Theories of Judicial Review- Bibliography

Theories of Judicial Review

  1. The Normative and Legal Debate
  2. Introduction: The Problem of Judicial Review
  3. The “Activism” Debate
  4. Democracy, Reason and Neutrality
  5. Fundamental Values
  6. Reinforcing Democracy
  7. Originalism
  8. Judicial Supremacy v. Popular Constitutionalism
  9. The Countermajoritarian Court?
  10. Constructing Judicial Review
  11. Entrenchment and Judicialization
  12. Dialogues and Constraints
  13. Litigation and Impact

1- Introduction: The Problem of Judicial Review

Alexander Hamilton The Federalist Papers, No. 78
Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. (1 Cranch) 137, 163-180 (1803)
Nicholas Quinn Rosenkranz, “The Subjects of the Constitution,” Stanford Law Review 62 (2010): 1209
Edward S. Corwin The Doctrine of Judicial Review
Edward S. Corwin, The “Higher Law” Background of American Constitutional Law
William Van Alstyne “A Critical Guide to Marbury v. Madison,” Duke Law Journal 1969 (1969): 1
William Crosskey Politics and the Constitution
Charles Grove Haines The American Doctrine of Judicial Supremacy
Robert L. Clinton Marbury v. Madison and Judicial Review
Sylvia Snowiss Judicial Review and the Law of the Constitution
Coke Dr. Bonham’s Case 8 Co. 114 (C.P. 1610)
Coke Calvin’s Case 7 Co. 1, 12-14 (C.P. 1609)
Commonwealth v. Caton et al. 4 Call 5 (Va. 1782)
Kamper v. Hawkins 1 Va. Cases 20 (1793)
VanHorne’s Lessee v. Dorrance 2 U.S. (2 Dall.) 304 (1795)
Calder v. Bull 3 U.S. (3 Dall.) 386 (1798)
Eakin v. Raub 12 Serg. & Rawle 330, 344 (Pa. 1825)
Raoul Berger Congress v. the Supreme Court
David E. Engdahl, “John Marshall’s ‘Jeffersonian’ Concept of Judicial Review,” Duke Law Journal 42 (1992): 279
John Harrison, “The Constitutional Origins and Implications of Judicial Review,” Virginia Law Review 84 (1998): 333
Dean Alfange, Jr., “Marbury v. Madison & Original Understandings of Judicial Review,” The Supreme Court Review, 1993
Philip Hamburger, Law and Judicial Duty
James A. O’Fallon, “Marbury,” Stanford Law Review 44 (1992): 219
Richard Ellis The Jeffersonian Crisis
Robert K. Faulkner The Jurisprudence of John Marshall
S. Bloch & M. Marcus, “John Marshall’s Selective Use of History in Marbury,” Wisconsin Law Review 1986 (1986): 301
David Currie The Constitution in the Court: The First Hundred Years
Andrew C. McLaughlin, “Marbury v. Madison Again,” ABA Journal 14 (1928): 155
George L. Haskins and Herbert A. Johnson, The History of the Supreme Court: Vol. 2, Foundations of Power
Brinton Coxe Judicial Power and Unconstitutional Legislation
Andrew C. McLaughlin The Courts, the Constitution, and Parties
James R. Stoner, Jr. Common Law and Liberal Theory
Christopher Wolfe The Rise of Modern Judicial Review
Wallace Mendelson, “Was Marshall an Activist?” in Supreme Court Activism and Restraint, eds. Halpern and Lamb
J.A.C. Grant, “Marbury v. Madison Today,” American Political Science Review 23 (1929): 673
George L. Haskins, “Law versus Politics in the Early Years of the Marshall Court,” U. of Penn. Law Review 130 (1981): 1
William E. Nelson, “The 18th Century Background of Marshall’s Constitutional Jurisprudence,” Mich. L. Rev. 76 (1978): 893
William E. Nelson, “Changing Conceptions of Judicial Review,” U. of Penn. L. Rev. 120 (1972): 1166
Robert L. Fowler, “The Origins of the Supreme Judicial Power in the Federal Constitution,” American Law Rev 29 (1895): 711
William M. Meigs, “The Relation of the Judiciary to the Constitution,” American Law Review 19 (1885): 175

2- The “Activism” Debate

James Bradley Thayer “The Origin and Scope of the American Doctrine of Constitutional Law,” Harvard Law Review 7
(1893): 129
Bradley C. Canon, “Defining the Dimensions of Judicial Activism,” Judicature 66 (1983): 237.
Gregory A. Caldeira and Donald J. McCrone, “Of Time and Judicial Activism: A Study of the U.S. Supreme Court, 1800-
1973,” in Supreme Court Activism and Restraint, eds. Halpern and Lamb
Philip Hamburger, “A Tale of Two Paradigms: Judicial Review & Judicial Duty,” George Washington L. Rev. 78 (2010): 1162
Keith E. Whittington & Tom Clark, “Ideology, Partisanship & Judicial Review of Acts of Congress, 1789-2006” (manuscript)
Christopher Wolfe, ed., Judicial Activism
Christopher Wolfe, ed., That Eminent Tribunal
Kenneth Holland, ed., Judicial Activism in Comparative Perspective
Stephen Halpern and Charles Lamb, eds., Supreme Court Activism and Restraint
David Forte, ed., The Supreme Court in American Politics
Paul Carrese, Cloaking of Power
Stephen Powers and Stanley Rothman, The Least Dangerous Branch?
Herman Schwartz, ed., The Rehnquist Court
Thomas Keck, The Most Activist Supreme Court in History
Frederick Lewis, The Context of Judicial Activism
Keith Schlesinger, The Power that Governs
Arthur Miller, Toward Judicial Activism
Mitchell Muncy, ed., The End of Democracy?
Mitchell Muncy, ed., The End of Democracy II?
Matthew Franck, Against the Imperial Judiciary
Robert Bork, Coercing Virtue
Robert Bork, The Tempting of America
Bradley Watson, ed., Courts and the Culture War
Gary McDowell, Curbing the Courts
Richard Neely, How Courts Govern America
John Daly, ed., An Imperial Judiciary: Fact or Myth?
Mark Kozlowski, The Myth of the Imperial Judiciary
Jamin Raskin, Overruling Democracy
Herman Schwartz, Packing the Courts
Robert McKeever, Raw Judicial Power?
Frances Rudko, Truman’s Court
Lane Sutherland, Popular Government and the Supreme Court
Stephen Macedo, The New Right v. the Constitution
Martin Garbus, Courting Disaster
Keenan Kmiec, “The Origins and Current Meaning of Judicial Activism,” California Law Review (2004)
Sujit Choudhry & Claire Hunter, “Measuring Judicial Activism on the Supreme Court of Canada,” McGill Law Journal 48
(2003): 525
Lino Graglia, “The Myth of the Conservative Supreme Court,” Harvard J. of Law and Public Policy 26 (2003): 281
Symposium: Conservative Judicial Activism, University of Colorado Law Review 73 (2002)
Symposium: Judicial Activism in the States, Benchmark 4 (1988)
J. Skelly Wright, “The Judicial Right and the Rhetoric of Restraint,” Hastings Con Law Quarterly 14 (1987): 487

