30 days after the case is placed on the docket, unless the time is ex-tended by the Court or a Justice, or by the Clerk under Rule 30.4. Forty copies shall be fled, except that a respondent proceeding in forma pauperis under Rule 39, including an inmate of an institution, shall fle the number of copies re-quired for a petition by such a person under Rule 12.2, to-gether with a motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis, a copy of which shall precede and be attached to each copy of the brief in opposition. If the petitioner is proceeding in forma pauperis, the respondent shall prepare its brief in opposition, if any, as required by Rule 33.2, and shall fle an original and 10 copies of that brief. Whether prepared under Rule 33.1 or Rule 33.2, the brief in opposition shall comply with the requirements of Rule 24 governing a re-spondent’s brief, except that no summary of the argument is required. A brief in opposition may not be joined with any other pleading, except that any motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis shall be attached. The brief in opposi-tion shall be served as required by Rule 29.
  1. No motion by a respondent to dismiss a petition for a writ of certiorari may be fled. Any objections to the juris-diction of the Court to grant a petition for a writ of certiorari shall be included in the brief in opposition.
  2. The Clerk will distribute the petition to the Court for its consideration upon receiving an express waiver of the right to fle a brief in opposition, or, if no waiver or brief in opposition is fled, upon the expiration of the time allowed for fling. If a brief in opposition is timely fled, the Clerk will distribute the petition, brief in opposition, and any reply brief to the Court for its consideration no less than 14 days after the brief in opposition is fled, unless the petitioner ex-pressly waives the 14-day waiting period.
  1. Any petitioner may fle a reply brief addressed to new points raised in the brief in opposition, but distribution and consideration by the Court under paragraph 5 of this Rule will not be deferred pending its receipt. Forty copies shall be fled, except that a petitioner proceeding in forma pau-peris under Rule 39, including an inmate of an institution, shall fle the number of copies required for a petition by such a person under Rule 12.2. The reply brief shall be served as required by Rule 29.
  1. If a cross-petition for a writ of certiorari has been dock-eted, distribution of both petitions will be deferred until the cross-petition is due for distribution under this Rule.
  1. Any party may fle a supplemental brief at any time while a petition for a writ of certiorari is pending, calling attention to new cases, new legislation, or other intervening matter not available at the time of the party’s last fling. A supplemental brief shall be restricted to new matter and shall follow, insofar as applicable, the form for a brief in oppo-sition prescribed by this Rule. Forty copies shall be fled, except that a party proceeding in forma pauperis under Rule 39, including an inmate of an institution, shall fle the number of copies required for a petition by such a person under Rule 12.2. The supplemental brief shall be served as required by Rule 29.

Rule 16. Disposition of a Petition for a Writ of Certiorari

  1. After considering the documents distributed under Rule 15, the Court will enter an appropriate order. The order may be a summary disposition on the merits.
  2. Whenever the Court grants a petition for a writ of cer-tiorari, the Clerk will prepare, sign, and enter an order to that effect and will notify forthwith counsel of record and the court whose judgment is to be reviewed. The case then will be scheduled for briefng and oral argument. If the record has not previously been fled in this Court, the Clerk will request the clerk of the court having possession of the record to certify and transmit it. A formal writ will not issue un-less specially directed.
  1. Whenever the Court denies a petition for a writ of cer-tiorari, the Clerk will prepare, sign, and enter an order to that effect and will notify forthwith counsel of record and the court whose judgment was sought to be reviewed. The order of denial will not be suspended pending disposition of a petition for rehearing except by order of the Court or a Justice.

PART IV. OTHER JURISDICTION

Rule 17. Procedure in an Original Action

  1. This Rule applies only to an action invoking the Court’s original jurisdiction under Article III of the Constitution of the United States. See also 28 U. S. C. § 1251 and U. S. Const., Amdt. 11. A petition for an extraordinary writ in aid of the Court’s appellate jurisdiction shall be fled as pro-vided in Rule 20.
  1. The form of pleadings and motions prescribed by the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure is followed. In other re-spects, those Rules and the Federal Rules of Evidence may be taken as guides.
  2. The initial pleading shall be preceded by a motion for leave to fle, and may be accompanied by a brief in support of the motion. Forty copies of each document shall be fled, with proof of service. Service shall be as required by Rule 29, except that when an adverse party is a State, service shall be made on both the Governor and the Attorney Gen-eral of that State.
  1. The case will be placed on the docket when the motion for leave to fle and the initial pleading are fled with the Clerk. The Rule 38(a) docket fee shall be paid at that time.
  1. No more than 60 days after receiving the motion for leave to fle and the initial pleading, an adverse party shall fle 40 copies of any brief in opposition to the motion, with proof of service as required by Rule 29. The Clerk will dis-tribute the fled documents to the Court for its consideration upon receiving an express waiver of the right to fle a brief in opposition, or, if no waiver or brief is fled, upon the expi-ration of the time allowed for fling. If a brief in opposition is timely fled, the Clerk will distribute the fled documents to the Court for its consideration no less than 10 days after the brief in opposition is fled. A reply brief may be fled, but consideration of the case will not be deferred pending its receipt. The Court thereafter may grant or deny the mo-tion, set it for oral argument, direct that additional docu-ments be fled, or require that other proceedings be conducted.
  1. A summons issued out of this Court shall be served on the defendant 60 days before the return day specifed therein. If the defendant does not respond by the return day, the plaintiff may proceed ex parte.
  2. Process against a State issued out of this Court shall be served on both the Governor and the Attorney General of that State.

Rule 18.  Appeal from a United States District Court

  1. When a direct appeal from a decision of a United States district court is authorized by law, the appeal is commenced by fling a notice of appeal with the clerk of the district court within the time provided by law after entry of the judgment sought to be reviewed. The time to fle may not be ex-tended. The notice of appeal shall specify the parties taking the appeal, designate the judgment, or part thereof, ap-pealed from and the date of its entry, and specify the statute or statutes under which the appeal is taken. A copy of the notice of appeal shall be served on all parties to the proceed-ing as required by Rule 29, and proof of service shall be fled in the district court together with the notice of appeal.
  1. All parties to the proceeding in the district court are deemed parties entitled to fle documents in this Court, but a party having no interest in the outcome of the appeal may so notify the Clerk of this Court and shall serve a copy of the notice on all other parties. Parties interested jointly, severally, or otherwise in the judgment may appeal sepa-rately, or any two or more may join in an appeal. When two or more judgments involving identical or closely related questions are sought to be reviewed on appeal from the same court, a notice of appeal for each judgment shall be fled with the clerk of the district court, but a single jurisdictional statement covering all the judgments suffces. Parties who fle no document will not qualify for any relief from this Court.
  1. No more than 60 days after fling the notice of appeal in the district court, the appellant shall fle 40 copies of a jurisdictional statement and shall pay the Rule 38 docket fee, except that an appellant proceeding in forma pauperis under Rule 39, including an inmate of an institution, shall fle the number of copies required for a petition by such a person under Rule 12.2, together with a motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis, a copy of which shall precede and be attached to each copy of the jurisdictional statement. The jurisdictional statement shall follow, insofar as applicable, the form for a petition for a writ of certiorari prescribed by Rule 14, and shall be served as required by Rule 29. The case will then be placed on the docket. It is the appellant’s duty to notify all appellees promptly, on a form supplied by the Clerk, of the date of fling, the date the case was placed on the docket, and the docket number of the case. The no-tice shall be served as required by Rule 29. The appendix shall include a copy of the notice of appeal showing the date it was fled in the district court. For good cause, a Justice may extend the time to fle a jurisdictional statement for a period not exceeding 60 days. An application to extend the time to fle a jurisdictional statement shall set out the basis for jurisdiction in this Court; identify the judgment sought to be reviewed; include a copy of the opinion, any order re-specting rehearing, and the notice of appeal; and set out spe-cifc reasons why an extension of time is justifed. For the time and manner of presenting the application, see Rules 21,22, and 30. An application to extend the time to fle a juris-dictional statement is not favored.
  1. No more than 30 days after a case has been placed on the docket, an appellee seeking to fle a conditional cross-appeal ( e., a cross-appeal that otherwise would be un-timely) shall fle, with proof of service as required by Rule 29, a jurisdictional statement that complies in all respects (including number of copies fled) with paragraph 3 of this Rule, except that material already reproduced in the appen-dix to the opening jurisdictional statement need not be re-produced again. A cross-appealing appellee shall pay the Rule 38 docket fee or submit a motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis. The cover of the cross-appeal shall indi-cate clearly that it is a conditional cross-appeal. The cross-appeal then will be placed on the docket. It is the cross-appellant’s duty to notify all cross-appellees promptly, on a form supplied by the Clerk, of the date of fling, the date the cross-appeal was placed on the docket, and the docket num-ber of the cross-appeal. The notice shall be served as re-quired by Rule 29. A cross-appeal may not be joined with any other pleading, except that any motion for leave to pro-ceed in forma pauperis shall be attached. The time to fle a cross-appeal will not be extended.
  1. After a notice of appeal has been fled in the district court, but before the case is placed on this Court’s docket, the parties may dismiss the appeal by stipulation fled in the district court, or the district court may dismiss the appeal on the appellant’s motion, with notice to all parties. If a notice of appeal has been fled, but the case has not been placed on this Court’s docket within the time prescribed for docketing, the district court may dismiss the appeal on the appellee’s motion, with notice to all parties, and may make any just order with respect to costs. If the district court has denied the appellee’s motion to dismiss the appeal, the appellee may move this Court to docket and dismiss the ap-peal by fling an original and 10 copies of a motion presented in conformity with Rules 21 and 33.2. The motion shall be accompanied by proof of service as required by Rule 29,and by a certifcate from the clerk of the district court, certi-fying that a notice of appeal was fled and that the appellee’s motion to dismiss was denied. The appellant may not there-after fle a jurisdictional statement without special leave of the Court, and the Court may allow costs against the appellant.
  1. Within 30 days after the case is placed on this Court’s docket, the appellee may fle a motion to dismiss, to affrm, or in the alternative to affrm or dismiss. Forty copies of the motion shall be fled, except that an appellee proceeding in forma pauperis under Rule 39, including an inmate of an institution, shall fle the number of copies required for a peti-tion by such a person under Rule 12.2, together with a mo-tion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis, a copy of which shall precede and be attached to each copy of the motion to dismiss, to affrm, or in the alternative to affrm or dismiss. The motion shall follow, insofar as applicable, the form for a brief in opposition prescribed by Rule 15, and shall comply in all respects with Rule 21.
  1. The Clerk will distribute the jurisdictional statement to the Court for its consideration upon receiving an express waiver of the right to fle a motion to dismiss or to affrm or, if no waiver or motion is fled, upon the expiration of the time allowed for fling. If a motion to dismiss or to affrm is timely fled, the Clerk will distribute the jurisdictional statement, motion, and any brief opposing the motion to the Court for its consideration no less than 14 days after the motion is fled, unless the appellant expressly waives the 14-day waiting period.
  1. Any appellant may fle a brief opposing a motion to dismiss or to affrm, but distribution and consideration by the Court under paragraph 7 of this Rule will not be de-ferred pending its receipt. Forty copies shall be fled, ex-cept that an appellant proceeding in forma pauperis under Rule 39, including an inmate of an institution, shall fle the number of copies required for a petition by such a person under Rule 12.2. The brief shall be served as required by Rule 29.
  1. If a cross-appeal has been docketed, distribution of both jurisdictional statements will be deferred until the cross-appeal is due for distribution under this Rule.
  1. Any party may fle a supplemental brief at any time while a jurisdictional statement is pending, calling attention to new cases, new legislation, or other intervening matter not available at the time of the party’s last fling. A supple-mental brief shall be restricted to new matter and shall fol-low, insofar as applicable, the form for a brief in opposition prescribed by Rule 15. Forty copies shall be fled, except that a party proceeding in forma pauperis under Rule 39, including an inmate of an institution, shall fle the number of copies required for a petition by such a person under Rule 12.2. The supplemental brief shall be served as required by Rule 29.
  1. The clerk of the district court shall retain possession of the record until notifed by the Clerk of this Court to cer-tify and transmit it. See Rule 12.7.
  1. After considering the documents distributed under this Rule, the Court may dispose summarily of the appeal on the merits, note probable jurisdiction, or postpone consider-ation of jurisdiction until a hearing of the case on the merits. If not disposed of summarily, the case stands for briefng and oral argument on the merits. If consideration of jurisdiction is postponed, counsel, at the outset of their briefs and at oral argument, shall address the question of jurisdiction. If the record has not previously been fled in this Court, the Clerk of this Court will request the clerk of the court in possession of the record to certify and transmit it.
  1. If the Clerk determines that a jurisdictional statement submitted timely and in good faith is in a form that does not comply with this Rule or with Rule 33 or Rule 34, the Clerk will return it with a letter indicating the defciency. If a corrected jurisdictional statement is submitted in accordance with Rule 29.2 no more than 60 days after the date of the Clerk’s letter it will be deemed timely.

Rule 19.  Procedure on a Certified Question

  1. A United States court of appeals may certify to this Court a question or proposition of law on which it seeks in-struction for the proper decision of a case. The certifcate shall contain a statement of the nature of the case and the facts on which the question or proposition of law arises. Only questions or propositions of law may be certifed, and they shall be stated separately and with precision. The cer-tifcate shall be prepared as required by Rule 33.2 and shall be signed by the clerk of the court of appeals.
  2. When a question is certifed by a United States court of appeals, this Court, on its own motion or that of a party, may consider and decide the entire matter in controversy. See 28 U. S. C. § 1254(2).
  1. When a question is certifed, the Clerk will notify the parties and docket the case. Counsel shall then enter their appearances. After docketing, the Clerk will submit the certifcate to the Court for a preliminary examination to de-termine whether the case should be briefed, set for argu-ment, or dismissed. No brief may be fled until the prelimi-nary examination of the certifcate is completed.
  1. If the Court orders the case briefed or set for argument, the parties will be notifed and permitted to fle briefs. The Clerk of this Court then will request the clerk of the court in possession of the record to certify and transmit it. Any portion of the record to which the parties wish to direct the Court’s particular attention should be printed in a joint ap-pendix, prepared in conformity with Rule 26 by the appellant or petitioner in the court of appeals, but the fact that any part of the record has not been printed does not prevent the parties or the Court from relying on it.
  1. A brief on the merits in a case involving a certifed question shall comply with Rules 24, 25, and 33.1, except that the brief for the party who is the appellant or petitioner below shall be fled within 45 days of the order requiring briefs or setting the case for argument.

