Law Lexicon

Terrorist Act and Terrorist Organisation Definition by FATF

Terrorist

The term terrorist refers to any natural person who:

(i) commits, or attempts to commit, terrorist acts by any means, directly or indirectly, unlawfully and wilfully;

(ii) participates as an accomplice in terrorist acts ;

(iii) organises or directs others to commit terrorist acts ; or

(iv) contributes to the commission of terrorist acts by a group of persons acting with a common purpose where the contribution is made intentionally and with the aim of furthering the terrorist act or with the knowledge of the intention of the group to commit a terrorist act.

Terrorist organisation

The term terrorist organisation refers to any group of terrorists that:

(i) commits, or attempts to commit, terrorist acts by any means, directly or indirectly, unlawfully and wilfully;

(ii) participates as an accomplice in terrorist acts;

(iii) organises or directs others to commit terrorist acts; or

(iv) contributes to the commission of terrorist acts by a group of persons acting with a common purpose where the contribution is made intentionally and with the aim of furthering the terrorist act or with the knowledge of the intention of the group to commit a terrorist act.

Terrorist act

A terrorist act includes:

(a) an act which constitutes an offence within the scope of, and as defined in one of the following treaties:

(i) Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft (1970);

(ii) Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation (1971);

(iii) Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons, including Diplomatic Agents (1973);

(iv) International Convention against the Taking of Hostages (1979);

(v) Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (1980);

(vi) Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts of Violence at Airports Serving International Civil Aviation,
supplementary to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation (1988);

(vii) Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime Navigation
(2005);

(viii) Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Fixed Platforms located on the Continental Shelf (2005);

(ix) International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings (1997); and

(x) International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of
Terrorism (1999).

(b) any other act intended to cause death or serious bodily injury to a civilian, or to any other person not taking an active part in the hostilities in a situation of armed conflict, when the purpose of such act, by its nature or context, is to intimidate a population, or to compel a Government or an international organisation to do or to abstain from doing any act.


Definition by Financial Action Task Force (FATF)- 2019 in FATF (2013-2019), Methodology for Assessing Compliance with the FATF Recommendations and the Effectiveness of AML/CFT Systems, updated October 2019, FATF, Paris, France

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