Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission (BTRC)

Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission (BTRC) an independent Regulatory Commission established under the Bangladesh Telecommunication Act, 2001, (Act no18 of 2001)


Connected Laws

  1. Amendment(2010) of Telecommunication Act 2001 (Bangla)
  2. Amendment(2006) of Telecommunication Act 2001 (Bangla)
  3. Telecommunication Act 2001 (English)
  4. Wireless Telegraph Act 1933
  5. Telegraph Act 1885
  6. Telecommunication Policy
  7. ICT Policy
  8. ILDTS Policy
  9. National Broadband Policy

Category of License issued by BTRC

  1. International Gateway (IGW) Services
  2. Interconnection Exchange (ICX) Services
  3. International Internet Gateway (IIG) Services
  4. Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
  5. Broadband Wireless Access (BWA)
  6. Cellular Mobile Telecom Operator
  7. 3G Cellular Mobile Phone Services Operator
  8. 4G/LTE Cellular Mobile Phone Services Operator
  9. International Terrestrial Cable (ITC) Services
  10. Tower Sharing
  11. Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN)
  12. VoIP Service Provider
  13. Nationwide Telecommunication Transmission Network (NTTN) Service
    Provider
  14. National Internet Exchange (NIX)
  15. Vehicle Tracking Services
  16. Internet Protocol Telephony Service Provider – Nationwide
  17. Internet Protocol Telephony Service Provider – Central Zone
  18. Internet Protocol Telephony Service Provider – Zonal
  19. Internet Service Provider – Nationwide
  20. Internet Service Provider – Central Zone
  21. Internet Service Provider – Zonal
  22. Internet Service Provider – Category A
  23. Internet Service Provider – Category B
  24. Internet Service Provider – Category C
  25. VSAT User
  26. VSAT Provider
  27. VSAT Provider with HUB
  28. Telecommunication Value Added Services (TVAS)
  29. Call Centre License
  30. Call Center Registration Certificate

Available service 

  1. Cellular Mobile Phone Operation
    • Banglalink Digital Communications Limited
      Airtel Bangladesh Limited
      Grameen Phone Linited
      Robi Axiata Limited
      Teletalk Bangladesh Limited
  2. Broadband Wireless Access (BWA)
  3. Internet Service Provider (ISP)
  4. PSTN
  5. IPTSP
  6. Call Center
  7. Vehicle Tracking Service (VTS)
  8. Gateway (ICX, IGW, IIG)
  9. NTTN
  10. ITC
  11. Uncategorized Service

Contact :

Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission (BTRC)

IEB Bhaban (5,6 & 7 floor)
Ramna, Dhaka-1000
Phone (PABX): + 880 2 9611111 or +880 9611111888
Fax: +880 2 9556677
Email: btrc@btrc.gov.bd

List of bilateral treaties/agreements between India and Bangladesh

  1. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH ON TRAINING AND CAPACITY BUILDING PROGRAMME FOR BANGLADESH CIVIL SERVANTS
    February 08, 2019
  2. AMENDMENT TO THE AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH CONCERNING TO ORBIT FREQUENCY COORDINATION OF”SOUTH ASIA SATELLITE” PROPOSED AT 48 DEGREE E
    October 30, 2018
  3. AGREEMENT ON THE USE OF CHATTOGRAM AND MONGLA PORT FOR MOVEMENT OF GOODS TO AND FROM INDIA BETWEEN INDIA AND BANLGADESH
    October 25, 2018
  4. ADDENDUM TO THE PROTOCOL ON INLAND WATER TRANSIT AND TRADE BETWEEN BANGLADESH AND INDIA SIGNED ON 6 JUNE 2015
    October 25, 2018
  5. SOP OF MOU ON PASSENGER AND CRUISE SERVICES ON THE COASTAL AND PROTOCOL ROUTE BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH
    October 25, 2018
  6. REVISED TRAVEL ARRANGEMENTS BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH.
    July 15, 2018
  7. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH FOR CONSTRUCTION OF THE INDIA-BANGLADESH FRIENDSHIP PIPELINE BETWEEN SILIGURI(IN INDIA) AND PARBATIPUR(IN BANGLADESH)
    April 09, 2018
  8. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH ON COOPERATION IN THE PEACEFUL USES OF OUTER SPACE
    April 08, 2017
  9. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH ON COOPERATION IN THE PEACEFUL USES OF NUCLEAR ENERGY
    April 08, 2017
  10. ARRANGEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH FOR THE EXCHANGE OF TECHNICAL INFORMATION AND CO-OPERATION IN THE REGULATION OF NUCLEAR SAFETY AND RADIATION PROTECTION
    April 08, 2017
  11. INTER AGENCY AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH ON COOPERATION REGARDING NUCLEAR POWER PLANT PROJECTS IN BANGLADESH
    April 08, 2017
  12. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH ON COOPERATION IN THE FIELD OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY & SERVICES
    April 08, 2017
  13. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH ON COOPERATION IN THE AREA OF CYBER SECURITY
    April 08, 2017
  14. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH ON ESTABLISHING BORDER HAATS ACROSS THE BORDERS BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH
    April 08, 2017
  15. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH ON BILATERAL JUDICIAL COOPERATION
    April 08, 2017
  16. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH CONCERNING COOPERATION ON AIDS TO NAVIGATION
    April 08, 2017
  17. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH ON MUTUAL SCIENTIFIC COOPERATION IN EARTH SCIENCES FOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
    April 08, 2017
  18. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH ON PASSENGER AND CRUISE SERVICES ON THE COASTAL AND PROTOCOL ROUTES
    April 08, 2017
  19. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH ON DEVELOPMENT OF FAIRWAY FROM SIRAJGANJ TO DAIKHOWA AND ASHUGANJ TO ZAKIGANJ ON INDO-BANGLADESH PROTOCOL ROUTE
    April 08, 2017
  20. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH ON CO-OPERATION IN THE FILED OF MASS MEDIA
    April 08, 2017
  21. AUDIO VIDEO CO-PRODUCTION AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH
    April 08, 2017
  22. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH FOR THE REGULATION OF MOTOR VEHICLE PASSENGER TRAFFIC BETWEEN THE TWO COUNTRIES
    April 08, 2017
  23. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH FOR EXTENDING A 3rd LINE OF CREDIT BY GOI TO GOB
    April 08, 2017
  24. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF 36 COMMUNITY CLINICS IN BANGLADESH
    April 08, 2017
  25. AUDIO VISUAL CO-PRODUCTION AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH
    April 08, 2017
  26. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH CONCERNING TO ORBIT FREQUENCY COORDINATION OF “SOUTH ASIA SATELLITE” PROPOSED AT 48 DEGREE E
    March 23, 2017
  27. AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH FOR THE REGULATION OF MOTOR VEHICLE PASSENGER TRAFFIC BETWEEN THE TWO COUNTRIES BETWEEN GUWAHATI IN INDIA AND DHAKA IN BANGLADESH
    June 06, 2015
  28. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH ON BILATERAL COOPERATION FOR PREVENTION OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING ESPECIALLY TRAFFICKING IN WOMEN IN CHILDREN;RESCUE,RECOVERY,REPATRIATION AND RE-INTEGRATION OF VICTIMS OF TRAFFICKING
    June 06, 2015
  29. TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH.
    June 06, 2015
  30. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH FOR COOPERATION ON ESTABLISHING INDIAN ECONOMIC ZONE IN BANGLADESH
    June 06, 2015
  31. MOU BETWEEN JAMIA MILIA ISLAMIA,INDIA AND UNIVERSITY OF RAJSHAHI,BANGLADESH
    June 06, 2015
  32. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF COLLABORATIVE RELATIONSHIP TO COMBAT TRANSNATIONAL ILLEGAL ACTIVITIES AT SEA AND DEVELOP REGIONAL COOPERATION BETWEEN THE INDIAN COAST GUARD AND BANGLADESH COAST GUARD
    June 06, 2015
  33. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH TO PREVENT AND COUNTER SMUGGLING AND CIRCULATION OF FAKE CURRENCY NOTES
    June 06, 2015
  34. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH RELATING TO GRANT ASSISTANCE FROM GOVT OF INDIA UNDER THE INDIA ENDOWMENT FOR CLIMATE CHANGE IN SOUTH ASIA FOR INSTALLATION OF 70,000 IMPROVED COOK STOVES IN SELECTED AREAS OF BANGLADESH
    June 06, 2015
  35. AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH ON COOPERATION IN THE FIELD AND STANDARDIZATION AND CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT
    June 06, 2015
  36. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH IN THE FIELD OF BLUE ECONOMY AND MARITIME CO-OPERATION IN THE BAY OF BENGAL AND THE INDIAN OCEAN REGION
    June 06, 2015
  37. AGREEMENT ON COASTAL SHIPPING BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH
    June 06, 2015
  38. PROTOCOL ON INLAND WATER TRANSIT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH
    June 06, 2015
  39. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH FOR EXTENDING A NEW LINE OF CREDIT(LoC) OF US$ 2 BILLION BY GOI TO GOB
    June 06, 2015
  40. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH RELATING TO THE USE OF CHITTAGONG AND MONGLA PORTS FOR MOVEMENT OF GOODS TO AND FROM INDIA
    June 06, 2015
  41. THE CULTURAL EXCHANGE PROGRAMME BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH FOR THE YEARS 2015-2017
    June 06, 2015
  42. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH FOR JOINT RESEARCH AND OCEANOGRAPHY OF THE BAY OF BENGAL
    June 06, 2015
  43. AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH FOR LEASING OF INTERNATIONAL BANDWIDTH FOR INTERNET
    June 06, 2015
  44. AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH FOR THE REGULATION OF MOTOR VEHICLE PASSENGER TRAFFIC BETWEEN THE TWO COUNTRIES FROM AGARTALA TO KOLKATA VIA DHAKA AND VICE VERSA
    June 06, 2015
  45. MOU AMONG BANGLADESH,BHUTAN,INDIA,NEPAL AND THAILAND ON THE ELIMINATION OF KALA-AZAR FROM THE SOUTH EAST ASIA REGION
    September 09, 2014
  46. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF INDO BANGLADESH FOUNDATION
    February 16, 2013
  47. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH FOR DEVELOPMENT OF RAILWAY INFRASTRUCTURE
    February 16, 2013
  48. PROTOCOL AMENDING THE CONVENTION BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH FOR AVOIDANCE OF DOUBLE TAXATION
    February 16, 2013
  49. MOU ON COOPERATION BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH
    February 10, 2013
  50. REVISED TRAVEL ARRANGEMENTS BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH
    January 28, 2013
  51. TREATY BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH RELATING TO EXTRADITION
    January 28, 2013
  52. PROTOCOL BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH ON CONSERVATION OF ROYAL BENGAL TIGER OF THE SUNDERBAN
    September 06, 2011
  53. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH ON RENEWABLE ENERGY COOPERATION
    September 06, 2011
  54. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH ON CONSERVATION OF SUNDARBAN
    September 06, 2011
  55. PROTOCOL TO THE AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH CONCERNING THE DEMARCATION OF THE LAND BOUNDARY BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH AND RELATED MATTERS
    September 06, 2011
  56. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH ON MUTUAL BROADCAST OF TELEVISION PROGRAMMES
    September 06, 2011
  57. FRAMEWORK AGREEMENT ON CO-OPERATION FOR DEVELOPMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH
    September 06, 2011
  58. ADDENDUM TO THE MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH TO FACILITATE OVERLAND TRANSIT TRAFFIC BETWEEN BANGLADESH AND NEPAL
    September 06, 2011
  59. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND MYANMAR ON CO-OPERATION IN FISHERIES
    September 06, 2011
  60. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH ON COOPERATION IN THE FIELD OF FISHERIES
    September 06, 2011
  61. ADDENDUM TO THE MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH TO FACILITATE OVERLAND TRANSIT TRAFFIC BETWEEN BANGLADESH AND NEPAL
    September 06, 2011
  62. AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH ON COMBATING INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM, ORGANIZED CRIME AND ILLICIT DRUG TRAFFICKING
    January 11, 2010
  63. AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH ON MUTUAL LEGAL ASSISTANCE IN CRIMINAL MATTERS
    January 11, 2010
  64. AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH ON TRANSFER OF SENTENCED PERSONS
    January 11, 2010
  65. AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH FOR THE PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF INVETSMENTS
    February 09, 2009
  66. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH TO FACILITATE TECHNICAL COOPERATION IN THE FIELDS OF STANDARDIZATION AND CERTIFICATION
    June 26, 2007
  67. AGREEMENT FOR MUTUAL COOPERATION BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH FOR PREVENTING ILLICIT TRAFFICKING IN NARCOTIC DRUGS AND PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES AND RELATED MATTERS
    March 21, 2006
  68. REVISED TRAVEL ARRANGEMENTS BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH
    May 23, 2001
  69. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH ON COOPERATION IN THE FIELD OF AGRICULTURE
    January 22, 2000
  70. AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH FOR THE REGULATION OF MOTOR VEHICLE PASSENGER TRAFFIC BETWEEN THE TWO COUNTRIES
    June 17, 1999
  71. TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH
    October 04, 1980
  72. AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH RELATING TO AIR SERVICES
    May 05, 1978
  73. AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH ON SHARING OF THE GANGA WATERS IN FARAKKA
    November 05, 1977
  74. AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH ON RUNNING POWER FOR RAILWAYS
    September 27, 1977
  75. AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH RELATING TO POSTAL PARCELS
    July 23, 1976
  76. AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH RELATING TO THE EXCHANGE OF INSURED LETTERS AND BOXES
    November 27, 1974
  77. AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH RELATING TO LETTER POST
    November 27, 1974
  78. AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH CONCERNING THE DEMARCATION OF THE LAND BOUNDARY BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH AND RELATED MATTERS
    May 16, 1974
  79. AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH ON COOPEARTION IN THE FIELDS OF THE PEACEFUL USES OF NUCLEAR ENERGY
    August 27, 1973
  80. AGREEMENT ON TRADE BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH
    July 05, 1973
  81. AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH REGARDING TELECOMMUNICATION
    April 07, 1973
  82. MOU BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH REGARDING JOINT POWER COORDINATION BOARD
    January 04, 1973
  83. CULTURAL COOPERATION AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH
    December 30, 1972
  84. AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH REGARDING PASSPORT AND VISA
    August 03, 1972
  85. AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH FOR THE SUPPLY OF CRUDE OIL
    May 16, 1972
  86. TRADE AND AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH
    March 28, 1972
  87. AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH REGARDING TELECOMMUNICATIONS
    March 27, 1972
  88. TREATY OF PEACE AND FRIENDSHIP BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH
    March 19, 1972

