BabylonCIVIL

List of the Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses

Mesopotamians used to worship multiple deities as their god and goddesses. Some of them are very similar with the Vedic civilisation. Even it can be said that when the Mesopotamian- Sumerian people departed from their motherland Aryavarta , they carried with them Vedic god and godesses (Devata). They had a sense of Supreme Deity in the line of Brahman also a chief deity like Vedic Indra. Gradually with the passing of time their god and goddesses evolved as per local ethos and political regimes.

  1. Adad
  2. An/Anu
  3. Anu
  4. Anšar and Kišar
  5. Anunna
  6. Anunnaki/Anunnaku
  7. Asalluhi
  8. Asarluhi
  9. Ašimbabbar
  10. Aššur
  11. Aya
  12. Baba
  13. Bau: see Baba
  14. Belet-ili
  15. Belet-ṣeri
  16. Dagan
  17. Damu
  18. Dilimbabbar
  19. Dumuzi
  20. Ea
  21. Ellil
  22. Enki/Ea (Nudimmud)
  23. Enlil/Ellil (Nunamnir)
  24. Ereškigal
  25. Erra
  26. Geštinanna
  27. Girra
  28. Gula
  29. Haya
  30. Igigi/Igigu
  31. Inana/Ištar
  32. Iškur/Adad
  33. Ištar
  34. Ištaran
  35. Lugalerra
  36. Lugalgirra
  37. Lugalirra and Meslamtaea
  38. Marduk
  39. Meslamtaea
  40. Mother Goddess
  41. Mulliltu
  42. Mullissu
  43. Mylitta
  44. Nabu
  45. Nanaya
  46. Namma/Nammu
  47. Nanna/Suen/Sin (Dilimbabbar)
  48. Nergal
  49. Nidaba
  50. Ninazu
  51. Ningirsu
  52. Ningišzida
  53. Ninhursanga
  54. Ninisinna
  55. Ninkarrak
  56. Ninlil
  57. Ninmah
  58. Ninsi’anna
  59. Ninsumun
  60. Ninsun
  61. Ninšubur
  62. Nintud
  63. Nintur- Mother Goddess
  64. Ninurta
  65. Nisaba
  66. Nudimmud
  67. Numušda
  68. Nunamnir
  69. Nuska/Nusku
  70. Nusku
  71. Pabilsag
  72. Papsukkal
  73. Sin
  74. Suen
  75. Šala
  76. Šamaš
  77. Šerida
  78. Tašmetu
  79. Tiamat
  80. Uttu
  81. Utu/Šamaš
  82. Zababa

Reference :

  1. Abusch, T. 2002. Mesopotamian Witchcraft: Toward a History and Understanding of Babylonian Witchcraft Beliefs and Literature. Leiden: Brill/Styx.
  2. Abusch, T. 1986 “Ištar’s proposal and Gilgamesh’s refusal: an interpretation of the Gilgamesh Epic Tablet 6, lines 1-79.” History of Religions 26: 143-187.
  3. Avalos, H. 1995. Illness and Health Care in the Ancient Near East: The Role of the Temple in Mesopotamia, Greece and Israel. Atlanta: Scholars Press.
  4. Beaulieu, P.-A. 1989. The Reign of Nabonidus, King of Babylon, 556-539 B.C. New Haven; London: Yale University Press.
  5. Biggs, R. D. 1974. Inscriptions from Tell Abu Ṣalabikh. Oriental Institute Publications, 99. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  6. Charpin, D. 2010. Writing, Law, and Kingship in Old Babylonian Mesopotamia. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  7. Cunningham, G. 1997. Deliver Me From Evil: Mesopotamian Incantations 2500-1500 BC. Rome.
  8. Dalley, S. 2000. Myths from Mesopotamia : Creation, the Flood, Gilgamesh, and Others. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press.
  9. Frayne, D. 1997. The Ur III Period (2112-2004 BC). The Royal Inscriptions of Mesopotamia. Early Periods, 3/2. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
  10. George, A.R. 1992. Babylonian Topographical Texts. Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta, 40. Louvain: Peeters.
  11. Jacobsen, T. 1976. The Treasures of Darkness: A History of Mesopotamian Religion. New Haven: Yale University Press.
  12. Langdon, S.H. 1927. Babylonian Penitential Psalms to which are Added Fragments of the Epic of Creation from Kish in the Weld Collection of the Ashmolean Museum. Oxford Editions of Cuneiform Texts, 6. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

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