Rule 20. Procedure on a Petition for an Extraordinary Writ

  1. Issuance by the Court of an extraordinary writ author-ized by 28 U. S. C. § 1651(a) is not a matter of right, but of discretion sparingly exercised. To justify the granting of any such writ, the petition must show that the writ will be in aid of the Court’s appellate jurisdiction, that exceptional circumstances warrant the exercise of the Court’s discretion-ary powers, and that adequate relief cannot be obtained in any other form or from any other court.
  2. A petition seeking a writ authorized by 28 U. S. C.
  • 1651(a), § 2241, or § 2254(a) shall be prepared in all respects as required by Rules 33 and 34. The petition shall be cap-tioned “In re [name of petitioner]” and shall follow, insofar as applicable, the form of a petition for a writ of certiorari prescribed by Rule 14. All contentions in support of the petition shall be included in the petition. The case will be placed on the docket when 40 copies of the petition are fled with the Clerk and the docket fee is paid, except that a peti-tioner proceeding in forma pauperis under Rule 39, includ-ing an inmate of an institution, shall fle the number of copies required for a petition by such a person under Rule 12.2, together with a motion for leave to proceed in forma pau-peris, a copy of which shall precede and be attached to each copy of the petition. The petition shall be served as re-quired by Rule 29 (subject to subparagraph 4(b) of this Rule).
  1. (a) A petition seeking a writ of prohibition, a writ of mandamus, or both in the alternative shall state the name and offce or function of every person against whom relief is sought and shall set out with particularity why the relief sought is not available in any other court. A copy of the judgment with respect to which the writ is sought, including any related opinion, shall be appended to the petition to-gether with any other document essential to understanding the petition.

(b) The petition shall be served on every party to the pro-ceeding with respect to which relief is sought. Within 30 days after the petition is placed on the docket, a party shall fle 40 copies of any brief or briefs in opposition thereto, which shall comply fully with Rule 15. If a party named as a respondent does not wish to respond to the petition, that party may so advise the Clerk and all other parties by letter. All persons served are deemed respondents for all purposes in the proceedings in this Court.

  1. (a) A petition seeking a writ of habeas corpus shall comply with the requirements of 28 U. S. C. §§ 2241 and 2242, and in particular with the provision in the last paragraph of
  • 2242, which requires a statement of the “reasons for not making application to the district court of the district in which the applicant is held.” If the relief sought is from the judgment of a state court, the petition shall set out specif-cally how and where the petitioner has exhausted available remedies in the state courts or otherwise comes within the provisions of 28 U. S. C. § 2254(b). To justify the granting of a writ of habeas corpus, the petitioner must show that exceptional circumstances warrant the exercise of the Court’s discretionary powers, and that adequate relief cannot be obtained in any other form or from any other court. This writ is rarely granted.

(b) Habeas corpus proceedings, except in capital cases, are ex parte, unless the Court requires the respondent to show cause why the petition for a writ of habeas corpus should not be granted. A response, if ordered, or in a capital case, shall comply fully with Rule 15. Neither the denial of the peti-tion, without more, nor an order of transfer to a district court under the authority of 28 U. S. C. § 2241(b), is an adjudication on the merits, and therefore does not preclude further appli-cation to another court for the relief sought.

  1. The Clerk will distribute the documents to the Court for its consideration when a brief in opposition under subpar-agraph 3(b) of this Rule has been fled, when a response under subparagraph 4(b) has been ordered and fled, when the time to fle has expired, or when the right to fle has been expressly waived.
  1. If the Court orders the case set for argument, the Clerk will notify the parties whether additional briefs are required, when they shall be fled, and, if the case involves a petition for a common-law writ of certiorari, that the parties shall prepare a joint appendix in accordance with Rule 26.

PART V. MOTIONS AND APPLICATIONS

Rule 21. Motions to the Court

  1. Every motion to the Court shall clearly state its pur-pose and the facts on which it is based and may present legal argument in support thereof. No separate brief may be fled. A motion should be concise and shall comply with any applicable page limits. Non-dispositive motions and applica-tions in cases in which certiorari has been granted, probable jurisdiction noted, or consideration of jurisdiction postponed shall state the position on the disposition of the motion or application of the other party or parties to the case. Rule 22 governs an application addressed to a single Justice.
  2. (a) A motion in any action within the Court’s original jurisdiction shall comply with Rule 17.3.

(b) A motion to dismiss as moot (or a suggestion of moot-ness), a motion for leave to fle a brief as amicus curiae, and any motion the granting of which would dispose of the entire case or would affect the fnal judgment to be entered (other than a motion to docket and dismiss under Rule 18.5 or a motion for voluntary dismissal under Rule 46) shall be pre-pared as required by Rule 33.1, and 40 copies shall be fled, except that a movant proceeding in forma pauperis under Rule 39, including an inmate of an institution, shall fle a motion prepared as required by Rule 33.2, and shall fle the number of copies required for a petition by such a person under Rule 12.2. The motion shall be served as required by Rule 29.

(c) Any other motion to the Court shall be prepared as required by Rule 33.2; the moving party shall fle an original and 10 copies. The Court subsequently may order the moving party to prepare the motion as required by Rule 33.1; in that event, the party shall fle 40 copies.

  1. A motion to the Court shall be fled with the Clerk and shall be accompanied by proof of service as required by Rule
  1. No motion may be presented in open Court, other than a motion for admission to the Bar, except when the proceed-ing to which it refers is being argued. Oral argument on a motion will not be permitted unless the Court so directs.
    1. Any response to a motion shall be fled as promptly as possible considering the nature of the relief sought and any asserted need for emergency action, and, in any event, within 10 days of receipt, unless the Court or a Justice, or the Clerk under Rule 30.4, orders otherwise. A response to a motion prepared as required by Rule 33.1, except a re-sponse to a motion for leave to fle an amicus curiae brief (see Rule 37.5), shall be prepared in the same manner if time permits. In an appropriate case, the Court may act on a motion without waiting for a response.

Rule 22. Applications to Individual Justices

  1. An application addressed to an individual Justice shall be fled with the Clerk, who will transmit it promptly to the Justice concerned if an individual Justice has authority to grant the sought relief.
  1. The original and two copies of any application ad-dressed to an individual Justice shall be prepared as required by Rule 33.2, and shall be accompanied by proof of service as required by Rule 29.
  1. An application shall be addressed to the Justice allotted to the Circuit from which the case arises. An application arising from the United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces shall be addressed to the Chief Justice. When the Circuit Justice is unavailable for any reason, the application addressed to that Justice will be distributed to the Justice then available who is next junior to the Circuit Justice; the turn of the Chief Justice follows that of the most junior Justice.
  1. A Justice denying an application will note the denial thereon. Thereafter, unless action thereon is restricted by law to the Circuit Justice or is untimely under Rule 30.2, the party making an application, except in the case of an application for an extension of time, may renew it to any other Justice, subject to the provisions of this Rule. Except when the denial is without prejudice, a renewed application is not favored. Renewed application is made by a letter to the Clerk, designating the Justice to whom the application is to be directed, and accompanied by 10 copies of the original application and proof of service as required by Rule 29.
  1. A Justice to whom an application for a stay or for bail is submitted may refer it to the Court for determination.
  2. The Clerk will advise all parties concerned, by appro-priately speedy means, of the disposition made of an application.

Rule 23.  Stays

  1. A stay may be granted by a Justice as permitted by law.
  1. A party to a judgment sought to be reviewed may pre-sent to a Justice an application to stay the enforcement of that judgment. See 28 U. S. C. § 2101(f).
  2. An application for a stay shall set out with particularity why the relief sought is not available from any other court or judge. Except in the most extraordinary circumstances, an application for a stay will not be entertained unless the relief requested was frst sought in the appropriate court or courts below or from a judge or judges thereof. An applica-tion for a stay shall identify the judgment sought to be re-viewed and have appended thereto a copy of the order and opinion, if any, and a copy of the order, if any, of the court or judge below denying the relief sought, and shall set out specifc reasons why a stay is justifed. The form and con-tent of an application for a stay are governed by Rules 22 and 33.2.
  1. A judge, court, or Justice granting an application for a stay pending review by this Court may condition the stay on the fling of a supersedeas bond having an approved surety or sureties. The bond will be conditioned on the satisfaction of the judgment in full, together with any costs, interest, and damages for delay that may be awarded. If a part of the judgment sought to be reviewed has already been satisfed, or is otherwise secured, the bond may be conditioned on the satisfaction of the part of the judgment not otherwise se-cured or satisfed, together with costs, interest, and damages.

PART VI. BRIEFS ON THE MERITS AND ORAL ARGUMENT

Rule 24.  Briefs on the Merits: In General

  1. A brief on the merits for a petitioner or an appellant shall comply in all respects with Rules 33.1 and 34 and shall contain in the order here indicated:

(a) The questions presented for review under Rule 14.1(a). The questions shall be set out on the frst page following the cover, and no other information may appear on that page. The phrasing of the questions presented need not be identi-cal with that in the petition for a writ of certiorari or the jurisdictional statement, but the brief may not raise addi-tional questions or change the substance of the questions already presented in those documents. At its option, how-ever, the Court may consider a plain error not among the questions presented but evident from the record and other-wise within its jurisdiction to decide.

(b) A list of all parties to the proceeding in the court whose judgment is under review (unless the caption of the case in this Court contains the names of all parties). Any amended corporate disclosure statement as required by Rule 29.6 shall be placed here.

(c) If the brief exceeds 1,500 words, a table of contents and a table of cited authorities.

(d) Citations of the offcial and unoffcial reports of the opinions and orders entered in the case by courts and admin-istrative agencies.

(e) A concise statement of the basis for jurisdiction in this Court, including the statutory provisions and time factors on which jurisdiction rests.

  • The constitutional provisions, treaties, statutes, ordi-nances, and regulations involved in the case, set out verba-tim with appropriate citation. If the provisions involved are lengthy, their citation alone suffces at this point, and their pertinent text, if not already set out in the petition for a writ of certiorari, jurisdictional statement, or an appendix to either document, shall be set out in an appendix to the brief.
  • A concise statement of the case, setting out the facts material to the consideration of the questions presented, with appropriate references to the joint appendix, g., App. 12, or to the record, e. g., Record 12.
  • A summary of the argument, suitably paragraphed. The summary should be a clear and concise condensation of the argument made in the body of the brief; mere repetition of the headings under which the argument is arranged is not suffcient.
  • The argument, exhibiting clearly the points of fact and of law presented and citing the authorities and statutes re-lied on.
  • A conclusion specifying with particularity the relief the party seeks.
  1. A brief on the merits for a respondent or an appellee shall conform to the foregoing requirements, except that items required by subparagraphs 1(a), (b), (d), (e), (f), and (g) of this Rule need not be included unless the respondent or appellee is dissatisfed with their presentation by the oppos-ing party.
  2. A brief on the merits may not exceed the word limita-tions specifed in Rule 33.1(g). An appendix to a brief may include only relevant material, and counsel are cautioned not to include in an appendix arguments or citations that prop-erly belong in the body of the brief.
  3. A reply brief shall conform to those portions of this Rule applicable to the brief for a respondent or an appellee, but, if appropriately divided by topical headings, need not contain a summary of the argument.
  4. A reference to the joint appendix or to the record set out in any brief shall indicate the appropriate page number.

If the reference is to an exhibit, the page numbers at which the exhibit appears, at which it was offered in evidence, and at which it was ruled on by the judge shall be indicated, e. g., Pl. Exh. 14, Record 199, 2134.

  1. A brief shall be concise, logically arranged with proper headings, and free of irrelevant, immaterial, or scandalous matter. The Court may disregard or strike a brief that does not comply with this paragraph.

Rule 25. Briefs on the Merits: Number of Copies and Time to File

  1. The petitioner or appellant shall fle 40 copies of the brief on the merits within 45 days of the order granting the writ of certiorari, noting probable jurisdiction, or postponing consideration of jurisdiction. Any respondent or appellee who supports the petitioner or appellant shall meet the peti-tioner’s or appellant’s time schedule for fling documents.
  1. The respondent or appellee shall fle 40 copies of the brief on the merits within 30 days after the brief for the petitioner or appellant is fled.
  2. The petitioner or appellant shall fle 40 copies of the reply brief, if any, within 30 days after the brief for the re-spondent or appellee is fled, but any reply brief must actu-ally be received by the Clerk not later than 2 p.m. 10 days before the date of oral argument. Any respondent or appel-lee supporting the petitioner or appellant may fle a reply brief.
  1. If cross-petitions or cross-appeals have been consoli-dated for argument, the Clerk, upon request of the parties, may designate one of the parties to fle an initial brief and reply brief as provided in paragraphs 1 and 3 of this Rule (as if the party were petitioner or appellant), and may desig-nate the other party to fle an initial brief as provided in paragraph 2 of this Rule and, to the extent appropriate, a supplemental brief following the submission of the reply brief. In such a case, the Clerk may establish the time for the submission of the briefs and alter the otherwise applica-ble word limits. Except as approved by the Court or a Justice, the total number of words permitted for the briefs of the parties cumulatively shall not exceed the maximum that would have been allowed in the absence of an order under this paragraph.
  1. The time periods stated in paragraphs 1, 2, and 3 of this Rule may be extended as provided in Rule 30. An applica-tion to extend the time to fle a brief on the merits is not favored. If a case is advanced for hearing, the time to fle briefs on the merits may be abridged as circumstances re-quire pursuant to an order of the Court on its own motion or that of a party.
  1. A party wishing to present late authorities, newly enacted legislation, or other intervening matter that was not available in time to be included in a brief may fle 40 copies of a supplemental brief, restricted to such new matter and otherwise presented in conformity with these Rules, up to the time the case is called for oral argument or by leave of the Court thereafter.
  1. After a case has been argued or submitted, the Clerk will not fle any brief, except that of a party fled by leave of the Court.
  2. The Clerk will not fle any brief that is not accompanied by proof of service as required by Rule 29.

