Rashtriya Raksha University [institution of national importance] Objects of Rashtriya Raksha University   The objects of the University shall be to promote global standards and to provide – (a) dynamic and high standards of learning and research; (b) working environment dedicated to the advancement and dissemination of education, research, training and scholarship of the highest quality in the domain of […]

Power of officers of appropriate government to impose penalty in certain cases (Sec 85)   No court shall take cognizance of any offence punishable under this Code, save on a complaint made by or under the authority of the appropriate Government.  Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974), no court inferior to that of […]

Unfair Labour Practices under the Industrial Relations Code 2020 “unfair labour practice” means any of the practices specified in the Second Schedule; Prohibition of unfair labour practice – No employer or worker or a Trade Union, whether registered under this Code, or not, shall commit any unfair labour practice specified in the Second Schedule[Sec 84] I. On the Part of […]

Repeal and Savings Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code 2020 (1) The following enactments shall stand repealed on and from the dates the notification referred to in sub-section (2) of section 1 is issued, namely:- (a) The Factories Act, 1948(63 of 1948); (b) The Plantations Labour Act, 1951(69 of 1951); (c) The Mines Act, 1952(35 of 1952); (d) The […]

Newspaper Establishment   “Newspaper” means any printed periodical work containing public news or comments on public news and includes such other class of printed periodical work as may, from time to time, be notified in this behalf by the Central Government; “Newspaper establishment” means an establishment under the control of any person or body of persons, whether incorporated or not, […]

“Building or other construction work” means the construction, alteration, repairs, maintenance or demolition in relation to buildings, streets, roads, railways, tramways, airfields, irrigation, drainage, embankment and navigation works, flood control works (including storm water drainage works), generation, transmission and distribution of power, water works (including channels for distribution of water), oil and gas installations, electric lines, internet towers, wireless, radio, […]

Objects of  National Forensic Sciences University Institution of national importance The objects of the University shall be- (i) to facilitate and promote academic learning and practices in the field of forensic science in conjunction with applied behavioural science studies, law, legal studies, criminology and other allied areas and technology, including training, skill-development, research and extension of work with focus on […]

Inability to give employment to an Industrial worker( who is not terminated) when the place of employment is OPEN “lay-off” (with its grammatical variations and cognate expressions) means the failure, refusal or inability of an employer on account of shortage of coal, power or raw materials or the accumulation of stocks or the break-down of machinery or natural calamity or […]

An industrial establishment is Industry only   “Industrial establishment or undertaking” means an establishment or undertaking in which any industry is carried on: Provided that where several activities are carried on in an establishment or undertaking and only one or some of such activities is or are an industry or industries, then,- (i) if any unit of such establishment or […]

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