Democracy, Reason and Neutrality

Karl Llewellyn, “A Realistic Jurisprudence – The Next Step,” Columbia Law Review 30 (1930): 431
Learned Hand The Bill of Rights pp. 66-77
Herbert Wechsler, “Toward Neutral Principles of Constitutional Law,” Harvard Law Review 73 (1959): 1
Alexander M. Bickel, The Least Dangerous Branch pp. 1-127
Alpheus Thomas Mason “Judicial Activism: Old and New,” Virginia Law Review 55 (1969): 385
Arthur Miller & Ronald Howell “The Myth of Neutrality in Constitutional Adjudication,” U. of Chicago L. Rev. 27 (1960): 661
Henry M. Hart, Jr. “A Time Chart of the Justices,” Harvard Law Review 73 (1959): 84
Erwin Griswold, “Of Time and Attitudes – Professor Hart and Judge Arnold,” Harvard Law Review 74 (1960): 81
Thurman Arnold, “Professor Hart’s Theology,” Harvard Law Review 73 (1960): 1298
Alexander Bickel and Harry Wellington, “Legislative Purpose and the Judicial Process: The Lincoln Mills Case,” Harvard Law Review 71 (1957): 1
Gerald Gunther, “The Subtle Vices of the ‘Passive Virtues’ – A Comment on Principle and Expediency in Judicial Review,”
Columbia Law Review 64 (1964): 1
Skelly Wright, “Professor Bickel, The Scholarly Tradition, and the Supreme Court,” Harvard Law Review 84 (1971): 769
Charles Clark, “A Plea for the Unprincipled Decision,” Virginia Law Review 49 (1963): 660
Charles Clark and David Trubek, “The Creative Role of the Judge: Restraint and Freedom in the Common Law Tradition,”
Yale Law Journal 71 (1961): 255
Benjamin F. Wright, “The Supreme Court Cannot be Neutral,” Texas Law Review 40 (1962): 599
Martin Shapiro “The Supreme Court and Constitutional Adjudication: Of Politics and Neutral Principles,” George Washington Law Review 31 (1963): 587
Mark Tushnet, “Following the Rules Laid Down: A Critique of Interpretivism and Neutral Principles,” Harvard Law Review
96 (1983): 781
Hans Linde, “Judges, Critics, and the Realist Tradition,” Yale Law Journal 82 (1972): 255
Robert K. Faulkner, “Bickel’s Constitution: The Problem of Moderate Liberalism,” APSR 72 (1978): 925
Barry Friedman, “The History of the Countermajoritarian Difficulty, Part One: The Road to Judicial Supremacy,” NYU Law
Review 73 (1998): 333
Alexander Bickel The Supreme Court and the Idea of Progress
Lon Fuller The Morality of Law
Robert H. Jackson The Struggle for Judicial Supremacy
Charles Grove Haines The American Doctrine of Judicial Supremacy
Charles Black The People and the Court
William Ross A Muted Fury
Eugene Rostow “The Democratic Character of Judicial Review,” Harvard Law Review 66 (1952): 193
Thomas Reed Powell “The Logic and Rhetoric of Constitutional Law,” J. of Phil., Psych. & Scientific Method 15 (1918): 645
Joseph Hutcheson, “The Judicial Intuitive: The Function of the ‘Hunch’ in Judicial Decision,” Cornell Law Q. 14 (1929): 274
Roscoe Pound, “Mechanical Jurisprudence,” Columbia Law Review 8 (1908): 605
Roscoe Pound, “Liberty of Contract,” Yale Law Journal 18 (1909): 454
Roscoe Pound, “The Theory of Judicial Decision,” Harvard Law Review 36 (1923): 641
Karl Llewellyn, “Some Realism about Realism – Responding to Dean Pound,” Harvard Law Review 44 (1931): 1222
Jerome Frank- Law and the Modern Mind
Jerome Frank -Courts on Trial
Jan G. Deutsch, “Neutrality, Legitimacy, and the Supreme Court: Some Intersections between Law and Political Science,”
Stanford Law Review 20 (1968): 169
Alpheus Thomas Mason “Judicial Activism: Old and New,” Virginia Law Review 55 (1969): 385
Louis Boudin Government by Judiciary
Edward S. Corwin The Twilight of the Supreme Court
Edward S. Corwin Constitutional Revolution, Ltd.
Edward Leuchtenberg The Supreme Court Reborn
Charles Beard, The Supreme Court and the Constitution
Henry Steele Commager “Judicial Review and Democracy,” Virginia Quarterly Review (1943): 417
Eugene Rostow The Sovereign Prerogative
Barry Friedman, “Neutral Principles: A Retrospective,” Vanderbilt Law Review 50 (1997): 503
Kent Greenawalt, “The Enduring Significance of Neutral Principles,” Columbia Law Review 78 (1978): 982
Robert H. Bork, “Neutral Principles and Some First Amendment Problems,” Indiana Law Journal 47 (1971): 1
Gary Peller, “Neutral Principles in the 1950s,” Journal of Law Reform 21 (1988): 561
G. Edward White, Patterns of American Legal Thought
Edward A. Purcell The Crisis of Democratic Theory
Neil Duxbury Patterns of American Jurisprudence ch. 4
Stephen M. Griffin, “What is Constitutional Theory? The Newer Theory and the Decline of the Learned Tradition,” Southern
California Law Review 62 (1989): 493
“One Hundred Years of Judicial Review: The Thayer Centennial Symposium,” Northwestern University Law Review 88
(1993): 1
John Dewey, “Logical Method and Law,” Cornell Law Quarterly 10 (1924): 17
Charles Warren The Supreme Court in United States History

Fundamental Values

Thomas C. Grey, “Do We Have an Unwritten Constitution?” Stanford Law Review 27 (1975): 703
Ronald Dworkin, Taking Rights Seriously ch. 5
Larry Alexander, “The Constitution as Law,” Constitutional Commentary 6 (1989): 103
Jeremy Waldron, “The Core of the Case against Judicial Review,” Yale Law Journal 115 (2006): 1346
W.J. Waluchow, A Common Law Theory of Judicial Review, ch. 6
Lawrence G. Sager, “The Incorrigible Constitution,” NYU Law Review 65 (1990): 893
Thomas C. Grey, “Origins of the Unwritten Constitution: Fundamental Law and American Revolutionary Thought,” Stanford
Law Review 30 (1978): 843
Thomas C. Grey, “The Constitution as Scripture,” Stanford Law Review 37 (1984): 1
Thomas C. Grey, “The Uses of an Unwritten Constitution,” Chicago-Kent Law Review 64 (1988): 211
Paul Brest, “The Fundamental Rights Controversy: The Essential Contradictions of Normative Constitutional Scholarship,”
Yale Law Journal 90 (1981): 1063
Ronald Dworkin Law’s Empire
Ronald Dworkin Taking Rights Seriously
Michael Perry Morality, Politics and Law
Michael Perry The Constitution, the Courts, and Human Rights
Laurence Tribe and Michael Dorf On Reading the Constitution
Hadley Arkes Beyond the Constitution
Sotirios Barber The Constitution of Judicial Power
Sotirios Barber On What the Constitution Means
Graham Walker The Moral Foundations of the Constitution
Scott Gerber To Secure These Rights
David A.J. Richards Toleration and the Constitution
David A.J. Richards, “Moral Philosophy & the Search for Fundamental Values in Con. Law,” Ohio St. L. J. 42 (1981): 319
Rogers Smith Liberalism and American Constitutional Law
Richard Epstein Takings
Steven Smith The Constitution and the Pride of Reason
Daniel O. Conkle, “Nonoriginalist Constitutional Rights and the Problem of Judicial Finality,” Hastings Con L. Q. 13 (1985): 9
Randy Barnett, “Getting Normative: The Role of Natural Rights in Constitutional Adjudication,” Const. Comm. 12 (1995): 93
Owen Fiss “The Supreme Court, 1978 Term – Forward: The Forms of Justice,” Harvard Law Review 93 (1979): 1
Jeremy Waldron “Moral Truth and Judicial Review,” American Journal of Jurisprudence 43 (1998): 75
Symposium: Constitutional Adjudication and Democratic Theory, NYU Law Review 56 (1981): 259
Chris Eisgruber, “Dred Again: Originalism’s Forgotten Past,” Constitutional Commentary 10 (1993): 37
Chris Eisgruger, “Justice and the Text: Rethinking the Constitutional Relationship between Principle and Prudence,” Duke Law Journal 43 (1993): 1
Chris Eisgruber, “Justice Story, Slavery, and the Natural Law Foundations of American Constitutionalism,” University of
Chicago Law Review 55 (1988): 273
James A. Gardner, “The Failed Discourse of State Constitutionalism,” Michigan Law Review 90 (1992): 761