Rule 26.  Joint Appendix

  1. Unless the Clerk has allowed the parties to use the de-ferred method described in paragraph 4 of this Rule, the petitioner or appellant, within 45 days after entry of the order granting the writ of certiorari, noting probable juris-diction, or postponing consideration of jurisdiction, shall fle 40 copies of a joint appendix, prepared as required by Rule 33.1. The joint appendix shall contain: (1) the relevant docket entries in all the courts below; (2) any relevant plead-ings, jury instructions, fndings, conclusions, or opinions; (3) the judgment, order, or decision under review; and (4) any other parts of the record that the parties particularly wish to bring to the Court’s attention. Any of the foregoing items already reproduced in a petition for a writ of certiorari, ju-risdictional statement, brief in opposition to a petition for a writ of certiorari, motion to dismiss or affrm, or any appen-dix to the foregoing, that was prepared as required by Rule 33.1, need not be reproduced again in the joint appendix. The petitioner or appellant shall serve three copies of the joint appendix on each of the other parties to the proceeding as required by Rule 29.
  1. The parties are encouraged to agree on the contents of the joint appendix. In the absence of agreement, the peti-tioner or appellant, within 10 days after entry of the order granting the writ of certiorari, noting probable jurisdiction, or postponing consideration of jurisdiction, shall serve on the respondent or appellee a designation of parts of the record to be included in the joint appendix. Within 10 days after receiving the designation, a respondent or appellee who con-siders the parts of the record so designated insuffcient shall serve on the petitioner or appellant a designation of addi-tional parts to be included in the joint appendix, and the petitioner or appellant shall include the parts so designated. If the Court has permitted the respondent or appellee to proceed in forma pauperis, the petitioner or appellant may seek by motion to be excused from printing portions of the record the petitioner or appellant considers unnecessary. In making these designations, counsel should include only those materials the Court should examine; unnecessary designa-tions should be avoided. The record is on fle with the Clerk and available to the Justices, and counsel may refer in briefs and in oral argument to relevant portions of the record not included in the joint appendix.
  1. When the joint appendix is fled, the petitioner or appel-lant immediately shall fle with the Clerk a statement of the cost of printing 50 copies and shall serve a copy of the state-ment on each of the other parties as required by Rule 29. Unless the parties agree otherwise, the cost of producing the joint appendix shall be paid initially by the petitioner or appellant; but a petitioner or appellant who considers that parts of the record designated by the respondent or appellee are unnecessary for the determination of the issues pre-sented may so advise the respondent or appellee, who then shall advance the cost of printing the additional parts, unless the Court or a Justice otherwise fxes the initial allocation of the costs. The cost of printing the joint appendix is taxed as a cost in the case, but if a party unnecessarily causes matter to be included in the joint appendix or prints excessive cop-ies, the Court may impose these costs on that party.
  1. (a) On the parties’ request, the Clerk may allow prepa-ration of the joint appendix to be deferred until after the briefs have been fled. In that event, the petitioner or ap-pellant shall fle the joint appendix no more than 14 days after receiving the brief for the respondent or appellee. The provisions of paragraphs 1, 2, and 3 of this Rule shall be followed, except that the designations referred to therein shall be made by each party when that party’s brief is served. Deferral of the joint appendix is not favored.

(b) If the deferred method is used, the briefs on the merits may refer to the pages of the record. In that event, the joint appendix shall include in brackets on each page thereof the page number of the record where that material may be found. A party wishing to refer directly to the pages of the joint appendix may serve and fle copies of its brief prepared as required by Rule 33.2 within the time provided by Rule 25, with appropriate references to the pages of the record. In that event, within 10 days after the joint appendix is fled, copies of the brief prepared as required by Rule 33.1 contain-ing references to the pages of the joint appendix in place of, or in addition to, the initial references to the pages of the record, shall be served and fled. No other change may be made in the brief as initially served and fled, except that typographical errors may be corrected.

  1. The joint appendix shall be prefaced by a table of con-tents showing the parts of the record that it contains, in the order in which the parts are set out, with references to the pages of the joint appendix at which each part begins. The relevant docket entries shall be set out after the table of contents, followed by the other parts of the record in chrono-
SUPREME COURT RULE 27 35

logical order. When testimony contained in the reporter’s transcript of proceedings is set out in the joint appendix, the page of the transcript at which the testimony appears shall be indicated in brackets immediately before the statement that is set out. Omissions in the transcript or in any other document printed in the joint appendix shall be indicated by asterisks. Immaterial formal matters (e. g., captions, sub-scriptions, acknowledgments) shall be omitted. A question and its answer may be contained in a single paragraph.

  1. Two lines must appear at the bottom of the cover of the joint appendix: (1) The frst line must indicate the date the petition for the writ of certiorari was fled or the date the appeal was docketed; (2) the second line must indicate the date certiorari was granted or the date jurisdiction of the appeal was noted or postponed.
  2. Exhibits designated for inclusion in the joint appendix may be contained in a separate volume or volumes suitably indexed. The transcript of a proceeding before an adminis-trative agency, board, commission, or offcer used in an action in a district court or court of appeals is regarded as an ex-hibit for the purposes of this paragraph.
  1. The Court, on its own motion or that of a party, may dispense with the requirement of a joint appendix and may permit a case to be heard on the original record (with such copies of the record, or relevant parts thereof, as the Court may require) or on the appendix used in the court below, if it conforms to the requirements of this Rule.
  2. For good cause, the time limits specifed in this Rule may be shortened or extended by the Court or a Justice, or by the Clerk under Rule 30.4.

Rule 27.  Calendar

  1. From time to time, the Clerk will prepare a calendar of cases ready for argument. A case ordinarily will not be called for argument less than two weeks after the brief on the merits for the respondent or appellee is due.
  2. The Clerk will advise counsel when they are required to appear for oral argument and will publish a hearing list

36                                 SUPREME COURT RULE 28

in advance of each argument session for the convenience of counsel and the information of the public.

  1. The Court, on its own motion or that of a party, may order that two or more cases involving the same or related questions be argued together as one case or on such other terms as the Court may prescribe.

Rule 28.  Oral Argument

  1. Oral argument should emphasize and clarify the written arguments in the briefs on the merits. Counsel should as-sume that all Justices have read the briefs before oral argu-ment. Oral argument read from a prepared text is not favored.
  1. The petitioner or appellant shall open and may conclude the argument. A cross-writ of certiorari or cross-appeal will be argued with the initial writ of certiorari or appeal as one case in the time allowed for that one case, and the Court will advise the parties who shall open and close.
  2. Unless the Court directs otherwise, each side is allowed one-half hour for argument. Counsel is not required to use all the allotted time. Any request for additional time to argue shall be presented by motion under Rule 21 in time to be considered at a scheduled Conference prior to the date of oral argument and no later than 7 days after the respondent’s or appellee’s brief on the merits is fled, and shall set out specifcally and concisely why the case cannot be presented within the half-hour limitation. Additional time is rarely accorded.
  1. Only one attorney will be heard for each side, except by leave of the Court on motion fled in time to be considered at a scheduled Conference prior to the date of oral argument and no later than 7 days after the respondent’s or appellee’s brief on the merits is fled. Any request for divided argu-ment shall be presented by motion under Rule 21 and shall set out specifcally and concisely why more than one attorney should be allowed to argue. Divided argument is not favored.
SUPREME COURT RULE 29 37
  1. Regardless of the number of counsel participating in oral argument, counsel making the opening argument shall present the case fairly and completely and not reserve points of substance for rebuttal.
  2. Oral argument will not be allowed on behalf of any party for whom a brief has not been fled.
  3. By leave of the Court, and subject to paragraph 4 of this Rule, counsel for an amicus curiae whose brief has been fled as provided in Rule 37 may argue orally on the side of a party, with the consent of that party. In the absence of consent, counsel for an amicus curiae may seek leave of the Court to argue orally by a motion setting out specifcally and concisely why oral argument would provide assistance to the Court not otherwise available. Such a motion will be granted only in the most extraordinary circumstances.
  1. Oral arguments may be presented only by members of the Bar of this Court. Attorneys who are not members of the Bar of this Court may make a motion to argue pro hac vice under the provisions of Rule 6.

PART VII. PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE

Rule 29.          Filing and Service of Documents; Special

Notifications; Corporate Listing

  1. Any document required or permitted to be presented to the Court or to a Justice shall be fled with the Clerk in paper form.
  2. A document is timely fled if it is received by the Clerk in paper form within the time specifed for fling; or if it is sent to the Clerk through the United States Postal Service by frst-class mail (including express or priority mail), post-age prepaid, and bears a postmark, other than a commercial postage meter label, showing that the document was mailed on or before the last day for fling; or if it is delivered on or before the last day for fling to a third-party commercial car-rier for delivery to the Clerk within 3 calendar days. If submitted by an inmate confned in an institution, a docu-ment is timely fled if it is deposited in the institution’s internal mail system on or before the last day for fling and is accompanied by a notarized statement or declaration in com-pliance with 28 U. S. C. § 1746 setting out the date of deposit and stating that frst-class postage has been prepaid. If the postmark is missing or not legible, or if the third-party com-mercial carrier does not provide the date the document was received by the carrier, the Clerk will require the person who sent the document to submit a notarized statement or declaration in compliance with 28 U. S. C. § 1746 setting out the details of the fling and stating that the fling took place on a particular date within the permitted time.
  1. Any document required by these Rules to be served may be served personally, by mail, or by third-party com-mercial carrier for delivery within 3 calendar days on each party to the proceeding at or before the time of fling. If the document has been prepared as required by Rule 33.1, three copies shall be served on each other party separately represented in the proceeding. If the document has been prepared as required by Rule 33.2, service of a single copy on each other separately represented party suffces. If per-sonal service is made, it shall consist of delivery at the offce of the counsel of record, either to counsel or to an employee therein. If service is by mail or third-party commercial car-rier, it shall consist of depositing the document with the United States Postal Service, with no less than frst-class postage prepaid, or delivery to the carrier for delivery within 3 calendar days, addressed to counsel of record at the proper address. When a party is not represented by coun-sel, service shall be made on the party, personally, by mail, or by commercial carrier. Ordinarily, service on a party must be by a manner at least as expeditious as the manner used to fle the document with the Court. An electronic ver-sion of the document shall also be transmitted to all other parties at the time of fling or reasonably contemporaneous therewith, unless the party fling the document is proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis or the electronic service ad-dress of the party being served is unknown and not identif-able through reasonable efforts.
  1. (a) If the United States or any federal department, of-fce, agency, offcer, or employee is a party to be served, serv-ice shall be made on the Solicitor General of the United States, Room 5616, Department of Justice, 950 Pennsylvania

Ave., N. W., Washington, DC 20530-0001. When an agency of the United States that is a party is authorized by law to appear before this Court on its own behalf, or when an offcer or employee of the United States is a party, the agency, off-cer, or employee shall be served in addition to the Solicitor General.

  • In any proceeding in this Court in which the constitu-tionality of an Act of Congress is drawn into question, and neither the United States nor any federal department, offce, agency, offcer, or employee is a party, the initial document fled in this Court shall recite that 28 U. S. C. § 2403(a) may apply and shall be served on the Solicitor General of the United States, Room 5616, Department of Justice, 950 Penn-

sylvania Ave., N. W., Washington, DC 20530-0001. In such a proceeding from any court of the United States, as defned by 28 U. S. C. § 451, the initial document also shall state whether that court, pursuant to 28 U. S. C. § 2403(a), certifed to the Attorney General the fact that the constitu-tionality of an Act of Congress was drawn into question. See Rule 14.1(e)(v).

  • In any proceeding in this Court in which the constitu-tionality of any statute of a State is drawn into question, and neither the State nor any agency, offcer, or employee thereof is a party, the initial document fled in this Court shall recite that 28 U. S. C. § 2403(b) may apply and shall be served on the Attorney General of that State. In such a proceeding from any court of the United States, as defned by 28 U. S. C.
  • 451, the initial document also shall state whether that court, pursuant to 28 U. S. C. § 2403(b), certifed to the State Attorney General the fact that the constitutionality of a stat-ute of that State was drawn into question. See Rule 14.1(e)(v).
  1. Proof of service, when required by these Rules, shall accompany the document when it is presented to the Clerk for fling and shall be separate from it. Proof of service shall contain, or be accompanied by, a statement that all par-ties required to be served have been served, together with a list of the names, addresses, and telephone numbers of counsel indicating the name of the party or parties each counsel represents. It is not necessary that service on each party required to be served be made in the same manner or evidenced by the same proof. Proof of service may consist of any one of the following:
  • an acknowledgment of service, signed by counsel of record for the party served, and bearing the address and telephone number of such counsel;
  • a certifcate of service, reciting the facts and circum-stances of service in compliance with the appropriate para-graph or paragraphs of this Rule, and signed by a member of the Bar of this Court representing the party on whose behalf service is made or by an attorney appointed to repre-sent that party under the Criminal Justice Act of 1964, see 18 U. S. C. § 3006A(d)(7), or under any other applicable federal statute; or
  • a notarized affdavit or declaration in compliance with 28 U. S. C. § 1746, reciting the facts and circumstances of service in accordance with the appropriate paragraph or paragraphs of this Rule, whenever service is made by any person not a member of the Bar of this Court and not an attorney appointed to represent a party under the Criminal Justice Act of 1964, see 18 U. S. C. § 3006A(d)(7), or under any other applicable federal statute.
  1. Every document, except a joint appendix or amicus cu-riae brief, fled by or on behalf of a nongovernmental corpo-ration shall contain a corporate disclosure statement identi-fying the parent corporations and listing any publicly held company that owns 10% or more of the corporation’s stock. If there is no parent or publicly held company owning 10% or more of the corporation’s stock, a notation to this effect shall be included in the document. If a statement has been included in a document fled earlier in the case, reference may be made to the earlier document (except when the ear lier statement appeared in a document prepared under Rule 33.2), and only amendments to the statement to make it cur-rent need be included in the document being fled. In addi-tion, whenever there is a material change in the identity of the parent corporation or publicly held companies that own 10% or more of the corporation’s stock, counsel shall promptly inform the Clerk by letter and include, within that letter, any amendment needed to make the statement current.
  1. In addition to the fling requirements set forth in this Rule, all flers who are represented by counsel must submit documents to the Court’s electronic fling system in conform-ity with the ‘‘Guidelines for the Submission of Documents to the Supreme Court’s Electronic Filing System’’ issued by the Clerk.

