Active English Grammar

Linking words and phrases

 Common linking words and phrases

Sequence Result Emphasis
  • First / firstly, second / secondly, third / thirdly etc
  • Next, last, finally
  • In addition, moreover
  • Further / furthermore
  • Another
  • Also
  • In conclusion
  • To summarise
  • So
  • As a result
  • As a consequence (of)
  • Therefore
  • Thus
  • Consequently
  • Hence
  • Due to
  • Undoubtedly
  • Indeed
  • Obviously
  • Generally
  • Admittedly
  • In fact
  • Particularly / in particular
  • Especially
  • Clearly
  • Importantly
Addition Reason Example
  • And
  • In addition / additionally / an additional
  • Furthermore
  • Also
  • Too
  • As well as
  • For
  • Because
  • Since
  • As
  • Because of
  • For example
  • For instance
  • That is (ie)
  • Such as
  • Including
  • Namely
Contrast Comparison
  • However
  • Nevertheless
  • Nonetheless
  • Still
  • Although / even though
  • Though
  • But
  • Yet
  • Despite / in spite of
  • In contrast (to) / in comparison
  • While
  • Whereas
  • On the other hand
  • On the contrary
  • Similarly
  • Likewise
  • Also
  • Like
  • Just as
  • Just like
  • Similar to
  • Same as
  • Compare
  • compare(d) to / with
  • Not only…but also

Common subordinators

Comparison & Contrast Cause / effect Time
  • Although
  • Though
  • Even though
  • While
  • Whereas
  • Since
  • So that
  • Because
  • After
  • When
  • Until
  • Whenever
  • Before
Possibility Place & manner
  • if
  • as if
  • whether
  • unless
  • Wherever
  • Where
  • How