5- Reinforcing Democracy

United States v. Carolene Products, 304 U.S. 144 (1938)
John Hart Ely Democracy and Distrust
Mark Tushnet, “Darkness on the Edge of Town: Contributions of John Hart Ely to Constitutional Theory,” Yale L. J. (1980)
Christopher Eisgruber, Constitutional Self-Government ch. 2
Richard H. Pildes, “The Constitutionalization of Democratic Politics,” Harvard L.Rev. (2004) 28-82, 153-154
Jesse Choper Judicial Review and the National Political Process
Symposium: Judicial Review and Democracy, Ohio State Law Journal 42 (1981): 1
Symposium: Constitutional Adjudication and Democratic Theory, NYU Law Review 56 (1981): 259
Symposium: Democracy and Distrust: Ten Years Later, Virginia Law Review 77 (1991): 631
Symposium: The Republican Civic Tradition, Yale Law Journal 97 (1998): 1493
Lawrence Sager “Rights Skepticism and Process-Based Responses” New York University Law Review 56 (1981): 417
Laurence Tribe “The Puzzling Persistence of Process-Based Constitutional Theories,” Yale Law Journal 89 (1980): 1065
David Lyons “Substance, Process, and Outcome in Constitutional Theory,” Cornell Law Review 72 (1987): 745
Daniel Ortiz “Pursuing a Perfect Politics: The Allure and Failure of Process Theory,” Virginia Law Review 77 (1991): 721
Michael J. Klarman “The Puzzling Resistance to Political Process Theory” Virginia Law Review 77 (1991): 747
Michael J. Klarman “Majoritarian Judicial Review: The Entrenchment Problem,” Georgetown Law Journal 85 (1997): 491
Samuel Issacharoff “Judging Politics: The Elusive Quest for Judicial Review,” Texas Law Review 71 (1993): 1643
Frederick Schauer “Judicial Review of the Devices of Democracy,” Columbia Law Review 94 (1994): 1326
Einer R. Elhauge “Does Interest Group Theory Justify More Intrusive Judicial Review?” Yale Law Journal 101 (1991): 31
Daniel Farber and Phillip Frickey Law and Public Choice: A Critical Introduction
Robert Cover “The Origins of Judicial Activism in the Protection of Minorities,” Yale Law Journal 91 (1982): 1287
Bruce Ackerman “Beyond Carolene Products,” Harvard Law Review 98 (1985): 713
Frank Michelman “Law’s Republic” Yale Law Journal 97 (1988): 1493
Frank Michelman, “Traces of Self-Government,” Harvard Law Review 100 (1986): 4
Frank Michelman, “Human Rights and the Limits of Constitutional Theory,” Ratio Juris 13 (2000): 63
Jurgen Habermas Between Facts and Norms ch. 4, 5, 6
Mark Tushnet Red, White and Blue: A Critical Analysis of Constitutional Law
Daniel Farber and Phillip Frickey “Is Carolene Products Dead?” 79 California Law Review 79 (1991): 685
Gregory Basham “Freedom’s Politics,” Notre Dame Law Review 72 (1997): 1235
Michael McConnell “The Importance of Humility in Judicial Review: A Comment on Dworkin’s ‘Moral Reading of the
Constitution’” Fordham Law Review 65 (1997): 1269
Brennan Center Symposium on Constitutional Law California Law Review 86 (1997): 399
Robert Burt The Constitution in Conflict
Jeremy Waldron Law and Disagreement ch. 12, 13
James Fleming, “Constructing the Substantive Constitution,” Texas Law Review 72 (1993): 211
Lane Sunderland, “Constitutional Theory and the Role of the Court: An Analysis of Contemporary Constitutional
Commentators,” Wake Forest Law Review 21 (1986): 855
Steven Gey, “The Unfortunate Revival of Civic Republicanism,” University of Pennsylvania Law Review 141 (1993): 801
Stephen Feldman, “The Persistence of Power and Struggle for Dialogic Standards in Postmodern Constitutional Jurisprudence:
Michelman, Habermas, and Civic Republicanism,” Georgetown Law Journal 81 (1993): 2243
Michael Klarman, “Majoritarian Judicial Review: The Entrenchment Problem,” Georgetown Law Journal 85 (1997): 491

6- Originalism and Interpretation

Keith Whittington, Constitutional Interpretation pp. 50-76, 195-212
Ronald Dworkin, A Matter of Principle ch. 2
Stephen Griffin, “Rebooting Originalism,” University of Illinois Law Review (2008)
Jack Balkin, “Framework Originalism and the Living Constitution” Northwestern University Law Review (2009)
Jeffrey Goldsworthy, “Raz on Constitutional Interpretation,” Law and Philosophy (2003)