Government of india

THE HINDU WIDOW’S RE-MARRIAGE ACT, 1856

Bangladesh Code

ACT NO. XV OF 1856

[25th July, 1856]

An Act to remove all legal obstacles to the marriage of Hindu Widows.

Preamble

WHEREAS it is known that, by the law as administered in the  Civil Courts 1[* * *], Hindu widows with certain exceptions are held to be, by reason of their having been once married, incapable of contracting a second valid marriage, and the offspring of such widows by any second marriage are held to be illegitimate and incapable of inheriting property;

AND WHEREAS many Hindus believe that this imputed legal incapacity, although it is in accordance with established custom, is not in accordance with a true interpretation of the precepts of their religion, and desire that the civil law administered by the Courts of Justice shall no longer prevent those Hindus who may be so minded from adopting a different custom, in accordance with the dictates of their own conscience;

AND WHEREAS it is just to relieve all such Hindus from this legal incapacity of which they complain, and the removal of all legal obstacles to the marriage of Hindu widows will tend to the promotion of good morals and to the public welfare;

It is enacted as follows:−

Marriage of the Hindu widows legalised :

1. No marriage contracted between Hindus shall be invalid, Marriage of Hindu widows and the issue of no such marriage shall be illegitimate, by reason legalized of the woman having been previously married or betrothed to another person who was dead at the time of such marriage, any custom and any interpretation of Hindu law to the contrary notwithstanding.

Rights of widow in deceased husband’s property to cease on her remarriage :

2. All rights and interests which any widow may have in her deceased husband’s property by way of maintenance, or by inheritance to her husband or to his lineal successors, or by virtue of any will or testamentary disposition conferring upon her, without express permission to re-marry, only a limited interest in such property, with no power of alienating the same, shall upon her re-marriage cease and determine as if she had then died; and the next heirs of her deceased husband, or other persons entitled to the property on her death, shall thereupon succeed to the same.

Guardianship of children of deceased husband on the re-marriage of his widow :

3. On the re-marriage of a Hindu widow, if neither the widow nor any other person has been expressly constituted by the will or testamentary disposition of the deceased husband the guardian of his children the father or paternal grandfather or the mother or paternal grandmother, of the deceased husband, or any male relative of the deceased husband, may petition the highest Court having original jurisdiction in civil cases in the place where the deceased husband was domiciled at the time of his death for the appointment of some proper person to be guardian of the said children, and thereupon it shall be lawful for the said Court, if it shall think fit, to appoint such guardian, who when appointed shall be entitled to have the care and custody of the said children, or of any of them during their minority, in the place of their mother; and in making such appointment the Court shall be guided, so far as may be by the laws and rules in force touching the guardianship of children who have neither father nor mother:

Provided that, when the said children have not property of their own sufficient for their support and proper education whilst minors, no such appointment shall be made otherwise than with the consent of the mother unless the proposed guardian shall have given security for the support and proper education of the children whilst minors.

Nothing in this Act to render any childless widow capable of inheriting :

4. Nothing in this Act contained shall be construed to render any widow who, at the time of the death of any person leaving any property, is a childless widow, capable of inheriting the whole or any share of such property, if before the passing of this Act, she would have been incapable of inheriting the same by reason of her being childless widow.

Saving of rights of widow marrying, except as provided in sections 2 to 4 :

5. Except as in the three preceding sections is provided, a widow shall not, by reason of her re-marriage forfeit any property or any right to which she would otherwise be entitled; and every widow who has re-married shall have the same rights of inheritance as she would have had, had such marriage been her first marriage.

Ceremonies constituting valid marriage to have same effect on widow’s marriage :

6. Whatever words spoken, ceremonies performed or engagements made on the marriage of a Hindu female who has not been previously married, are sufficient to constitute a valid marriage, shall have the same effect if spoken, performed or made on the marriage of a Hindu widow; and no marriage shall be declared invalid on the ground that such words, ceremonies or engagements are inapplicable to the case of a widow.

Consent to re-marriage of minor widows :

7. If the widow re-marrying is a minor whose marriage has Consent to remarriage of not been consummated, she shall not re-marry without the minor widow consent of her father, or if she has no father, of her paternal grandfather, or if she has no such grandfather, of her mother, or, failing all these, of her elder brother, or failing also brothers, of her next male relative.

All persons knowingly abetting a marriage made contrary to the provisions of this section shall be liable to imprisonment for any term not exceeding one year or to fine or to both.

Punishment for abetting marriage made contrary to this section :

And all marriages made contrary to the provisions of this Effect of such marriage section may be declared void by a Court of law; Provided, that in any question regarding the validity of a marriage made contrary to the provisions of this section, such consent as is aforesaid shall be presumed until the contrary is proved, and that no such marriage shall be declared void after it has been consummated.

Consent to re-marriage of major widows :

In the case of a widow who is of full age, or whose marriage Consent to remarriage of has been consummated, her own consent shall be sufficient major widow consent to constitute her re-marriage lawful and valid.


1 The words “established in the territories in the possession and under the
Government of East India Company” were omitted by section 3 and 2nd Schedule of the
Bangladesh Laws (Revision and Declaration) Act, 1973 (Act No. VIII of 1973).

