Russian Federal Law on Security-2010

Federal Law “On Security”

Adopted by the State Duma on December 7, 2010
Approved by the Federation Council on December 15, 2010


Chapter 1. General Provisions

Article 1. Subject of Regulation of this Federal Law

This Federal Law defines the basic principles and content of activities to ensure state security, public security, environmental security, personal security, other types of security provided for by the legislation of the Russian Federation (hereinafter referred to as security, national security), the powers and functions of federal government bodies, government bodies of constituent entities of the Russian Federation, local self-government bodies in the field of security, as well as the status of the Security Council of the Russian Federation (hereinafter referred to as the Security Council).

Article 2. Basic principles of security

The main principles of ensuring security are:
1) observance and protection of the rights and freedoms of man and citizen;
2) legality;
3) systematic and comprehensive application of political, organizational, socio-economic, informational, legal and other security measures by federal state authorities, state authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, other state bodies, local self-government bodies;
4) priority of preventive measures in order to ensure safety;
5) interaction of federal state authorities, state authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, other state bodies with public associations, international organizations and citizens in order to ensure security.

Article 3. Content of security

activities Security activities include:

1) prediction, identification, analysis and assessment of security threats;
2) determination of the main directions of state policy and strategic planning in the field of security;
3) legal regulation in the field of security;
4) development and application of a set of operational and long-term measures to identify, prevent and eliminate security threats, localize and neutralize the consequences of their manifestation;
5) application of special economic measures in order to ensure security;
6) development, production and introduction of modern types of weapons, military and special equipment, as well as dual-use and civilian equipment in order to ensure security;
7) organization of scientific activities in the field of security;
8) coordination of the activities of federal state authorities, state authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, local governments in the field of security;
9) financing of expenses for ensuring security, control over the targeted spending of allocated funds;
10) international cooperation for security purposes;
11) implementation of other measures in the field of security in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.

Article 4 Other measures.


2. The main directions of the state policy in the field of security are determined by the President of the Russian Federation.
3. The state policy in the field of security is implemented by the federal state authorities, state authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, local governments on the basis of the national security strategy of the Russian Federation, other conceptual and doctrinal documents developed by the Security Council and approved by the President of the Russian Federation.
4. Citizens and public associations participate in the implementation of state policy in the field of security.

Article 5. Legal basis for ensuring security
The legal basis for ensuring security is the Constitution of the Russian Federation, generally recognized principles and norms of international law, international treaties of the Russian Federation, federal constitutional laws, this Federal Law, other federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, laws and other regulatory legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, local governments adopted within their competence in the field of security.

Article 6. Coordination of security activities
Security activities are coordinated by the President of the Russian Federation and the Security Council formed and headed by him, as well as, within their competence, the Government of the Russian Federation, federal state authorities, state authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, and local self-government bodies.

Article 7. International cooperation in the field of security

1. The international cooperation of the Russian Federation in the field of security is carried out on the basis of generally recognized principles and norms of international law and international treaties of the Russian Federation.
2. The main objectives of international cooperation in the field of security are:
1) protection of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Russian Federation;
2) protection of the rights and legitimate interests of Russian citizens abroad;
3) strengthening relations with strategic partners of the Russian Federation;
4) participation in the activities of international organizations dealing with security issues;
5) development of bilateral and multilateral relations in order to fulfill the tasks of ensuring security;
6) assistance in the settlement of conflicts, including participation in peacekeeping activities.

Chapter

2Powers of the President of the Russian Federation in the field of security
The President of the Russian Federation:
1) determines the main directions of state policy in the field of security;
2) approves the national security strategy of the Russian Federation, other conceptual and doctrinal documents in the field of security;
3) forms and heads the Security Council;
4) establishes the competence of the federal executive authorities in the field of security, the management of which he exercises;
5) in accordance with the procedure established by Federal Constitutional Law No. 3-FKZ of May 30, 2001 “On the State of Emergency”, introduces a state of emergency on the territory of the Russian Federation or in its individual areas, exercises powers in the field of ensuring the state of emergency;
6) takes, in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation:
a) a decision on the application of special economic measures in order to ensure security;
b) measures to protect citizens from criminal and other illegal actions, to counter terrorism and extremism;
7) resolve, in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, issues related to ensuring the protection of:
a) information and state secrets;
b) the population and territories from emergency situations;
8) exercise other powers in the field of security, assigned to him by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, federal constitutional laws and federal laws.