Gregory Bassham, Original Intent and the Constitution
Daniel Farber, “The Originalism Debate: A Guide for the Perplexed,” Ohio State Law Journal 49 (1989): 1085
Ronald Dworkin Taking Rights Seriously ch. 4-5
Ronald Dworkin, A Matter of Principle ch. 5-7
Ronald Dworkin Law’s Empire
Ronald Dworkin Freedom’s Law ch. 12-17
Jeffrey Goldsworthy, “Dworkin as an Originalist,” Constitutional Commentary 17 (2000): 49
Keith Whittington, “Dworkin’s ‘Originalism’: The Role of Intentions in Constitutional Interpretation,” Review of Politics 62
(2000): 5
Randy E. Barnett, “An Originalism for Nonoriginalists,” Loyola Law Review 45 (1999): 611
Stephen Munzer and James Nickel, “Does the Constitution Mean What It Always Meant?” Columbia L. Rev. 77 (1977): 1029
Antonin Scalia, et al. A Matter of Interpretation
Michael Perry The Constitution in the Courts
Robert H. Bork The Tempting of America
Robert H. Bork, “Styles in Constitutional Theory,” South Texas Law Journal 26 (1985): 383
Henry Monaghan, “Our Perfect Constitution,” NYU Law Review 56 (1981): 353
William Rehnquist, “The Notion of a Living Constitution,” Texas Law Review 54 (1976): 693
Earl Maltz, Rethinking Constitutional Law
Raoul Berger, Government by Judiciary
Raoul Berger, “New Theories of ‘Interpretation’: The Activist Flight from the Constitution,” Ohio St. Law J. 47 (1986): 1
Raoul Berger, “The Founders’ Views – According to Jefferson Powell,” Texas Law Review 67 (1989): 1033
Raoul Berger, “’Original Intention’ in Historical Perspective,” George Washington Law Review 54 (1986): 296
Robert N. Clinton, “Original Understanding, Legal Realism, and the Interpretation of ‘This Constitution,’” Iowa Law Review
72 (1987): 1193
James A. Gardner, “The Positivist Foundations of Originalism: An Account and Critique,” Boston U. Law Review 71 (1991): 5
Bret Boyce, “Originalism and the Fourteenth Amendment,” Wake Forest Law Review 33 (1998): 909
Erwin Chemerinsky, Interpreting the Constitution
Richard Fallon, Jr., “A Constructivist Coherence Theory of Constitutional Interpretation,” Harvard L. Rev. 100 (1987): 1189
Robert Bennett, “Objectivity in Constitutional Law,” University of Pennsylvania Law Review 132 (1984): 445
Larry Simon, “The Authority of the Framers of the Constitution: Can Originalist Interpretation be Justified?” California Law
Review 73 (1985): 1482
Paul Brest, “The Misconceived Quest for Original Understanding,” Boston University Law Review 60 (1980): 204
Stanley Fish Doing What Comes Naturally
Richard Posner, “Bork and Beethoven,” Stanford Law Review 42 (1990): 1380
Mark Tushnet Red, White and Blue
David Lyons Moral Aspects of Legal Theory
David O. Brink, “Legal Theory, Legal Interpretation, and Judicial Review,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 17 (1988): 105
Joseph Raz, “Intention in Interpretation,” in The Autonomy of Law, ed. Robert George
Samuel Freeman, “Original Meaning, Democratic Interpretation, and the Constitution,” Phil. & Public Affairs 21 (1992): 1
William E. Nelson, “History and Neutrality in Constitutional Adjudication,” Virginia Law Review 72 (1986): 1237
H. Jefferson Powell, “The Original Understanding of Original Intent,” Harvard Law Review 98 (1985): 885
H. Jefferson Powell, “Rules for Originalists,” Virginia Law Review 73 (1987): 659
Anthony Segall, “A Century Lost: The End of the Originalism Debate,” Constitutional Commentary 15 (1998): 411
Terrence Sandalow, “Constitutional Interpretation,” Michigan Law Review 79 (1981): 1087
Frederick Schauer, “An Essay on Constitutional Language,” UCLA Law Review 29 (1982): 797
Martin Flaherty, “History ‘Lite’ in Modern American Constitutionalism,” Columbia Law Review 95 (1995): 523
Robin West Progressive Constitutionalism
Robert Nagel Constitutional Cultures
Jed Rubenfeld, “Reading the Constitution as Spoken,” Yale Law Journal 104 (1995): 1119
Akhil Amar, “Intratextualism,” Harvard Law Review 112 (1999): 747
Howard Gillman “The Collapse of Constitutional Originalism and the Rise of the Notion of the ‘Living Constitution’ in the
Course of American State-Building,” Studies in American Political Development (1997)
Philip Bobbitt, Constitutional Fate
Charles Black, Structure and Relationship in Constitutional Law
Symposium: Interpretation, Southern California Law Review 58 (1985)
Symposium: Textualism and the Constitution, George Washington Law Review 66 (1998): 1085
Symposium: Critical Legal Studies, Stanford Law Review 36 (1984): 1
Symposium: Law and Literature, Texas Law Review 60 (1982): 373
Symposium: Originalism, Democracy, and the Constitution, Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy 19 (1996)
Symposium, Constitutional Commentary 6 (1989): 19
Symposium: Philip Bobbitt’s Constitutional Interpretation, Texas Law Review 72 (1994): 1703
Symposium: Judicial Review and the Constitution – The Text and Beyond, University of Dayton Law Review 8 (1983): 447
Symposium: Constitutional Law and the Experience of Judging, University of Colorado Law Review 61 (1990): 783
Stephen Griffin, “Rebooting Originalism,” University of Illinois Law Review (2008): 1185
Richard Primus, “When Should Originalism Matter?,” University of Michigan Law Review (2008)
Mitchell Berman, “Originalism is Bunk,”
Thomas Colby and Peter Smith, “Originalism’s Living Constitutionalism,”
John O. McGinnis and Michael Rappaport, “A Pragmatic Defense of Originalism,”
Lawrence Solum, “Semantic Originalism,”
Adam Samaha, “Dead Hand Arguments and Constitutional Interpretation,” Columbia Law Review (2008)

Judicial Supremacy v. Popular Constitutionalism

Larry Alexander and Frederick Schauer, “On Extrajudicial Constitutional Interpretation,” Harvard Law Rev. 110 (1997): 1359
Keith E. Whittington, Political Foundations of Judicial Supremacy, ch. 2, 4
David Pozen, “Judicial Elections as Popular Constitutionalism,” Columbia Law Review 110 (2010): 2047
Todd Pettys, “Popular Constitutionalism and Relaxing the Dead Hand,” Washington U. L. Rev. 86 (2008): 313