Rule 30.  Computation and Extension of Time

  1. In the computation of any period of time prescribed or allowed by these Rules, by order of the Court, or by an appli-cable statute, the day of the act, event, or default from which the designated period begins to run is not included. The last day of the period shall be included, unless it is a Satur-day, Sunday, federal legal holiday listed in 5 U. S. C. § 6103, or day on which the Court building is closed by order of the Court or the Chief Justice, in which event the period shall extend until the end of the next day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, federal legal holiday, or day on which the Court building is closed.
  1. Whenever a Justice or the Clerk is empowered by law or these Rules to extend the time to fle any document, an application or motion seeking an extension shall be fled within the period sought to be extended. An application to extend the time to fle a petition for a writ of certiorari or to fle a jurisdictional statement must be fled at least 10 days before the specifed fnal fling date as computed under these Rules; if fled less than 10 days before the fnal fling date, such application will not be granted except in the most extraordinary circumstances.
  1. An application to extend the time to fle a petition for a writ of certiorari, to fle a jurisdictional statement, to fle a reply brief on the merits, or to fle a petition for rehearing of any judgment or decision of the Court on the merits shall be made to an individual Justice and presented and served on all other parties as provided by Rule 22. Once denied, such an application may not be renewed.
  1. A motion to extend the time to fle any document or paper other than those specifed in paragraph 3 of this Rule may be presented in the form of a letter to the Clerk setting out specifc reasons why an extension of time is justifed. The letter shall be served on all other parties as required by Rule 29. The motion may be acted on by the Clerk in the frst instance, and any party aggrieved by the Clerk’s action may request that the motion be submitted to a Justice or to the Court. The Clerk will report action under this para-graph to the Court as instructed.

Rule 31.  Translations

Whenever any record to be transmitted to this Court con-tains material written in a foreign language without a trans-lation made under the authority of the lower court, or ad-mitted to be correct, the clerk of the court transmitting the record shall advise the Clerk of this Court immediately so that this Court may order that a translation be supplied and, if necessary, printed as part of the joint appendix.

Rule 32.  Models, Diagrams, Exhibits, and Lodgings

  1. Models, diagrams, and exhibits of material forming part of the evidence taken in a case and brought to this Court for its inspection shall be placed in the custody of the Clerk at least two weeks before the case is to be heard or submitted.
  2. All models, diagrams, exhibits, and other items placed in the custody of the Clerk shall be removed by the parties no more than 40 days after the case is decided. If this is not done, the Clerk will notify counsel to remove the articles forthwith. If they are not removed within a reasonable time thereafter, the Clerk will destroy them or dispose of them in any other appropriate way.
  1. Any party or amicus curiae desiring to lodge non-rec-ord material with the Clerk must set out in a letter, served on all parties, a description of the material proposed for lodg-ing and the reasons why the non-record material may prop-erly be considered by the Court. The material proposed for lodging may not be submitted until and unless requested by the Clerk.

Rule 33. Document Preparation: Booklet Format; 81/2-by 11-Inch Paper Format

  1. Booklet Format: (a) Except for a document expressly permitted by these Rules to be submitted on 81/2- by 11-inch paper, see, g., Rules 21, 22, and 39, every document fled with the Court shall be prepared in a 61/8- by 91/4-inch booklet format using a standard typesetting process (e. g., hot metal, photocomposition, or computer typesetting) to produce text printed in typographic (as opposed to typewriter) characters. The process used must produce a clear, black image on white paper. The text must be reproduced with a clarity that equals or exceeds the output of a laser printer.

(b) The text of every booklet-format document, including any appendix thereto, shall be typeset in a Century family (e. g., Century Expanded, New Century Schoolbook, or Cen-tury Schoolbook) 12-point type with 2-point or more leading between lines. Quotations in excess of 50 words shall be indented. The typeface of footnotes shall be 10-point type with 2-point or more leading between lines. The text of the document must appear on both sides of the page.

(c) Every booklet-format document shall be produced on paper that is opaque, unglazed, and not less than 60 pounds in weight, and shall have margins of at least three-fourths of an inch on all sides. The text feld, including footnotes, may not exceed 41/8 by 71/8 inches. The document shall be bound frmly in at least two places along the left margin (saddle stitch or perfect binding preferred) so as to permit easy opening, and no part of the text should be obscured by the binding. Spiral, plastic, metal, or string bindings may not be used. Copies of patent documents, except opinions, may be duplicated in such size as is necessary in a separate appendix.

  • Every booklet-format document shall comply with the word limits shown on the chart in subparagraph 1(g) of this Rule. The word limits do not include the questions pre-sented, the list of parties and the corporate disclosure state-ment, the table of contents, the table of cited authorities, the listing of counsel at the end of the document, or any appen-dix. The word limits include footnotes. Verbatim quota-tions required under Rule 14.1(f) and Rule 24.1(f), if set out in the text of a brief rather than in the appendix, are also excluded. For good cause, the Court or a Justice may grant leave to fle a document in excess of the word limits, but application for such leave is not favored. An application to exceed word limits shall comply with Rule 22 and must be received by the Clerk at least 15 days before the fling date of the document in question, except in the most extraordi-nary circumstances.
  • Every booklet-format document shall have a suitable cover consisting of 65-pound weight paper in the color indi-cated on the chart in subparagraph 1(g) of this Rule. If a separate appendix to any document is fled, the color of its cover shall be the same as that of the cover of the document it supports. The Clerk will furnish a color chart upon re-quest. Counsel shall ensure that there is adequate contrast between the printing and the color of the cover. A docu-ment fled by the United States, or by any other federal party represented by the Solicitor General, shall have a gray cover. A joint appendix, answer to a bill of complaint, mo-tion for leave to intervene, and any other document not listed in subparagraph 1(g) of this Rule shall have a tan cover.
  • Forty copies of a booklet-format document shall be fled, and one unbound copy of the document on 81⁄2- by 11-inch paper shall also be submitted.
  • Word limits and cover colors for booklet-format docu-ments are as follows:
Word Color of
Type of Document Cover
Limits
  • Petition for a Writ of Certiorari (Rule 14); Mo-tion for Leave to File a Bill of Complaint and Brief in Support (Rule 17.3); Jurisdictional Statement (Rule 18.3); Petition for an Extraor-
dinary Writ (Rule 20.2) 9,000 white
  • Brief in Opposition (Rule 15.3); Brief in Oppo-sition to Motion for Leave to File an Original Action (Rule 17.5); Motion to Dismiss or Affrm (Rule 18.6); Brief in Opposition to Mandamus or Prohibition (Rule 20.3(b)); Response to a Pe-
tition for Habeas Corpus (Rule 20.4); Respond- orange
ent’s Brief in Support of Certiorari (Rule 12.6) 9,000
(iii) Reply to Brief in Opposition (Rules 15.6 and
17.5); Brief Opposing a Motion to Dismiss or tan
Affrm (Rule 18.8) 3,000
(iv) Supplemental Brief (Rules 15.8, 17, 18.10, and tan
25.6) 3,000
  • Brief on the Merits for Petitioner or Appellant (Rule 24); Exceptions by Plaintiff to Report of
Special Master (Rule 17) 13,000  light blue
  • Brief on the Merits for Respondent or Appel-lee (Rule 24.2); Brief on the Merits for Re-spondent or Appellee Supporting Petitioner or Appellant (Rule 12.6); Exceptions by Party Other Than Plaintiff to Report of Special Mas-
ter (Rule 17) 13,000 light red
(vii) Reply Brief on the Merits (Rule 24.4) 6,000 yellow
(viii) Reply to Plaintiff ’s Exceptions to Report of orange
Special Master (Rule 17) 13,000
(ix) Reply to Exceptions by Party Other Than yellow
Plaintiff to Report of Special Master (Rule 17) 13,000
  • Brief for an Amicus Curiae at the Petition Stage or pertaining to a Motion for Leave to
fle a Bill of Complaint (Rule 37.2) 6,000 cream
  • Brief for an Amicus Curiae Identifed in Rule 37.4 in Support of the Plaintiff, Peti-
tioner, or Appellant, or in Support of Neither light
Party, on the Merits or in an Original Action
at the Exceptions Stage (Rule 37.3) 9,000 green
  • Brief for any Other Amicus Curiae in Support of the Plaintiff, Petitioner, or Appellant, or in Support of Neither Party, on the Merits or in
46 SUPREME COURT RULE 33
an Original Action at the Exceptions Stage light
(Rule 37.3) 8,000green
  • Brief for an Amicus Curiae Identifed in Rule 37.4 in Support of the Defendant, Respondent,
or Appellee, on the Merits or in an Original dark
Action at the Exceptions Stage (Rule 37.3) 9,000 green
(xiv) Brief for any Other Amicus Curiae in Support
of the Defendant, Respondent, or Appellee, on
the Merits or in an Original Action at the Ex- dark
ceptions Stage (Rule 37.3) 8,000 green
(xv) Petition for Rehearing (Rule 44) 3,000 tan
  • A document prepared under Rule 33.1 must be accom-panied by a certifcate signed by the attorney, the unrepre-sented party, or the preparer of the document stating that the brief complies with the word limitations. The person preparing the certifcate may rely on the word count of the word-processing system used to prepare the document. The word-processing system must be set to include footnotes in the word count. The certifcate must state the number of words in the document. The certifcate shall accompany the document when it is presented to the Clerk for fling and shall be separate from it. If the certifcate is signed by a person other than a member of the Bar of this Court, the counsel of record, or the unrepresented party, it must contain a notarized affdavit or declaration in compliance with 28 U. S. C. § 1746.
  1. 812– by 11-Inch Paper Format: (a) The text of every document, including any appendix thereto, expressly permit-ted by these Rules to be presented to the Court on 81⁄2- by 11-inch paper shall appear double spaced, except for indented quotations, which shall be single spaced, on opaque, un-glazed, white paper. The document shall be stapled or bound at the upper left-hand corner. Copies, if required, shall be produced on the same type of paper and shall be legible. The original of any such document (except a motion to dismiss or affrm under Rule 18.6) shall be signed by the party proceeding pro se or by counsel of record who must be a member of the Bar of this Court or an attorney appointed under the Criminal Justice Act of 1964, see 18 U. S. C.
  • 3006A(d)(7), or under any other applicable federal statute. Subparagraph 1(g) of this Rule does not apply to documents prepared under this paragraph.
    • Page limits for documents presented on 81⁄2- by 11-inch paper are: 40 pages for a petition for a writ of certiorari, jurisdictional statement, petition for an extraordinary writ, brief in opposition, or motion to dismiss or affrm; and 15 pages for a reply to a brief in opposition, brief opposing a motion to dismiss or affrm, supplemental brief, or petition for rehearing. The exclusions specifed in subparagraph 1(d) of this Rule apply.

Rule 34.  Document Preparation: General Requirements

Every document, whether prepared under Rule 33.1 or

Rule 33.2, shall comply with the following provisions:

  1. Each document shall bear on its cover, in the order indi-cated, from the top of the page:

(a) the docket number of the case or, if there is none, a space for one;

(b) the name of this Court;

(c) the caption of the case as appropriate in this Court;

(d) the nature of the proceeding and the name of the court from which the action is brought (e. g., “On Petition for Writ of Certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit”; or, for a merits brief, “On Writ of Certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit”);

(e) the title of the document (e. g., “Petition for Writ of Certiorari,” “Brief for Respondent,” “Joint Appendix”);

(f) the name of the attorney who is counsel of record for the party concerned (who must be a member of the Bar of this Court except as provided in Rule 9.1) and on whom service is to be made, with a notation directly thereunder identifying the attorney as counsel of record and setting out counsel’s offce address, e-mail address, and telephone num-ber. Only one counsel of record may be noted on a single document, except that counsel of record for each party must be listed on the cover of a joint appendix. The names of other members of the Bar of this Court or of the bar of the highest court of State acting as counsel, and, if desired, their addresses, may be added, but counsel of record shall be clearly identifed. Names of persons other than attorneys admitted to a state bar may not be listed, unless the party is appearing pro se, in which case the party’s name, address, and telephone number shall appear.

  • The foregoing shall be displayed in an appropriate ty-pographical manner and, except for identifcation of counsel, may not be set in type smaller than standard 11-point, if the document is prepared as required by Rule 33.1.
  1. Every document (other than a joint appendix), that ex-ceeds 1,500 words when prepared under Rule 33.1, or that exceeds fve pages when prepared under Rule 33.2, shall con-tain a table of contents and a table of cited authorities (i. e., cases alphabetically arranged, constitutional provisions, statutes, treatises, and other materials) with references to the pages in the document where such authorities are cited.
  1. The body of every document shall bear at its close the name of counsel of record and such other counsel, identifed on the cover of the document in conformity with subpara-graph 1(f) of this Rule, as may be desired.
  2. Every appendix to a document must be preceded by a table of contents that provides a description of each docu-ment in the appendix.
  3. All references to a provision of federal statutory law should ordinarily be cited to the United States Code, if the provision has been codifed therein. In the event the provi-sion has not been classifed to the United States Code, cita-tion should be to the Statutes at Large. Additional or alter-native citations should be provided only if there is a particular reason why those citations are relevant or neces-sary to the argument.
  1. A case in which privacy protection was governed by Federal Rule of Appellate Procedure 25(a)(5), Federal Rule of Bankruptcy Procedure 9037, Federal Rule of Civil Proce-dure 5.2, or Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 49.1 is gov-erned by the same Rule in this Court. In any other case, privacy protection is governed by Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 5.2, except that Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 49.1 governs when an extraordinary writ is sought in a crimi-nal case. If the Court schedules briefng and oral argument in a case that was governed by Federal Rule of Civil Proce-dure 5.2(c) or Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 49.1(c), the parties shall submit electronic versions of all prior and subsequent flings with this Court in the case, subject to the redaction Rules set forth above.

Rule 35. Death, Substitution, and Revivor; Public Officers

  1. If a party dies after the fling of a petition for a writ of certiorari to this Court, or after the fling of a notice of ap-peal, the authorized representative of the deceased party may appear and, on motion, be substituted as a party. If the representative does not voluntarily become a party, any other party may suggest the death on the record and, on motion, seek an order requiring the representative to be-come a party within a designated time. If the representa-tive then fails to become a party, the party so moving, if a respondent or appellee, is entitled to have the petition for a writ of certiorari or the appeal dismissed, and if a petitioner or appellant, is entitled to proceed as in any other case of nonappearance by a respondent or appellee. If the substitu-tion of a representative of the deceased is not made within six months after the death of the party, the case shall abate.
  1. Whenever a case cannot be revived in the court whose judgment is sought to be reviewed, because the deceased party’s authorized representative is not subject to that court’s jurisdiction, proceedings will be conducted as this Court may direct.
  1. When a public offcer who is a party to a proceeding in this Court in an offcial capacity dies, resigns, or otherwise ceases to hold offce, the action does not abate and any suc-cessor in offce is automatically substituted as a party. The parties shall notify the Clerk in writing of any such succes-sions. Proceedings following the substitution shall be in the name of the substituted party, but any misnomer not affect-ing substantial rights of the parties will be disregarded.
  1. A public offcer who is a party to a proceeding in this Court in an offcial capacity may be described as a party by the offcer’s offcial title rather than by name, but the Court may require the name to be added.