Law of Bangladesh

Chronological Index of the Bangladesh Code

পার্ট – এ
Part – A

VOLUME – I
 Short Title Number Year 
  The Districts Act, 1836 XXI 1836
  The Public Accountant’s Default Act, 1850 XII 1850
  The Judicial Officer’s Protection Act, 1850 XVIII 1850
  The Public Servants (Inquiries) Act, 1850 XXXVII 1850
  The Tolls Act, 1851 VIII 1851
  The Legal Representative Suits Act, 1855 XII 1855
  The Fatal Accidents Act, 1855 XIII 1855
  The Bills of Lading Act, 1856 IX 1856
  The Hindu Widow’s Re-marriage Act, 1856 XV 1856
  The Societies Registration Act, 1860 XXI 1860
  The Penal Code, 1860 XLV 1860
  The Police Act, 1861 V 1861
  The Stage-Carriages Act, 1861 XVI 1861
  The Canals Act, 1864 V 1864
  The Carriers Act, 1865 III 1865
  The Public Gambling Act, 1867 II 1867
  The Acting Judges Act, 1867 XVI 1867
  The Sarais Act, 1867 XXII 1867
  The Alluvion (Amendment) Act, 1868 IV 1868
  The Divorce Act, 1869 IV 1869
  The Court-fees Act, 1870 VII 1870
  The Cattle-trespass Act, 1871 I 1871
  The Pensions Act, 1871 XXIII 1871
  The Evidence Act, 1872 I 1872
VOLUME – II
 Short Title Number Year 
  The Special Marriage Act, 1872 III 1872
  The Contract Act, 1872 IX 1872
  The Christian Marriage Act, 1872 XV 1872
  The Government Savings Banks Act, 1873 V 1873
  The Oaths Act, 1873 X 1873
  The Married Women’s Property Act, 1874 III 1874
  The Foreign Recruiting Act, 1874 IV 1874
  The Survey Act, 1875 V 1875
  The Majority Act, 1875 IX 1875
  The Law Reports Act, 1875 XVIII 1875
  The Irrigation Act, 1876 III 1876
  The Specific Relief Act, 1877 I 1877
  The Treasure-Trove Act, 1878 VI 1878
  The Arms Act, 1878 XI 1878
  The Court of Wards Act, 1879 IX 1879
  The Touts Act, 1879 XVIII 1879
  The Religious Societies Act, 1880 I 1880
  The Vaccination Act, 1880 V 1880
  The Kazis Act, 1880 XII 1880
  The Municipal Taxation Act, 1881 XI 1881
  The Obstructions in Fairways Act, 1881 XVI 1881
  The Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881 XXVI 1881
  The Trusts Act, 1882 II 1882
VOLUME – III
 Short Title Number Year 
  The Transfer of Property Act, 1882 IV 1882
  The Easements Act, 1882 V 1882
  The Powers-of-Attorney Act, 1882 [Repealed] VII 1882
  The Land Improvement Loans Act, 1883 XIX 1883
  The Explosives Act, 1884 IV 1884
  The Agriculturists’ Loans Act, 1884 XII 1884
  The Ferries Act, 1885 I 1885
  The Telegraph Act, 1885 XIII 1885
  The Births, Deaths and Marriages Registration Act, 1886 VI 1886
  The Suits Valuation Act, 1887 VII 1887
  The Small Cause Courts Act, 1887 IX 1887
  The Civil Courts Act, 1887 XII 1887
  The Metal Tokens Act, 1889 I 1889
  The Private Fisheries Protection Act, 1889 II 1889
  The Merchandise Marks Act, 1889 [Repealed] IV 1889
  The Charitable Endowments Act, 1890 VI 1890
  The Guardians and Wards Act, 1890 VIII 1890
  The Railways Act, 1890 IX 1890
  The Excise (Malt Liquors) Act, 1890 XIII 1890
  The Bankers’ Book Evidence Act, 1891 XVIII 1891
  The Partition Act, 1893 IV 1893
  The Prisons Act, 1894 IX 1894
  The Government Grants Act, 1895 XV 1895
  The Protection of Muslim Pilgrims Act, 1896 I 1896
  The Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897 [Repealed] III 1897
  The General Clauses Act, 1897 X 1897
  The Lepers Act, 1898 [Repealed] III 1898
VOLUME – IV
 Short Title Number Year 
  The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 V 1898
  The Post Office Act, 1898 VI 1898
  The Stamp Act, 1899 II 1899
VOLUME – V
 Short Title Number Year 
  The Government Buildings Act, 1899 IV 1899
  The Church of Scotland Kirk Sessions Act, 1899 XXIII 1899
  The Prisoners Act, 1900 III 1900
  The Tolls (Army and Air-Force)Act, 1901 II 1901
  The Works of Defence Act, 1903 VII 1903
  The Foreign Marriage Act, 1903 XIV 1903
  The Public Parks Act, 1904 II 1904
  The Smoke-Nuisances Act, 1905 III 1905
  The Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 V 1908
VOLUME – VI
 Short Title Number Year 
  The Explosive Substances Act, 1908 VI 1908
  The Limitation Act, 1908 IX 1908
  The Ports Act, 1908 XV 1908
  The Registration Act, 1908 XVI 1908
  The Whipping Act, 1909 IV 1909
  The Anand Marriage Act, 1909 VII 1909
  The Electricity Act, 1910 [Repealed] IX 1910
  The Patents And Designs Act, 1911 II 1911
  The Mining Settlements Act, 1912 II 1912
  The Lunacy Act, 1912 [Repealed] IV 1912
  The Official Trustees Act, 1913 II 1913
  The Public Demands Recovery Act, 1913 (Bengal Act) III 1913
  The Administrator General’s Act, 1913 III 1913
  The White Phosphorus Matches Prohibition Act, 1913 V 1913
  The Mussalman Wakf Validating Act, 1913 VI 1913
VOLUME – VII
 Short Title Number Year 
  The Destructive Insects and Pests Act, 1914 [Repealed] II 1914
  The Local Authorities Loans Act, 1914 IX 1914
  The Medical Degrees Act, 1916 VII 1916
  The Hindu Disposition of Property Act, 1916 XV 1916
  The Destruction of Records Act, 1917 V 1917
  The Post Office Cash Certificates Act, 1917 XVIII 1917
  The Cinematograph Act, 1918 II 1918
  The Usurious Loans Act, 1918 X 1918
  The Companies (Foreign Interests) Act, 1918 XX 1918
  The Cotton Cloth Act, 1918 XXIII 1918
  The Local Authorities Pensions and Gratuities Act, 1919 I 1919
  The Juvenile Smoking Act, 1919 II 1919
  The Poisons Act, 1919 XII 1919
  The Cruelty to Animals Act, 1920 I 1920
  The Alluvial Lands Act, 1920 V 1920
  The Agricultural and Sanitary Improvement Act, 1920 VI 1920
  The Securities Act, 1920 X 1920
  The Charitable and Religious Trusts Act, 1920 XIV 1920
  The Identification of Prisoners Act, 1920 XXXIII 1920
  The Passport Act, 1920 XXXIV 1920
  The Maintenance Orders Enforcement Act, 1921 XVIII 1921
  The Amusements Tax Act, 1922 V 1922
  The Police (Incitement to Disaffection) Act, 1922 XXII 1922
  The Cotton Transport Act, 1923 III 1923
  The Mines Act, 1923 IV 1923
  The Boilers Act, 1923 V 1923
  The Cantonments (House Accommodation) Act, 1923 VI 1923
  The Naval Armament Act, 1923 VII 1923
  The Aerial Ropeways Act, 1923 VII 1923
  The Cotton Cess Act, 1923 XIV 1923
  The Official Secrets Act, 1923 XIX 1923
  The Cantonments Act, 1924 [Repealed] II 1924
  The Highways Act, 1925 III 1925
  The Soldiers (Litigation) Act, 1925 IV 1925
  The Provident Funds Act, 1925 XIX 1925
  The Carriage of Goods by Sea Act, 1925 XXVI 1925
VOLUME – VIII
 Short Title Number Year 
  The Succession Act, 1925 XXXIX 1925
  The Naturalization Act, 1926 VII 1926
  The Contempt of Courts Act, 1926 [Repealed] XII 1926
  The Cotton Industry (Statistics) Act, 1926 XX 1926
  The Legal Practitioners (Fees) Act, 1926 XXI 1926
  The Vehicles Act, 1927 I 1927
  The Forest Act, 1927 XVI 1927
  The Lighthouse Act, 1927 XVII 1927
  The Borstal Schools Act, 1928 I 1928
  The Hindu Inheritance (Removal of Disabilities) Act, 1928 XII 1928
  The Hindu Law of Inheritance (Amendment) Act, 1929 II 1929
  The Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1929 [Repealed] XIX 1929
  The Sale of Goods Act, 1930 III 1930
  The Lac Cess Act, 1930 XXIV 1930
  The Hindu Gains of Learning Act, 1930 XXX 1930
  The Mussalman Wakf Validating Act, 1930 XXXII 1930
  The State Aid to Industries Act, 1931 III 1931
  The Provisional Collection of Taxes Act, 1931 XVI 1931
  The Motor Vehicles Tax Act, 1932 I 1932
  The Partnership Act, 1932 IX 1932
  The Foreign Relations Act, 1932 XII 1932
  The Suppression of Immoral Traffic Act, 1933 [Repealed] VI 1933
  The Money-Lenders Act, 1933 VII 1933
  The Places of Public Amusement Act, 1933 X 1933
  The Wireless Telegraphy Act, 1933 XVII 1933
  The Smuggling of Arms Act, 1934 VI 1934
  The Sugar-Cane Act, 1934 XV 1934
  The Carriage By Air Act, 1934 XX 1934
  The Petroleum Act, 1934 [Repealed] XXX 1934
  The Development Act, 1935 XVI 1935
  The Parsi Marriage and Divorce Act, 1936 III 1936
  The Agricultural Debtors Act, 1935 VII 1936
VOLUME – IX
 Short Title Number Year 
  The Agricultural Produce (Grading and Marking) Act, 1937 I 1937
  The Hindu Women’s Rights to Property Act, 1937 XVIII 1937
  The Arya Marriage Validation Act, 1937 XIX 1937
  The Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) Application Act, 1937 XXVI 1937
  The Famine Insurance Fund Act, 1937 (Bengal Act) III 1938
  The Insurance Act, 1938 [Repealed] IV 1938
  The Manoeuvres, Field Firing and Artillery Practice Act, 1938 V 1938
  The Official Receiver’s Act, 1938 (Bengal Act) VII 1938
  The Cutchi Memons Act, 1938 X 1938
  The Criminal Law Amendment Act, 1938 XX 1938
  The Dissolution of Muslim Marriages Act, 1939 VIII 1939
  The Tanks Improvement Act, 1939 (Bengal Act). XV 1939
  The Registration of Foreigners Act, 1939 XVI 1939
  The Commercial Documents Evidence Act, 1939 XXX 1939
  The Trade Marks Act, 1940 [Repealed] V 1940
  The Jute Regulation Act, 1940 (Bengal Act) V 1940
  The Money-Lenders Act, 1940 (Bengal Act) X 1940
  The Excess Profits Tax Act, 1940 XV 1940
  The Drugs Act, 1940 XXIII 1940
  The Agricultural Produce Cess Act, 1940 XXVII 1940