Symposium on Marbury v. Madison, Constitutional Commentary 20 (2003): 205
Symposium: Marbury and Its Legacy, George Washington Law Review 72 (2003): 1
Symposium: Marbury v. Madison, Virginia Law Review 89 (2003): 1105
Symposium: Judicial Review, Blessing or Curse?, Wake Forest Law Review 38 (2003): 313
Symposium: Evaluation of Marbury v. Madison, Michigan Law Review 101 (2003): 2557
Mark Graber and Michael Perhac, eds., Marbury v. Madison: Documents and Commentary
Larry Alexander & Frederick Schauer, “Defending Judicial Supremacy: A Reply,” Constitutional Commentary 17 (2000): 455
Barry Friedman and Steven Smith, “The Sedimentary Constitution,” U. of Penn Law Review 147 (1988): 1
B. Friedman, “History of the Countermajoritarian Difficulty, Pt One: The Road to Jud. Sup.,” NYU Law Review 73 (1998): 333
B. Friedman, “History of the Countermajoritarian Difficulty, Pt 2: Reconstruction’s Political Court,” G’town L.J. 91 (2002): 1
Barry Friedman, “History of the Countermajoritarian Difficulty, Pt Three: Lesson of Lochner,” NYU L Rev 76 (2001): 1383
B. Friedman “The History of the Countermajoritarian Difficulty, Part Four: Law’s Politics,” U. of Penn. L Rev 148 (2000): 971
Barry Friedman, “History of the Countermajoritarian Difficulty, Pt 5: Birth of Academic Obsession,” Yale L.J. 112 (2002): 153
Barry Friedman, “Dialogue and Judicial Review,” Michigan Law Review 91 (1993): 577
Symposium: Congressional Power in the Shadow of the Rehnquist Court, Indiana Law Journal 78 (2003)
Keith Whittington Constitutional Construction
Keith Whittington, “Extrajudicial Constitutional Interpretation: Three Objections and Responses,” NC L. Rev. 80 (2002): 773
Keith Whittington, “The Road Not Taken: Dred Scott, Constitutional Law, and Political Questions, JOP 63 (2001): 365
Sanford Levinson, ed. Responding to Imperfection
Paul W. Kahn, Legitimacy and History
Bruce Ackerman, We the People
Symposium: Moments of Change: Transformations in American Constitutionalism, Yale Law Journal 108 (1999): 1917
Symposium: On Bruce Ackerman’s We the People, Ethics 104 (1994): 446
Symposium: On Bruce Ackerman’s We the People: Transformations, Constitutional Political Economy 10 (1999): 355
Michael Klarman “Constitutional Fact/ Constitutional Fiction,” Stanford L Rev 44 (1992): 759
James Fleming, “We the Unconventional People,” University of Chicago Law Review 65 (1998): 1513
James Fleming, “We the Exceptional American People,” Constitutional Commentary 11 (1994): 355
Michael McConnell, “The Forgotten Constitutional Moment,” Constitutional Commentary 11 (1994): 115
Larry Kramer “What’s a Constitution for Anyway? Of History and Theory, Bruce Ackerman and the New Deal,” Case Western
Reserve Law Review 46 (1996): 885
Larry Kramer, “Putting the Politics Back into the Political Safeguards of Federalism,” Columbia Law Review 100 (2000): 215
Saikrishna Prakash & John Yoo, “Puzzling Persistance of Process-Based Theories of Federalism,” Tex L. Rev. 79 (2001): 1459
Saikrishna Prakash & John Yoo, “The Origins of Judicial Review,” University of Chicago Law Review 70 (2003): 887
Mark Tushnet “Living in a Constitutional Moment?: Lopez and Constitutional Theory,” Case Western Reserve Law Review 46 (1996): 845
Mark Tushnet, Taking the Constitution Away from the Courts
Symposium: Mark Tushnet’s Taking the Constitution Away from the Courts, Richmond Law Review 34 (2000): 359
Reva Siegel, “Text in Contest: Gender & the Constitution from a Social Movement Persp.,” U. of Penn L Rev 150 (2001): 297
Reva Siegel, “She the People: The 19th Amendment, Sex Equality, Federalism, and the Family,” Harv. L Rev 115 (2002): 947
Symposium: Fidelity in Constitutional Theory, Fordham Law Review 65 (1997): 1247
Lawrence Lessig “Fidelity in Translation,” Texas Law Review 71 (1993): 1165
Lawrence Lessig, “Translating Federalism: United States v. Lopez,” Supreme Court Review 1995
Lawrence Lessig “What Drives Derivability: Reponses to Responding to Imperfection,” Texas Law Review 71 (1993): 839
Lawrence Lessig, “Plastics: Unger and Ackerman on Transformation,” Yale Law Journal 98 (1989): 1173
Michael Klarman “Antifidelity,” Southern California Law Review 70 (1997): 381
Lawrence Sager “The Incorrigible Constitution,” New York University Law Review 65 (1990): 894
Symposium: Fidelity, Economic Liberty, and 1937, William and Mary Law Review 41 (1999): 1
Barry Cushman Rethinking the New Deal Court
G. Edward White, The Constitution and the New Deal
Laurence Tribe “Taking Text and Structure Seriously: Reflections on Free-Form Method in Constitutional Interpretation,”
Harvard Law Review 108 (1995): 1292
William Brennan “The Constitution of the United States: Contemporary Ratification,” Texas Law Review 27 (1986): 433
William Rehnquist “The Notion of a Living Constitution,” Texas Law Review 54 (1976): 693
John Vile Constitutional Change in the United States
Morton Horowitz “The Constitution of Change: Legal Fundamentality Without Fundamentalism,” Harv.L Rev 107 (1993): 32
Richard H. Fallon Jr. “Implementing the Constitution,” Harvard Law Review 111 (1997): 540
Neal Devins, Shaping Constitutional Values
Neal Devins and Louis Fisher, “Judicial Exclusivity and Political Instability,” Virginia Law Review 94 (1998): 83
Robert Spitzer, ed., Politics and Constitutionalism
Louis Fisher, Constitutional Conflicts Between Congress and the President
Louis Fisher, Religious Liberty in America: Political Safeguards
John Dinan, Keeping the People’s Liberties
Susan Burgess, Contest for Constitutional Authority
Jeremy Waldron, Law and Disagreement
Christian Fritz, “Alternative Visions of American Constitutionalism,” Hastings Con Law Q. 24 (1997): 287
Scott Gant, “Judicial Supremacy and Nonjudicial Interpretation of the Constitution,” Hastings Con Law Q 24 (1997): 359
Bruce Peabody, “Nonjudicial Const Interp. Authoritative Settlement, & New Agenda for Research,” Const Comm 6 (1999): 63
Bruce Peabody, “Congressional Constitutional Interpretation and the Courts,” Law and Social Inquiry 29 (2004): 127
Donald Morgan, Congress and the Constitution
David Currie, The Constitution in Congress
Sanford Levinson, Constitutional Faith
Daniel Farber, “The Supreme Court and the Rule of Law: Cooper v. Aaron Revisited,” U. of Illinois L Rev 1982 (1982): 387
Michael Stokes Paulsen, “The Most Dangerous Branch: Executive Power to Say What the Law Is,” Georgetown L. J. (1994)
Walter Murphy, “Who Shall Interpret? The Quest for the Ultimate Constitutional Interpreter” Review of Politics (1986)
Dawn Johnsen, “Functional Departmentalism & Nonjudicial Interp,” Law & Cont. Prob. (2004)
Dawn Johnsen, “Presidential Non-Enforcement of Constitutionally Objectionable Statutes,” Law & Cont. Problems (2000)
David Barron, “Constitutionalism in the Shadow of Doctrine,” Law & Contemporary Problems (2000)

8- The Counter-majoritarian Court?

Robert Dahl “Decision-Making in a Democracy: The Supreme Court as National Policy-Maker,” Journal of Public Law 6
(1957): 279
Mark Graber, “The Nonmajoritarian Difficulty: Legislative Deference to the Judiciary,” SAPD (1993)
Michael Klarman “Rethinking the Civil Rights and Civil Liberties Revolutions,” Virginia Law Review 82 (1996): 1
Keith Whittington, “’Interpose Your Friendly Hand’: Political Supports for the Exercise of Judicial Review by the United
States Supreme Court,” APSR 99 (2005): 583
Lawrence Baum and Neal Devins, “Why the Supreme Court Cares about Elites, Not the American People,” Georgetown Law
Journal 98 (2010): 1515
Tom Keck, “Party, Policy, or Duty: Why Does the Supreme Court Invalidate Federal Statutes?” APSR 101 (2007): 321.