Rule 36. Custody of Prisoners in Habeas Corpus Proceedings

  1. Pending review in this Court of a decision in a habeas corpus proceeding commenced before a court, Justice, or judge of the United States, the person having custody of the prisoner may not transfer custody to another person unless the transfer is authorized under this Rule.
  1. Upon application by a custodian, the court, Justice, or judge who entered the decision under review may authorize transfer and the substitution of a successor custodian as a party.
  1. (a) Pending review of a decision failing or refusing to release a prisoner, the prisoner may be detained in the cus-tody from which release is sought or in other appropriate custody or may be enlarged on personal recognizance or bail, as may appear appropriate to the court, Justice, or judge who entered the decision, or to the court of appeals, this Court, or a judge or Justice of either court.

(b) Pending review of a decision ordering release, the pris-oner shall be enlarged on personal recognizance or bail, un-less the court, Justice, or judge who entered the decision, or the court of appeals, this Court, or a judge or Justice of either court, orders otherwise.

  1. An initial order respecting the custody or enlargement of the prisoner, and any recognizance or surety taken, shall continue in effect pending review in the court of appeals and in this Court unless for reasons shown to the court of ap-peals, this Court, or a judge or Justice of either court, the order is modifed or an independent order respecting custody, enlargement, or surety is entered.

Rule 37.  Brief for an Amicus Curiae

  1. An amicus curiae brief that brings to the attention of the Court relevant matter not already brought to its atten-tion by the parties may be of considerable help to the Court. An amicus curiae brief that does not serve this purpose bur-dens the Court, and its fling is not favored. An amicus curiae brief may be fled only by an attorney admitted to practice before this Court as provided in Rule 5.
  2. (a) An amicus curiae brief submitted before the Court’s consideration of a petition for a writ of certiorari, motion for leave to fle a bill of complaint, jurisdictional statement, or petition for an extraordinary writ may be fled if it refects that written consent of all parties has been pro-vided, or if the Court grants leave to fle under subparagraph 2(b) of this Rule. An amicus curiae brief in support of a petitioner or appellant shall be fled within 30 days after the case is placed on the docket or a response is called for by the Court, whichever is later, and that time will not be extended. An amicus curiae brief in support of a motion of a plaintiff for leave to fle a bill of complaint in an original action shall be fled within 60 days after the case is placed on the docket, and that time will not be extended. An amicus curiae brief in support of a respondent, an appellee, or a defendant shall be submitted within the time allowed for fling a brief in opposition or a motion to dismiss or affrm. An amicus cu-riae fling a brief under this subparagraph shall ensure that the counsel of record for all parties receive notice of its inten-tion to fle an amicus curiae brief at least 10 days prior to the due date for the amicus curiae brief, unless the amicus curiae brief is fled earlier than 10 days before the due date. Only one signatory to any amicus curiae brief fled jointly by more than one amicus curiae must timely notify the par-ties of its intent to fle that brief. The amicus curiae brief shall indicate that counsel of record received timely notice of the intent to fle the brief under this Rule and shall specify whether consent was granted, and its cover shall identify the party supported. Only one signatory to an amicus curiae brief fled jointly by more than one amicus curiae must ob-tain consent of the parties to fle that brief. A petitioner or respondent may submit to the Clerk a letter granting blanket consent to amicus curiae briefs, stating that the party con-sents to the fling of amicus curiae briefs in support of either or of neither party. The Clerk will note all notices of blan-ket consent on the docket.
  • When a party to the case has withheld consent, a mo-tion for leave to fle an amicus curiae brief before the Court’s consideration of a petition for a writ of certiorari, motion for leave to fle a bill of complaint, jurisdictional statement, or petition for an extraordinary writ may be pre-sented to the Court. The motion, prepared as required by Rule 33.1 and as one document with the brief sought to be fled, shall be submitted within the time allowed for fling an amicus curiae brief, and shall indicate the party or parties who have withheld consent and state the nature of the mov-ant’s interest. Such a motion is not favored.
  1. (a) An amicus curiae brief in a case before the Court for oral argument may be fled if it refects that written con-sent of all parties has been provided, or if the Court grants leave to fle under subparagraph 3(b) of this Rule. The brief shall be submitted within 7 days after the brief for the party supported is fled, or if in support of neither party, within 7 days after the time allowed for fling the petitioner’s or appellant’s brief. Motions to extend the time for fling an amicus curiae brief will not be entertained. The 10-day no-tice requirement of subparagraph 2(a) of this Rule does not apply to an amicus curiae brief in a case before the Court for oral argument. The amicus curiae brief shall specify whether consent was granted, and its cover shall identify the party supported or indicate whether it suggests affrmance or reversal. The Clerk will not fle a reply brief for an ami-cus curiae, or a brief for an amicus curiae in support of, or in opposition to, a petition for rehearing. Only one signa-tory to an amicus curiae brief fled jointly by more than one amicus curiae must obtain consent of the parties to fle that brief. A petitioner or respondent may submit to the Clerk
SUPREME COURT RULE 37 53

a letter granting blanket consent to amicus curiae briefs, stating that the party consents to the fling of amicus curiae briefs in support of either or of neither party. The Clerk will note all notices of blanket consent on the docket.

  • When a party to a case before the Court for oral argu-ment has withheld consent, a motion for leave to fle an ami-cus curiae brief may be presented to the Court. The mo-tion, prepared as required by Rule 33.1 and as one document with the brief sought to be fled, shall be submitted within the time allowed for fling an amicus curiae brief, and shall indicate the party or parties who have withheld consent and state the nature of the movant’s interest.
  1. No motion for leave to fle an amicus curiae brief is necessary if the brief is presented on behalf of the United States by the Solicitor General; on behalf of any agency of the United States allowed by law to appear before this Court when submitted by the agency’s authorized legal representa-tive; on behalf of a State, Commonwealth, Territory, or Pos-session when submitted by its Attorney General; or on behalf of a city, county, town, or similar entity when submitted by its authorized law offcer.
  1. A brief or motion fled under this Rule shall be accom-panied by proof of service as required by Rule 29, and shall comply with the applicable provisions of Rules 21, 24, and 33.1 (except that it suffces to set out in the brief the interest of the amicus curiae, the summary of the argument, the ar-gument, and the conclusion). A motion for leave to fle may not exceed 1,500 words. A party served with the motion may fle an objection thereto, stating concisely the reasons for withholding consent; the objection shall be prepared as required by Rule 33.2.
  1. Except for briefs presented on behalf of amicus curiae listed in Rule 37.4, a brief fled under this Rule shall indicate whether counsel for a party authored the brief in whole or in part and whether such counsel or a party made a monetary contribution intended to fund the preparation or submission of the brief, and shall identify every person other than the amicus curiae, its members, or its counsel, who made such a monetary contribution. The disclosure shall be made in the frst footnote on the frst page of text.

Rule 38.  Fees

Under 28 U. S. C. § 1911, the fees charged by the Clerk are:

  • for docketing a case on a petition for a writ of certio-rari or on appeal or for docketing any other proceeding, ex-cept a certifed question or a motion to docket and dismiss an appeal under Rule 18.5, $300;
  • for fling a petition for rehearing or a motion for leave to fle a petition for rehearing, $200;
  • for reproducing and certifying any record or paper, $1 per page; and for comparing with the original thereof any photographic reproduction of any record or paper, when fur-nished by the person requesting its certifcation, $.50 per page;
  • for a certifcate bearing the seal of the Court, $10; and
  • for a check paid to the Court, Clerk, or Marshal that is returned for lack of funds, $35.

Rule 39. Proceedings In Forma Pauperis

  1. A party seeking to proceed in forma pauperis shall fle a motion for leave to do so, together with the party’s nota-rized affdavit or declaration (in compliance with 28 U. S. C.
  • 1746) in the form prescribed by the Federal Rules of Appel-late Procedure, Form 4. The motion shall state whether leave to proceed in forma pauperis was sought in any other court and, if so, whether leave was granted. If the court below appointed counsel for an indigent party, no affdavit or declaration is required, but the motion shall cite the provi-sion of law under which counsel was appointed, or a copy of the order of appointment shall be appended to the motion.
  1. If leave to proceed in forma pauperis is sought for the purpose of fling a document, the motion, and an affdavit or declaration if required, shall be fled together with that document and shall comply in every respect with Rule 21. As provided in that Rule, it suffces to fle an original and 10 copies, unless the party is an inmate confned in an institu-
SUPREME COURT RULE 39 55

tion and is not represented by counsel, in which case the original, alone, suffces. A copy of the motion, and affdavit or declaration if required, shall precede and be attached to each copy of the accompanying document.

  1. Except when these Rules expressly provide that a docu-ment shall be prepared as required by Rule 33.1, every docu-ment presented by a party proceeding under this Rule shall be prepared as required by Rule 33.2 (unless such prepara-tion is impossible). Every document shall be legible. While making due allowance for any case presented under this Rule by a person appearing pro se, the Clerk will not fle any document if it does not comply with the substance of these Rules or is jurisdictionally out of time.
  1. When the documents required by paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Rule are presented to the Clerk, accompanied by proof of service as required by Rule 29, they will be placed on the docket without the payment of a docket fee or any other fee.
  1. The respondent or appellee in a case fled in forma pau-peris shall respond in the same manner and within the same time as in any other case of the same nature, except that the fling of an original and 10 copies of a response prepared as required by Rule 33.2, with proof of service as required by Rule 29, suffces. The respondent or appellee may challenge the grounds for the motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis in a separate document or in the response itself.
  1. Whenever the Court appoints counsel for an indigent party in a case set for oral argument, the briefs on the merits submitted by that counsel, unless otherwise requested, shall be prepared under the Clerk’s supervision. The Clerk also will reimburse appointed counsel for any necessary travel expenses to Washington, D. C., and return in connection with the argument.
  1. In a case in which certiorari has been granted, probable jurisdiction noted, or consideration of jurisdiction postponed, this Court may appoint counsel to represent a party fnan-cially unable to afford an attorney to the extent authorized by the Criminal Justice Act of 1964, 18 U. S. C. § 3006A, or by any other applicable federal statute.
  1. If satisfed that a petition for a writ of certiorari, juris-dictional statement, or petition for an extraordinary writ is frivolous or malicious, the Court may deny leave to proceed in forma pauperis.

Rule 40.  Veterans, Seamen, and Military Cases

  1. A veteran suing under any provision of law exempting veterans from the payment of fees or court costs, may pro-ceed without prepayment of fees or costs or furnishing secu-rity therefor and may fle a motion for leave to proceed on papers prepared as required by Rule 33.2. The motion shall ask leave to proceed as a veteran and be accompanied by an affdavit or declaration setting out the moving party’s vet-eran status. A copy of the motion shall precede and be attached to each copy of the petition for a writ of certiorari or other substantive document fled by the veteran.
  1. A seaman suing under 28 U. S. C. § 1916 may proceed without prepayment of fees or costs or furnishing security therefor and may fle a motion for leave to proceed on papers prepared as required by Rule 33.2. The motion shall ask leave to proceed as a seaman and be accompanied by an aff-davit or declaration setting out the moving party’s seaman status. A copy of the motion shall precede and be attached to each copy of the petition for a writ of certiorari or other substantive document fled by the seaman.
  1. An accused person petitioning for a writ of certiorari to review a decision of the United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces under 28 U. S. C. § 1259 may proceed with-out prepayment of fees or costs or furnishing security there-for and without fling an affdavit of indigency, but is not entitled to proceed on papers prepared as required by Rule 33.2, except as authorized by the Court on separate motion under Rule 39.

PART VIII. DISPOSITION OF CASES

Rule 41. Opinions of the Court

Opinions of the Court will be released by the Clerk imme-diately upon their announcement from the bench, or as the Court otherwise directs. Thereafter, the Clerk will cause the opinions to be issued in slip form, and the Reporter of Decisions will prepare them for publication in the pre-liminary prints and bound volumes of the United States Reports.

Rule 42.  Interest and Damages

  1. If a judgment for money in a civil case is affrmed, any interest allowed by law is payable from the date the judg-ment under review was entered. If a judgment is modifed or reversed with a direction that a judgment for money be entered below, the courts below may award interest to the extent permitted by law. Interest in cases arising in a state court is allowed at the same rate that similar judgments bear interest in the courts of the State in which judgment is di-rected to be entered. Interest in cases arising in a court of the United States is allowed at the interest rate authorized by law.
  1. When a petition for a writ of certiorari, an appeal, or an application for other relief is frivolous, the Court may award the respondent or appellee just damages, and single or double costs under Rule 43. Damages or costs may be awarded against the petitioner, appellant, or applicant, against the party’s counsel, or against both party and counsel.

Rule 43.  Costs

  1. If the Court affrms a judgment, the petitioner or appel-lant shall pay costs unless the Court otherwise orders.
  2. If the Court reverses or vacates a judgment, the re-spondent or appellee shall pay costs unless the Court other-wise orders.
  3. The Clerk’s fees and the cost of printing the joint ap-pendix are the only taxable items in this Court. The cost of the transcript of the record from the court below is also a taxable item, but shall be taxable in that court as costs in the case. The expenses of printing briefs, motions, petitions, or jurisdictional statements are not taxable.
  1. In a case involving a certifed question, costs are equally divided unless the Court otherwise orders, except that if the Court decides the whole matter in controversy, as permitted by Rule 19.2, costs are allowed as provided in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Rule.
  1. To the extent permitted by 28 U. S. C. § 2412, costs under this Rule are allowed for or against the United States or an offcer or agent thereof, unless expressly waived or unless the Court otherwise orders.
  1. When costs are allowed in this Court, the Clerk will insert an itemization of the costs in the body of the mandate or judgment sent to the court below. The prevailing side may not submit a bill of costs.
  1. In extraordinary circumstances the Court may adjudge double costs.