Article 9. Powers of the chambers of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation in the field of security
1. The Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation:
1) considers federal laws adopted by the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation in the field of security;
2) approves the decree of the President of the Russian Federation on the introduction of a state of emergency.
2. The State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation adopts federal laws in the field of security.

Article 10Powers of the Government of the Russian Federation in the field of security

The Government of the Russian Federation:

1) participates in determining the main directions of the state policy in the field of security;
2) forms federal targeted programs in the field of security and ensures their implementation;
3) establishes the competence of the federal executive authorities in the field of security, the management of which it exercises;
4) organizes the provision of federal executive authorities, executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, local governments with the means and resources necessary to perform tasks in the field of security;
5) exercise other powers in the field of security, assigned to him by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, federal constitutional laws, federal laws and regulatory legal acts of the President of the Russian Federation.

Article 11. Powers of the federal executive authorities in the field of security
The federal executive authorities perform tasks in the field of security in accordance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation, federal constitutional laws, federal laws, regulatory legal acts of the President of the Russian Federation and regulatory legal acts of the Government of the Russian Federation.

Article 12Functions of State Authorities of the Subjects of the Russian Federation and Local Self-Government Bodies in the Field of Security Provision
State authorities of the subjects of the Russian Federation and local self-government bodies, within their competence, ensure the implementation of the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of security.

Chapter 3 Status of the Security Council

Article 13 Security Council

1. The Security Council is a constitutional advisory body that prepares decisions of the President of the Russian Federation on issues of security, organization of defense, military development, defense production, military-technical cooperation of the Russian Federation with foreign states, on other issues related to the protection of the constitutional order, sovereignty , independence and territorial integrity of the Russian Federation, as well as on issues of international cooperation in the field of security.
2. The Security Council is formed and headed by the President of the Russian Federation.
3. The Regulations on the Security Council of the Russian Federation are approved by the President of the Russian Federation.
4. In order to implement the tasks and functions of the Security Council, the President of the Russian Federation may create working bodies of the Security Council and the apparatus of the Security Council.

Article 14. Main Tasks and Functions of the Security Council

1. The main tasks of the Security Council are:
1) to provide conditions for the exercise by the President of the Russian Federation of powers in the field of security;
2) formation of state policy in the field of security and control over its implementation;
3) forecasting, identification, analysis and assessment of security threats, assessment of military danger and military threat, development of measures to neutralize them;
4) preparation of proposals to the President of the Russian Federation:
a) on measures to prevent and eliminate emergency situations and overcome their consequences;
b) on the application of special economic measures to ensure security;
c) on the introduction, extension and cancellation of a state of emergency;
5) coordination of the activities of federal executive authorities and executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation to implement the decisions adopted by the President of the Russian Federation in the field of security;
6) evaluation of the effectiveness of the activities of federal executive bodies in the field of security.
2. The main functions of the Security Council are:
1) consideration of issues of security, organization of defense, military construction, defense production, military-technical cooperation of the Russian Federation with foreign states, other issues related to the protection of the constitutional order, sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of the Russian Federation, as well as issues of international cooperation in security areas;
2) analysis of information on the implementation of the main directions of state policy in the field of security, on the socio-political and economic situation in the country, on the observance of human and civil rights and freedoms;
3) development and refinement of the national security strategy of the Russian Federation, other conceptual and doctrinal documents, as well as criteria and indicators for ensuring national security;
4) implementation of strategic planning in the field of security;
5) consideration of draft legislative and other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation on issues within the jurisdiction of the Security Council;
6) preparation of draft regulatory legal acts of the President of the Russian Federation on issues of ensuring security and exercising control over the activities of federal executive bodies in the field of ensuring security;
7) organization of work on the preparation of federal programs in the field of security and control over their implementation;
8) organization of scientific research on issues within the jurisdiction of the Security Council.
3. The President of the Russian Federation may assign other tasks and functions to the Security Council in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.

