What are Justifications, Excuses, and Mitigating Factors in Crimes

If a defendant can prove a successful justification for his actions, he will be fully cleared from criminal liability. In case of excuse, the act is considered criminal unlike justification but the accused person shall be spared from the consequences of crime. Example, Intoxication, insanity etc. Mitigating factors has been used to lessen the punishment… Read More What are Justifications, Excuses, and Mitigating Factors in Crimes

Police Regulations, Bengal – 1943

  CHAPTER I Organisation 1. Interpretations. [§ 12, Act V, 1861]. – In these Regulations, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context, – (i) the word “Superintendent” means Superintendent of Police and includes a Special Superintendent, an Additional Superintendent and any officer, not below the rank of Inspector, temporarily discharging the duties of… Read More Police Regulations, Bengal – 1943

Calcutta High Court clarified the meaning “time requisite” in Section 12(2) of the Limitation Act for Certified Copy

The position has also been made clear by the latest Supreme Court decision on this point in the case of the The Commissioner of Sales Tax, U.P. Vs. Madan Lal Das and Sons, Bareilly, . This decision interpreted Section 12(2) of the Limitation Act 1963 and following its earlier decision in the case of State of Uttar Pradesh Vs. Maharaj Narain and Others, the Supreme Court observed that the expression “time requisite” in Section 12(2) of the Limitation Act cannot be understood as the time absolutely necessary for obtaining the copy of the order.… Read More Calcutta High Court clarified the meaning “time requisite” in Section 12(2) of the Limitation Act for Certified Copy

Social justice perspectives are integral to industrial jurisprudence – High-cost allowance as a component of D. A. is permissible in principle-SC

On a careful consideration of all the relevant factors, in my opinion, the dearness allowance paid to the PBI (Precision Bearings India) workmen at the minimum. level of basic pay from Rs. 26-upto Rs. 100-should be from 80 per cent, of the textile D.A. to 89 per cent, of the textile D.A. phased over a period of three years. The dearness allowance in the higher pay scale of Rs. 101-to Rs. 200- should be-40 per cent and in the still higher slab of Rs. 201 and above, should be 20 per cent, the percentage for the higher two slabs remaining the same.… Read More Social justice perspectives are integral to industrial jurisprudence – High-cost allowance as a component of D. A. is permissible in principle-SC

DR. SUBRAMANIAN SWAMY Vs. THE ELECTION COMMISSION OF INDIA AND OTHERS [ALL HC 2007 ALLAHABAD]

Supreme court dismissed the writ petition U/a 32, now the High court shall not entertain  a petition U/A 226 of the Constitution.

After dismissal of the writ petition by the Hon’ble Apex Court, the petitioner has not filed any review petition. It was open to the petitioner to file review and in case of its dismissal a curative petition. He has failed to point out as to why the same was not done. At his juncture, we may clarify that before Hon’ble Apex Court Annexure P-14 (which is annexure No. 1 to the instant writ petition), the order passed by respondent No. 2 dated 23.10.2004 was challenged. In the given circumstances, we find that neither review was filed nor any curative petition was filed nor it is stated before this Court that any such petition is pending before the Hon’ble Apex Court. Accordingly, finality is to be attached to the order passed by the Hon’ble Apex Court on 11.4.2005. Even at this stage, the petitioner has not pressed before this Court that he is inclined to file such petition before the Hon’ble Apex Court. Consequently, we have to proceed with the matter with the assumption that the order passed by Hon’ble Apex Court has become final as the same has not so far been challenged before the Hon’ble Supreme Court.… Read More DR. SUBRAMANIAN SWAMY Vs. THE ELECTION COMMISSION OF INDIA AND OTHERS [ALL HC 2007 ALLAHABAD]

Rajasthan Police Rules, 1965

Notification No. F. 16 (2) Home (A.Gr. 1) 65, dated April 12, 1965-In exercise of the powers conferred by sections 45 of and 46 of the Police Act, 1861 (Act V of 1861), as in force, and as applied to Ajmer area and the pre reorganisation State of Rajasthan, read with secs. 41 and 42… Read More Rajasthan Police Rules, 1965

Mysore Urban Development Authority Vs. K.M. Chikkathayamma & Ors.[ALL SC 2018 September]

September 07, 2018: LAND ACQUISITION-Any act done by the parties in relation to the subject matter of the appeals after the impugned order, cannot be pressed into service to support the impugned order. In other words, the legality and correctness of the impugned order has to be examined in the light of reasoning contained in the impugned order and not on the basis of the acts done by the parties subsequent to the passing of impugned order. It is for this reason the acts done by the party subsequent to passing of the impugned order are of no relevance for deciding the present appeals. APPEAL ALLOWED.… Read More Mysore Urban Development Authority Vs. K.M. Chikkathayamma & Ors.[ALL SC 2018 September]

Navtej Singh Johar & Ors. Vs. Union of India through Secretary, Ministry of Law and Justice [ALL SC 2018 September]

September 6, 2018:-SECTION 377of IPC-Homosexuality-It is declared that insofar as Section 377 criminalises consensual sexual acts of adults (i.e. persons above the age of 18 years who are competent to consent) in private, is violative of Articles 14, 15, 19, and 21 of the Constitution. It is, however, clarified that such consent must be free consent,… Read More Navtej Singh Johar & Ors. Vs. Union of India through Secretary, Ministry of Law and Justice [ALL SC 2018 September]

Jammu and Kashmir Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Rules, 2011

Published vide SRO 215, dt. 15.07.2011, Civil Secretariat, Social Welfare Department In exercise of the powers conferred by Section 37 of the Jammu and Kashmir Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2010 (Act No. XI of 2010) the Government hereby makes the following rules, namely:- 1. Short title and commencement— (1) These rules may… Read More Jammu and Kashmir Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Rules, 2011

Suresh Kumar Koushal & Anr vs Naz Foundation & Ors [ALL SC 2013 DECEMBER]

SUPREME COURT OF INDIA CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION CIVIL APPEAL NO.10972 OF 2013 (Arising out of SLP (C) No.15436 of 2009) Suresh Kumar Koushal & Anr vs Naz Foundation & Ors Decided on: 11 December 2013 Bench: G.S. Singhvi, Sudhansu Jyoti Mukhopadhaya JUDGMENT G.S. SINGHVI, J. 1. Leave granted. 2. These appeals are directed against order… Read More Suresh Kumar Koushal & Anr vs Naz Foundation & Ors [ALL SC 2013 DECEMBER]

Picturization of movie which involves the actress with a wink is not blasphemous-SC

section 295A does not penalise any and every act of insult to or attempt to insult the religion or the religious beliefs of a class of citizens but it penalises only those acts of insults to or those varieties of attempts to insult the religion or the religious beliefs of a class of citizens which are perpetrated with the deliberate and malicious intention of outraging the religious feelings of that class. Insults to religion offered unwittingly or carelessly or without any deliberate or malicious intention to outrage the religious feelings of that class do not come within the sanction.… Read More Picturization of movie which involves the actress with a wink is not blasphemous-SC