Criminal

Murder and Murder Trial

  • Accused charged U/S 149 IPC read with Secs 302 & 307 and no individual charge U/S 302 or 307 framed against accused for his individual act—The charge suffered from a serious lacuna - Suraj Pal Versus State of Uttar Pradesh - 01-03-1955 - The opinion of prosecuting authorities that murder in question should have been attributed to a witness and not accused is irrelevant for trial of accused and should not have been placed on record.
  • Aggravating circumstances - VASANTA SAMPAT DUPARE Vs. STATE OF MAHARASHTRA [SC]
  • Ashoksinh Jayendrasinh Vs. State of Gujarat – 07/05/19 - Section 302 IPC read with Section 34 IPC- Life imprisonment converted into acquittal by giving benefit of doubt-Supreme Court would be slow to interfere with the concurrent findings of the courts below. In an appeal under Article 136 of the Constitution of India, concurrent findings of fact cannot be interfered with unless shown to be perverse (vide Mahesh Dattatray Thirthkar v. State of Maharashtra (2009) 11 SCC 141). Where the appreciation of evidence is erroneous, the Supreme Court would certainly appreciate the evidence.
  • Atul Thakur Vs. State of Himachal Pradesh etc [SC 2018 JANUARY] - KEYWORDS:-MURDER-The number of wounds caused by the appellant, it is a well established position, by itself cannot be a decisive factor. DATE:- January 19, 2018. Thus, it is a case of homicidal death. […]
  • Cases where charge u/s 302 IPC was converted into section 304 IPC by Supreme Court - following decisions wherein the case under section 302 IPC was converted into section 304 IPC. (1) Abdul Nawaz v. State of West Bengal reported in , 2012 (6) SCC 581 (2) Ankush […]
  • DEATH PENALTY IN INDIA - INDIAN COURTS ARE VERY SELECTIVE AND CHOOSY ON IMPOSING DEATH PENALTY
  • Difference between “murder” which is not an accident and “murder” which is an accident - In Rita Devi v. New India Assurance Company Ltd., reported in AIR 2000 SC 1930 The question,  is can murder be an accident in any given case ? There is no doubt […]
  • Difference between Murder and Manslaughter under the USA Law - (a) Murder is the unlawful killing of a human being with malice aforethought. Every murder perpetrated by poison, lying in wait, or any other kind of willful, deliberate, malicious, and premeditated killing; […]
  • Dinubhai Boghabhai Solanki Vs. State of Gujarat & Ors[SC 2017] - KEYWORDS- Murder-de novo trial-Rights of victim in criminal trial There is a discernible paradigm shift in the criminal justice system in India which keeps in mind the interests of victims as well. […]
  • Govind Singh Vs. State of Chhattisgarh - Murder-The entire occurrence was in a spur of the moment. There was a quarrel between the father and daughter as to where the bulb is to be put on. In the sudden quarrel and in the spur of the moment, the appellant threw the chimney lamp on his daughter. The occurrence was sudden and there was no premeditation. The chimney lamp was burning there which the appellant had picked up and thrown on the deceased. Since the occurrence was in a sudden quarrel and there was no premeditation, the act of the accused would fall under Exception 4 to Section 300.
  • Govindaswamy v. State of Kerala [ ALL SC 2016 SEPTEMBER] - KEYWORDS:-RAPE AND MURDER-INTENTION-VICTIM NOT DIED INSTANTLY DATE: September 15, 2016 To hold that the accused is liable under Section 302 IPC what is required is an intention to cause death or knowledge that […]
  • Guru @ Gurubaran & Ors. Vs. State represented by Inspector of Police 27/09/2019 - Section 302, Indian Penal Code -the accused can only be held guilty of having committed the offence under Section 324 IPC. He has already undergone imprisonment for around 11 years and, therefore, his conviction under Section 302 IPC is altered to Section 324 IPC and the sentence is reduced to the period of incarceration already undergone.
  • Gurwinder Singh @ Sonu Etc. Vs. State of Punjab and ANR [ALL SC 2018 MAY] - KEYWORD: MURDER CONVICTION DATE: May 08, 2018 ACTS: Section 304 Part-I IPC HELD: “the deceased sustained head injuries with multiple fractures, right fronto temporal and temporo parietal region infarct in the right fronto temporo […]
  • In the scheme of the IPC culpable homicide is genus and `murder’ its species. - All `murder' is `culpable homicide' but not vice-versa. Speaking generally, `culpable homicide' sans 'special characteristics of murder is culpable homicide not amounting to murder'. For the purpose of fixing punishment, proportionate to the gravity of the generic offence, the IPC practically recognizes three degrees of culpable homicide. The first is, what may be called, `culpable homicide of the first degree'. This is the gravest form of culpable homicide, which is defined in Section 300 as `murder'.
