Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities
Ministry of Minority Affairs
Government of India
THE HON’BLE PRESIDENT OF INDIA
Through: The Hon’ble Minister of Minority Affairs, Government of India
I have the honour to present the 52 nd Report to Your Excellency for the period July 2014 to June 2015, in terms of Article 350-B (2) of the Constitution of India. The Report is mainly based on the analysis of information collected and collated from the answers given by the State Governments/UT Administrations to my detailed Questionnaire and in the light of my discussion with the State Governments/UT Administrations and the representatives of various linguistic minorities groups in respect of implementation of the Constitutional Rights and the nationally agreed Scheme of Safeguards provided to the linguistic minorities in India. The Report records its findings and recommendations for appropriate action by the State Governments and the Union Territory administrations, as applicable.
The Report may kindly be laid on the Table of both the Houses of Parliament, in terms of Article 350-B (2) of the Constitution of India.
With profound regards,
(PROF. AKHTARUL WASEY)
Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India
The States Reorganisation Commission (SRC) 1956, recommended for creation of a mechanism to address the grievances of the linguistic minorities. Although, the word linguistic minorities has not been defined in the Constitution of India, the linguistic minorities are considered as a group or collectivities of individuals residing in the territory of India or any part thereof having a distinct language or script of their own. The language of the minority group need not be one of the twenty two languages mentioned in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution. In other words, linguistic minorities at the State level mean any group or groups of people whose mother tongues are different from the principal language of the State, and at the district and taluka /tehsil levels, different from the principal language of the district or taluka/tehsil concerned. On the recommendations of the SRC, the 7th Constitutional (Amendment) Act, 1957 was enacted, whereby Articles, 350 A & B were included in the Constitution. Article 350-B
provides for a Special Officer for Linguistic Minorities, who is known as the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India (CLM) to investigate all the matters relating to the Safeguards provided for the linguistic minorities in India under the Constitution and reporting to the President upon those matters at such intervals as the President may direct and the President causes all such reports to be laid before each House of the Parliament and sent to the Government/Administrations of States/UTs concerned. Thus, the CLM Organization came into existence in July, 1957 at New Delhi. After a brief period it was shifted to Allahabad and now it has been shifted to New Delhi with effect from1 June 2015.