Treaty of Mandsaur between East India Company and His Highness Maharajah Mulhar Rao Holkar (06/01/1818)
This treaty of Peace between the Honorable the East India Company and His Highness Maharajah Mulhar Rao Holkar, his heirs and successors, settled by Brigadier General Sir John Malcolm, O.K., and K.I.S., Political Agent for the Most Noble the Governor General, on the part of the Honorable East India Company, and Tantea Jogh, on the part of His Highness Mulhar Rao Holkar, the said Brigadier-general Sir John Malcolm acting under authority from His Excellency Lieutenant General Sir Thomas Hislop, Baronet, Commander-in Chief of the Army of Fort Saint George and of the Army in the Deccan, himself invested with full power and authority from the Most Noble Francis, Marquis of Hastings, K.G., one of His Britannic Majesty’s Most Honorable Privy Council, Governor General in Council appointed by the Honorable Company to direct and control all the affairs in the East Indies, and the said Tantea Jogh, duly invested with full power on the part of His Highness Mulhar Rao Holkar.
DATE: 6th January1818.
Peace being established with the Maharajah Mulhar Rao Holkar, the Company’s Government agrees that it will not permit any State or any freebooter to be unpunished that shall commit any outrage or hostility against the territories of Maharajah Mulhar Kao Holkar; the Maharajah agreeing; on such occasions to lend his utmost assistance by the employment of his troops, or in such other manner as may be requisite, and the British Government will at all times extend the same protection to the territories of Maharajah Mulhar Rao Holkar as to its own.
Maharajah Mulhar Rao Holkar agrees to confirm the engagement which has been made by the British Government with the Nawab Ameer Khan, and to renounce all claims whatever to the territories guaranteed in the said engagement by the British Government to the Nawab Ameer Khan and his heirs.
The pergunnahs of Patchpahar, Dug, Gungrar, Aoor, and others rented by Rajah Zalim Sing, of Kotah, to be ceded in perpetuity to that Chief by the Maharajah Mulhar Rao Holkar, who renounces all claims whatever on these pergunuahs.
Maharajah Mulhar Rao Holkar agrees to cede to the British Government all claims of tribute and revenues of every description which he has or may have had upon the Rajpoot princes, such as the Rajahs of Oudeypore, Jeypore, Jodhpore, Kotah, Boondee, Kerowlee, &c.
Mulhar Rao Holkar renounces all right and title to any of his territories as Rampoora, Bussunt, Rajepoora, Balliah, Neemserall, Indeghur, Boondee, Lekherree, Sameydee, Bhaumungaum, Dase, and other places within or north of the Boondee hills.
Maharajah Mulhar Rao Holkar cedes to the British Government all his territories and claims of every description whatever within and south of the Sautroorah range of hills, including the fort of Sundwah with a glacis of two thousand yards, also all his possessions in the province of Khandeish and those districts, such as Ambar, Ellora, and others, intermixed with the territories of the Nizam and Peishwa.
In consideration of the cessions made by this Treaty, the British Government binds itself to support a field force to maintain the internal tranquility of the territories of Mulhar Rao Holkar and to defend them from foreign enemies; this force shall be of such strength as shall be judged adequate to the object. It shall be stationed where the British Government determines to be best, and (In; Maharajah Mulhar Rao Holkar agrees to grant some place of security as a depot for its stores.
The Maharajah grants full permission for the purchase of supplies of every description for any British force, acting in the defense of his territories; grain and all other articles of consumption and provisions and all sorts of materials for wearing apparel, together with the necessary number of cattle, horses, and camels required for the use of such force, shall be exempted from duties.
Maharajah Mulhar Rao Holkar engages never to commit any act of hostility or aggression against any of the Honorable Company’s allies or dependants, or against any other power or State whatever. In the event of differences arising, whatever adjustment the Company’s Government weighing matters in the scale of truth and justice may determine, shall have the Maharajah’s entire acquiescence. The Maharajah agrees not to send or receive vakeels from any other State or to have communication with any other States except with the knowledge and consent of the British Resident.