Article 15. Composition of the Security Council

1. The composition of the Security Council includes the Chairman of the Security Council of the Russian Federation, who ex officio is the President of the Russian Federation; Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation (hereinafter referred to as the Secretary of the Security Council); permanent members of the Security Council and members of the Security Council.
2. Permanent members of the Security Council shall be members of the Security Council ex officio in the manner determined by the President of the Russian Federation. The Secretary of the Security Council is a permanent member of the Security Council.
3. Members of the Security Council are appointed by the President of the Russian Federation in the manner determined by him.
4. Members of the Security Council take part in the meetings of the Security Council with the right of an advisory vote.
5. The Secretary of the Security Council, permanent members of the Security Council and members of the Security Council may be citizens of the Russian Federation who do not have the citizenship of a foreign state or a residence permit or other document confirming the right of a citizen of the Russian Federation to permanently reside in the territory of a foreign state.

Article 16. Secretary of the Security Council
1. The Secretary of the Security Council is an official who ensures the implementation of the tasks and functions assigned to the Security Council.
2. The Secretary of the Security Council is appointed and dismissed by the President of the Russian Federation, to whom he reports directly.
3. The powers of the Secretary of the Security Council are determined by the President of the Russian Federation.

Article 17. Organization of the activities of the Security Council
1. The activities of the Security Council are carried out in the form of sessions and conferences.
2. The procedure for organizing and holding meetings and conferences of the Security Council is determined by the President of the Russian Federation.

Article 18Decisions of the Security Council
1. Decisions of the Security Council are adopted at its meetings and meetings by the permanent members of the Security Council in the manner determined by the President of the Russian Federation. The permanent members of the Security Council have equal rights in making decisions.
2. Decisions of the Security Council come into force after their approval by the President of the Russian Federation.
3. Decisions of the Security Council that have entered into force are binding on state bodies and officials.
4. In order to implement the decisions of the Security Council, the President of the Russian Federation may issue decrees and orders.

Chapter 4. Final Provisions

Article 19.On the invalidation of certain legislative acts (provisions of legislative acts) of the Russian Federation
To recognize as invalid:

1) Law of the Russian Federation of March 5, 1992 N 2446-I “On Security” (Bulletin of the Congress of People’s Deputies of the Russian Federation and the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation, 1992 , N 15, item 769);
2) Decree of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation of March 5, 1992 N 2446 / II “On the Enactment of the Law of the Russian Federation “On Security” (Bulletin of the Congress of People’s Deputies of the Russian Federation and the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation, 1992, N 15, Art. 770) ;
3) Law of the Russian Federation of December 25, 1992 N 4235-I “On supplementing Article 14 of the Law of the Russian Federation “On Security” (Bulletin of the Congress of People’s Deputies of the Russian Federation and the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation, 1993, N 2, Art. 77);
4 ) Decree of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation of December 25, 1992 N 4236-I “On the Procedure for Enacting the Law of the Russian Federation” On Supplementing Article 14 of the Law of the Russian Federation “On Security” (Bulletin of the Congress of People’s Deputies of the Russian Federation and the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation, 1993 , N 2, item 78);
5) Article 9 of the Federal Law of July 25, 2002 N 116-FZ “On the introduction of amendments and additions to certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation in connection with the improvement of public administration in the field of fire safety” (Collected Legislation of the Russian Federation, 2002, N 30, Art. .3033);
6) Article 2 of Federal Law No. 15-FZ of March 7, 2005 “On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation and Recognition of Certain Provisions of a Legislative Act of the Russian Federation as Invalid in Connection with the Implementation of Measures to Improve Public Administration in the Sphere of Protection and Protection of the State borders of the Russian Federation” (Sobraniye zakonodatelstva Rossiyskoy Federatsii, 2005, No. 10, art. 763);
7) Article 1 of the Federal Law of July 25, 2006 N 128-FZ “On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation in Part of Clarifying the Requirements for Filling State and Municipal Positions” (Sobraniye Zakonodatelstva Rossiyskoy Federatsii, 2006, N 31, Art. 3427 );
8) Article 3 of the Federal Law of March 2, 2007 N 24-FZ “On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation in Part of Clarifying the Requirements for Persons Holding State or Municipal Positions, as well as Positions of the State or Municipal Service” (Collection of Legislation of the Russian Federation, 2007, N 10, item 1151);
9) Article 1 of the Federal Law of June 26, 2008 N 103-FZ “On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation in Connection with the Improvement of State Administration in the Sphere of Customs Affairs” (Sobraniye Zakonodatelstva Rossiyskoy Federatsii, 2008, N 26, Art. 3022 ).

Article 20. Entry into force of this Federal Law
This Federal Law shall enter into force on the day of its official publication.

President of Russian Federation

D. Medvedev


%d bloggers like this: