Section 2- The Advocates Act, 1961 (Definitions)

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Section 2. Definitions

1[(1)] In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,–

(a) “advocate” means an advocate entered in any roll under the provisions of this Act;
(b) “appointed day”, in relation to any provision of this Act, means the day on which that provision comes into force;

2* * * * * *
(d) “Bar Council” means a Bar Council constituted under this Act;
(e) “Bar Council of India” means the Bar Council constituted under section 4 for the territories to which this Act extends;

3* * * * * *
(g) “High Court”, except in sub-section (1) 4[and sub-section (1A)] of section 34 and in sections 42 and 43, does not include a court of the Judicial Commissioner, and, in relation to a State Bar Council, means,–
(i) in the case of a Bar Council constituted for a State or for a State and one or more Union territories, the High Court for the State;
(ii) in the case of the Bar Council constituted for Delhi, 5[the High Court of Delhi];
(h) “law graduate” means a person who has obtained a bachelor’s degree in law from any University established by law in India;
(i) “legal practitioner” means an advocate 6[or vakil] of any High Court, a pleader, mukhtar or revenue agent;
(j) “prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Act;
(k) “roll” means a roll of advocates prepared and maintained under this Act;
(l) “State” does not include a Union territory;
(m) “State Bar Council” means a Bar Council constituted under section 3;
(n) “State roll” means a roll of advocates prepared and maintained by a State Bar Council under section 17.
4[(2) Any reference in this Act to a law which is not in force 7*** in the Union territory of Goa, Daman and Diu, shall, in relation to 8*** that territory, be construed as a reference to the corresponding law, if any, in force in that State or that territory, as the case may be.]


1. Section 2 renumbered as sub-section (1) of that section by Act 60 of 1973, s. 3 (w.e.f. 31-1-1974).
2. Clause (c) omitted by Act 107 of 1976, s. 2 (w.e.f. 15-10-1976).
3. Clause (f) omitted by Act 60 of 1973, s. 3 (w.e.f. 31-1-1974).
4. Ins. by s. 3, ibid. (w.e.f. 31-1-1974).
5. Subs. by s. 3, ibid., for “the High Court of Punjab” (w.e.f. 31- 1-1974).
6. Subs. by Act 107 of 1976, s. 2, for “vakil or attorney” (w.e.f. 15-10-1976).
7. The words “in the State of Jammu and Kashmir or” omitted by the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation (Adaptation of Central Laws) Order, 2020, vide notification No. S.O. 1123(E), dated (18-3-2020) and vide Union Territory of Ladakh Reorganisation (Adaptation of Central Laws) Order, 2020, notification No. S.O. 3774(E), dated (23-10-2020).]
8. The words “that State or” omitted by the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation (Adaptation of Central Laws) Order, 2020, vide notification No. S.O. 1123(E), dated (18-3-2020) and vide Union Territory of Ladakh Reorganisation (Adaptation of Central Laws) Order, 2020, notification No. S.O. 3774(E), dated (23-10-2020).