Rule 44.  Rehearing

  1. Any petition for the rehearing of any judgment or decision of the Court on the merits shall be fled within 25 days after entry of the judgment or decision, unless the Court or a Justice shortens or extends the time. The peti-tioner shall fle 40 copies of the rehearing petition and shall pay the fling fee prescribed by Rule 38(b), except that a petitioner proceeding in forma pauperis under Rule 39, in-cluding an inmate of an institution, shall fle the number of copies required for a petition by such a person under Rule 12.2. The petition shall state its grounds briefy and dis-tinctly and shall be served as required by Rule 29. The pe-tition shall be presented together with certifcation of coun-sel (or of a party unrepresented by counsel) that it is presented in good faith and not for delay; one copy of the certifcate shall bear the signature of counsel (or of a party unrepresented by counsel). A copy of the certifcate shall follow and be attached to each copy of the petition. A peti-tion for rehearing is not subject to oral argument and will not be granted except by a majority of the Court, at the instance of a Justice who concurred in the judgment or decision.
  1. Any petition for the rehearing of an order denying a petition for a writ of certiorari or extraordinary writ shall be fled within 25 days after the date of the order of denial and shall comply with all the form and fling requirements of paragraph 1 of this Rule, including the payment of the fling fee if required, but its grounds shall be limited to intervening circumstances of a substantial or controlling effect or to other substantial grounds not previously presented. The time for fling a petition for the rehearing of an order deny-ing a petition for a writ of certiorari or extraordinary writ will not be extended. The petition shall be presented to-gether with certifcation of counsel (or of a party unrepre-sented by counsel) that it is restricted to the grounds speci-fed in this paragraph and that it is presented in good faith and not for delay; one copy of the certifcate shall bear the signature of counsel (or of a party unrepresented by counsel). The certifcate shall be bound with each copy of the petition. The Clerk will not fle a petition without a certifcate. The petition is not subject to oral argument.
  1. The Clerk will not fle any response to a petition for rehearing unless the Court requests a response. In the ab-sence of extraordinary circumstances, the Court will not grant a petition for rehearing without frst requesting a response.
  2. The Clerk will not fle consecutive petitions and peti-tions that are out of time under this Rule.
  1. The Clerk will not fle any brief for an amicus curiae in support of, or in opposition to, a petition for rehearing.
  1. If the Clerk determines that a petition for rehearing submitted timely and in good faith is in a form that does not comply with this Rule or with Rule 33 or Rule 34, the Clerk will return it with a letter indicating the defciency. A cor-rected petition for rehearing submitted in accordance with Rule 29.2 no more than 15 days after the date of the Clerk’s letter will be deemed timely.

Rule 45.  Process; Mandates

  1. All process of this Court issues in the name of the Presi-dent of the United States.
  1. In a case on review from a state court, the mandate issues 25 days after entry of the judgment, unless the Court or a Justice shortens or extends the time, or unless the par-ties stipulate that it issue sooner. The fling of a petition for rehearing stays the mandate until disposition of the petition, unless the Court orders otherwise. If the petition is denied, the mandate issues forthwith.
  1. In a case on review from any court of the United States, as defned by 28 U. S. C. § 451, a formal mandate does not issue unless specially directed; instead, the Clerk of this Court will send the clerk of the lower court a copy of the opinion or order of this Court and a certifed copy of the judgment. The certifed copy of the judgment, prepared and signed by this Court’s Clerk, will provide for costs if any are awarded. In all other respects, the provisions of paragraph 2 of this Rule apply.

Rule 46.  Dismissing Cases

  1. At any stage of the proceedings, whenever all parties fle with the Clerk an agreement in writing that a case be dismissed, specifying the terms for payment of costs, and pay to the Clerk any fees then due, the Clerk, without further reference to the Court, will enter an order of dismissal.
  1. (a) A petitioner or appellant may fle a motion to dis-miss the case, with proof of service as required by Rule 29, tendering to the Clerk any fees due and costs payable. No more than 15 days after service thereof, an adverse party may fle an objection, limited to the amount of damages and costs in this Court alleged to be payable or to showing that the moving party does not represent all petitioners or appel-lants. The Clerk will not fle any objection not so limited.

(b) When the objection asserts that the moving party does not represent all the petitioners or appellants, the party moving for dismissal may fle a reply within 10 days, after which time the matter will be submitted to the Court for its determination.

  • If no objection is fled—or if upon objection going only to the amount of damages and costs in this Court, the party moving for dismissal tenders the additional damages and costs in full within 10 days of the demand therefor—the Clerk, without further reference to the Court, will enter an order of dismissal. If, after objection as to the amount of damages and costs in this Court, the moving party does not respond by a tender within 10 days, the Clerk will report the matter to the Court for its determination.
  1. No mandate or other process will issue on a dismissal under this Rule without an order of the Court.

PART IX. DEFINITIONS AND EFFECTIVE DATE

Rule 47. Reference to “State Court” and “State Law”

The term “state court,” when used in these Rules, includes the District of Columbia Court of Appeals, the Supreme Court of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the courts of the Northern Mariana Islands, the local courts of Guam, and the Supreme Court of the Virgin Islands. References in these Rules to the statutes of a State include the statutes of the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Territory of Guam, and the Territory of the Virgin Islands.

Rule 48. Effective Date of Rules

  1. These Rules, adopted April 18, 2019, will be effective July 1, 2019.
  2. The Rules govern all proceedings after their effective date except that the amendments to Rules 25.3 and 33.1(g) will apply only to cases in which certiorari was granted, or a direct appeal or original action was set for argument, after the effective date.

 