  The Raw Jute Taxation Act, 1941 (Bengal Act) XI 1941
  The Railways (Local Authorities’ Taxation) Act, 1941 XXV 1941
  The War Injuries Ordinance, 1941 VII 1941
VOLUME – X
 Short Title Number Year 
  The Criminal Law (Industrial Areas) Amendment Act, 1942 (Bengal Act) IV 1942
  The Industrial Statistics Act, 1942 XIX 1942
  The Collective Fines Ordinance, 1942 XX 1942
  The Armed Forces (Special Powers) Ordinance, 1942 XLI 1942
  The Income-tax and Excess Profits Tax (Emergency) Ordinance, 1942 LX 1942
  The Armed Forces (Special Powers) Extension Ordinance, 1942 LXVI 1942
  The Vagrancy Act, 1943 (Bengal Act) [Repealed] VII 1943
  The Reciprocity Act, 1943 IX 1943
  The Hindu Women’s Rights to Property (Extension to Agricultural Land) Act, 1943 (Assam Act) XIII 1943
  The War Injuries (Compensation Insurance) Act, 1943 XXIII 1943
  The Enemy Agents Ordinance, 1943 I 1943
  The Standard Time (Interpretation of References) Ordinance, 1943 VI 1943
  The Military Stores (Unlawful Possession) Ordinance, 1943 XXXIII 1943
  The Excises and Salt Act, 1944 I 1944
  The Orphanages and Widows’ Homes Act, 1944 (Bengal Act) III 1944
  The Coconut Committee Act, 1944 X 1944
  The Public Debt Act, 1944 XVIII 1944
  The Public Health (Emergency Provisions) Ordinance, 1944 [Repealed] XXI 1944
  The Criminal Law Amendment Ordinance, 1944 XXXVIII 1944
  The Post Office National Savings Certificates Ordinance, 1944 XLII 1944
  The Oilseeds Committee Act, 1946 IX 1946
  The Hindu Married Women’s Right to Separate Residence and Maintenance Act, 1946 XIX 1946
  The Hindu Marriage Disabilities Removal Act, 1946 XXVIII 1946
  The Foreigners Act, 1946 XXXI 1946
  The Prevention of Corruption Act, 1947 II 1947
  The Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1947 VII 1947
  The Armed Forces (Emergency Duties) Act, 1947 XV 1947
  The Business Profits Tax Act, 1947 XXI 1947
  The Taxation on Income (Investigation Commission) Act, 1947 XXX 1947
  The Riot And Civil Commotion Risks Insurance Ordinance, 1947 III 1947
  The Armed Forces (Recruitment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1948 XII 1948
  The United Nations (Security Council) Act, 1948 XIV 1948
  The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 1948 (East Bengal Act) XIV 1948
  The Protection of Ports (Special Measures) Act, 1948 XVII 1948
  The United Nations (Privileges and Immunities) Act, 1948 XX 1948
  The Diplomatic and Consular Officers (Oaths and Fees) Act, 1948 XXI 1948
  The Cantonments (Requisitioning of Immoveable Property) Ordinance, 1948 IV 1948
  The Essential Personnel (Registration) Ordinance, 1948 X 1948
  The Development of Industries (Government Control) Act, 1949 XIII 1949
  The Non-Agricultural Tenancy Act, 1949 (East Bengal Act) XXIII 1949
  The Protection and Conservation of Fish Act, 1950 (East Bengal Act) XVIII 1950
  The Acquisition of Waste Land Act, 1950 (East Bengal Act) XIX 1950
  The Navy (Extension of Service) Act, 1950 XXIV 1950
  The Imports and Exports (Control) Act, 1950 XXXIX 1950
  The Army and Air Force Reserves Act, 1950 XLVII 1950
  The Territorial Force Act, 1950 L 1950
  The Protective Duties Act, 1950 LXI 1950
  The National Guard Act, 1950 LXIII 1950
  The State Acquisition and Tenancy Act, 1950 (East Bengal Act) XXVIII 1951
VOLUME – XI
 Short Title Number Year 
  The Citizenship Act, 1951 II 1951
  The Prevention of Transfer of Property and Removal of Documents and Records Act, 1952 (East Bengal Act) V 1952
  The Service Tenants (Protection) Act, 1952 (East Bengal Act) IX 1952
  The Undesirable Advertisements Control Act, 1952 (East Bengal Act) XV 1952
  The Civil Defence Act, 1952 XXXI 1952
  The Armed Forces Nursing Service Act, 1952 XXXVI 1952
  The Army Act, 1952 XXXIX 1952
  The Air Force (Extension of Service) Act, 1952 XLVI 1952
  The Essential Services (Maintenance) Act, 1952 LIII 1952
  The Control of Entry Act, 1952 LV 1952
  The Passport (Offences) Act, 1952 LVI 1952
  The Embankment and Drainage Act, 1952 (East Bengal Act) I 1953
  The Building Construction Act, 1952 (East Bengal Act) II 1953
  The Dangerous Cargoes Act, 1953 V 1953
  The Air Force Act, 1953 VI 1953
  The Town Improvement Act, 1953 (East Bengal Act) XIII 1953
  The Taxation Tribunal (Undisclosed Wealth) Act, 1953 XVI 1953
  The Essential Articles (Price Control and Anti-Hoarding) Act, 1953 (East Bengal Act) XXII 1953
  The Junior Cadet Corps Act, 1953 XXXVI 1953
  The Control of Disorderly and Dangerous Persons (Goondas) Act, 1954 (East Bengal Act) IV 1954
  The Control of Essential Commodities Act, 1956 (East Pakistan Act) I 1956
  The Commissions of Inquiry Act, 1956 VI 1956
  The United Nations (Declaration of Death of Missing Persons) Act, 1956 VII 1956
  The Food (Special Courts) Act, 1956 (East Pakistan Act) X 1956
  The Law of Evidence Amendment Act, 1956 (East Pakistan Act) XVIII 1956
  The Essential Commodities Act, 1957 III 1957
  The Animals Slaughter (Restriction) and Meat Control Act, 1957 (East Pakistan Act) VIII 1957
  The Finance Act, 1957 (East Pakistan Act) X 1957
  The Cotton Ginning and Pressing Act, 1957 (East Pakistan Act) XIII 1957
  The Diplomatic Immunities (Commonwealth Countries Representatives) Act, 1957 XXIX 1957
  The Cotton Act, 1957 XXXVIII 1957
VOLUME – XII
 Short Title Number Year 
  The Film Development Corporation Act, 1957 (East Pakistan Act) XV 1957
  The Bangladesh Small and Cottage Industries Corporation Act, 1957 (East Pakistan Act) XVII 1957
  The State Acquisition (Ad-interim Payment) Act, 1957 (East Pakistan Act) XXXIII 1957
  The State Acquisition (Bonds) Act, 1957 (East Pakistan Act) XXXVIII 1957
  The Criminal Law Amendment Act, 1958 XL 1958
  The Agricultural Census Act, 1958 XLI 1958
  The Essential Services (Second) Ordinance, 1958 (East Pakistan Ordinance) XLI 1958
  The Undesirable Companies (Second) Ordinance, 1958 (East Pakistan Ordinance) XLIX 1958
  The Commissions of Inquiry (Second) Ordinance, 1958 (East Pakistan Ordinance No. LI of 1958). LI 1958
  The Inland Water Transport Authority Ordinance, 1958 (East Pakistan Ordinance) LXXV 1958
  The Finance (Third) Ordinance, 1958 (East Pakistan Ordinance) LXXXII 1958
  The Sairat Mahals (Management) Ordinance, 1959 (East Pakistan Ordinance) VI 1959
  The Cattle (Prevention of Trespass) Ordinance, 1959 (East Pakistan Ordinance) XII 1959
  The Culturable Waste Land (Utilization) Ordinance, 1959 (East Pakistan Ordinance) XIII 1959
  The Hats and Bazars (Establishment and Acquisition) Ordinance, 1959 (East Pakistan Ordinance) XIX 1959
  The Government Fisheries (Protection) Ordinance, 1959 (East Pakistan Ordinance) XXIV 1959
  The Private Forests Ordinance, 1959 (East Pakistan Ordinance) XXXIV 1959
  The Claims for Maintenance (Recovery Abroad) Ordinance, 1959 L 1959
  The Chittagong Development Authority Ordinance, 1959 (East Pakistan Ordinance) [Repealed] LI 1959
  The Rent Receipt Ordinance, 1959 (East Pakistan Ordinance) LVII 1959
  The Power Alcohol Ordinance, 1959 LIX 1959
  The Chittagong Muslim Institute Ordinance, 1959 (East Pakistan Ordinance) LXV 1959
  The Warehouses Ordinance, 1959 (East Pakistan Ordinance) [Repealed] LXVI 1959
  The Forest Industries Development Corporation Ordinance, 1959 (East Pakistan Ordinance) LXVII 1959
  The Pure Food Ordinance, 1959 (East Pakistan Ordinance) [Repealed] LXVIII 1959
  The Dhanmandai Residential Zone (Termination of Lease) Ordinance, 1959 (East Pakistan Ordinance) LXXVI 1959
  The Sugar (Road Development Cess) Ordinance, 1960 (East Pakistan Ordinance) [Repealed] XXIII 1960
  The Tea (Control of Prices, Distribution and Movement) Ordinance, 1960 XXVIII 1960
  The Civil Aviation Ordinance, 1960 [Repealed] XXXII 1960
  The Probation of Offenders Ordinance, 1960 XLV 1960
  The Public Investments (Financial Safeguards) Ordinance, 1960 XLVI 1960
  The Eye Surgery (Restriction) Ordinance, 1960 LI 1960
  The Muslim Family Laws Ordinance, 1961 VIII 1961
  The Chartered Accountants Ordinance, 1961 X 1961
  The Medical Colleges (Governing Bodies) Ordinance, 1961 XIII 1961
  The Notaries Ordinance, 1961 XIX 1961
  The Petroleum Products (Development Surcharge) Ordinance, 1961 XXV 1961
  The Navy Ordinance, 1961 XXXV 1961
VOLUME – XIII
 Short Title Number Year 
  The Trade Organisations Ordinance, 1961 XLV 1961
  The Voluntary Social Welfare Agencies (Registration and Control) Ordinance, 1961 XLVI 1961
  The Khulna Development Authority Ordinance, 1961 (East Pakistan Ordinance) [Repealed] II 1961
  The Road Transport Corporation Ordinance, 1961 (East Pakistan Ordinance) VII 1961
  The Land Dues (Rounding off to Decimal Coins) Ordinance, 1961 (East Pakistan Ordinance) XVII 1961
  The Government Educational and Training Institutions Ordinance, 1961 (East Pakistan Ordinance) XXVI 1961
  The Agricultural University Ordinance, 1961 (East Pakistan Ordinance) XXVIII 1961
