CIVIL

Indian Legal & Constitutional History- Descriptive questions

Indian Legal & Constitutional History

Unit-I

  1. Discuss in short the early history of establishment, constitution and jurisdiction along with the acquiring of additional rights by East India Company by the Charter of 1600 and the Charter of 1661.
  2. Stating the circumstances which forced the Directors of East India company to request the Crown in 1726 for establishment of a uniform judicial system in all the three presidencies, explain the composition, jurisdiction and working of the Mayor’s Courts established under the Charter of 1726.
  3. Write a short note on Provisions of Charter of 1726.
  4. State the salient features of Charter of 1726 and explain in what ways uniform judicial administration was achieved in the all three presidency towns.
  5. “The judicial institutions in the town of Madras before 1726 developed in three stages.” Elucidate.
  6. Discuss the administration of justice in the Mayor’s Courts established under the Charter of 1726. What were the changes introduced in it by the Charter of 1753.
  7. Explain ” Provisions of Charter of 1753, as amendments.”
  8. Enumerate the provisions of Charter of 1726. Analyses its defects. How these defects were removed by the Charter of 1753.
  9. Charter of 1753 was designed to steer clear of the defects that the Charter of 1726 had revealed. Comment referring to reforms in the Mayor’s Court.
  10. “The Supreme Court at Calcutta was an institution which was dislike by all and had the goodwill of none.” Elucidate.
  11. Discuss the salient features of Regulating Act, 1773. What were its defects? How far
    were they removed by the Act of Settlement, 1781 ?
  12. Regulating Act, 1773 created so many centers of conflict. How were those conflicts resolved by the Act of Settlement, 1781 ?
  13. Discuss the salient features of Regulating Act, 1773. What were its defects ? How far were they removed by the Act of Settlement, 1781 ?
  14. What was the necessity of passing the Act of Settlement of 1781 ? Discussing its provisions also explain how far this Act could remove the demerits which were created by implementation of Regulating Act.
  15. State the facts, arguments, decision and principles law laid down in Trial of Nand Kumar.
  16. State the facts, arguments, decision and principles law laid down in Cossijurih Case.
  17. Illustrate in brief the Provisions of Regulating Act, 1773.
  18. Illustrate in brief the Provisions of the Act of Settlement, 1781.
  19. State the facts, arguments, decision and principles law laid down in Patna Case.
  20. Discuss the Raja Nand Kumar case in the background of Indian Legal History. Point out those reasons on the basis of which historians had termed it as “Judicial murder.”

Unit-II

  1. What do you understand by Adalat System ? Discuss judicial reforms that were introduced by Warren Hastings in Bengal, Bihar and Orissa.
  2. Discuss Warren Hastings Judicial Plan of 1772. State how far his reforms of 1774 were in improvement on that of the earlier plan of 1772.
  3. What do you understand by Adalat System ? Describe Warren Hastings Plans of 1772. How it was amended by his plan of 1774.
  4. Explain ” Charter of 1772, as a turning point in Legal History.”
  5. Discuss the work of Lord Cornwallis in the administration of justice.
  6. “The Governor Generalship of Lord Cornwallis constitutes a very remarkable and highly constructive period in the history of Indian Legal Institutions.” Discuss the above statement with illustrations.
  7. Comment on the judicial reforms of Lord Cornwallis.
  8. “In 1790, Cornwallis Government introduced several reforms in the law to do away with some of the fragrant abuses which marred the administration of criminal justice.” Elucidate.
  9. State briefly the reforms of Lord Cornwallis in the field of administration of criminal justice.
  10. Discuss in brief the judicial reforms introduced by Lord Cornwallis in Bengal, Bihar and Orissa in 1793.
  11. “Reforms of Lord William Bentinck are deemed second to that of Lord Cornwallis.” Compare the judicial importance of the reforms made by Lord Cornwallis and Lord William Bentinck.
  12. The keynote of Bentinck’s judicial reforms was Indianisation, decentralisation and economy comment.
  13. Write a short note on Reforms by Lord Bentinck.
  14. Write a short note on development of Criminal Law.

Unit-III

  1. Discuss in detail the various stages of development of Personal Laws.
  2. Discuss in detail the development of Law in Presidency Towns.
  3. How Civil Laws developed in Mufassil area. Give comment.
  4. Write a short note on Principle of Justice, Equity and Good conscience.
  5. Write a short note on Charter of 1833.
  6. “The Charter Act of 1833 was a landmark in the Indian Constitutional History as it evolved a centralized system of administration and legislation.” Discuss the statement.
  7. What do you understand by Codification of Law ? What are the merits and demerits of codification ? Give an account of the contribution made by first law commission.
  8. What do you understand by ‘Codification of Law’ . Give an account of the contribution made by the Second Law Commission.
  9. ‘The Charter Act of 1833 was a landmark in the Indian Constitutional History as it evolved a centralized system of administration and legislation.” Discuss this statement.
  10. During the course of discussion on the Charter Act, 1833 in the British Parliament, Lord Mill and Lord Macaulay said, “India is a good laboratory for experimenting the Bentham’s Principles of utility.” Explain the above statement in the light of the history of codification in India.
  11. Discuss the powers and jurisdiction of the High Court’s established under the Indian High Court Act, 1861.
  12. Write a short notes on the Indian High Courts Act, 1861
  13. The High Court Act of 1861 was a momentous step forward in the direction of improving the administration of law and justice in India.” Elucidate.
  14. What are the merits and demerits of codification ? Explain the contribution of First Law Commission in codification of Indian Law.
  15. Write a short note on First Law Commission.
  16. Write a short note on Lex Loci Report.
  17. Write a detailed note on the history of appeals from Indian courts to the Privy Council in England. State how and when its jurisdiction came to an end?
  18. Write a short note on Privy Council.
  19. Write a detailed note to the history of appeals from Indian Courts to the Privy Council
    in England. State how and when its jurisdiction came to an end.
  20. Discuss in detail the merits and demerits of Racial Discrimination.

Unit- IV

  1. Explain “Importance and necessity of Indian Legal History”.
  2. Write a short note on Early development of Legal Profession in India through Mayor’s Court, Supreme Court, Company’s Court and the High Court.
  3. Discuss in short the provisions of the Legal Practitioners Act of 1879.
  4. Describe the Chamier and the Indian Bar Committee of 1951.
  5. Discuss the provisions of the Indian Bar Committee of 1951.
  6. “Legal profession is back-bone of legal system in any country.” Discuss the gradual development of legal profession in India.
  7. Write a short note on Law reporting in India from 1773 to 1950.
  8. Discuss in detail the history and aims of Legal Education.

Unit-V

  1. Describe the main features of Morley-Minto Reforms of 1909.
  2. Write a short note on Indian Council Act, 1909
  3. Enumerate the salient features of Government of India Act, 1919. Upto what extent it could establish representative responsible Government ?
  4. Discuss the events which led to the passing of the Government of India Act, 1919. What were the main provisions of the Act ?
  5. Explain the system of Dyarchy introduced by the Government of India Act, 1919.
  6. Discuss the main events which led to the passing of the Government of India Act, 1919. Also throw light on the main provisions of the Act.
  7. Write a short note on Provincial Autonomy under Act, 1935
  8. Describe in detail the provisions of Government of India Act, 1935.
  9. Describe the salient features of the Government of India Act, 1935. Is it correct to say that under this Act the Governor-General was the cornerstone of the entire constitution ?
  10. Discuss the main provisions of the Indian Independence Act, 1947 and state its effects.

QUESTIONS FORMULATED BY JAGANNATH UNIVERSITY

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