Lucas A. Powe, Jr. The Warren Court and the American Elite
K. Whittington, “To Support This Constitution: Jud. Supremacy in the 20th Century,” in Marbury v. Madison, ed. M. Graber
Symposium: Judicial Independence and Accountability, Southern California Law Review 72 (1999): 315
Symposium: Judicial Independence and Accountability, Law and Contemporary Problems 61 (1998): 3
Henry Abraham Justices, Presidents, and Senators
David Yalof Pursuit of Justices: Presidential Politics and the Selection of Supreme Court Nominees
Gerald Rosenberg “Judicial Independence and the Reality of Political Power,” Review of Politics 54 (1992): 369
William Mishler & Reginald Sheehan “Public Opinion, Attitudinal Model, & Sup. Ct Decision-Making,” JOP58 (1996): 169
William Mishler & Reginald Sheehan, “The Supreme Court as a Countermajoritarian Institution?,” APSR 87 (1993): 87
“Controversy: Popular Influence on Supreme Court Decisions,” American Political Science Review 88 (1994): 711
James Stimson, et al, “Dynamic Representation,” APSR 89 (1995): 543
D. Barnum, “The S. C. & Public Opinion: Judicial Decision Making in the Post-New Deal Period,” JOP 47 (1985): 652
Jonathan Casper “The Supreme Court and National Policy Making,” American Political Science Review 70 (1976): 50
David Adamany, “Legitimacy, Realigning Elections, and the Supreme Court,” Wisconsin L. Rev. (1973) 790
John Gates The Supreme Court and Partisan Realignment
Walter Murphy Congress and the Court
Thomas Marshall Public Opinion and the Supreme Court
Robert McCloskey The American Supreme Court
Louis Fisher Constitutional Dialogues: Interpretation as Political Process
Barry Friedman “Dialogue and Judicial Review,” Michigan Law Review 577 (1993): 91
Barry Friedman “The History of the Countermajoritarian Difficulty, Part One,” NYU Law Review 73 (1998): 333
Michael Klarman, From Jim Crow to Civil Rights
Steven Winter “An Upside/Down View of the Countermajoritarian Difficulty,” Texas Law Review 69 (1991): 1881
Girardeau Spann Race Against the Court
L. Michael Siedman “Ambivalence and Accountability,” Southern California Law Review 61 (1988) 1571
David Garrow Liberty and Sexuality: The Right to Privacy and the Making of Roe v. Wade
Mark Ramseyer, “The Puzzling Independence of Courts: A Comparative Approach,” Journal of Legal Studies 23 (1994): 721
William Landes & Richard Posner, “The Independent Judiciary in an Interest-Group Persp.,” J. of Law & Econ. 18 (1975): 875

9- Constructing Judicial Review

Mark Ramseyer, “The Puzzling Independence of Courts: A Comparative Approach,” Journal of Legal Studies 23 (1994): 721
Matthew Stephenson, “When the Devil Turns . . . : Political Foundations of Independent Judicial Review,” J. of Legal Studies
32 (2003): 59
Thomas Ginsburg, Judicial Review in New Democracies, ch. 1-2
Keith Whittington, Political Foundations of Judicial Supremacy, ch. 5
William Landes & Richard Posner, “The Independent Judiciary in an Interest-Group Persp.,” J. of Law & Econ. 18 (1975): 875
John Ferejohn, Independent Judges, Dependent Judiciary: Explaining Judicial Independence, 72 S. Calf. L. Rev. 353 (1999).
Rafael Gely and Pablo Spiller, The Political Economy of Supreme Court Constitutional Decisions: The Case of Roosevelt’s
Court-Packing Plan, 12 Internatl. Rev. of L. and Econ. 45 (1992)
Robert Lowry Clinton, Game Theory, Legal History, and the Origins of Judicial Review: A Revisionist Analysis of Marbury v.
Madison, 38 Am. J. of Pol. Sci. 285 (1994)
James R. Rogers, Information and Judicial Review: A Signaling Game of Legislative-Judicial Interaction, 45 AJPS 84 (2001)
Georg Vanberg, Legislative-Judicial Relations: A Game Theoretic Approach to Constitutional Review, 45 AJPS 346 (2001)
Georg Vanberg, Establishing Judicial Independence in West Germany: The Impact of Opinion Leadership and the Separation of Powers, 32 Comp. Pol. 333 (2000)
Donald J. Bourdreaux and A.C. Pritchard, Reassessing the Role of the Independent Judiciary in Enforcing Interest-Group
Bargains, 5 Const. Pol. Econ. 1 (1994)
Eli M. Salzberger, A Positive Analysis of the Doctrine of Separation of Powers, or: Why Do We Have an Independent
Judiciary, 13 Internatl. Rev. of L. and Econ. 349 (1993)
Robert D. Cooter and Tom Ginsburg, Comparative Judicial Discretion: An Empirical Test of Economic Models, 16 Internatl.
Rev. of L. and Econ. 295 (1996)
Ran Hirschl- Toward Juristocracy
Leslie Friedman Goldstein, State Resistance to Authority in Federal Unions: The Early United States (1790-1860) and the
European Community (1958-1994), 11 St. in Am. Pol. Dev. 149 (1997)
James L. Gibson, Gregory A. Caldeira, and Vanessa Baird, On the Legitimacy of National High Courts, 92 APSR 343 (1998)
Gregory A. Caldeira, Public Opinion and the U.S. Supreme Court: FDR’s Court-Packing Plan, 81 APSR 1139 (1987)
Mondak & Smithey, “Dynamics of Public Support for the Court,” JOP 59 (1997)
Keith Whittington, “Legislative Sanctions & the Strategic Environment of Judicial Review,” International J. of Con. L. (2003)
Clifford Carruba, “Courts and Compliance in International Regulatory Regimes,” Journal of Politics (2005)
Jeffrey Staton, “Constitutional Review and Selective Promotion of Case Results,” AJPS (2006)
Mark Graber, “Constructing Judicial Review,” Annual Review of Political Science (2005)
Georg Vanberg, “Establishing and Maintaining Judicial Independence,” The Oxford Handbook of Law and Politics
Frank Cross, “Judicial Independence,” The Oxford Handbook of Law and Politics

10- Entrenchment and Judicialization

Ran Hirschl, “Political Origins of Judicial Empowerment through Constitutionalization,” Law & Social Inquiry 25 (2000): 91
Howard Gillman “How Political Parties Use the Courts to Advance their Agendas,” APSR 96 (2002): 511
Keith E. Whittington, Political Foundations of Judicial Supremacy, ch. 3
Daryl Levinson, “Parchment and Politics,” Harvard Law Review 124 (2011): 657

