Church and Religion

Church and Religion
  1. Avatar- Intervention by Hindu supreme Being in a cosmic catastrophe or restoration of creation in its pure form.
  2. Abecedarian – A 16th-century sect of Anabaptists centered in Germany who had an absolute disdain for human knowledge
  3. Albigenses, Cathars, Cathari – a Christian religious sect in southern France in the 12th and 13th centuries; believers in Albigensianism
  4. Amish sect – an orthodox Anabaptist sect separated from the Mennonites in late 17th century; settled chiefly in southeastern Pennsylvania
  5. Apocalyptic hero – Christ, Messiah, Mehadi, and Kalki, who shall restore the lost glory
  6. Apologetic – justifying a wrong in a logical and scholarly manner.
  7. Armenian Church, Armenian Apostolic Orthodox Church – an independent Christian church established in Armenia since 300; was influenced by both Roman and Byzantine traditions; headed by a catholicos
  8. Augustinian Canons – an Augustinian monastic order
  9. Augustinian Hermits – a monastic order of friars established in 1256 by the Pope
  10. Augustinian order – any of several monastic orders observing a rule derived from the writings of St. Augustine
  11. Austin Friars – an Augustinian monastic order
  12. Benedictine order, the order of Saint Benedict – a Roman Catholic monastic order founded in the 6th century; noted for liturgical worship and for scholarly activities
  13. Bhagavad Gita – Instruction issued Avatar Krishna to  Arjuna
  14. Bible – Christian manual
  15. Brahmanism, Brahminism – the religious and social system of Hindu orthodoxy
  16. Brethren – plural the lay members of a male religious order
  17. Buddhism – a religion represented by the many groups especially in Asia that profess various forms of the Buddhist doctrine and that venerate Buddha
  18. Cargo cult – Melanesia one of several millenarian cults that believe salvation will come in the form of wealth `cargo’ brought by Westerners; some ascribe divine attributes to Westerners on the first contact especially to missionaries.
  19. Carmelite order, Order of Our Lady of Mount Carmel – a Roman Catholic mendicant order founded in the 12th century
  20. Carthusian order – an austere contemplative Roman Catholic order founded by St. Bruno in 1084
  21. Catholic Church – any of several churches claiming to have maintained historical continuity with the original Christian Church
  22. Church universal- utopian concept and imagery of all Christians are united under a single entity
  23. Church, Christian church -one of the groups of Christians who have their own beliefs and forms of worship
  24. Churchism, Church politics – View that only church cand help the poor and people are saved within the church.
  25. Clear itself of past painful experiences through self-knowledge and spiritual fulfillment
  26. Communism – Utopian concept of equal distribution of the means of production under the dictatorship of the labour class.
  27. Conservative Judaism – Jews who keep some of the requirements of the Mosaic Law but allow for adaptation of other requirements as some of the dietary laws to fit modern circumstances
  28. Coptic Church – the ancient Christian church of Egypt
  29. Cult – adherents of an exclusive system of religious beliefs and practices
  30. Dominican order – a Roman Catholic order of mendicant preachers founded in the 13th century
  31. Eastern Church, Byzantine Church – the Catholic Church as it existed in the Byzantine Empire
  32. Established church – the church that is recognized as the official church of a nation
  33. Franciscan order – a Roman Catholic order founded by Saint Francis of Assisi in the 13th century
  34. Gazba -e-hind – Pakistan shall conquer India and all Hindus shall be converted to Islam
  35. Ghar wapasi – bringing back a candidate to the original faith
  36. Greek Orthodox Church, Greek Church-state church of Greece; an autonomous part of the Eastern Orthodox Church
  37. Hare Krishna, International Society for Krishna Consciousness, ISKCON – a religious sect founded in the United States in 1966; based on Vedic scriptures; groups engage in joyful chanting of ` Hare Krishna’ and other mantras based on the name of the Hindu god Krishna; devotees usually wear saffron robes and practice vegetarianism and celibacy
  38. Haredi – any of several sects of Orthodox Judaism that reject modern secular culture and many of whom do not recognize the spiritual authority of the modern state of Israel
  39. Hasidim, Hassidim, Chasidim, Chassidim – a sect of Orthodox Jews who follow the Mosaic Law strictly
  40. Heretic – an opponent
  41. High Church, High Anglican Church – a group in the Anglican Church that emphasizes the Catholic tradition especially in sacraments and rituals and obedience to church authority
  42. Hinayana – a major school of Buddhism teaching personal salvation through one’s own efforts
  43. Hinduism, Hindooism – the predominant religion of India; also called Sanatan dharma, Law of karma  and belief in reincarnation
  44. Islam, Islamism, Muslimism, Muhammadanism, Mohammedanism, Mohammedanism – the religion of Muslims collectively which governs their civilization and way of life; the predominant religion of northern Africa, the Middle East, Pakistan, and Indonesia
  45. Jainism – A Hindu philosophical school founded in the 6th century BCE believing in the person and work of Tirthankars as redeemer. Later two branches Swetambara and Digambara developed.
