Process of Recycling of Ships under Recycling of Ships Act 2019
“Ship recycling” means the activity of dismantling of a ship at a ship recycling facility in order to recover components and materials for reprocessing and reuse, while taking care of hazardous and other materials and includes associated operations such as storage, treatment of components and materials on site, but not their further processing or disposal in separate facilities;
Sec 16- Ready for recycling certificate – (1) The owner of a ship who intends to recycle his ship shall make an application to the National Authority for a ready for recycling certificate in such form, manner, and accompanied by such fee as may be specified by the regulations or the Administration concerned as per the procedure determined by such Administration.
(2) A ready for recycling certificate referred to in sub-section (1) may be issued after successful completion of a survey and shall be valid for a period of three months from the date of its issue:
Provided that the period of validity may be extended by the National Authority for such reasons as may be specified by the regulations or the Administration concerned as per the reasons determined by such Administration.
(3) A ready for recycling certificate shall cease to be valid, if the condition of the ship does not correspond with the particulars of the certificate.
17- Ship recycling plan – (1) No Ship Recycler shall recycle any ship without a ship recycling plan prepared in accordance with the guidelines issued under sub-section (2) and approved by the Competent Authority.
(2) The National Authority may specify the guidelines for the preparation of a ship recycling plan for different categories of ships:
Provided that the Competent Authority may, after hearing the Ship Recycler, refuse to approve the ship recycling plan if it has reasons to believe that the plan does not comply with the guidelines specified by the National Authority.
(3) Where the Competent Authority fails to convey its decision regarding approval of the ship recycling plan within fifteen days of its submission, the plan shall be deemed to have been approved.
18- General requirements – (1) No ship shall be recycled without the written permission or, as the case may be, the deemed permission of the Competent Authority obtained in such manner as may be specified by the regulations.
(2) Any ship registered in India and intended to be recycled outside the territory of India shall be recycled only at a ship recycling facility duly authorised by such authority as may be specified by the regulations.
19- Obligations on part of ship owner – (1) The owner of a ship which is intended to be recycled within the territory of India shall-
(i) give an advance intimation to the Maritime Rescue Co-ordination Centre and the Competent Authority about the date of arrival, in such manner as may be prescribed;
(ii) clear all port dues, if any, upon arriving at the port and submit the documents as specified in the regulations; and
(iii) keep the ship clear of cargo residues and shall minimise any remaining fuel oil and wastes on board.
(2) The owner of a tanker which is intended to be recycled within the territory of India shall fulfil such conditions for safe-for-entry or safe-for-hotwork or both, as specified by the regulations.
20- Procedure for grant of permission for ship recycling – (1) The Competent Authority shall grant permission for recycling only after physical inspection of the ship and for this purpose it may requisition the services of representatives of such agencies as may be prescribed.
(2) Where the Competent Authority fails to convey its decision regarding grant of permission within fifteen days of receipt of application, the permission shall be deemed to have been granted.
(3) The Competent Authority may deny permission for recycling for reasons to be recorded in writing after affording an opportunity of being heard to the ship owner.
(4) The Ship Recycler, on receipt of a copy of permission to recycle the ship, shall issue a statement of acceptance to the ship owner under intimation to the Competent Authority in such form and manner as may be specified by the regulations and thereafter the ship owner may get the ship de-registered.
21- Safe and environmentally sound management of hazardous materials – Every Ship Recycler shall,-
(a) ensure safe and environmentally sound removal and management of hazardous materials from a ship; and
(b) comply with such requirements related to basic infrastructure facilities including those related to environmentally safe disposal or management of wastes and hazardous materials, in such manner as may be specified by the regulations.
22- Obligation on Ship Recycler to take measures for protection of environment – (1) Every Ship Recycler shall,-
(i) ensure that there is no damage caused to the environment in any form due to the recycling activities at the ship recycling facility; and
(ii) take necessary measures for protection of the environment.
(2) In case of oil spill in the facility, the Ship Recycler shall be served a notice by the Competent Authority to take remedial action in such manner as may be specified by the regulations.
(3) For contravention of the provisions of this section, the Ship Recycler shall be liable to pay such environmental damages and cleanup operation compensation in such manner as may be prescribed.