  The Intermediate and Secondary Education Ordinance, 1961 (East Pakistan Ordinance) XXXIII 1961
  The Engineering and Technological University Ordinance, 1961 (East Pakistan Ordinance) XXXVI 1961
  The Agricultural Development Corporation Ordinance, 1961 (East Pakistan Ordinance) XXXVII 1961
  The Domestic Servants’ Registration Ordinance, 1961 (East Pakistan Ordinance) XLIV 1961
  The Port Authorities Lands and Buildings (Recovery of Possession) Ordinance, 1962 IX 1962
  The Industrial Development Corporation Ordinance, 1962 XXXVII 1962
  The Allopathic System (Prevention of Misuse) Ordinance, 1962 LXV 1962
  The Jute Ordinance, 1962 [Repealed] LXXIV 1962
  The Waqfs Ordinance, 1962 (East Pakistan Ordinance) I 1962
  The Prevention of Interference with Aids to Navigation Ordinance, 1962 (East Pakistan Ordinance) II 1962
  The Agricultural Pests Ordinance, 1962 (East Pakistan Ordinance) VI 1962
  The Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Ordinance, 1962 (East Pakistan Ordinance) XV 1962
  The Registration of Private Schools Ordinance, 1962 (East Pakistan Ordinance) XX 1962
  The Diplomatic Immunities (Conferences with Commonwealth Countries) Act, 1963 II 1963
  The Cantonments Rent Restriction Act, 1963 XI 1963
  The Indecent Advertisements Prohibition Act, 1963 XII 1963
  The Censorship of Films Act, 1963 XVIII 1963
  The Services (Temporary Powers) Ordinance, 1963 (East Pakistan Ordinance) II 1963
  The Chittagong Development Authority (Land Acquisition Validation) Ordinance, 1963 (East Pakistan Ordinance) VIII 1963
VOLUME – XIV
 Short Title Number Year 
  The Agricultural Produce Markets Regulation Act, 1964 (East Pakistan Act) [Repealed] IX 1964
  The Cadet College Ordinance, 1964 (East Pakistan Ordinance) [Repealed] II 1964
  The Aircraft (Removal of Danger to Safety) Ordinance, 1965 XII 1965
  The Naval Academy (Award of Degrees) Ordinance, 1965 XX 1965
  The Reservists (Reinstatement in Civil Employment) Ordinance, 1965 XXI 1965
  The Control of Employment Ordinance, 1965 XXXII 1965
  The Publication of Books (Regulation and Control) Ordinance, 1965 (East Pakistan Ordinance) V 1965
  The Carriage by Air (International Convention) Act, 1966 IX 1966
  The Ex-Government Servants (Employment with Foreign Governments) (Prohibition) Act, 1966 XII 1966
  The Cantonments Pure Food Act, 1966 XVI 1966
  The Import of Goods (Price Equalisation Surcharge) Act, 1967 III 1967
  The Excise Duty on Minerals (Labour Welfare) Act, 1967 VIII 1967
  The Technical Education Act, 1967 (East Pakistan Act) [Repealed] I 1967
  The Finance Act, 1967 (East Pakistan Act) XVII 1967
  The Conservator of Ports, Lands and Buildings (Recovery Of Possession) Act, 1967 (East Pakistan Act) III 1968
  The Carriage by Air (Supplementary Convention) Act, 1968 V 1968
  The Antiquities Act, 1968 XIV 1968
  The Customs Act, 1969 IV 1969
  The Securities and Exchange Ordinance, 1969 XVII 1969
  The Defence Services (Inquiry) (Special Provisions) Ordinance, 1969 XIX 1969
  The Pilotage Ordinance, 1969 (East Pakistan Ordinance) V 1969
  The Railway Servants Benevolent Fund Ordinance, 1969 (East Pakistan Ordinance) XIX 1969
  The Railway Servants Group Insurance Ordinance, 1969 (East Pakistan Ordinance) XX 1969
  The Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices (Control and Prevention) Ordinance, 1970 [Repealed] V 1970
  The National Service Ordinance, 1970 XXII 1970
  The Control of Essential Commodities (Extension to the Chittagong Hill-Tracts) Ordinance, 1970 (East Pakistan Ordinance) I 1970
  The Government and Local Authority Lands and Buildings (Recovery of Possession) Ordinance, 1970 (East Pakistan Ordinance) XXIV 1970
  The Pesticides Ordinance, 1971 [Repealed] II 1971
  The Bangladesh (Collection of Taxes) Order, 1971 (Acting President’s Order) 1 1971
  The Bangladesh (Administration of Banks) Order, 1971 (Acting President’s Order) 3 1971
VOLUME – XV
 Short Title Number Year 
  The Constitution of the People‌‌‍’s Republic of Bangladesh 1972
  The Bangladesh (Taking Over of Control and Management of Industrial and Commercial Concerns) Order, 1972 (Acting President’s Order) 1 1972
  The Bangladesh (Administration of Financial Institutions) Order, 1972 (A.P.O.) 3 1972
  The Bangladesh Law Officers Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 6 1972
  The Bangladesh Shipping Corporation Order, 1972 (President’s Order) [Repealed] 10 1972
  The Bangladesh (Legal Proceedings) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 12 1972
  The Bangladesh Abandoned Property (Control, Management and Disposal) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 16 1972
  The Bangladesh (Adaptation of Insurance Act) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 19 1972
  The Bangladesh Bank (Demonetisation of Currency Notes) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 20 1972
  The Bangladesh Constituent Assembly Members (Cessation of Membership) Order, 1972 (P.O.) 23 1972
  The Bangladesh Banks (Nationalisation) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 26 1972
  The Bangladesh Industrial Enterprises (Nationalisation) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) [Repealed] 27 1972
  The Bangladesh Inland Water Transport Corporation Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 28 1972
  The Bangladesh (Vesting of Property and Assets) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 29 1972
  The Bangladesh Insurance (Emergency Provisions) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 30 1972
  The Bangladesh (Resumption of Easement Lands) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 35 1972
  The Bangladesh (Adaptation of East Pakistan Intermediate and Secondary Education Ordinance) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 36 1972
  The Bangladesh Industrial Development Corporation Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 39 1972
  The East Pakistan Madrasah Education Ordinance (Repeal) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 43 1972
  The Bangladesh Names and Emblems (Prevention of Unauthorised Use) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 45 1972
  The Bangladesh Legal Practitioner’s and Bar Council Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 46 1972
  The Bangladesh (Adaptation of Existing Laws) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 48 1972
  The Bangladesh Special (Remuneration and Privileges) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 49 1972
  The Finance (1971–1972) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 52 1972
  The Bangladesh Nationalised Enterprises and Statutory Corporation (Prohibition of Strikes and Unfair Labour Practices) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 55 1972
  The Bangladesh Power Development Boards Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 59 1972
  The Bangladesh (Demonetisation of Bank Notes) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 61 1972
  The Bangladesh Taxation Laws (Adaptation) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 62 1972
  The Bangladesh College of Physicians and Surgeons Order, 1972 (President’s Order) [Repealed] 63 1972
  The Bangladesh (Whips) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 64 1972
  The Trading Corporation of Bangladesh Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 68 1972
  The Bangladesh (Legal Proceedings) (Second) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 69 1972
  The Census Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 70 1972
  The Government Educational and Training Institutions (Adaptation) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 71 1972
  The Bangladesh (Budgetary Provisions) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 74 1972
  The National Board of Revenue Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 76 1972
VOLUME – XVI
 Short Title Number Year 
  The Finance Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 77 1972
  The Printing Corporation (Vesting) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 81 1972
  The Bangladesh Coinage Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 83 1972
  The Bangladesh Currency Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 84 1972
  The International Financial Organisations Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 86 1972
  The Bangladesh (Legal Proceedings) (Third) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 90 1972
  The Bangladesh (Freedom Fighters) Welfare Trust Order, 1972 (President’s Order) [Repealed] 94 1972
  The Bangladesh Insurance (Nationalisation) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 95 1972
  The Bangladesh Land Holding (Limitation) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 98 1972
  The Bangladesh Scouts Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 111 1972
  The Pakistan Television Corporation (Taking Over) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 115 1972