  46. Jesuit order, Society of Jesus – a Roman Catholic order founded by Saint Ignatius of Loyola in 1534 to defend Catholicism against the Reformation and to do missionary work among the heathen
  47. Judaism, Hebraism, Jewish religion – Jews collectively who practice a religion based on the Torah and the Talmud
  48. Khalsa – the group of initiated Sikhs to which devout orthodox Sikhs are ritually admitted at puberty; founded by the tenth and last Guru in 1699
  49. Kokka Shinto, Kokka – the branch of Shinto recognized as the official state religion of Japan
  50. Lost coin – a candidate who repudiate his/her father`s religion
  51. Mahayana – a major school of Buddhism teaching social concern and universal salvation; China; Japan; Tibet; Nepal; Korea; Mongolia
  52. Nestorian Church – a Christian Church in the Middle East that followed Nestorianism; there is still a small Nestorian Church in Iraq headed by a catholicos.
  53. Old Catholic Church – Catholic churches that broke away from the Roman Catholic Church in the 18th century
  54. Order, monastic order – a group of person living under a religious rule; “the order of Saint Benedict”
  55. Orthodox – derived from the Byzantine Church and adhering to Byzantine rites
  56. Orthodox Church, Orthodox Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church, Eastern Church, Eastern
  57. Orthodox Judaism, Jewish Orthodoxy – Jews who strictly observe the Mosaic Law as interpreted in the Talmud
  58. Pentecostal religion – any fundamentalist Protestant church that uses revivalistic methods to achieve experiences comparable to the Pentecostal experiences of the first Christian disciples
  59. Protestant Church, Protestant – the Protestant churches and denominations collectively
  60. Quran – Instruction issued by Muhammad to his followers
  61. Ramakrishna Mission – A Hindu church organised by Swami Vivekananda around the life and work of Ramakrishna Paramhansa.
  62. Reform Judaism – the most liberal Jews; Jews who do not follow the Talmud strictly but try to adapt all of the historical forms of Judais m to the modern world
  63. Religious Society of Friends, Society of Friends, Quakers – a Christian sect founded by George Fox about 1660; commonly called Quakers
  64. Roman Catholic, Western Church, Roman Catholic Church, Church of Rome, Roman Church – the Christian Church headquartered in the Vatican and presided over by a pope and an episcopal hierarchy
  65. Russian Orthodox Church – an independent church with its own Patriarch; until 1917 it was the established church or Russia
  66. Sanghism – Neo classical universal church based on the faith of Hinduttva- Hindu supremacy, Hindu land restoration, the brotherhood of members and common patriarchy of Indian Muslims and Christians.
  67. Scientology, Church of Scientology – a new religion founded by L. Ron Hubbard in 1955 and characterized by a belief in the power of a person’s spirit to
  68. A sect, religious sect, religious order – a subdivision of a larger religious group
  69. Shakers, United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Appearing – a celibate and communistic Christian sect in the United States
  70. Shaktism, Saktism – a Hindu sect worshiping Shakti
  71. Shiah, Shia, Shiah Islam, the Shiites – one of the two main branches of orthodox Islam; mainly in Iran
  72. Shinto – the native religion and former ethnic cult of Japan
  73. Shivaism, Sivaism – a Hindu sect worshiping Shiva
  74. Shuha Shinto, Shua – any branch of Shinto other than Kokka
  75. Sisterhood – a religious society of sisters especially an order of nuns or widow of Jesus
  76. Sunni, the Sunnites – one of the two main branches of orthodox Islam
  77. Tantrism – movement within Buddhism combining elements of Hinduism and paganism
  78. Taoism – a Chinese sect claiming to follow the teaching of Laotzu but incorporating pantheism and sorcery in addition to Taoism
  79. Taoism – religion adhering to the teaching of Lao-tzu
  80. Thanksgiving – money purse for Christian church leaders
  81. Theology- the statement of the Christian church
  82. Tithe- Christian church tax
  83. Uniat Church, Uniate Church – any of several churches in eastern Europe or the Middle East that acknowledge papal authority but retain their own liturgy
  84. Unification Church – a Christian church with some Buddhist elements founded in 1954 by Sun Myung Moon and known for staging mass weddings and other communal activities
  85. Vaishnavism, Vaisnavism – Hindu sect worshiping of Vishnu
  86. Vicariate, vicarship – the religious institution under the authority of a vicar, vicar of christ deputy of christ or a bishop
  87. Zen, Zen Buddhism -school of Mahayana Buddhism asserting that enlightenment can come through meditation and intuition rather than faith; China and Japan
  88. Zurvanism – a Zoroastrian sect that claims Zurvan was the ultimate source of the universe