The British Government hereby declares that it has no manner of concern with any of the Maharajah’s children, relations, dependents, and subjects, or servants, with respect to whom the Maharajah is absolute.
The Maharajah Mulhar Rao Holkar agrees to discharge his superfluous troops, and not to keep a larger force than his revenues will afford. He however agrees to retain in service, ready to co-operate with the British troops, a body of not less than three thousand horse, for whose regular payment a suitable arrangement must be made.
The Maharajah engages (and the British Government guarantees the engagement) to grant to Nawab Guffor Khan his present jaidad of the districts of Sujeet, Mulhargurh, ‘Paul, Mundawul, Jowrah, Burroade; the tribute of Peeplowdah, with the sayer of the whole. These districts shall descend to his heirs on the condition that the said Nawab and his heirs shall maintain independent of the sebundy for his pergunnahs, and his personal attendants, in constant readiness for service, a body of six hundred select horse; and further, that this quota of troops shall be hereafter increased in proportion to the increasing revenue of the districts granted to him.
Mulhar Rao Holkar engages never to entertain in his service European or Americans of any description without the knowledge and consent of the British Government.
In order to maintain and improve the relations of amity and peace hereby established, it is agreed that an accredited minister from the British Government shall reside with the Maharajah Mulhar Rao Holkar, and that the latter shall be at liberty to send a vakeel to the Most Noble the Governor-General.
All the cessions made by this Treaty to the British Government or its allies shall take effect from the date of this Treaty, and the Maharajah relinquishes all claims to arrears from these cessions. The possessions lately conquered by the British Government shall be restored to the Maharajah.
The perwannahs for the mutual delivery of these cessions shall be issued without delay, and the forts ceded shall be given up with their military stores and in all respects in their present condition.
The English Government engages that it will never permit the Peishwa (Sree Muntu) or any of his heirs and descendants to claim or exercise any sovereign rights or power whatever over the Maharajah Mulhar Rao Holkar, his heirs and descendants.
This Treaty consisting of seventeen Articles, has been this day settled by Brigadier-General Sir John Malcolm, acting under the direction of His Excellency Lieutenant General Sir Thomas Hislop, Baronet, on the part of the Honorable Company, and by Tantea Jogh, on the part of Mulhar Rao Holkar;
Sir John Malcolm has delivered one copy thereof in English and Persian, signed and sealed by himself, to the said Tantea Jogh to be forwarded to Maharajah Mulhar Rao Holkar, and has received from the said Tantea Jogh a counterpart of the said Treaty signed and sealed by him.
Sir John Malcolm engages that a copy of the said Treaty, ratified by the Most Noble the Governor-General, in every respect a counterpart of the Treaty now executed by himself, shall be delivered to Tantea Jogh to be forwarded to the Maharajah, within the period of one month, and on the delivery of such copy to the Maharajah, the Treaty executed by Sir John Malcolm, under the immediate direction of His Excellency Sir Thomas Hislop, Baronet, shall be returned; and Tantea Jogh in like manner engages that another copy of the said Treaty, ratified by the Maharajah Mulhar Rao Holkar, in every respect the counterpart of the Treaty now executed by himself, shall be delivered to Sir John. Malcolm, to be forwarded to the Most Noble the Governor-General, within the space of two days from this date, and on the delivery of such copy to the Most Noble the Governor-General, the Treaty executed by Tantea Jogh, by virtue of the full powers and authority vested in him as above mentioned, shall also be returned.
Done at Mundisore, thin sixth day of January, A.D. one thousand eight hundred and eighteen, on the twenty-ninth day of Shuffer, in the year of the Hegira 233.
(Sd.) John Malcolm, Br.-Genl.,
P. A., Govr. -Genl.
(Sd.) Vitul Punt Tantea Jogh.
Ratified by His Excellency the Governor-General, in camp at Oochar, this 16th day of January 1818.
(Sd.) J. Adam,
Secretary to the Governor-General.
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