Icelandic Non-Proliferation Policy

Each non-nuclear-weapon State Party to the Treaty undertakes not to receive the transfer from any transferor whatsoever of nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices or of control over such weapons or explosive devices directly, or indirectly; not to manufacture or otherwise acquire nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices; and not to seek or receive any assistance in the manufacture of nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices.

Article II of Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

Non-Proliferation Policy

Status ; 2022

Law

Iceland supports international efforts in the area of non-proliferation through international co-operation  and implementation of all international obligations in this area.

As a member of the United Nations, Iceland implements all Security Council (UNSC) resolutions on arms embargos and non-proliferation. It sponsors and supports non-proliferation initiatives at the UN, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (Preparatory Commission – CTBTO) and other international fora. Iceland aligns itself with EU positions on non-proliferation on the basis of the EEA Agreement of 1992.

Selected WMD Conventions to which Iceland is a Party

  1. Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (1996), entered into force for Iceland 26.6.2000
  2. Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction (1993), entered into force 29.4.1997
  3. Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological Biological and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction (1972), entered into force 26.3.1975
  4. Treaty on the Prohibition of the Emplacement of Nuclear Weapons and Other Weapons of Mass Destruction on the Sea Bed and the Ocean Floor and in the Subsoil Thereof (1971), entered into force 30.5.1972
  5. Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (1968), entered into force 5.3.1970
  6. Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and Under Water (1963), entered into force 29.4.1964

Selected Nuclear Related Conventions to which Iceland is a Party

  • Additional protocol to the safeguards agreement (2003), entered into force for Iceland 12.9.2003
  • Joint convention on the safety of spent nuclear fuel management (1997), entered into force 27.4.2006
  • Convention on nuclear safety (1994), entered into force 2.9.2008
  • Convention on early notification of a nuclear accident (1986), entered into force 28.10.1989
  • Convention on assistance in the case of a nuclear accident of radiological emergency (1986), entered into force 26.2.2006
  • Convention on the physical protection of nuclear material (1980), entered into force 18.7.2002
  • Safeguards Agreement in connection with the NPT (1972), entered into force 16.10.1974
  • Protocol to the Safeguards Agreement in connection with the NPT (1972), entered into force 6.10.1974

Source: Govt of Iceland


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