Declaration of Dividend by NBFCs
Date : Dec 09, 2020
All Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs)
Madam / Dear Sir,
Declaration of Dividend by NBFCs
In order to infuse greater transparency and uniformity in practice, it has been decided to prescribe guidelines on distribution of dividend by NBFCs. NBFCs may declare dividend, subject to compliance with the guidelines laid down below:
2- Eligibility criteria for declaration of dividend
Only those NBFCs, which comply with the following minimum prudential requirements, would be eligible to declare dividend:
i) Capital Adequacy and Leverage: NBFCs should comply with the prescribed minimum capital adequacy and leverage ratio as under:
Deposit taking Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC-D) and Systemically Important Non-Deposit taking Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC-ND-SI) should have CRAR of at least 15% for last 3 years, including the accounting year for which it proposes to declare dividend.
Non-Systemically Important Non-Deposit taking Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC-ND) should have leverage ratio of less than 7 for the last 3 years, including the accounting year for which it proposes to declare dividend.
Core Investment Company (CIC) should have Adjusted Net Worth (ANW) of at least 30% of its aggregate risk weighted assets on balance sheet and risk adjusted value of off-balance sheet items for last 3 years, including the accounting year for which it proposes to declare dividend.
ii) Non-Performing Assets (NPA)
The net NPA ratio should be less than 6% in each of the last three years, including the accounting year for which it proposes to declare dividend.
iii) Other Criteria
NBFCs should comply with the provisions of Section 45 IC of the RBI Act, 1934.
NBFCs should comply with the prevailing regulations/ guideline issued by RBI.
The proposed dividend should be payable only out of the current year’s profit.
The Reserve Bank should not have placed any explicit restrictions on the NBFC on declaration of dividend.
However, if the CRAR/ leverage/ ANW norms are not met (as provided at a, b & c above) in the previous two years, the applicable NBFCs1/ CICs would be eligible to pay dividend as per category D of the matrix (Annex 1 & Annex 2), provided, they have achieved minimum regulatory CRAR/ leverage/ ANW norms and their net NPA is less than 4% in the accounting year for which they propose to declare dividend.
3. Quantum of dividend payable
NBFCs, which fulfil the eligibility criteria set out at paragraph 2 above, may declare and pay dividend, subject to the following:
The Dividend pay-out ratio for NBFC-D and NBFC-ND-SI shall be as per the matrix furnished at Annex 1.
The dividend pay-out ratio for CIC shall be as per the matrix furnished at Annex 2.
In case the profit for the relevant period includes any extra-ordinary profits/ income, the pay-out ratio shall be computed after excluding such extra-ordinary items.
The financial statements pertaining to the year for which the NBFC is declaring dividend should be free of any qualifications by the auditors, which have an adverse bearing on the profit during that year. In case of any qualification to that effect, the net profit should be suitably adjusted while computing the dividend pay-out ratio.
In case, subject to meeting the minimum regulatory requirement, an NBFC has different CRAR and CIC has different ANW in the last three years, dividend pay-out will be determined based on the lowest CRAR/ ANW.
Dividend pay-out ratio shall be calculated as a percentage of ‘dividend payable in a year’ to ‘net profit during the year’.
The above-mentioned matrix is not applicable to NBFC-ND2 and Type I NBFCs3. While NBFC-ND may declare dividend subject to a ceiling of 50% on the dividend pay-out ratio, as per the Board approved policy, Type I NBFC shall not be subject to any ceiling on the dividend pay-out.
4. Board Oversight
A copy of these guidelines may be placed before the Board of the NBFC at its next meeting. The Board should take into account the interests of all stakeholders and the following aspects while deciding on the proposals for declaring dividend:
the supervisory findings of the Reserve Bank with regard to divergence in identification of NPAs and shortfall in provisioning,
the auditors’ qualifications pertaining to the statement of accounts, and
the NBFC’s long term growth plans.
5. Reporting System
NBFC-D, NBFC-ND-SI & CICs declaring dividend should report details of dividend declared during the accounting year as per the proforma prescribed in Annex 3. The report should be furnished within a fortnight after declaration of dividend to the Regional Office of the Department of Supervision of the Bank, under whose jurisdiction it is registered.
6. Directions specific to Standalone Primary Dealers (SPDs)
SPDs pay dividend as per instructions contained in paragraph 30 of the Master Direction – Standalone Primary Dealers (Reserve Bank) Directions, 2016. On a review, it has been decided that for SPDs having CRAR at 20 per cent or above during all the four quarters of the accounting year in which dividend is proposed, the dividend pay-out ratio shall not exceed 60 per cent. The Reserve Bank will not entertain any request for ad-hoc dispensation on declaration of dividend from SPDs.
The above guidelines will be applicable for dividend to be declared for the financial year beginning April 01, 2020 (FY 2020-21) onwards.
8- The Non-Banking Financial Company – Systemically Important Non-Deposit taking Company and Deposit taking Company (Reserve Bank) Directions, 2016, the Non-Banking Financial Company – Non-Systemically Important Non-Deposit taking Company (Reserve Bank) Directions, 2016 the Core Investment Companies (Reserve Bank) Directions, 2016 and Master Direction – Standalone Primary Dealers (Reserve Bank) Directions, 2016 have been suitably updated.
Chief General Manager