  The Bangladesh Committee of Management (Temporary Arrangement) Order, 1972 (P.O.) 117 1972
  The Bangladesh Bank Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 127 1972
  The Bangladesh Shilpa Rin Sangstha Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 128 1972
  The Bangladesh Shilpa Bank Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 129 1972
  The Bangladesh National Anthem, Flag and Emblem Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 130 1972
  The Bangladesh Industrial Development Corporation (Dissolution) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 140 1972
  The Bangladesh Transfer of Immovable Property (Temporary Provisions) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 142 1972
  The Bangladesh Parjatan Corporation Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 143 1972
  The Bangladesh Rifles Order, 1972 (President’s Order) [Repealed] 148 1972
  The Bangladesh Citizenship (Temporary Provisions) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 149 1972
  The Representation of the People Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 155 1972
  The Bangladesh Insurance Corporation (Dissolution) Order, 1972 (President’s Order) 161 1972
  The Bangladesh (Adaptation of University Laws) Ordinance, 1972 I 1972
  The Ministers, Ministers of State and Deputy Ministers (Remuneration and Privileges) Act, 1973 IV 1973
  The Insurance Corporations Act, 1973 VI 1973
  The Appropriation (Vote on Account) Act, 1973 VII 1973
VOLUME – XVII
 Short Title Number Year 
  The Bangladesh Laws (Revision And Declaration) Act, 1973 VIII 1973
  The Bangladesh Rice Research Institute Act, 1973 [Repealed] X 1973
  The Finance Act, 1973 XI 1973
  The Appropriation (Railways) Act, 1973 XII 1973
  The Appropriation Act, 1973 XVI 1973
  The International Crimes (Tribunals) Act, 1973 XIX 1973
  The Bangladesh Fisheries Development Corporation Act, 1973 XXII 1973
  The Printing Presses and Publications (Declaration and Registration) Act, 1973 XXIII 1973
  The Rajshahi University Act, 1973 XXVI 1973
  The Bangladesh Girl Guides Association Act, 1973 XXXI 1973
VOLUME – XVIII
 Short Title Number Year 
  The Chittagong University Act, 1973 XXXIII 1973
  The Jahangirnagar University Act, 1973 XXXIV 1973
  The Bangladesh Chartered Accountants Order, 1973 (President’s Order) 2 1973
  The Asian Development Bank Order, 1973 (President’s Order) 3 1973
  The Bangladesh House Building Finance Corporation Order, 1973 (President’s Order). 7 1973
  The Bangladesh Passport Order, 1973 (President’s Order). 9 1973
  The University Grants Commission of Bangladesh Order, 1973 (President’s Order) 10 1973
  The Dhaka University Order, 1973 (President’s Order). 11 1973
  The Bangladesh Laws (Repealing and Amending) Order, 1973 (President’s Order). 12 1973
  The Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission Order, 1973 (President’s Order). 15 1973
  The Bangladesh National Liberation Struggle (Indemnity) Order, 1973 (President’s Order) 16 1973
  The Trade Marks (Invalidation and Summary Registration) Order, 1973 (President’s Order) 19 1973
  The Bangladesh Wild Life (Preservation) Order, 1973 (President’s Order) [Repealed] 23 1973
  The Bangladesh Red Crescent Society Order, 1973 (President’s Order) 26 1973
  The Bangladesh Krishi Bank Order, 1973 (President’s Order) 27 1973
  The Members of Parliament (Remuneration and Allowances) Order, 1973 (President’s Order) 28 1973
  The Special Police Establishment (Repeal) Act, 1974 II 1974
  The Transfer of Railways (Repeal) Act, 1974 IV 1974
  The Primary Schools (Taking Over) Act, 1974 VIII 1974
  The Bidi (Restriction of Manufacture) (Repeal) Act, 1974 IX 1974
  The Public Servants (Retirement) Act, 1974 XII 1974
  The Bangladesh Jute Research Institute Act, 1974 [Repealed] XIII 1974
  The Special Powers Act, 1974 XIV 1974
  The Refugees Rehabilitation Finance Corporation (Repeal) Act, 1974 XVI 1974
  The Members of the Bangladesh Public Service Commission (Terms and Conditions of Service) Act, 1974 XXI 1974
  The Comptroller and Auditor-General (Additional Functions) Act, 1974 XXIV 1974
  The Press Council Act, 1974 XXV 1974
VOLUME – XIX
 Short Title Number Year 
  The Territorial Waters and Maritime Zones Act, 1974 XXVI 1974
  The Bangladesh Unnayan Gobeshona Protishthan Act, 1974 [Repealed] XXIX 1974
  The Essential Services Laws (Amendment) Act, 1974 XXXVI 1974
  The Children Act, 1974 [Repealed] XXXIX 1974
  The Appropriation (Supplementary) Act, 1974 XLII 1974
  The Appropriation (Vote on Account) Act, 1974 XLIII 1974
  The Finance Act, 1974 XLIV 1974
  The Speaker and Deputy Speaker (Remuneration and Privileges) Act, 1974 XLVIII 1974
  The Appropriation Act, 1974 L 1974
  The Muslim Marriages and Divorces (Registration) Act, 1974 LII 1974
  The Primary Education Laws (Repeal) Act, 1974 LV 1974
  The National Sports Council Act, 1974 [Repealed] LVII 1974
  The Extradition Act, 1974 LVIII 1974
  The Bangladesh Petroleum Act, 1974 LXIX 1974
  The Oil and Gas Development Corporation (Repeal) Act, 1974 LXX 1974
  The Stamp Duties (Additional Modes of Payment) Act, 1974 LXXI 1974
  The Record of Jute Growers (Border Areas) Act, 1974 LXXVI 1974
  The Finance Act, 1975 III 1975
  The Appropriation (Supplementary) Act, 1975 IV 1975
  The Appropriation (Vote on Account) Act, 1975 V 1975
  The President’s (Remuneration and Privileges) Act, 1975 VII 1975
  The Prime Minister’s (Remuneration and Privileges) Act, 1975 IX 1975
  The Bangladesh (Restoration of Evacuee Property) (Effect of Expiry) Act, 1975 XV 1975
  The Bangladesh Laws (Amendment) Act, 1975 XIII 1975
  The ESSO Undertakings Acquisition Act, 1975 XVI 1975
  The Islamic Foundation Act, 1975 XVII 1975
  The Blind Relief (Donation of Eye) Act, 1975 XXV 1975
  The Islamic Development Bank Act, 1975 XXVIII 1975
  The Services (Reorganisation and Conditions) Act, 1975 XXXII 1975
  The Nationalised Banks (Transfer of Business) Act, 1975 XXXIV 1975
  The Hundred-Taka Demonetised Notes (Mode of Payment and Recovery of Taxes) Act, 1975 XXXV 1975
  The Jute Companies (Acquisition of Shares) Ordinance, 1975 XXXVI 1975
  The Government-owned Newspapers (Management) Act, 1975 XLI 1975
  The Appropriation Act, 1975 XLIV 1975
  The Government of Bangladesh (Services) (Repeal) Ordinance, 1975 XLIV 1975
  The District Administration (Repeal) Ordinance, 1975 XLV 1975
  The Government Servants (Review of Penalties) Ordinance, 1975 XLVIII 1975
  The Gandhi Ashram (Board of Trustees) Ordinance, 1975 LI 1975
  The Jatiya Rakkhi Bahini (Absorption in the Army) Ordinance, 1975 LII 1975
  The Bidi Manufacture (Prohibition) Ordinance, 1975 LVII 1975
  The Bangladesh Government Hats and Bazars (Management) (Repeal) Ordinance, 1975 LIX 1975
  The Registration (Extension of Limitation) Ordinance, 1975 LX 1975
  The Universities Laws Amendment Ordinance, 1975 LXII 1975
  The Bangladesh Collaborators (Special Tribunals) (Repeal) Ordinance, 1975 LXIII 1975
  The Dhaka Metropolitan Police Ordinance, 1976 III 1976
  The International Finance Corporation Ordinance, 1976 [Repealed] XII 1976
  The Pharmacy Ordinance, 1976 XIII 1976
  The Delimitation of Constituencies Ordinance, 1976 XV 1976
  The Statutory Corporations (Delegation of Powers) (Repeal) Ordinance, 1976 XVI 1976
  The Alienation of Land (Distressed Circumstances) (Restoration) Ordinance, 1976 XXVIII 1976
  The Supreme Court Judges (Travelling Allowances) Ordinance, 1976 XXX 1976
  The Investment Corporation of Bangladesh Ordinance, 1976 [Repealed] XL 1976
  The Land Development Tax Ordinance, 1976 XLII 1976
  The Appropriation Ordinance, 1976 XLIII 1976
  The Appropriation (Railways) Ordinance, 1976 XLIV 1976
  The Finance Ordinance, 1976 XLV 1976
  The Appropriation (Supplementary) Ordinance, 1976 XLVI 1976
  The Railway Nirapatta Bahini Ordinance, 1976 [Repealed] XLVII 1976
  The Bangladesh Jute Corporation (Repeal) Ordinance, 1976 XLIX 1976
  The Newspapers (Annulment of Declaration) (Repeal) Ordinance, 1976 L 1976
VOLUME – XX
 Short Title Number Year 
  The Chittagong Port Authority Ordinance, 1976 LII 1976
  The Mongla Port Authority Ordinance, 1976 LIII 1976
  The Public Servants (Marriage with Foreign Nationals) Ordinance, 1976 [Repealed] LVII 1976
  The Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute Ordinance, 1976 [Repealed] LXII 1976
  The Inland Shipping Ordinance, 1976 LXXII 1976
  The Bangladesh Shishu Academy Ordinance, 1976 [Repealed] LXXIV 1976
  The Chittagong Hill Tracts Development Board Ordinance, 1976 [Repealed] LXXVII 1976
  The Rajshahi Town Development Authority Ordinance, 1976 [Repealed] LXXVIII 1976
  The Police Officers (Special Provisions) Ordinance, 1976 LXXXIV 1976
  The Bangladesh Rifles (Special Provisions) Ordinance, 1976 [Repealed] LXXXV 1976
  The Bangabandhu National Agriculture Award Fund Ordinance, 1976 LXXXVII 1976
