Labour Laws

Employment laws—introduced in response to market failures including worker exploitation, discrimination in hiring and working policies, and unfair dismissal practices—are vital to worker well-being. At the same time, firms should also be free to conduct their business in the most efficient way possible. When labor regulation is too cumbersome for the private sector, economies experience higher unemployment—most pronounced among youth and female workers. With fewer formal job opportunities, workers turn to the informal sector. Flexible labor regulation provides workers with the opportunity to choose their jobs and working hours more freely, which in turn increases labor force participation.

Although labor laws provide essential protections to workers, firms should not have to confront overly burdensome regulation. By changing restrictive labor regulation, economies could better adjust to fast-changing market conditions and dynamic work environments, generating positive outcomes that include smaller informal sectors, increased employment, and higher growth. Reinstating the option of fixed-term contracts would boost youth employment. Similarly, miscalculated changes to the minimum wage could lead to a decline in employment. Easing redundancy procedures facilitates businesses in allocating resources more efficiently, while revising legal restrictions on nonstandard working hours allows both employers and employees to maintain competitiveness. [World Bank Doing-Business-2020]

Categories: INDEX, Labour Laws

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