  • Issac @ Kishor Vs. Ronald Cheriyan and Ors.[SC 2018 January] - KEYWORDS:-Setting aside  acquittal-302 IPC -MURDER-High Court in interfering with a finding of acquittal in revision- DATE:- January 23, 2018 In appeal against acquittal, in exceptional circumstances, the High Court may set aside the […]
  • Kailash Gour and Others Vs State of Assam [SC 2011 December] - KEYWORDS : Communal disturbance-Delay- murder acquittal DATE:- 15-12-2011- Every accused is presumed to be innocent unless his guilt is proved. The Presumption of innocence is human right. Subject to the statutory exceptions, the said […]
  • Kamlakar Vs. State of Maharashtra-31/05/19 - Section 302 & Section 147, 148 of Indian Penal Code- Supreme Court not interfered when having reappreciated the evidence to the extent it is required and a detailed perusal of the judgment passed by the Sessions Court as also the High Court would indicate that both the Courts have adverted to the evidence in detail and have ultimately arrived at the conclusion and when the concurrent judgment based upon the evidence have found the appellant to be guilty of the charge alleged against him in committing the murder and had convicted him under Section 302 of the Indian Penal Code.
  • Karuppanna Gounder Vs. State represented by the Inspector of Police – 17/09/2019 - Accused acquitted : The question is whether the death of the deceased could be attributed to the injury caused by the appellant A1. The appellant is alleged to have used the Sammatti […]
  • Mani Vs. State of Kerala and Others-1/4/2019 - Offence of Murder - In view of sudden fight without any premeditation, the conviction of the appellant for an offence under Section 302 is not made out. The cause of death of the deceased is knife blow on the chest of the deceased-Soman. Such injury is with the knowledge that such injury is likely to cause death, but without any intention to cause death. Thus, the death of Soman is a culpable homicide not amounting to murder as the death has occurred in heat of passion upon a sudden quarrel falling within Exception 4 of Section 300 of IPC. Therefore, it is an offence punishable under Section 304 Part I, IPC.
  • Mere presence in an unlawful assembly cannot render a person liable unless there was a common object u/s 141 I.P.C - CRIMINAL - Section 302 read with Section 149 - the FIR was registered on 12.08.1989 but was forwarded to the Magistrate only on 16.08.1989, after a delay of 4 days, becomes significant in light of the inconsistencies in the story of the prosecution with respect to the appellant. It appears that the appellant was roped in as an accused, due to the inimical relationship between the parties which clearly emanates from the record. [ MARCH 29 2019 ]
  • Mohd. Aslam Versus State of Rajasthan- 07/06/2011 - conversion of offence against the Appellant Md. aslam from Section 302 read with 34 Indian Penal Code to 304 Part-I read with 34 Indian Penal Code and convict him to undergo rigorous imprisonment for a period of ten years with fine of ` 5000/-.
  • Mohd. Aslam Versus State of U.P. -12/02/1974 - We think that the High Court would have been well advised, having regard to the age of the appellant and also the circumstances of the crime, to have reduced the sentence to one of life imprisonment.
  • Munawwar Vs. State of Uttar Pradesh-16/07/19 - Murder and kidnapping of a seven-year old-The identity of the kidnappers been established. There is direct evidence in the form of ocular testimonies, which establish accused persons had kidnapped and had held […]
  • Murder Conviction upheld-accused failed to explain presence of blood on his clothes and recovery on his instance - 01-10-2018- The High Court has rightly held that motive stood established because of the grudge that the appellant nursed against his father with regard to agricultural lands. The evidence of PW-2 and […]
  • MURDER TRIAL IN INDIA - How to handle a Murder Trial
  • Police officer got seven years of enhanced punishment for killing by using Third Degree - In the facts and circumstances of this case’ the punishment of three year imprisonment imposed by the Trial Court under Section 330 of IPC’ would be grossly insufficient and disproportional. We deem […]
  • Ram Chander & Ors.  VS State of Haryana[SC 2017 JANUARY] - KEYWORDS: Murder- Expert Evidence Merely because no expert opinion was obtained to prove as to whether bones recovered were human or animal bones, in our view, would not weaken the case of […]
  • Ramesh Dasu Chauhan and Another Vs. State of Maharashtra-04/07/19 - Evidence Act-There is no gainsaying that confession made to a police officer cannot be proved as against a person accused of any offence and no confession made by a person while in police custody except made in the immediate presence of a Magistrate, can be proved against him in view of embargo created by Sections 25 and 26 of the Evidence Act. Section 27 of the Act nevertheless carves out an exception as it provides that when any fact is deposed to as discovered in consequence of information received from a person accused of any offence while he is in police custody, "so much of such information", regardless of it being a confession or not, may be proved, if it relates distinctly to the fact thereby discovered.
