Cell Biology

Cell biology studies the physiological properties of cells, as well as their behaviors, interactions, and environment. This is done both on a microscopic and molecular level.

Cell biology researches both single-celled organisms like bacteria and specialized cells in multicellular organisms like humans.

What is it:

• Describe the process by which carbohydrates, lipids and proteins are assembled from
monomers and identify their functional roles in the eukaryotic cell.
• Describe the structure and function of the organelles found in eukaryotic cells,
demonstrating an appreciation for the overall architecture of the cell.
• Identify the components of biological membranes, including the various types of
membrane proteins.
• Explain the fluid mosaic model and describe how membranes exhibit selective
• Understand the role of ATP as the energy currency in the cell and appreciate its
importance for driving cellular work.
• List the key products and features of glycolysis, the citric acid cycle, and oxidative
phosphorylation and understand the flow of energy through the entire process.
• Recall the steps relating to cell division, understanding what cellular processes happen
at each step, and describe the control mechanisms for the process.
• Understand the mechanism by which a signal is transmitted into the cell via G protein
Coupled Receptors and Tyrosine Kinase Receptors.
• List several examples of second messengers and describe how each is involved in
signal transduction pathways.

Introduction to Cell Biology

Biological macromolecules and membrane structure
Mitochondria, metabolism and energy production
Cytoplasmic membrane systems: structure, function and membrane trafficking
The cytoskeleton and cell motility
Nucleus structure and function
Cell signalling and signal transduction: Communication between cells
Cellular reproduction


Mitosis and Meiosis
Patterns of Inheritance
Human Genetics
DNA: The Genetic Material
Genes and How They Work
Regulation of Gene Expression; Mutation
Gene Technology

In-depth Cell Biology 

Cell division • Organelle biogenesis and inheritance • Cytoskeleton • Signal transduction • Cell motility • Cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions • Cell shape changes • Metabolism • Protein sorting and trafficking • Cell wall and cell membrane biogenesis • Nutrients and growth control.

 Study of Cancer Cell

  1. Cancer gene discovery
  2. Tumorigenesis
  3. Cancer therapy and resistance
  4. Oncogenes
  5. Tumor suppressor genes
  6. Cancer models
  7. Growth control and cell proliferation
  8. Metastasis
  9. Cell proliferation
  10. Cell death
  11. Cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions
  12. Microenvironment
  13. DNA repair and replication
  14. Transcription
  15. Chromosome stability
  16. Metabolism
  17. Immunology and cancer
  18. Immunotherapy
  19. Cancer stem cells


Genes • Gene editing • Heredity• Evolution • Genetic variability • Phenotypic variability • Horizontal gene transfer • Meiosis • Recombination • Epigenetics • DNA repair and replication • Chromosome segregation • Cell division • Gene regulation • Development • Aging • Pathogenesis • Cancer • Disease


Categories: Biology

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