INDEX TO RULES

Rule
ABATEMENT—See Death
ADMISSION TO BAR
Application forms…………………………………………………. 5.2
Certifcate of admission ……………………………………….. 5.3, 5.6
Certifcate of good standing…………………………………. 5.6
Criminal Justice Act of 1964………………………………… 9.1
Documents required …………………………………………….. 5.2
Duplicate certifcate……………………………………………… 5.6
Fees………………………………………………………………………. 5.5, 5.6
Oath or affrmation, form of…………………………………. 5.4
Open Court, admission in …………………………………….. 5.3
Qualifcations………………………………………………………… 5.1
AFFIDAVIT
In forma pauperis proceedings …………………………… 39.1, 39.2
Service by nonmember of Bar……………………………… 29.5(c)
AMICUS CURIAE
Argument……………………………………………………………… 28.7
Briefs at petition stage
—Consent of parties to fle …………………………… 37.2
—Copies, number to be fled ………………………… 33.1(f)
—Cover color ………………………………………………… 33.1(g)(x)
—Cover, identifcation of party supported …… 37.2(a)
—Documents, format  and general require-
ments …………………………………………………………. 33, 34
—Notice of intent to fle ……………………………….. 37.2(a)
—Preparation and submission costs, identi-
fcation of sources paying ………………………….. 37.6
—Purpose ……………………………………………………… 37.1
—Service……………………………………………………….. 37.5
—Time to fle ……………………………………………….. 37.2
—Word limits ………………………………………………… 33.1(g)(x)
Briefs on merits
—Consent of parties to fle …………………………… 37.3
—Copies, number to be fled ………………………… 33.1(f)
—Cover color………………………………….. 33.1(g)(xi), (xii), (xiii), (xiv)
—Cover, identifcation of party supported ….. 37.2(a)
—Documents, format  and general require-
ments …………………………………………………………. 33, 34
—Preparation and submission costs, identi-
fcation of sources paying ………………………….. 37.6
—Purpose ……………………………………………………… 37.1
—Service ……………………………………………………… 37.5
RULES OF THE SUPREME COURT 63
Rule
AMICUS CURIAE—Continued
—Time to fle ……………………………………………….. 37.3
—Word limits………………………………….. 33.1(g)(xi), (xii), (xiii), (xiv)
Cities, counties, and towns…………………………………… 37.4
Consent of parties
—Blanket consent …………………………………………. 37.2(a), 37.2(b)
—To argument ……………………………………………… 28.7
—To fle brief ………………………………………………… 37.2, 37.3, 37.5
Motions for leave to fle briefs
—At petition stage ……………………………………….. 37.2(b)
—Objection to……………………………………………….. 37.5
—On merits…………………………………………………… 37.3(b)
—Service ……………………………………………………… 37.5
—Time to fle ………………………………………………… 37.2(b), 37.3(b)
—When unnecessary …………………………………….. 37.4
—Word limits ……………………………………………….. 37.5
Notice of intent to fle ………………………………………….. 37.2(a)
Rehearing ……………………………………………………………. 37.3(a), 44.5
States, Commonwealths, Territories, and Posses-
sions …………………………………………………………………. 37.4
United States ……………………………………………………….. 37.4
APPEALS
Affrm, motion to………………………………………………….. 18.6, 21.2(b)
Briefs opposing motion to dismiss or to affrm 18.8, 33.1(g)(iii), 33.2(b)
Certifcation of record ………………………………………….. 18.11, 18.12
Cross-appeals ……………………………………………………….. 18.4, 18.9, 25.4
Dismissal
—After docketing …………………………………………. 18.6, 21.2(b)
—Before docketing ………………………………………. 18.5
—By agreement of parties ……………………………. 18.5, 46.1
—On death of party …………………………………….. 35
—On motion…………………………………… 18.5, 18.6, 21.2(b), 33.1(g)(ii)
Docketing, notice to appellees ……………………………… 18.3
Frivolous appeals, damages ………………………………… 42.2
Joint appendix, preparation of……………………………… 26
Jurisdictional statements
—Copies, number to be fled ………………………… 18.3
—Cover color ………………………………………………… 33.1(g)(i)
—Defciencies, effect of …………………………………. 18.13
—Distribution to Court ………………………………… 18.5, 18.6, 21.2(b)
—Documents,  format  and  general  require-
ments …………………………………………………………. 33, 34
—Fee……………………………………………………………… 18.3, 38(a)
—Multiple judgments……………………………………. 18.2
Rule
APPEALS—Continued
—Page limits…………………………………………………. 33.2(b)
—Service……………………………………………………….. 18.3, 29.3–29.5
—Supplemental briefs…………………………………… 18.10, 33.1(g)(iv)
—Time to fle ………………………………………………… 18.3, 30.2, 30.3
—Word limits ………………………………………………… 33.1(g)(i)
Jurisdiction noted or postponed …………………………… 18.12
Notice of appeal
—Clerk of district court, fled with………………. 18.1
—Contents…………………………………………………….. 18.1
—Response ……………………………………………………. 18.6
—Service……………………………………………………….. 18.1
—Time to fle ………………………………………………… 18.1
Parties to proceeding …………………………………………… 18.2
Record ………………………………………………………………….. 18.11, 18.12
Summary disposition ……………………………………………. 18.12
APPEARANCE OF COUNSEL
Certifed cases …………………………………………………….. 19.3
Notice of appearance, when required…………………… 9
APPENDIX—See also Joint Appendix
Briefs on merits……………………………………………………. 24.3
Cover color …………………………………………………………… 33.1(e)
Documents, format and general preparation re-
quirements………………………………………………………… 33, 34
Jurisdictional statements……………………………………… 18.3
Petitions for writ of certiorari……………………………… 14.1(i)
Table of Contents …………………………………………………. 34.4
APPLICATIONS TO INDIVIDUAL JUSTICES—See
Justices
ARGUMENT
Absence of quorum, effect of ……………………………….. 4.2
Additional time, request for…………………………………. 28.3
Amicus curiae ……………………………………………………… 28.7
Bar membership required ……………………………………. 28.8
Calendar, call of……………………………………………………. 27
Certifed cases………………………………………………………. 19.4
Combined cases ……………………………………………………. 27.3
Content…………………………………………………………………. 28.1, 28.5
Counsel, notifcation of argument date ………………… 27.2
Cross-appeals ……………………………………………………….. 28.2
Cross-writs of certiorari ………………………………………. 28.2
Divided argument ……………………………………………….. 28.4
Hearing lists…………………………………………………………. 27.2
Motions…………………………………………………………………. 21.3
RULES OF THE SUPREME COURT 65
Rule
ARGUMENT—Continued
Party for whom no brief has been fled……………….. 28.6
Pro hac vice …………………………………………………………. 6
Rehearing …………………………………………………………….. 44.1, 44.2
Time allowed………………………………………………………… 28.3
ATTORNEYS—See also Admission to Bar; Criminal
Justice Act of 1964
Appearance of counsel………………………………………….. 9
Appointment as counsel for indigent party …………. 39.6, 39.7
Argument pro hac vice ………………………………………… 6
Compensation
—Criminal Justice Act of 1964……………………… 39.7
—Travel expenses when representing indi-
gent party………………………………………………….. 39.6
Costs awarded against …………………………………………. 42.2
Counsel of record …………………………………………………. 9, 34.1(f)
Damages awarded against……………………………………. 42.2
Disbarment…………………………………………………………… 8.1
Discipline of attorneys
—Conduct unbecoming member of Bar………… 8.2
—Failure to comply with this Court’s Rules 8.2
Employees of Court, prohibition against practice 7
Foreign attorneys, permission to argue ………………. 6.2
Substitution of counsel…………………………………………. 9.2
Suspension from practice……………………………………… 8.1
Use of Court’s Library ……………………………………….. 2.1
BAIL
Applications to individual Justices ………………………. 22.5
Habeas corpus proceedings ………………………………….. 36.3
BOND—See Stays
BRIEFS—See Amicus Curiae; Appeals; Briefs on
Merits; Certifed Questions; Certiorari; Original
Actions
BRIEFS ON MERITS
Abridgment of time to fle ………………………………….. 25.5
Application to exceed word limits ………………………. 33.1(d)
Clerk, fled with ………………………………………………….. 29.1, 29.2
Cross-petitions ……………………………………………………… 25.4
Extension of time to fle ………………………………………. 25.5, 30.4
Petitioners and appellants
—Contents…………………………………………………….. 24.1
Rule
BRIEFS ON MERITS—Continued
—Copies, number to be fled ……………………….. 25.1, 33.1(f)
—Cover color ………………………………………………… 33.1(g)(v)
—Documents,  format  and  general  require-
ments …………………………………………………………. 33, 34
—Time to fle ………………………………………………… 25.1, 25.5
—Word limits………………………………………….. 24.3, 33.1(d), 33.1(g)(v)
Proof of service requirement ………………………………. 25.8
References to joint appendix or record ………………. 24.5
Reply briefs
—Contents …………………………………………………… 24.4
—Copies, number to be fled ……………………….. 25.3
—Cover color ………………………………………………… 33.1(g)(vii)
—Documents,  format  and  general  require-
ments ………………………………………………………… 33, 34
—Time to fle ………………………………………………… 25.3, 25.5
—Word limits……………………………………….. 24.3, 33.1(d), 33.1(g)(vii)
Respondents and appellees
—Contents …………………………………………………… 24.2
—Copies, number to be fled ……………………….. 25.2
—Cover color ………………………………………………… 33.1(g)(vi)
—Documents,  format  and  general  require-
ments ………………………………………………………… 33, 34
—Time to fle ………………………………………………… 25.2, 25.5
—Word limits ………………………………………………… 24.3, 33.1(g)(vi)
Service ………………………………………………………………… 29.3–29.5
Striking by Court ……………………………………………….. 24.6
Submission after argument …………………………………. 25.7
Supplemental briefs
—Contents …………………………………………………… 25.6
—Copies, number to be fled ……………………….. 25.6
—Cover color ……………………………………………….. 33.1(g)(iv)
—Documents,  format  and  general  require-
ments …………………………………………………………. 33, 34
—Time to fle ………………………………………………… 25.6
—Word limits ………………………………………………… 33.1(g)(iv)
Table of authorities ……………………………………………… 24.1(c), 34.2
Table of contents …………………………………………………. 24.1(c), 34.2
CALENDAR
Call of cases for argument …………………………………… 27.1
Clerk, preparation by …………………………………………… 27.1
Combined cases ……………………………………………………. 27.3
Hearing lists…………………………………………………………. 27.2
RULES OF THE SUPREME COURT 67
Rule
CAPITAL CASES
Brief in opposition………………………………………………… 15.1
Habeas corpus proceedings ………………………………….. 20.4(b)
Notation of……………………………………………………………. 14.1(a)
CERTIFIED QUESTIONS
Appearance of counsel………………………………………….. 19.3
Appendix………………………………………………………………. 19.4
Argument, setting case for ………………………………….. 19.4
Briefs on merits
—Contents and specifcations……………………….. 19.5, 24
—Documents,  format  and  general  require-
ments …………………………………………………………. 33, 34
—Time to fle ………………………………………………… 19.5, 25
Certifcate, contents of …………………………………………. 19.1
Costs, allowance of……………………………………………….. 43.4
Record ………………………………………………………………….. 19.4
CERTIORARI
Appendix to petition for writ ………………………………. 14.1(i)
Before judgment in court of appeals, petition fled 11
Briefs in opposition
—Capital cases, mandatory in ……………………… 15.1
—Contents…………………………………………………….. 15.2
—Copies, number to be fled ………………………… 15.3
—Cover color ……………………………………………….. 33.1(g)(ii)
—Documents,  format  and  general  require-
ments …………………………………………………………. 33, 34
—Page limits…………………………………………………. 15.2, 33.2(b)
—Time to fle ………………………………………………… 15.3
—Word limits ………………………………………………… 15.2, 33.1(g)(ii)
Briefs in support of petition barred ……………………. 14.2
Common-law writs ………………………………………………. 20.6
Constitutionality of statute, procedure when issue
raised ………………………………………………………………… 29.4(b), (c)
Cross-petitions
—Conditional, when permitted ……………………. 12.5
—Contents…………………………………………………….. 12.5, 14.1(e)(iii)
—Distribution to Court ……………………………….. 15.7
—Fee ……………………………………………………………. 12.5
—Notice to cross-respondents ………………………. 12.5
—Service……………………………………………………….. 12.5
—Time to fle ……………………………………………….. 13.4
Denial, suffcient reasons for………………………………… 14.4
Dismissal of petitions ………………………………………….. 35.1
Rule
CERTIORARI—Continued
Disposition of petitions ……………………………………….. 16
Distribution of papers to Court ………………………….. 15.5
Docketing
—Fee……………………………………………………………… 12.1, 38(a)
—Notice to respondents ………………………………. 12.3
Extension of time to fle ………………………………………. 13.5
Frivolous petitions, damages and costs ………………. 42.2
Motion to dismiss petition barred………………………… 15.4
Multiple judgments, review of ……………………………. 12.4
Objections to jurisdiction ……………………………………. 15.4
Parties ………………………………………………………………….. 12.4, 12.6
Petitions for writ
—Contents…………………………………………………….. 14
—Copies, number to be fled ……………………….. 12.1, 12.2
—Cover color ………………………………………………… 33.1(g)(i)
—Defciency, effect of …………………………………… 14.5
—Documents,  format  and  general  require-
ments …………………………………………………………. 33, 34
—Page limits…………………………………………………. 14.3, 33.2(b)
—Service ……………………………………………………… 12.3
—Time to fle ………………………………………………… 13, 29.2, 30.2, 30.3
—Word limits ………………………………………………… 14.3, 33.1(g)(i)
Record, certifcation and transmission ……………….. 12.7
Rehearing, petitions for ………………………………………. 44.2
Reply briefs to briefs in opposition……………… 15.6, 33.1(g)(iii), 33.2(b)
Respondents in support of petitioner …………………. 12.6, 33.1(g)(ii)
Stays pending review ………………………………………….. 23.2, 23.4
Summary disposition ……………………………………………. 16.1
Supplemental briefs……………………………………………… 15.8, 33.1(g)(iv)
CLERK
Announcement of absence of quorum ………………….. 4.2
Announcement of recesses …………………………………… 4.3
Argument calendar ………………………………………………. 27.1, 27.2
Authority to reject flings ……………………………………. 1.1
Costs, itemization in mandate ……………………………… 43.6
Custody of records and papers…………………………….. 1.2
Diagrams, custody and disposition ………………………. 32
Exhibits, custody and disposition ………………………… 32
Fees as taxable items…………………………………………… 43.3
Fees, table of………………………………………………………… 38
Filing documents with …………………………………………. 29.1, 29.2
Hearing lists, preparation of………………………………… 27.2
In forma pauperis proceedings, docketing …………. 39.4
Lodgings ………………………………………………………………. 32.3
RULES OF THE SUPREME COURT 69
Rule
CLERK—Continued
Models, custody and disposition …………………………… 32
Noncompliance with Rules, return of papers ………. 14.5, 18.13
Offce hours…………………………………………………………… 1.3
Opinions of Court, disposition of………………………….. 41
Orders of dismissal ………………………………………………. 46.1, 46.2
Original records, when returned………………………….. 1.2
Record, request for………………………………………………. 12.7, 18.11, 18.12
Records and documents, maintenance of……………… 1.2
COMPUTATION OF TIME
Method………………………………………………………………….. 30.1
CONSTITUTIONALITY OF CONGRESSIONAL ACT
Procedure where United States or federal agency
or employee not a party……………………………………. 29.4(b)
CONSTITUTIONALITY OF STATE STATUTE
Procedure where State or state agency or em-
ployee not a party…………………………………………….. 29.4(c)
CORPORATIONS
Corporate disclosure statement………………………… 14.1(b), 24.1(b), 29.6
COSTS—See also Fees
Armed forces cases ………………………………………………. 40.3
Certifed cases………………………………………………………. 43.4
Dismissal of appeal before docketing…………………… 18.5
Double costs …………………………………………………………. 43.7
Frivolous flings……………………………………………………. 42.2
Joint appendix………………………………………………………. 26.3
Judgment affrmed ……………………………………………….. 43.1
Judgment reversed or vacated …………………………….. 43.2
Mandate, itemization in………………………………………… 43.6
Seamen cases………………………………………………………… 40.2
Stays …………………………………………………………………….. 23.4
Taxable items……………………………………………………….. 43.3
United States, allowed for or against ………………….. 43.5
Veterans cases ……………………………………………………… 40.1
COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE ARMED FORCES
Applications arising from …………………………………….. 22.3
Documents, preparation requirements…………………. 40.3
Fees and costs on review……………………………………… 40.3
COURTS OF APPEALS
Certifed questions……………………………………………….. 19
Certiorari before judgment………………………………….. 11
Considerations governing review on certiorari …… 10
Rule
CRIMINAL JUSTICE ACT OF 1964
Appointment of counsel under ……………………………. 9
Compensation of counsel for indigent party………… 39.7
CROSS-APPEALS—See Appeals
CROSS-PETITIONS FOR CERTIORARI—See
Certiorari
DAMAGES
Frivolous flings……………………………………………………. 42.2
Stays …………………………………………………………………….. 23.4
DEATH
Parties ………………………………………………………………….. 35.1–35.3
Public offcers……………………………………………………….. 35.3
Revivor of case …………………………………………………….. 35.2
DELAY
Stay, damages for delay ……………………………………….. 23.4
DIAGRAMS
Custody of Clerk …………………………………………………. 32.1
Removal or other disposition ……………………………… 32.2
DISBARMENT AND DISCIPLINE—See Attorneys
DISMISSAL
Agreement of parties …………………………………………… 46.1
Appeals before docketing …………………………………….. 18.5
Death of party ……………………………………………………… 35.1
Entry of order………………………………………………………. 46.1
Motion by appellee……………………………………………….. 18.6, 46.2
Objection to …………………………………………………………. 46.2
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA—See State Courts
DOCKETING CASES
Appeals…………………………………………………………………. 18.3
Certifed questions ………………………………………………. 19.3
Certiorari …………………………………………………………….. 12.3
Cross-appeals ……………………………………………………….. 18.4
Cross-petitions for certiorari ……………………………….. 12.5
Extraordinary writs……………………………………………… 20.2
Fees………………………………………………………………………. 38(a)
In forma pauperis proceedings …………………………… 39.4
Original actions ……………………………………………………. 17.4
DOCUMENT PREPARATION
Certifcation of compliance with word limits……….. 33.1(h)
Format and general requirements……………………….. 33, 34
Privacy protection………………………………………………… 34.6
RULES OF THE SUPREME COURT 71
Rule
EFFECTIVE DATE
Revised Rules ………………………………………………………. 48
ELECTRONIC FILING
Filing requirement……………………………………………….. 29.7
Guidelines …………………………………………………………….. 29.7
EXHIBITS
Briefs, reference in ………………………………………………. 24.5
Custody of Clerk ………………………………………………….. 32.1
Inclusion in joint appendix…………………………………… 26.7
Removal or other disposition……………………………….. 32.2
EXTENSION OF TIME
Filing briefs on merits …………………………………………. 25.5
