12. An offence ordinarily signifies a public wrong: it is an act or omission which is a crime against society: it may therefore be brought to the notice of the court by any person, even if he is not personally aggrieved by the act or omission. To that rule there are certain exception which are specified in Sections 195, 196, 197, 198, 198-A of the Code of Criminal Procedure and other special statutes. Authority of courts to entertain complaints in respect of the offences so specified is barred in view of the special nature of the offence which vitally affect individuals only or public bodies and in the larger interest of society it is deemed expedient to exempt them from the general rule.

Rama Rao And Anr. vs Narayan And Anr – 20/12/1968