INDEX

World philosophical thoughts and writings

  • A Guide for the Perplexed: Moses Maimonides 1140 CE - Moses Maimonides, A Guide for the Perplexed, translated from the original Arabic text by M. Friedlaender THE GUIDE FOR THE PERPLEXED Moses Maimonides, A Guide for the Perplexed, translated from the original […]
  • સર્વોદય: મોહનદાસ કરમચંદ ગાંધી-1908 - પશ્ચિમના દેશમાં સાધારણ રીતે એમ માનવામાં આવે છે કે વધારે માણસનું (મૅજોરિટીનું) સુખ - તેઓનો ઉદય - એ વધારવાનું માણસનું કામ છે. સુખ એટલે માત્ર શારીરિક સુખ, પૈસાટકાનું સુખ, એવો અર્થ કરવામાં આવે છે. એવું સુખ મેળવવામાં નીતિના નિયમોનો ભંગ થાય તેની ખાસ દરકાર કરવામાં આવતી નથી. તેમ જ વધારે માણસોનું સુખ જાળવવું એવો હેતુ રાખ્યો છે, તેથી જો થોડાને દુઃખ દઈને વધારેને સુખ અપાય તો તેમ કરવામાં હરકત છે એમ પશ્ચિમના લોકો માનતા નથી. એવું માનતા નથી તેનું પરિણામ આપણે પશ્ચિમના બધા મુલકોમાં જોઈએ છીએ.
  • Beelzebub’s Tales to His Grandson: The arousing of thought[ch-1] - In the "presence" of every man, irrespective of his heredity and education, there are formed two independent consciousnesses, having almost nothing in common either in their functioning or in their manifestations.
  • Buddha Darshana-Madhavacharya - Certain Bauddhas, though there exist the external world, consisting of odours, &c., and the internal, consisting of colours, &c., in order to produce unbelief in these, declared the universe to be a void. These the venerated Buddha styled Práthamika (primary) disciples. A second school, attached to the apprehension of sensations only, maintain that sensation is the only reality. A third school, who contend that both are true (the internal and the external), and maintain that sensible objects are inferrible. Others hold all this to be absurd language (viruddhá bháshá), and are known under the designation of Vaibháshikas.
  • General Introduction to the Philosophy of History: Hegel - The very essence of spirit is action. It makes itself what it essentially is; it is its own product, its own work. Thus it becomes object of itself, thus it is presented to itself as an external existence. Likewise the spirit of a people: it is a definite spirit that builds itself up to an objective world. This world, then, stands and continues in its religion, its cult, its customs, its constitution and political laws, the whole scope of its institutions, its events and deeds.
  • Hegel’s Lectures on Aristotle-1822 - There is a quite generally held opinion that the Aristotelian and Platonic philosophies are directly opposed, the one being idealistic and the other realistic, and that, indeed, in the most trivial sense. For Plato is said to have made the ideal his principle, so that the inward idea creates from itself; according to Aristotle, on the contrary, we are told that the soul is made a tabula rasa, receiving all its determinations quite passively from the outer world; and his philosophy is thus mere empiricism – Locke’s philosophy at its worst. But we shall see how little this really is the case. In fact Aristotle excels Plato in speculative depth, for he was acquainted with the deepest kind of speculation – idealism – and in this upholds the most extreme empirical development.
  • Introduction to the History of Philosophy: Hegel - In the Christian religion the principle of which we speak has been rather expressed in the form of feeling and representation than articulated in the form of pure thought.What is essential in this story is that the tree from which Adam eats is the tree of the knowledge of good and evil; the rest is simply imaginary. The point at which we now stand is the result of all the work that has been done over a period Of 2300 years; it is what the World-Spirit has brought before itself in its thinking consciousness.
  • Legal Hermeneutics - Bibliography Austin, John (1832) The Province of Jurisprudence Determined. Austin, John (1987) “Deconstructive practice and legal theory.” Yale Law Journal, 96, 743. Bentham, Jeremy (1970) Of Laws in General. Ed. H.L.A. Hart. […]
  • Legal Validity - Bibliography Aquinas, Thomas. Treatise on Law (Summa Theologica, Questions 90-07). Ed. Ralph McInerny. Washington: Regnery, 1996. Print. Aristotle. The Athenian Constitution. Trans. Sir Frederic G. Kenyon. Seaside, OR: Merchant, 2009. Print. Aristotlte. […]
  • Mozi-one become an instrument for all the world - When ministers and subordinates give importance to their offices yet do not speak, close ministers fall silent, distant officials mumble under their breaths, unrest binds the heart of the people, sycophantic flattery by those at their sides surrounds superiors, and good counsel is obstructed, the state is endangered.
  • Of Peace of Mind by Lucius Annaeus Seneca (4 BCE – 65) - What we are seeking, then, is how the mind may always pursue a steady, unruffled course, may be pleased with itself, and look with pleasure upon its surroundings, and experience no interruption of this joy, but abide in a peaceful condition without being ever either elated or depressed: this will be "peace of mind."