Filing jurisdictional statements …………………………… 18.3, 30.2, 30.3
Filing papers or documents, generally ………………… 30.2–30.4
Filing petitions for rehearing………………………………. 30.3, 44.1
Filing petitions for writ of certiorari…………………… 13.5, 30.2, 30.3
EXTRAORDINARY WRITS—See also Habeas Corpus
Briefs in opposition
—Copies, number to be fled ………………………… 20.3(b)
—Cover color ……………………………………………….. 33.1(g)(ii)
—Page limits…………………………………………………. 33.2(b)
—Time to fle ……………………………………………….. 20.3(b)
—Word limits ………………………………………………… 33.1(g)(ii)
Considerations governing issuance …………………….. 20.1
Petitions
—Certiorari, common-law writ of…………………. 20.6
—Contents …………………………………………………… 20.2
—Copies, number to be fled ………………………… 20.2
—Cover color ……………………………………………….. 33.1(g)(i)
—Docketing…………………………………………………… 20.2
—Documents,  format  and  general  require-
ments …………………………………………………………. 33, 34
—Habeas corpus, writ of ………………………………. 20.4
—Mandamus, writ of …………………………………….. 20.3
—Page limits…………………………………………………. 33.2(b)
—Prohibition, writ of ……………………………………. 20.3
—Service……………………………………………………….. 20.2, 29
—Word limits ………………………………………………… 33.1(g)(i)
Response to petitions for habeas corpus
—Cover color ………………………………………………… 33.1(g)(ii)
—Page limits…………………………………………………. 33.2(b)
—When required ………………………………………….. 20.4(b)
—Word limits ……………………………………………….. 33.1(g)(ii)
Rule
FEDERAL RULES OF CIVIL PROCEDURE AND
EVIDENCE
As guides to procedure in original actions ………….. 17.2
FEES—See also Costs
Admission to Bar………………………………………………….. 5.5, 5.6
Armed forces cases ………………………………………………. 40.3
Certifcate of good standing…………………………………. 5.6
In forma pauperis proceedings …………………………… 39.4
Seamen cases………………………………………………………… 40.2
Table …………………………………………………………………….. 38
Taxable items ………………………………………………………. 43.3
Veterans cases ……………………………………………………… 40.1
HABEAS CORPUS—See also Extraordinary Writs
Custody of prisoners…………………………………………….. 36
Documents, format and general requirements…….. 33, 34
Enlargement of prisoner on personal recognizance 36.3, 36.4
Order respecting custody of prisoners ………………… 36.4
Petition for writ……………………………………………………. 20.4(a)
Response to petition ……………………………………………. 20.4(b)
IN FORMA PAUPERIS PROCEEDINGS
Affdavit as to status……………………………………………. 39.1
Briefs, preparation of …………………………………………… 33.2
Counsel
—Appointment………………………………………………. 39.7
—Compensation…………………………………………….. 39.7
—Travel expenses…………………………………………. 39.6
Denial of leave to proceed ……………………………………. 39.8
Docketing……………………………………………………………… 39.4
Joint appendix………………………………………………………. 26.3
Motions, form of …………………………………………………… 39.1
Responses ……………………………………………………………. 39.5
Substantive documents ………………………………………… 39.2, 39.3
INTEREST
Inclusion in  amount of bond on  stay pending
review ………………………………………………………………. 23.4
Money judgments in civil cases……………………………. 42.1
JOINT APPENDIX
Arrangement of contents……………………………………… 26.5, 26.7
Certifed cases………………………………………………………. 19.4
Contents ………………………………………………………………. 26.1, 26.2
Copies, number to be fled……………………………………. 26.1
Cost of printing ……………………………………………………. 26.3, 43.3
Cover color …………………………………………………………… 26.6, 33.1(e)
RULES OF THE SUPREME COURT 73
Rule
JOINT APPENDIX—Continued
Deferred method ………………………………………………….. 26.4
Designating parts of record to be printed …………… 26.2
Dispensing with appendix …………………………………… 26.8
Exhibits, inclusion of ……………………………………………. 26.7
Extraordinary writs……………………………………………… 20.6
In forma pauperis proceedings …………………………… 26.2
References in briefs……………………………………………… 24.1(g), 24.5
Time to fle…………………………………………………………. 26.1, 26.4, 26.9, 30.4
JURISDICTIONAL STATEMENT—See Appeals
JUSTICES
Applications to individual Justices
—Clerk, fled with ……………………………………….. 22.1
—Copies, number to be fled ……………………….. 22.2
—Disposition …………………………………………………. 22.4, 22.6
—Distribution ……………………………………………….. 22.3
—Documents, format…………………………………….. 22.2, 33.2
—Referral to full Court ……………………………….. 22.5
—Renewal ……………………………………………………. 22.4
—Service……………………………………………………….. 22.2
Extensions of time to fle
—Documents and papers ………………………………. 30.2–30.4
—Jurisdictional statements …………………………. 18.3, 30.2, 30.3
—Petitions for rehearing………………………………. 30.3
—Petitions for writ of certiorari…………………… 13.5, 30.2, 30.3
—Reply briefs on merits ……………………………… 30.3
Habeas corpus proceedings ………………………………….. 36
Leave to fle document in excess of word limits … 33.1(d)
Petitions for rehearing…………………………………………. 44.1
Stays …………………………………………………………………….. 22.5, 23
LIBRARY
Persons to whom open …………………………………………. 2.1
Removal of books …………………………………………………. 2.3
Schedule of hours …………………………………………………. 2.2
LODGING
Non-record material …………………………………………….. 32.3
MANDAMUS—See Extraordinary Writs
MANDATES
Costs, inclusion of ………………………………………………… 43.6
Dismissal of cases ……………………………………………….. 46.3
Federal-court cases………………………………………………. 45.3
Petition for rehearing, effect of……………………………. 45.2
Rule
MANDATES—Continued
State-court cases ………………………………………………….. 45.2
MARSHAL
Announcement of recesses …………………………………… 4.3
Bar admission fees, maintenance of fund …………….. 5.5, 5.6
Returned check fees …………………………………………….. 38(e)
MODELS
Custody of Clerk ………………………………………………….. 32.1
Removal or other disposition……………………………….. 32.2
MOTIONS
Admission to Bar………………………………………………….. 5.3, 21.3
Affrm appeals …………………………………………………….. 18.6
Amicus curiae
—Leave to argue…………………………………………… 28.7
—Leave to fle brief………………………………………. 21.2(b), 37.2–37.4
Argument
—Additional time ………………………………………….. 28.3
—Consolidated ……………………………………………… 27.3
—Divided………………………………………………………. 28.4
Pro hac vice ………………………………………………. 6.3
Briefs
—Abridgment of time to fle ……………………….. 25.5
—Leave to exceed word limits……………………… 33.1(d)
Certifed questions……………………………………………….. 19.2
Clerk, fled with ………………………………………………….. 29.1, 29.2
Contents……………………………………………………………….. 21
Dismissal of cases
—Appeals………………………………………………………. 18.6, 21.2(b)
—Death of party ………………………………………….. 35.1
—Docket and dismiss …………………………………… 18.5
—Mootness ……………………………………………………. 21.2(b)
—On request of petitioner or appellant ……….. 46.2
—Voluntary dismissal……………………………………. 46.1
Documents, format and general requirements ……. 21.2(b), (c), 33, 34
Extension of time…………………………………………………. 30.2, 30.4
In forma pauperis proceedings ………………………….. 39.1, 39.2
Joint appendix
—Dispensed with …………………………………………. 26.8
—Record, excused from printing………………….. 26.2
Oral argument, when permitted …………………………. 21.3
Original actions …………………………………………………… 17.2, 17.3, 21.2(a)
Party, substitution of……………………………………………. 35.1, 35.3
Position of opposition noted…………………………………. 21.1
Responses, form and time of ………………………………. 21.4
RULES OF THE SUPREME COURT 75
Rule
MOTIONS—Continued
Service ………………………………………………………………… 21.3, 29.3–29.5
Stays …………………………………………………………………….. 23
Veteran, leave to proceed as ……………………………….. 40.1
NONCOMPLIANCE WITH RULES—See Rules
NOTICE
Appeals
—Docketing of ………………………………………………. 18.3
—Filing with district court…………………………… 18.1
Certiorari, fling of petition for writ ……………………. 12.3
Cross-petition for certiorari, docketing of ………….. 12.5
Disposition of petition for writ of certiorari………… 16
Service………………………………………………………………….. 29.3–29.5
OPINIONS
Publication in United States Reports by Reporter
of Decisions ……………………………………………………… 41
Slip form ……………………………………………………………… 41
When released ……………………………………………………… 41
ORAL ARGUMENT—See Argument
ORIGINAL ACTIONS
Amicus briefs ……………………………………………………….. 37.2(a)
Briefs in opposition to motions for leave to fle
—Copies, number to be fled ……………………….. 17.5
—Cover color ………………………………………………… 33.1(g)(ii)
—Service ……………………………………………………… 17.5
—Time to fle ………………………………………………… 17.5
Distribution of documents to Court ……………………. 17.5
Docketing……………………………………………………………… 17.4
Documents, format and general requirements ……. 33, 34
Fee ………………………………………………………………………. 17.4, 38(a)
Initial pleadings
—Briefs in support of motions for leave to fle 17.3
—Clerk, fled with…………………………………………. 17.4
—Copies, number to be fled ………………………… 17.3
—Cover color ………………………………………………… 33.1(g)(i)
—Leave to fle ……………………………………………… 17.3
—Motions for leave to fle …………………………….. 17.3
—Service ……………………………………………………… 17.3
—Word limits ……………………………………………….. 33.1(g)(i)
Jurisdiction ………………………………………………………….. 17.1
Pleadings and motions, form of …………………………… 17.2
Process against State, service of ………………………… 17.7
Rule
ORIGINAL ACTIONS—Continued
Reply briefs …………………………………………………………. 17.5
Summons …………………………………………………………….. 17.6
PARENT CORPORATIONS—See Corporations
PARTIES
Appeals…………………………………………………………………. 18.2
Certiorari……………………………………………………………… 12.4, 12.6
Death, effect of …………………………………………………….. 35.1–35.3
Listing, when required
—Briefs on merits…………………………………………. 24.1(b)
—Petitions for writ of certiorari …………………. 14.1(b)
Public offcers
—Description of …………………………………………… 35.4
—Effect of death or resignation ………………….. 35.3
POSTPONING CONSIDERATION OF
JURISDICTION—See Appeals
PROCESS—See also Service
Dismissal of cases…………………………………………………. 46.3
Form ……………………………………………………………………. 45.1
Original actions ……………………………………………………. 17.7
PROHIBITION—See Extraordinary Writs
PROOF OF SERVICE—See Service
PUBLIC OFFICERS OR EMPLOYEES
Costs allowed against…………………………………………… 43.5
Description of……………………………………………………….. 35.4
Service on …………………………………………………………….. 29.4
Substitution of ……………………………………………………… 35.3
PUERTO RICO—See State Courts
QUORUM
Absence, effect of …………………………………………………. 4.2
Number to constitute ………………………………………….. 4.2
RECESS—See Sessions of Court
RECORDS
Certifcation and transmission
—Appeals …………………………………………………….. 18.11, 18.12
—Certifed questions…………………………………….. 19.4
—Certiorari…………………………………………………… 12.7
Diagrams………………………………………………………………. 32
Exhibits………………………………………………………………… 26.7, 32
RULES OF THE SUPREME COURT 77
Rule
RECORDS—Continued
Joint appendix
—Costs, effect on allocation of……………………… 26.3
—Inclusion of designated record ……. 26.1–26.3, 26.4(b), 26.5, 26.8
Models …………………………………………………………………. 32
Original documents
—On certiorari …………………………………………….. 12.7
—Return to lower courts …………………………….. 1.2
Original record, argument on ……………………………… 26.8
References
—Briefs on merits…………………………………………. 24.5
—Petitions for writ of certiorari…………………… 14.1(g)(i)
Translation of foreign language material…………….. 31
REHEARING
Amicus curiae briefs ………………………………………….. 37.3(a)
Certifcate of counsel……………………………………………. 44.1, 44.2
Consecutive petitions ………………………………………….. 44.4
Judgment or decision on merits ………………………….. 44.1
Mandate, stay of ………………………………………………….. 45.2
Oral argument …………………………………………………….. 44.1, 44.2
Order denying petition for writ of certiorari or
extraordinary writ ……………………………………………. 44.2
Petitions
—Contents…………………………………………………….. 44.1, 44.2
—Copies, number to be fled ……………………….. 44.1, 44.2
—Cover color ………………………………………………… 33.1(g)(xiii)
—Defciency, effect of ……………………………………. 44.6
—Documents,  format  and  general  specif-
cations ………………………………………………………. 33, 34
—Fee……………………………………………………………… 38(b)
—Page limits…………………………………………………. 33.2(b)
—Service……………………………………………………….. 44.1, 44.2
—Time to fle………………………………………………. 30.3, 44.1, 44.2, 44.4
—Word limits ………………………………………………… 33.1(g)(xiii)
Responses to petitions ………………………………………… 44.3
RELATED PROCEEDINGS
Listing ………………………………………………………………….. 14.1(b)(iii), 15.2
REPORTER OF DECISIONS
Publication of Court’s opinions…………………………….. 41
REVIVOR
Revivor of cases …………………………………………………… 35.1–35.3
Rule
RULES
Effective date……………………………………………………….. 48
Effect of noncompliance ……………………………………….. 14.5, 18.13
Transition policy…………………………………………………… 48.3
SEAMEN
Suits by ………………………………………………………………… 40.2
SERVICE
Procedure
—Commercial carrier ……………………………………. 29.3
—Copies, number to be served …………………….. 29.3
—Electronic…………………………………………………… 29.3
—Federal agency, offcer, or employee …………. 29.4(a)
—Governor and State Attorney General in
original actions ………………………………………….. 17.3
—Mail …………………………………………………………… 29.3
—Personal service…………………………………………. 29.3
—Solicitor General where constitutionality of
congressional act in issue ………………………….. 29.4(b)
—Solicitor General where United States or
federal agency, offcer, or employee is party 29.4(a)
—State Attorney General where constitution-
ality of state statute in issue …………………….. 29.4(c)
Proof of service, form …………………………………………. 29.5
When required
Amicus curiae briefs and motions ……………. 37.5
—Appeals ………………………………………………….. 18.1–18.5, 18.8, 18.10
—Applications to individual Justices …………… 22.2, 22.4
—Briefs on merits ……………………………………….. 25.8
—Certiorari, petitions for writ of…………………. 12.3, 12.5, 12.6
—Dismissal of cases …………………………………….. 46.2(a)
—Extension of time, applications for …………… 30.3, 30.4
—Extraordinary writs…………………………………… 20.2, 20.3(b)
In forma pauperis proceedings ……………….. 39.4
—Joint appendix …………………………………………… 26.1–26.4
—Motions, in general …………………………………… 21.3
—Original actions …………………………………………. 17.3, 17.5–17.7
Pro hac vice, motions to argue …………………. 6.3
—Rehearing ………………………………………………….. 44.1, 44.2
—Reply briefs ………………………………………………. 15.6
—Supplemental briefs…………………………………… 15.8
RULES OF THE SUPREME COURT 79
Rule
SESSIONS OF COURT
Hours of open sessions …………………………………………. 4.1
Opening of Term ………………………………………………….. 4.1
Recesses……………………………………………………………….. 4.3
SOLICITOR GENERAL
Amicus curiae brief for United States ………………. 37.4
Documents, cover color ………………………………………… 33.1(e)
Service on
—When constitutionality of congressional act
in issue……………………………………………………….. 29.4(b)
—When  United  States  or  federal  offce,
agency, offcer, or employee is party…………. 29.4(a)
STATE COURTS
Certiorari to review judgments of ………………………. 10
District of Columbia Court of Appeals………………… 47
Habeas corpus, exhaustion of remedies ……………… 20.4(a)
Mandate, issuance of…………………………………………….. 45.2
Puerto Rico Supreme Court ……………………………….. 47
STAYS
Bond, supersedeas………………………………………………… 23.4
Considerations governing application ………………….. 23.3
Judgment, enforcement of ……………………………………. 23.2
Justices
—Authority to grant …………………………………….. 23.1
—Presentation to individual Justices……………. 22.1
—Referral to Court ………………………………………. 22.5
Mandate
—Pending rehearing ……………………………………. 45.2
—Pending review …………………………………………. 23.4
STIPULATIONS
Dismissal of appeal by parties……………………………… 18.5
Mandate, issuance of…………………………………………….. 45.2
SUBSTITUTIONS
Counsel…………………………………………………………………. 9.2
Parties ………………………………………………………………….. 35.1, 35.3
Public offcers ……………………………………………………… 35.3
Successor custodians, habeas corpus proceedings .. 36.2
SUMMONS
Form of process ……………………………………………………. 45.1
Service in original action……………………………………… 17.6
SUPERSEDEAS BONDS
Application to stay enforcement of judgment……… 23.4
  • RULES OF THE SUPREME COURT
Rule
TERM
Call of cases for argument …………………………………… 27
Cases pending on docket at end of Term …………….. 3
Commencement of………………………………………………… 3
TIME REQUIREMENTS
Computation of time…………………………………………….. 30.1
Documents fled with Clerk ………………………………… 29.2
Oral argument …………………………………………………….. 28.3
Substitution of parties ………………………………………… 35.1
Time to fle
Amicus curiae briefs ……………………………….. 37.2, 37.3
—Appeals………………………………………………………. 18.1
—Briefs in opposition……………………………………. 15.3
—Briefs on merits…………………………………………. 25.1–25.6, 30.3
—Certifed questions, briefs on merits…………. 19.5
—Certiorari, petitions for writ of…………………. 13, 30.2, 30.3
—Jurisdictional statements ………………………….. 18.3, 30.2, 30.3
—Motions to dismiss or to affrm appeal ……… 18.6
—Rehearing, petitions for…………………………… 30.3, 44.1, 44.2, 44.4
—Requests for divided argument ……………….. 28.4
—Response in support of petitioner …………….. 12.6
—Responses to motions………………………………… 21.4
—Word limits, application to exceed…………….. 33.1(d)
TRANSCRIPT OF RECORD—See also Records
Cost………………………………………………………………………. 43.3
TRANSLATIONS
Foreign-language material in record ………………….. 31
UNITED STATES
Amicus curiae ……………………………………………………… 37.4
Briefs, cover color ………………………………………………… 33.1(e)
Costs allowed for or against ……………………………….. 43.5
Service
—On federal agency, offcer, or employee…….. 29.4(a)
—On Solicitor General ………………………………….. 29.4(a), (b)
UNITED STATES REPORTS
Publication of Court’s opinions…………………………….. 41
VETERANS
Suits by ……………………………………………………………….. 40.1
WAIVER
Brief in opposition, right to fle ………………………….. 15.5
Costs allowed for or against United States ………… 43.5
Motion to dismiss appeal or affrm, right to fle ….. 18.7
RULES OF THE SUPREME COURT 81
Rule
WRITS
Certiorari……………………………………………………………… 10–16
Common-law certiorari ………………………………………… 20.6
Extraordinary ………………………………………………………. 20
Habeas corpus………………………………………………………. 20.4
Mandamus…………………………………………………………….. 20.3
Prohibition……………………………………………………………. 20.3