Judicial Dictionary

Clone

To generate identical copies of a region of a DNA molecule or to generate genetically identical copies of a cell, or organism;

The identical molecule, cell, or organism that results from the cloning process.

In reference to DNA: To clone a gene, one finds the region where the gene resides on the DNA and copies that section of the DNA using laboratory techniques.
In reference to cells grown in a tissue culture dish: a clone is a line of cells that is genetically identical to the originating cell. This cloned line is produced by cell division (mitosis) of the original cell.

In reference to organisms: Many natural clones are produced by plants and (mostly invertebrate) animals. The term clone may also be used to refer to an animal produced by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) or parthenogenesis.

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Categories: Judicial Dictionary