Administrative law violation (misdemeanour) is culpable (intended or careless) action or idle activity which infringe on the public order, property, the rights and the freedoms of citizens, the set procedure of management and which according to the law should bear administrative responsibility.
Administrative penalty is a measure of responsibility which is applied with the purpose of upbringing a person who has committed administrative infringement of the law in the spirit of observing the Ukraine’s laws, respect to the rules of cohabitation and warning against new law violations by a wrong doer itself and other persons.
Criminal Code of Ukraine is the legal norms set by the highest body of legislative power which identifies what public actions should be considered as criminal and what kind of punishment should be used against the persons who committed them.
Crime is identified as an action which infringes the Criminal Law of Ukraine, its political and economic systems, property, person, political, labour, ownership and other rights and freedoms of citizens and socially dangerous actions which encroach on law and order and other activities forbidden by the criminal law.
The number of identified crimes are the officially identified socially dangerous actions which according to the Criminal Code.
Intended crime occurs when a person that committed it has been aware of the socially dangerous nature of his actions or idling. A person should have foreseen the socially dangerous after-effects or consciously assumed the manifestation of these after-effects.
Severe crimes are intended crimes that have a heightened social danger.
Responsibilities of minors: persons aged 16 or older can have criminal responsibilities if they committed a crime. Persons who have committed a crime at the age of 14–16 are also subject to criminal responsibilities for: murder, intentional infliction of body injures that caused the worsening of health, rape, theft, robbery, brigandage, malicious or specially malicious hooliganism, intentional destruction or damage to the property that led to the heavy after-effects and for intentional actions which could cause a train crash.
Narcotics are medical preparations and substances (barbamil, codeine, morphine, omnopone, phenamin, ephedrone, etc) and also plants or their parts that contain drug substances (different brand of hemp, poppies or poppy straw, etc).
Psychotrophic substances are some psychic substances that are included into a List of drugs (DET, DMT, LSD, mescaline, alphitamin, amobarbital, etc). Precursors are toxic substances (phenil-acetone, ephedrine, calium-permanganat). From February, 1995 criminal punishment has been introduced for activities related to illegal turnover of precursors.
Crime rate – the number of registered crimes per 100 thsd. average annual present population.
Conviction rate – the number of convicted persons (by Court’s decisions that became legal) per 10%. average annual present population.
Fire is uncontrolled burning outside special bonfire that spreads in time and space.
The State fire supervision refers to fire protection of communities and objects, coordination of activities of ministries, other central bodies of executive power dealing with improvements to fire protection that is secured by Department for Prevention of Disasters and State Supervision (Control) of the State Service of Ukraine of Emergencies.
Source: Govt of Ukraine
Categories: Law of Ukraine