  The Bangladesh Petroleum Corporation Ordinance, 1976 [Repealed] LXXXVIII 1976
  The Chittagong Division Development Board Ordinance, 1976 LXXXIX 1976
  The Vested and Non-Resident Property (Administration) (Repeal) Ordinance, 1976 XCII 1976
  The Bangladesh Malaria Eradication Board (Repeal) Ordinance, 1977 [Repealed] X 1977
  The Government of Bangladesh (Services Screening) (Repeal) Ordinance, 1977 XV 1977
  The Bangladesh Biman Corporation Ordinance, 1977 XIX 1977
  The Appropriation Ordinance, 1977 XXI 1977
  The Appropriation (Supplementary) Ordinance, 1977 XXII 1977
  The Finance Ordinance, 1977 XXIII 1977
  The Appropriation (Railways) Ordinance, 1977 XXIV 1977
  The Appropriation (Railways Supplementary) Ordinance, 1977 XXV 1977
  The Paurashava Ordinance, 1977 (Ordinance) [Repealed] XXVI 1977
  The Minimum Wages (Fixation) (Repeal) Ordinance, 1977 XXIX 1977
  The Seeds Ordinance, 1977 [Repealed] XXXIII 1977
  The Tea Ordinance, 1977 [Repealed] XXXVIII 1977
  The Regulation of Salary of Employees Laws Repeal Ordinance, 1977 XLII 1977
  The Export Promotion Bureau Ordinance, 1977 [Repealed] XLVII 1977
  The Bangladesh Travel Agencies (Registration and Control) Ordinance, 1977 [Repealed] XLVIII 1977
  The Housing and Building Research Institute Ordinance, 1977 XLIX 1977
  The Rural Electrification Board Ordinance, 1977 [Repealed] LI 1977
  The Cost and Management Accountants Ordinance, 1977 [Repealed] LIII 1977
  The Bangladesh Public Service Commission Ordinance, 1977 LVII 1977
  The Financial Institutions Laws Amendment Ordinance, 1977 LXI 1977
  The Bangladesh Sericulture Board Ordinance, 1977 LXII 1977
  The Bangladesh Handloom Board Ordinance, 1977 [Repealed] LXIII 1977
VOLUME – XXI
 Short Title Number Year 
  The Government Servants (Review of Penalties) (Dissolution of Review Board) Ordinance, 1978 II 1978
  The Prevention of Malaria (Special Provisions) Ordinance, 1978 [Repealed] IV 1978
  The Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Ordinance, 1978 [Repealed] V 1978
  The Madrasah Education Ordinance, 1978 IX 1978
  The Supreme Court Judges (Remuneration and Privileges) Ordinance, 1978 XI 1978
  The Defence Services Laws Amendment Ordinance, 1978 [Repealed] XVIII 1978
  The Bangla Academy Ordinance, 1978 [Repealed] XIX 1978
  The Finance Ordinance, 1978 XXI 1978
  The Appropriation (Railways Supplementary) Ordinance, 1978 XXII 1978
  The Appropriation (Railways) Ordinance, 1978 XXIII 1978
  The Appropriation (Supplementary) Ordinance, 1978 XXIV 1978
  The Appropriation Ordinance, 1978 XXV 1978
  The Asian Reinsurance Corporation Ordinance, 1978 [Repealed] XXVII 1978
  The Political Parties Ordinance, 1978 XLV 1978
  The Foreign Donations (Voluntary Activities) Regulation Ordinance, 1978 [Repealed] XLVI 1978
  The Chittagong Metropolitan Police Ordinance, 1978 XLVIII 1978
  The Law Reforms Ordinance, 1978 XLIX 1978
  The International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Ordinance, 1978 LI 1978
  The Appropriation (Railways Supplementary) Act, 1979 II 1979
  The Appropriation (Railways) Act, 1979 III 1979
  The Appropriation (Supplementary) Act, 1979 IV 1979
  The Finance Act, 1979 V 1979
  The Appropriation Act, 1979 VI 1979
  The Government Servants (Special Provisions) Ordinance, 1979 XI 1979
  The Bangladesh Telegraph and Telephone Board Ordinance, 1979 XII 1979
  The Railway Property (Unlawful Possession) Ordinance, 1979 [Repealed] XVII 1979
  The President’s Pension Ordinance, 1979 [Repealed] XVIII 1979
  The Bangladesh Sangbad Sangstha Ordinance, 1979 [Repealed] XX 1979
  The Leader and Deputy Leader of the Opposition (Remuneration and Privileges) Ordinance, 1979 XXI 1979
  The Defence Services (Supreme Command) Ordinance, 1979 [Repealed] XXIII 1979
  The Armed Police Battalions Ordinance, 1979 XXV 1979
  The Foodgrains Supply (Prevention of Prejudicial Activity) Ordinance, 1979 XXVI 1979
  The University Laws Amendment Act, 1980 I 1980
  The Banks and Financial Institutions Laws Amendment Act, 1980 IX 1980
  The Foreign Private Investment (Promotion and Protection) Act, 1980 XI 1980
  The Note-Books (Prohibition) Act, 1980 XII 1980
  The Ombudsman Act, 1980 XV 1980
  The Medical and Dental Council Act, 1980 [Repealed] XVI 1980
  The Appropriation (Railways Supplementary) Act, 1980 XX 1980
  The Appropriation (Railways) Act, 1980 XXI 1980
  The Appropriation (Supplementary) Act, 1980 XXII 1980
VOLUME – XXII
 Short Title Number Year 
  The Finance Act, 1980 XXIII 1980
  The Appropriation Act, 1980 XXIV 1980
  The Film Clubs (Registration and Regulation) Act, 1980 [Repealed] XXVIII 1980
  The Dowry Prohibition Act, 1980 [Repealed] XXXV 1980
  The Bangladesh Export Processing Zones Authority Act, 1980 XXXVI 1980
  ইসলামী বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় আইন, ১৯৮০ ৩৭ ১৯৮০
  The Public Examinations (Offences) Act, 1980 XLII 1980
  The Members of Parliament (Determination of Dispute) Act, 1980 I 1981
  The Bangladesh Consumer Supplies Corporation (Repeal) Act, 1981 III 1981
  The Administrative Tribunals Act, 1980 VII 1981
  The Appropriation (Railways Supplementary) Act, 1981 VIII 1981
  The Appropriation (Railways) Act, 1981 IX 1981
  The Appropriation (Supplementary) Act, 1981 X 1981
  The Finance Act, 1981 XI 1981
  The Appropriation Act, 1981 XII 1981
  The Acquisition and Requisition of Immovable Property Ordinance, 1982 [Repealed] II 1982
  The Medical Practice and Private Clinics and Laboratories (Regulation) Ordinance, 1982 IV 1982
  The Bangladesh Abandoned Children (Special Provisions) (Repeal) Ordinacne, 1982 V 1982
  The Zakat Fund Ordinance, 1982 VI 1982
  The Drugs (Control) Ordinance, 1982 VIII 1982
VOLUME – XXIII
 Short Title Number Year 
  The Standards of Weights and Measures Ordinance, 1982 [Repealed] XII 1982
  The Bangladesh Flag Vessels (Protection) Ordinance, 1982 XIV 1982
  The Finance Ordinance, 1982 XVI 1982
  The Supreme Court Judges (Leave, Pension and Privileges) Ordinance, 1982 XX 1982
  The Emigration Ordinance, 1982 [Repealed] XXIX 1982
  The Bangladesh Veterinary Practitioners Ordinance, 1982 XXX 1982
  The Foreign Contributions (Regulation) Ordinance, 1982 [Repealed] XXXI 1982
  The Attia Forest (Protection) Ordinance, 1982 XXXIII 1982
  The Public Employees Discipline (Punctual Attendance) Ordinance, 1982 XXXIV 1982
  The Chittagong City Corporation Ordinance, 1982 [Repealed] XXXV 1982
  The Haor Development Board (Dissolution) Ordinance, 1982 XXXVII 1982
  The Off-shore Islands Development Board (Dissolution) Ordinance, 1982 XXXVIII 1982
  The Institute of Islamic Education and Research (Repeal) Ordinance, 1982 XLIII 1982
  The Bangladesh Hotels and Restaurants Ordinance, 1982 [Repealed] LII 1982
  The Bangladesh Rural Development Board Ordinance, 1982 [Repealed] LIII 1982
  The Electoral Rolls Ordinance, 1982 [Repealed] LXI 1982
  The Fish and Fish Products (Inspection and Quality Control) Ordinance, 1983 XX 1983
  The Bangladesh Railway Board (Repeal) Ordinance, 1983 XXIV 1983
  The Bangladesh Merchant Shipping Ordinance, 1983 XXVI 1983
VOLUME – XXIV
 Short Title Number Year 
  The Finance Ordinance, 1983 XXVII 1983
  The Bangladesh Irrigation Water Rate Ordinance, 1983 XXXI 1983
  The Bangladesh Unani and Ayurvedic Practitioners Ordinance, 1983 XXXII 1983
  The Marine Fisheries Ordinance, 1983 XXXV 1983
  The National Archives Ordinance, 1983 XXXIX 1983
  The Dhaka City Corporation Ordinance, 1983 [Repealed] XL 1983
  The Bangladesh Homoeopathic Practitioners Ordinance, 1983 XLI 1983
  The Primary Education (Repeal) Ordinance, 1983 XLV 1983
  The Grameen Bank Ordinance, 1983 [Repealed] XLVI 1983
  The Local Government (Union Parishads) Ordinance, 1983 [Repealed] LI 1983
  The Bangladesh Jatiya Jadughar Ordinance, 1983 LIII 1983
  The Motor Vehicles Ordinance, 1983 LV 1983
VOLUME – XXV
 Short Title Number Year 
  The Chief Election Commissioner and Election Commissioners (Remuneration and Privileges) Ordinance, 1983 LVI 1983
  The National Curriculum and Text-Book Board Ordinance, 1983 [Repealed] LVII 1983
  The Bangladesh Krira Shikkha Protishtan Ordinance, 1983 LVIII 1983
  The Bangladesh Nursing Council Ordinance, 1983 LXI 1983
  The Santosh Islamic University (Board of Trustees) Ordinance, 1983 LXV 1983
  The Hindu Religious Welfare Trust Ordinance, 1983 [Repealed] LXVIII 1983
  The Buddhist Religious Welfare Trust Ordinance, 1983 [Repealed] LXIX 1983
  The Christian Religious Welfare Trust Ordinance, 1983 [Repealed] LXX 1983
  The Foreign Voluntary Organisations (Acquisition of Immovable Property) Regulation Ordinance, 1983 LXXIII 1983
  The Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture Ordinance, 1984 (Ordinance) [Repealed] II 1984
  The Land Reforms Ordinance, 1984 X 1984
  The Agricultural Labour (Minimum Wages) Ordinance, 1984 XVII 1984
  The Bangladesh Public Administration Training Centre Ordinance, 1984 [Repealed] XXVI 1984