Jon Elster Ulysses and the Sirens
Jon Elster Ulysses Unbound
Thomas Schelling “Enforcing Rules on Oneself” Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization (1985)
Michael Seidman “Ambivalence and Accountability” Southern California Law Review (1988)
Samuel Freeman “Constitutional Democracy and the Legitimacy of Judicial Review,” Law and Philosophy 9 (1990)
Stephen Holmes Passions and Constraints
Douglass North “Institutions and Credible Commitment,” Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (1993)
D. North & B. Weingast “Constitutions & Commitment,” Journal of Economic History (1989)
Stefan Voigt Explaining Constitutional Change
Peter C. Ordeshook, “Constitutional Stability,” Constitutional Political Economy (1992)
Cornell Clayton and David May, “The New Institutionalism and Supreme Court Decision-making,” Polity 32 (2000): 233
Cornell Clayton and Mitchell Pickerill, “The Rehnquist Court and the Political Dynamics of Federalism,” POP 2 (2004): 233
Ronald Kahn and Ken Kersch, eds., The Supreme Court and American Political Development
Keith Whittington, “Taking What They Give Us: Explaining the Court’s Federalism Offensive,” Duke L. J. 51 (2001): 477
Keith Whittington, “Legislative Sanctions and the Strategic Environment of Judicial Review,” Inter. J. of Con. L. 1 (2003): 446
K. Whittington, “To Support This Constitution: Jud. Supremacy in the 20th Century,” in Marbury v. Madison, ed. M. Graber
Deborah Barrow, et al., The Federal Judiciary and Institutional Change
Mark Tushnet, The New Constitutional Order
John Ferejohn, “Independent Judges, Dependent Judiciary: Explaining Judicial Independence,” S. Calf. L. Rev. 72 (1999): 353
Alex Cuikerman, Central Bank Strategy, Credibility and Independence
Mark Crain & Robert Tollison, “The Exec. Branch in the Interest-Group Theory of Government,” J. of Legal St. 8 (1979): 555
Eli Salzberger, “A Positive Analysis of the Doctrine of Separation of Powers,” Inter. Rev. of Law & Econ. 13 (1993): 349
Matthew Stephenson, “When the Devil Turns . . .” J. of Legal St. 32 (2003): 59
Mark Ramseyer, “The Puzzling Independence of Courts: A Comparative Approach,” J. of Legal St. 23 (1994): 721
Tom Ginsburg, Judicial Review in New Democracies
Tamir Moustafa, “The Judicialization of Politics in Egypt,” Law and Social Inquiry 28 (2003): 883
Eli Salzberger and Stefan Voigt, “On the Delegation of Powers,” Constitutional Political Economy 13 (2002): 25
Kevin McMahon, Reconsidering Roosevelt on Race
Martin Shapiro and Alec Stone Sweet, eds., On Law, Politics, and Judicialization
Dawn Johnsen, “Ronald Reagan and the Rehnquist Court on Congressional Power,” Indiana Law Journal 78 (2003): 363
Mark Graber, “Naked Land Transfers and American Constitutional Development,” Vanderbilt Law Review 53 (2000): 73
Mark Graber, “The Jacksonian Origins of Chase Court Activism,” Journal of Supreme Court History (2000)
Andrew Moravcsik, “The Origins of Human Rights Regimes: Democratic Delegation in Postwar Europe,” IO 54 (2000): 217

11- Dialogues and Constraints

Georg Vanberg, “Legislative-Judicial Relations: A Game-Theoretic Approach to Constitutional Review,” AJPS 45 (2001): 346
James Rogers, “Information & Judicial Review: A Signaling Model of Legislative & Judicial Interaction,” AJPS 45 (2001): 84
Barry Friedman and Anna Harvey, “Pulling Punches: Legislative Constraints on the Supreme Court” LSQ (2006)
Tom S. Clark, The Limits of Judicial Independence.
George Lovell, Legislative Deferrals
Mark Graber, “Federalist or Friend of Adams: The Marshall Court and Party Politics,” Studies in APD 12 (1998): 209
Robert McCloskey The American Supreme Court
John B. Taylor, “The Sup. Ct & Political Eras: A Perspective on Jud. Power in a Democratic Polity,” Review of Politics (1992)
Stuart S. Nagel, “Court-Curbing Periods in American History,” Vanderbilt Law Review (1965)
William Lasser The Limits of Judicial Power
Jack Knight and Lee Epstein “On the Struggle for Judicial Supremacy,” Law and Society Review (1996)
William Eskridge and Philip Fricky “Law as Equilibrium,” Harvard Law Review 110 (1994): 1
Jeffrey Segal “Sup. Ct Deference to Congress: An Examination of the Marksist Model,” in Supreme Court Decision-Making
Nolan McCarty & Rose Razaghian, “Advice & Consent: Sen. Responses to Exec. Branch Nominations,” AJPS 43 (1999): 1122
Jeffrey Segal, Charles Cameron and Albert Cover, “A Spatial Model of Roll-Call Voting,” AJPS 36 (1992): 96
C. Shipan and M. Shannon, “Delaying Jusice(s): A Duration Analysis of Supreme Ct Confirmations,” AJPS 47 (2003): 654
Geoffrey Garrett, R. Daniel Keleman, and Heiner Schulz, “The European Court of Justice, National Governments, and Legal
Integration in the European Union,” International Organization 52 (1998): 149
Walter Mattli and Anne-Marie Slaughter, “Revisiting the European Court of Justice,” International Org. 52 (1998): 177
Karen Alter, “The European Court’s Political Power,” West European Politics 19 (1996): 458
Lee Epstein and Jack Knight The Choices Justices Make
Walter Murphy Elements of Judicial Strategy
William Eskridge “The Judicial Review Game,” Northwestern University Law Review 88 (1993): 382
William Riker and Barry Weingast “Constitutional Regulation of Legislative Choice,” Virginia Law Review 74 (1988): 373
W. Eskridge & J. Ferejohn “Virtual Logrolling: How Courts, Congress & States Multiply Rts,” S. Cal. L Rev. 68 (1995): 1545
James Meernick and Joseph Ignagni “Judicial Review and Coordinate Construction of the Constitution,” AJPS 41 (1997): 447
Mark Ramseyer, “The Puzzling Independence of Courts: A Comparative Approach,” Journal of Legal Studies 23 (1994): 721
William Landes & Richard Posner, “The Independent Judiciary in an Interest-Group Persp.,” J. of Law & Econ. 18 (1975): 875
Cornell Clayton and Howard Gillman, eds., Supreme Court Decision-Making
Howard Gillman and Cornell Clayton, eds., The Supreme Court in American Politics
Rogers Smith “Political Jurisprudence, the ‘New Institutionalism,’ and the Future of Public Law,” APSR 82 (1988): 89
Rogers Smith “If Politics Matters: Implications for a ‘New Institutionalism,’” Studies in APD 6 (1992): 1
Douglas S. Reed, “Popular Constitutionalism: Toward a Theory of State Constitutional Meanings,” Rutgers L.J. 30 (1999): 871
Peter Hogg and A. Bushell, “The Charter Dialogue between Courts and Legislatures,” Osgoode Hall L.J. (1997)
Christopher Manfredi and J.B. Kelly, “Six Degrees of Dialogue,” Osgoode Hall L. J. (1999)
Richard Bauman & Tsvi Kahana, The Least Examined Branch
James Rogers, Roy Flemming and Jon Bond, Institutional Games and the U.S. Supreme Court

12- Litigation and Impact

Gerald Rosenberg The Hollow Hope ch. 1-2
Paul Frymer “Acting when Elected Officials Won’t,” APSR (2003)
Valerie Hoekstra, “Competing Constraints: State Court Responses to Supreme Court Decisions” PRQ (2005)
Clifford Carrubba and Georg Vanberg, “The Value of Vaguesness” AJPS (2008)
Thomas M. Keck, “Beyond Backlash: Assessing the Impact of Judicial Decisions on LGBT Rights,” L&SR (2009)

