The new Constitution of the European Union, its influence on the national legal systems, and the relations of the national courts, in particular the national constitutional courts,  with the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg. I. Preliminary remarks 1. The development of the European constitution is going through a period of profound change. In the past, and to this day, the state […]

The doctrine of separation of Powers was first recognised by Aristotle in his work «Πολιτικά» «On Politics» 25 centuries ago. Much later, it was further developed by Montesquieu in his work «De l’ esprit des Lois». Today, the separation of Powers is considered as a necessary ingredient of Democracy and of the Rule of Law. Separation of Powers means that […]

The doctrine of Stare Decisis i.e. the Principle of Binding Precedent of Judgments of Superior Courts over Lower Courts, is deeply rooted in the English Common Law. The fact that the Common Law is mainly Judge made law,the Existence of a Hierarchy of Courts and the need for certainty, led the Superior Courts in England to establish the above cardinal […]

Ο Ευρωπαϊκός Κώδικας Ορθής Διοικητικής Συμπεριφοράς Der Europäische Kodex für gute Verwaltungspraxis Le Code européen de bonne conduite administrative Il Codice europeo di buona condotta amministrativa The Code approved by the European Parliament contains the following substantive provisions  : Article 1 General provision In their relations with the public, the institutions and their officials shall respect the principles which are […]

European Community defined good governance, in the Partnership Agreement between the States of the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group and the European Community as follows: “In the context of a political and institutional environment that upholds human rights, democratic principles and the rule of law, good governance is the transparent and accountable management of human, natural, economic and financial resources […]

Chief of Army: General Manoj Mukund Naravane on Tuesday took over as the 28th Chief of Army Staff, helming the 1.3 million-strong force at a time India faces evolving security challenges such as cross-border terrorism and an assertive Chinese military along the border. He has been serving Indian army for 37 years and recipient of ‘Vishisht Seva Medal’. He was […]

Year-End Review: Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER) Dated On: 30 DEC 2019 Major Achievements of the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER) during the calendar year 2019 are as follows: NLCPR/NESIDS/Special Packages/SIDF/HADP In December 2017, Government of India approved North East Special Infrastructure Development Scheme (NESIDS) to meet the gaps in social & physical infrastructure […]

Department of Space Date: 30 DEC 2019  Following are the initiatives of the Department of Space during the year 2019: Missions and Project Related Activities ISRO has successfully accomplished 13missionsincluding06 launch vehicle missions and07 satellite missions during the year 2019. 50 foreign satellites from 07countries were launched on a commercial basis during this period. PSLV-C44 successfully launched Microsat-R and Kalamsat-V2 […]

The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran advances the cultural, social, political, and economic institutions of Iranian society based on Islamic principles and norms, which represent an honest aspiration of the Islamic Ummah. This aspiration was exemplified by the nature of the great Islamic Revolution of Iran, and by the course of the Muslim people’s struggle, from its beginning […]

Ministry of Defence 27-December, 2019 2019 was a year full of remarkable events for Ministry of Defence.In a landmark decision with tremendous reform in higher defence management in the country, the Government has approved to create the post of Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) in the rank of a four-star General with salary and perquisites equivalent to a Service Chief. […]

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