  • On Love-Jiddu Krishnamurti - What is love? The word is so loaded and corrupted that I hardly like to use it. Everybody talks of love - every magazine and newspaper and every missionary talks everlastingly of love. I love my country, I love my king, I love some book, I love that mountain, I love pleasure, I love my wife, I love God. Is love an idea? If it is, it can be cultivated, nourished, cherished, pushed around, twisted in any way you like. When you say you love God what does it mean? It means that you love a projection of your own imagination, a projection of yourself clothed in certain forms of respectability according to what you think is noble and holy; so to say, `I love God', is absolute nonsense.
  • Philosophical Terms for Lawyer - Some basic vocabularies have been collected here, which a lawyer should know for mastering the art of argument.
  • Philosophical works by Karl Popper - Karl Raimund Popper, CH, MA, Ph.D., D.LITT, FBA, FRS (July 28, 1902 – September 17, 1994)   Zur Methodenfrage der Denkpsychologie, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Vienna, unpublished, 1928. Logik der Forschung, Vienna: Julius Springer Verlag, 1935. The Open Society and […]
  • Plato Timaeus: Natural philosophy. - Socrates, Timaeus, Critius, Germocrates Socrates. One, two, three – but where is the fourth of those that were our guests yesterday, my dear Timaeus, and today we decided to have a meal? […]
  • Power does not corrupt: it is the corrupted people who become attracted towards power-OSHO - Mahatma Gandhi and his followers were talking about nonviolence, love, peace — all the great values cherished down the ages. And when power came he escaped. Mahatma Gandhi himself escaped because he became aware that if he took power in his hands he would no longer be the mahatma, the sage.
  • Sanat-sujata explained how to avoid death in Mahabharata - सनत-सुजात-Free from all kinds of duality, it is manifest as the universe and all-pervading. Men of learning say that it is without any change, except in the language used to describe it. The Soul is the cause of my birth and procreation. I am the warp and woof of the universe. That upon which I rest is indestructible. Unborn I move, awake day and night. It is I knowing whom one becometh both learned and full of joy. Subtler than the subtle, of excellent eyes capable of looking into both the past and the future, Brahman is awake in every creature.
  • SARVA-DARŚANA-SAṂGRAHA BY MÁDHAVA ÁCHÁRYA - CONTENTS. I. The Chárváka System II. The Bauddha System III. The Árhata or Jaina System IV. The Rámánuja System V. The Púrṇa-prajña System VI. The Nakulíśa-Páśupata System VII. The Śaiva System VIII. […]
  • Spiritual legacy of Mao Zedong - In 1999, the Ministry of Education listed the Introduction to Mao Zedong Thought as a required course in undergraduate curricula and demanded that each college student spend at least 40 credit hours to learn the course and a pass an exam when applying to graduate schools.
  • The Arhat-Jaina Darshan: Madhavacharya - MANGALACHARAN 1. I worship Śiva, the abode of eternal knowledge, the storehouse of supreme felicity; by whom the earth and the rest were produced, in him only has this all a maker. […]
  • The Madman: His Parables and Poems by Kahlil Gibran - The Madman His Parables and Poems By Kahlil Gibran You ask me how I became a madman. It happened thus: One day, long before many gods were born, I woke from a […]
  • The Message of the Gita: Sri Aurobindo - This Yoga of love will give you a highest potential force for spiritual largeness and unity and freedom. But it must be a love which is one with God-knowledge. There is a devotion which seeks God in suffering for consolation and succour and deliverance; there is a devotion which seeks him for his gifts, for divine aid and protection and as a fountain of the satisfaction of desire; there is a devotion that, still ignorant, turns to him for light and knowledge.
  • THE VEDAS, BRÂHMANAS AND THEIR PHILOSOPHY – Surendranath Dasgupta 1922 - The sacred books of India, the Vedas, are generally believed to be the earliest literary record of the Indo-European race. It is indeed difficult to say when the earliest portions of these compositions came into existence. Many shrewd guesses have been offered, but none of them can be proved to be incontestably true. Max Müller supposed the date to be 1200 B.C., Haug 2400 B.C. and Bâl Gangâdhar Tilak 4000 B.C.
  • What is Enlightenment:Immanuel Kant - If it is now asked whether we at present live in an enlightened age, the answer is: No, but we do live in an age of enlightenment
  • What is the Law of Nature - Bibliography Armstrong, David M., What is a Law of Nature? (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 1983. Beauchamp, Tom L. and Alexander Rosenberg, Hume and the Problem of Causation, (New York: Oxford University Press), […]

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