Charles Epp The Rights Revolution
Michael McCann Rights at Work
Michael McCann Taking Reform Seriously
David Schultz, ed. Leveraging the Law
Stuart Scheingold The Politics of Rights
Valerie Hoekstra and Jeffrey Segal, “The Shepherding of Local Public Opinion: The Supreme Court and ‘Lamb’s Chapel,’”
Journal of Politics 58 (1996): 1079
Erskine and Siegel, “Civil Liberties and the American Public,” J. of Social Issues 31 (1975): 13
Michael Combs, “The Supreme Court as a National Policy-Maker: A Historical and Legal Analysis of School Desegregation,”
Southern U. Law Review 8 (1982): 197
Robert Glennon, “The Role of Law in the Civil Rights Movement,” Law and History Review 9 (1991): 59
Donald Horowitz The Courts and Social Policy
Phillip Cooper Hard Judicial Choices: Federal District Judges and State and Local Officials
Jack Peltason 58 Lonely Men
Theodore Becker and Malcolm Feeley, The Impact of Supreme Court Decisions
Bradley Canon and Charles Johnson, Judicial Policies: Implementation and Impact
Malcolm Feeley and Edward Rubin, Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State
Douglas Reed, “Twenty-Five Years after Rodriguez: School Finance Litigation and the Impact of the New Judicial
Federalism,” Law and Society Review 32 (1998): 175
Lee Epstein and Joseph Kobylka, The Supreme Court and Legal Change
Kevin McGuire and Gregory Caldeira, “Lawyers, Organized Interests, and the Law of Obscenity: Agenda Setting in the
Supreme Court,” APSR 87 (1993): 717
Kenneth Dolbeare and Phillip Hammond The School Prayer Decisions: From Court Policy to Local Practice
Kevin McGuire, “Explaining Executive Success in the Supreme Court,” Political Research Quarterly 51 (1998): 505
Kevin McGuire The Supreme Court Bar: Legal Elites in the Washington Community
Susan Gluck Mezey Pitiful Plaintiffs: Child Welfare Litigation and the Federal Courts
Michael Klarman “Has Brown Changed Race Relations? The Backlash Thesis,” Journal of American History 81 (1994): 81
Symposium: Twentieth-Century Constitutional History, Virginia Law Review 80 (1994): 1
Stuart Schiengold “Constitutional Rights and Social Change: Civil Rights in Perspective,” in Judging the Constitution: Critical
Essays on Judicial Lawmaking ed. Michael McCann and Gerald Houseman
Jerold Auerbach Unequal Justice: Lawyers and Social Change in Modern America
Kristin Bumiller The Civil Rights Society: The Social Construction of Victims
H.W. Perry Deciding to Decide: Agenda Setting in the United States Supreme Court
Gerald Rosenberg “The Real World of Constitutional Rights: The Supreme Court and the Implementation of the Abortion
Decisions,” in Contemplating Courts ed. Lee Epstein
Gerald Rosenberg, “Positivism, Interpretivism, and the Study of Law,” Law and Social Inquiry 21 (1996): 435
Michael McCann “Causal versus Constitutive Explanations (or, On the Difficulty of Being So Positive . . . ),” Law and Social
Inquiry 21 (1996): 457
Symposium: The Supreme Court and Social Change, Law and Social Inquiry 17 (1992): 715
William Lasser The Limits of Judicial Power: The Supreme Court in American Politics
Edward Purcell Jr. Litigation and Inequality: Federal Diversity Jurisdiction in Industrial America, 1870-1958
David O’Brien Storm Center: The Supreme Court in American Politics
Thomas Marshall “Policymaking and the Modern Court: When Do Supreme Court Rulings Prevail?” Western Political
Quarterly 42 (1989): 493
Lee Epstein, Jeffrey Segal and Timothy Johnson “The Claim of Issue Creation on the U.S. Supreme Court,” American Political
Science Review 90 (1996): 845
Gregory Caldeira & John Wright, “Organized Interests and Agenda Setting in the U.S. Supreme Court,” APSR 82 (1988): 1109
Jesse Choper “On the Difference in Importance Between Supreme Court Doctrine and Actual Consequences,” Cardoza Law
Review 19 (1998): 2259.
Susan Lawrence The Poor in Court: The Legal Services Program and Supreme Court Decisions
Symposium: Litigation and Dispute Resolution, Law and Society Review 15 (1981): 401
Clement Vose Caucasions Only: The Supreme Court, the NAACP, and the Restrictive Covenant Cases
Mark Tushnet The NAACP’s Legal Strategy against Segregated Education, 1925-1950
Susan Sterett Creating Constitutionalism? The Politics of Legal Expertise and Administrative law in England and Wales
Marc Galanter, “Why the Haves Come Out Ahead: Speculations on the Limits of Social Change,” Law and Society Review 9
(1974): 1974
Marc Galanter, “Reading the Landscape of Disputes: What We Know and Don’t Know (and Think We Know) about Our
Allegedly Contentious and Litigious Society,” UCLA Law Review 31 (1983): 4
Marc Galanter, “The Radiating Effects of Courts,” in Empirical Theories about Courts, eds. Keith Boyum and Lynn Mather
Stanton Wheeler, et al., “Do the ‘Haves’ Come Out Ahead? Winning and Losing in State Supreme Courts, 1870-1970,” Law
and Society Review 21 (1987): 403
Joel Grossman, et al., “Dimensions of Institutional Participation: Who Uses the Courts and How?” JOP 44 (1982)
Reginald Sheehan, et al. “Ideology, Status and the Differential Success of Direct Parties before the Supreme Court,” APSR 86
(1992): 464
Stephen Wasby The Impact of the United States Supreme Court
Charles Johnson, “Lower Court Reactions to Supreme Court Decisions: A Quantitative Examination,” AJPS 23 (1979): 792
Kevin R. den Dulk and J. Mitchell Pickerill, “Bridging the Lawmaking Process: Organized Interests, Court-Congress
Interaction, and Church-State Relations,” Polity 35 (2003): 419
Gregg Ivers, To Build a Wall
Lee Epstein, Conservatives in Court
Frank Sorauf, The Wall of Separation
David Manwaring, Render Unto Caesar
Shawn Francis Peters, Judging Jehovah’s Witnesses
Michael McCann, “Litigation and the Mobilization of Law,” in Oxford Handbook of Law and Politics (2008)
Charles Epp, “Law as an Instrument of Social Reform,” in Oxford Handbook of Law and Politics (2008)
Flemming, et al., “One Voice Among Many,” AJPS 41 (1997): 1224
Songer, “Alternative Approaches to the Study of Judicial Impact,” APQ 16 (1988): 425
Bowen, “Attorney Advertising in the Wake of Bates,” APQ 23 (1995): 461
Bond and Johnson, “Implementing a Permissive Policy,” AJPS 26 (1982): 1
Hansen, “State Implementation of Supreme Court Decisions,” JOP 42 (1980): 372
Meier, “The Impact of State-Level Restrictions on Abortion,” Demography 33 (1996): 307
Hansford, “Information Provision, Organizational Constraints,” PRQ 57 (2004): 219
Zorn, “U.S. Government Litigation Strategies in the Federal Appellate Courts,” PRQ 55 (2002): 145
Helena Silverstein- Girls on the Stand

Princeton University-Department of Politics

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