  • Ramvir Vs. State of Uttar Pradesh [ALL SC 2018 OCTOBER] - MURDER-Acquittal of the accused. DATE: October 26, 2018. ACT: Section 148/149 read with Section 302 IPC SUPREME COURT OF INDIA Ramvir Vs. State of Uttar Pradesh [Criminal Appeal No. 183 of 2013] Abhay Manohar […]
  • Section 300 of Indian Penal Code: When Killing is not Murder - 300. Murder.—Except in the cases hereinafter excepted, culpable homicide is murder, if the act by which the death is caused is done with the intention of causing death, or— (Secondly) —If it […]
  • Sentencing Policy set by Supreme Court - Santosh Kumar Satishbhushan Bariyar vs. the State of Maharashtra (2009) 6 SCC 498, Apex Court held the nature, motive, and impact of crime, culpability, quality of evidence, socioeconomic circumstances, impossibility of rehabilitation and some of the factors, the Court may take into consideration while dealing with such cases.
  • Sita Ram Vs. State of NCT of Delhi – 09/07/19 - Sections 302 and 323 read with 34 of the I.P.C.- the occurrence was without premeditation and sudden fight between the parties started in the heat of passion upon a sudden quarrel. The occurrence happened when deceased as his way back home questioned the accused as to his conduct of tapping electricity from the pole. He was not pre-armed and other accused were also not pre-armed. Though, deceased has sustained as many as nine injuries, except injury no(s).1 to 3 which are the injuries caused on the head and all other injuries are on the hand, shoulder, arms etc. Considering the nature of the injuries sustained by deceased, it cannot be said that the accused and other accused have taken undue advantage of deceased in attacking him. Having regard to the facts and circumstances of the case, the conviction under Section 302 read with 34 I.P.C. deserves to be modified under Section 304 Part II I.P.C.
  • State of Madhya Pradesh Vs. Kalicharan & Ors-31/05/19 - Section 302/149 of the IPC & Section 304 Part II of the IPC- it was a case of free fight,  the weapon used by the accused was Farsa and he caused the injury on the vital part of the body i.e. head which proved to be fatal and again the evidence on record, more particularly, the medical evidence and the manner in which the incident took place, the accused should have been held guilty for the offence under Section 304 Part I and not 304 Part II of the IPC.
  • State of Rajasthan Versus Shera Ram @ Vishnu Dutta [All SC 2011 December] - KEYWORDS:-Murder acquittal (2011) 13 SCALE 140 (SUPREME COURT OF INDIA) State of Rajasthan Appellant Versus Shera Ram @ Vishnu Dutta Respondent (Before : Swatanter Kumar and Ranjana Prakash Desai, JJ.) Criminal Appeal […]
  • Tularam Vs. State of Madhya Pradesh-2/5/2018 - MURDER-DISTINCTION BETWEEN MURDER AND CULPABLE HOMICIDE EXPLAINED-Section 300 of the IPC explains what is murder and it provides that culpable homicide is murder if the act by which the death is caused is done with the intention of causing death or the act complained of is so imminently dangerous that it must in all probability cause death or "such bodily injury as is likely to cause death.
  • What is a “Rarest of Rare Case”? - Jagmohan Singh v. State of U.P [1973] Bachan Singh v. State of Punjab [1980] Machhi Singh v. State of Punjab [1982] Mithu v. State of Punjab [1983] State of Punjab v. Harchet […]
  • Whether facts of last seen together by itself lead to inference that the accused committed the murder - The circumstance of last seen together does not by itself and necessarily lead to the inference that it was the accused who committed the crime. There must be something more establishing connectivity between the accused and the crime. There may be cases where on account of close proximity of place and time between the event of the accused having been last seen with the deceased and the factum of death a rational mind may be persuaded to reach an irresistible conclusion that either the accused should explain how and in what circumstances the victim suffered the death or should own the liability for the homicide. In the present case there is no such proximity of time and place

 

Categories: Criminal