Law of China

Law of the People’s Republic of China on the National Flag-1990

Law of the People’s Republic of China on the National Flag

(Adopted at the 14th Meeting of the Standing Committee of the Seventh National People’s Congress on June 28, 1990, promulgated by Order No. 28 of the President of the People’s Republic of China on June 28, 1990, and effective as of October 1, 1990; and amended in accordance with the Decision of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress on Amending Some Laws adopted at the 10th session of the eleventh Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress on August 27, 2009)


Article 1 This Law is enacted in accordance with the Constitution with a view to defending the dignity of the National Flag, enhancing citizens’ consciousness of the State and promoting the spirit of patriotism.

Article 2 The National Flag of the People’s Republic of China shall be a red flag with five stars. The National Flag of the People’s Republic of China shall be made according to the Directions for the Making of the National Flag promulgated by the Presidium of the First Plenary Session of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference.

Article 3 The National Flag of the People’s Republic of China is the symbol and hallmark of the People’s Republic of China. All citizens and organizations shall respect and care for the National Flag.

Article 4 The local people’s governments at various levels shall exercise supervision over and administration of the display and use of the National Flag within their respective administrative areas. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the competent department in charge of communications under the State Council and the General Political Department of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army shall exercise supervision over and administration of the display and use of the National Flag within their respective jurisdiction. The National Flag shall be made by enterprises designated by the people’s governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government.

Article 5 The National Flag shall be displayed daily in the following places or premises of institutions:

(1) Tian’anmen Square and Xinhuamen in Beijing;

(2) The Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, the State Council, the Central Military Commission, the Supreme People’s Court and the Supreme People’s Procuratorate; The National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference;

(3) The Ministry of Foreign Affairs;

(4) Airports, harbours and railway stations of entry or exit and other frontier ports, frontier stations and coastal defence stations.

Article 6 Departments under the State Council, the standing committees of the local people’s congresses, the people’s governments, the people’s courts, the people’s procuratorates and the local committees of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference at various levels shall display the National Flag during working days. Full-time schools shall display the National Flag daily, except during winter vacations, summer vacations and Sundays.

Article 7 State organs at all levels and mass organizations shall display the National Flag on National Day, International Labour Day, New Year’s Day and the Spring Festival; the National Flag may be displayed, when conditions permit, in premises of enterprises, institutions, villagers’ committees and residents’ committees, in urban residential compounds (buildings) and in public places such as squares and parks. In minority nationality areas where the Spring Festival is not a traditional festival, whether the National Flag is displayed during the Spring Festival shall be prescribed by the authorities practising self- government in the national autonomous areas. In a national autonomous area, the National Flag may be displayed on the anniversary of the founding of the national autonomous area and during major traditional festivals of the minority nationalities.

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