  The Bangladesh Institute of International and Strategic Studies Ordinance, 1984 [Repealed] XXVII 1984
  The Livestock Research Institute Ordinance, 1984 [Repealed] XXVIII 1984
  The Industrial Relations (Regulation) (Repeal) Ordinance, 1984 XXXII 1984
  The Breast-Milk Substitutes (Regulation of Marketing) Ordinance, 1984 [Repealed] XXXIII 1984
  The Income-tax Ordinance, 1984 XXXVI 1984
VOLUME – XXVI
 Short Title Number Year 
  The Bangladesh Women’s Rehabilitation and Welfare Foundation (Repeal) Ordinance, 1984 XXXVII 1984
  The Nazrul Institute Ordinance, 1984 [Repealed] XXXIX 1984
  The Finance Ordinance, 1984 XLII 1984
  The Fisheries Research Institute Ordinance, 1984 [Repealed] XLV 1984
  The Districts (Extension to the Chittagong Hill-tracts) Ordinance, 1984 LXXI 1984
  The Khulna City Corporation Ordinance, 1984 [Repealed] LXXII 1984
  ভূমি-খতিয়ান (পার্বত্য চট্টগ্রাম) অধ্যাদেশ, ১৯৮৪ 2 1985
  The Public Servants (Dismissal on Conviction) Ordinance, 1985 V 1985
  The Ghousul Azam Abdul Qader Jillani Mosque Trust (Repeal) Ordinance, 1985 XVII 1985
  The Family Courts Ordinance, 1985 XVIII 1985
  The Bangladesh Oil, Gas and Mineral Corporation Ordinance, 1985 XXI 1985
  The Surplus Public Servants Absorption Ordinance, 1985 [Repealed] XXIV 1985
  The Government Primary School Teachers Welfare Trust Ordinance, 1985 XXVI 1985
  The Ground Water Management Ordinance, 1985 [Repealed] XXVII 1985
  The Finance Ordinance, 1985 XXXII 1985
  Bangladesh Bridge Authority Ordinance, 1985 [Repealed] XXXIV 1985
  The Bangladesh Standards and Testing Institution Ordinance, 1985 [Repealed] XXXVII 1985
  The Civil Aviation Authority Ordinance, 1985 [Repealed] XXXVIII 1985
  The Youth Welfare Fund Ordinance, 1985 [Repealed] XL 1985
  The Khulna Metropolitan Police Ordinance, 1985 LII 1985
  The Abandoned Buildings (Supplementary Provisions) Ordinance, 1985 LIV 1985
  The Chittagong Shahi Jame Masjid Ordinance, 1986 II 1986
  The Official Vehicles (Regulation of Use) Ordinance, 1986 [Repealed] VI 1986
  The Drugs (Supplementary Provisions) Ordinance, 1986 XIII 1986
  The Police (Non-Gazetted Employees) Welfare Fund Ordinance, 1986 XXXIII 1986
  The Special Security Force Ordinance, 1986 XLIII 1986
  The Finance Ordinance, 1986 XLV 1986
  The Development Board Laws (Repeal) Ordinance, 1986 XLVI 1986
  The Public Corporations (Management Co-ordination) Ordinance, 1986 XLVIII 1986
  The Rajshahi Krishi Unnayan Bank Ordinance, 1986 [Repealed] LVIII 1986
  The Bangladesh Cha Sramik Kallyan Fund Ordinance, 1986 [Repealed] LXII 1986
  The Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development Ordinance, 1986 [Repealed] LXIV 1986
ভলিউম – ২৭
 সংক্ষিপ্ত শিরোনাম নম্বর বছর  
  বাংলা ভাষা প্রচলন আইন, ১৯৮৭ ১৯৮৭
  শাহ্‌জালাল বিজ্ঞান ও প্রযুক্তি বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় আইন, ১৯৮৭ ১৫ ১৯৮৭
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ (সম্পূরক) আইন, ১৯৮৭ ২৫ ১৯৮৭
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ (অগ্রিম মঞ্জুরী দান) আইন, ১৯৮৭ ২৬ ১৯৮৭
  অর্থ আইন, ১৯৮৭ ২৭ ১৯৮৭
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ এ্যাক্ট, ১৯৮৭ ৩১ ১৯৮৭
  রাজশাহী সিটি কর্পোরেশন আইন, ১৯৮৭ [রহিত] ৩৮ ১৯৮৭
  ত্রাণ ও পুনর্বাসন সারচার্জ আইন, ১৯৮৮ ১৯৮৮
  অস্থাবর সম্পত্তি হুকুমদখল আইন, ১৯৮৮ ২৬ ১৯৮৮
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ (সম্পূরক) আইন, ১৯৮৮ ৩১ ১৯৮৮
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ (অগ্রিম মঞ্জুরী দান) আইন, ১৯৮৮ ৩২ ১৯৮৮
  অর্থ আইন, ১৯৮৮ ৩৩ ১৯৮৮
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ আইন, ১৯৮৮ ৩৮ ১৯৮৮
  ইট পোড়ানো (নিয়ন্ত্রণ) আইন, ১৯৮৯ [রহিত] ১৯৮৯
  আয়োডিন অভাবজনিত রোগ প্রতিরোধ আইন, ১৯৮৯ ১০ ১৯৮৯
  The Ordnance Factories Board (Repeal) Act, 1989 ১৩ ১৯৮৯
  বাংলাদেশ ঋণ সালিসি আইন, ১৯৮৯ ১৫ ১৯৮৯
  পার্বত্য জেলাসমূহ (আইন রহিত ও প্রয়োগ এবং বিশেষ বিধান) আইন, ১৯৮৯ ১৬ ১৯৮৯
  বিনিয়োগ বোর্ড আইন, ১৯৮৯ [রহিত] ১৭ ১৯৮৯
  রাংগামাটি পার্বত্য জেলা পরিষদ আইন, ১৯৮৯ ১৯ ১৯৮৯
  খাগড়াছড়ি পার্বত্য জেলা পরিষদ আইন, ১৯৮৯ ২০ ১৯৮৯
  বান্দরবান পার্বত্য জেলা পরিষদ আইন, ১৯৮৯ ২১ ১৯৮৯
  বাংলাদেশ শিল্পকলা একাডেমী আইন, ১৯৮৯ ২২ ১৯৮৯
  ভূমি সংস্কার বোর্ড আইন, ১৯৮৯ ২৩ ১৯৮৯
  ভূমি আপীল বোর্ড আইন, ১৯৮৯ ২৪ ১৯৮৯
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ (সম্পূরক) আইন, ১৯৮৯ ৩৪ ১৯৮৯
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ (অগ্রিম মঞ্জুরী দান) আইন, ১৯৮৯ ৩৫ ১৯৮৯
  অর্থ আইন, ১৯৮৯ ৩৬ ১৯৮৯
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ আইন, ১৯৮৯ ৩৭ ১৯৮৯
ভলিউম – ২৮
 সংক্ষিপ্ত শিরোনাম নম্বর বছর  
  বাংলাদেশ কমপিউটার কাউন্সিল আইন, ১৯৯০ ১৯৯০
  বগুড়া পল্লী উন্নয়ন একাডেমী আইন, ১৯৯০ ১০ ১৯৯০
  মাদকদ্রব্য নিয়ন্ত্রণ আইন, ১৯৯০ [রহিত] ২০ ১৯৯০
  The Development of Industries (Control and Regulation) (Repeal) Act, 1990 ২৫ ১৯৯০
  প্রাথমিক শিক্ষা (বাধ্যতামূলক করণ) আইন, ১৯৯০ ২৭ ১৯৯০
  বেসরকারী শিক্ষা প্রতিষ্ঠান শিক্ষক ও কর্মচারী কল্যাণ ট্রাষ্ট আইন, ১৯৯০ ২৮ ১৯৯০
  ঢাকা বিদ্যুৎ বিতরণ কর্তৃপক্ষ আইন, ১৯৯০ ৩৬ ১৯৯০
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ (সম্পূরক) আইন, ১৯৯০ ৪২ ১৯৯০
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ (অগ্রিম মঞ্জুরী দান) আইন, ১৯৯০ ৪৩ ১৯৯০
  দানকর আইন, ১৯৯০ ৪৪ ১৯৯০
  অর্থ আইন, ১৯৯০ ৪৫ ১৯৯০
  নদী গবেষণা ইনষ্টিটিউট আইন, ১৯৯০ ৫৩ ১৯৯০
  খুলনা বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় আইন, ১৯৯০ ৫৪ ১৯৯০
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ আইন, ১৯৯০ ৫৯ ১৯৯০
  বাড়ী ভাড়া নিয়ন্ত্রণ আইন, ১৯৯১ ১৯৯১
  জাতীয় মহিলা সংস্থা আইন, ১৯৯১ ১৯৯১
  নির্বাচন কর্মকর্তা (বিশেষ বিধান) আইন, ১৯৯১ ১৩ ১৯৯১
  ব্যাংক-কোম্পানী আইন, ১৯৯১ ১৪ ১৯৯১
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ (সম্পূরক) আইন, ১৯৯১ ১৯ ১৯৯১
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ (অগ্রিম মঞ্জুরী দান) আইন, ১৯৯১ ২০ ১৯৯১
  অর্থ আইন, ১৯৯১ ২১ ১৯৯১
ভলিউম – ২৯
 সংক্ষিপ্ত শিরোনাম নম্বর বছর  
  মূল্য সংযোজন কর আইন, ১৯৯১ ২২ ১৯৯১
  গণভোট আইন, ১৯৯১ ২৫ ১৯৯১
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ (অগ্রিম মঞ্জুরী দান) আইন, ১৯৯১ ২৬ ১৯৯১
  রাষ্ট্রপতি নির্বাচন আইন, ১৯৯১ ২৭ ১৯৯১
  বাংলাদেশ মহাকাশ গবেষণা ও দূর অনুধাবন প্রতিষ্ঠান আইন, ১৯৯১ ২৯ ১৯৯১
  The Local Government (Upazila Parishad and Upazila Administration Reorganisation) (Repeal) Act, 1992 ১৯৯২
  পানি সম্পদ পরিকল্পনা আইন, ১৯৯২ ১২ ১৯৯২
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ (সম্পূরক) আইন, ১৯৯২ ১৯ ১৯৯২
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ (অগ্রিম মঞ্জুরী দান) আইন, ১৯৯২ ২০ ১৯৯২
  অর্থ আইন, ১৯৯২ ২১ ১৯৯২
  রাজশাহী মহানগরী পুলিশ আইন, ১৯৯২ ২৩ ১৯৯২
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ আইন, ১৯৯২ ২৬ ১৯৯২
  জাতীয় স্থানীয় সরকার ইনষ্টিটিউট আইন, ১৯৯২ ২৭ ১৯৯২
  বেসরকারী বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় আইন, ১৯৯২ [রহিত] ৩৪ ১৯৯২
  জাতীয় বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় আইন, ১৯৯২ ৩৭ ১৯৯২
  বাংলাদেশ উন্মুক্ত বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় আইন, ১৯৯২ ৩৮ ১৯৯২
  খনি ও খনিজ সম্পদ (নিয়ন্ত্রণ ও উন্নয়ন) আইন, ১৯৯২ ৩৯ ১৯৯২
  বাংলাদেশ ট্যারিফ কমিশন আইন, ১৯৯২ ৪৩ ১৯৯২
  আভ্যন্তরীণ নৌযান শ্রমিক (নিয়োগ-নিয়ন্ত্রণ) আইন, ১৯৯২ ৫০ ১৯৯২
  চিংড়ি চাষ অভিকর আইন, ১৯৯২ ৫৩ ১৯৯২
  বাংলাদেশ সিকিউরিটিজ অ্যান্ড এক্সচেঞ্জ কমিশন আইন, ১৯৯৩ ১৫ ১৯৯৩
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ (সম্পূরক) আইন, ১৯৯৩ ১৭ ১৯৯৩
  অর্থ আইন, ১৯৯৩ ১৮ ১৯৯৩
ভলিউম – ৩০
 সংক্ষিপ্ত শিরোনাম নম্বর বছর  
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ আইন, ১৯৯৩ ১৯ ১৯৯৩
  পারমাণবিক নিরাপত্তা ও বিকিরণ নিয়ন্ত্রণ আইন, ১৯৯৩ [রহিত] ২১ ১৯৯৩
  The Bangladesh Jute Corporation (Repeal) Act, 1993 ২৪ ১৯৯৩
  আর্থিক প্রতিষ্ঠান আইন, ১৯৯৩ ২৭ ১৯৯৩
  প্রচলিত আইন ও আইনগত দলিল (অভিযোজন) আইন, ১৯৯৪ ১৯৯৪
  জাতীয় সংসদ সচিবালয় আইন, ১৯৯৪ ১৯৯৪
  তফসিলভুক্ত দরগাহ্‌ (পরিচালনা ও ব্যবস্থাপনা) রহিতকরণ আইন, ১৯৯৪ ১৯৯৪
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ (সম্পূরক) আইন, ১৯৯৪ ১০ ১৯৯৪
  অর্থ আইন, ১৯৯৪ ১১ ১৯৯৪
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ আইন, ১৯৯৪ ১২ ১৯৯৪
  কোম্পানী আইন, ১৯৯৪ ১৮ ১৯৯৪
  সন্ত্রাসমূলক অপরাধ দমন (বিশেষ বিধান) আইন, ১৯৯৪ ২১ ১৯৯৪
  কোষ্ট গার্ড আইন, ১৯৯৪ [রহিত] ২৬ ১৯৯৪
ভলিউম – ৩১
 সংক্ষিপ্ত শিরোনাম নম্বর বছর  
  বাংলাদেশ পরিবেশ সংরক্ষণ আইন, ১৯৯৫ ১৯৯৫
  আনসার বাহিনী আইন, ১৯৯৫ ১৯৯৫
  ব্যাটালিয়ন আনসার আইন, ১৯৯৫ ১৯৯৫
  গ্রাম প্রতিরক্ষা দল আইন, ১৯৯৫ ১৯৯৫
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ (সম্পূরক) আইন, ১৯৯৫ ১১ ১৯৯৫
  অর্থ আইন, ১৯৯৫ ১২ ১৯৯৫
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ আইন, ১৯৯৫ ১৩ ১৯৯৫
  যমুনা বহুমুখী সেতু প্রকল্প (ভূমি অধিগ্রহণ) আইন, ১৯৯৫ ১৪ ১৯৯৫
  বিচার প্রশাসন প্রশিক্ষণ ইনস্টিটিউট আইন, ১৯৯৫ ১৫ ১৯৯৫
  আনসার-ভিডিপি উন্নয়ন ব্যাংক আইন, ১৯৯৫ ২১ ১৯৯৫
  জাতীয় গ্রন্থকেন্দ্র আইন, ১৯৯৫ ২৭ ১৯৯৫
  সংযুক্ত তহবিল (সম্পূরক মঞ্জুরী দান ও নির্দিষ্টকরণ) আইন, ১৯৯৬ ১৯৯৬
  সংযুক্ত তহবিল (অগ্রিম মঞ্জুরী দান ও নির্দিষ্টকরণ) আইন, ১৯৯৬ ১৯৯৬
  পানি সরবরাহ ও পয়ঃনিষ্কাশন কর্তৃপক্ষ আইন, ১৯৯৬ ১৯৯৬
  বাংলাদেশ কৃষি গবেষণা কাউন্সিল আইন, ১৯৯৬ [রহিত] ১৯৯৬
  বাংলাদেশ ইক্ষু গবেষণা ইনষ্টিটিউট আইন, ১৯৯৬ ১১ ১৯৯৬
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ আইন, ১৯৯৬ ১৭ ১৯৯৬
  অর্থ আইন, ১৯৯৬ ১৮ ১৯৯৬
  আইন কমিশন আইন, ১৯৯৬ ১৯ ১৯৯৬
  বাংলাদেশ বেসরকারী রপ্তানী প্রক্রিয়াকরণ অঞ্চল আইন, ১৯৯৬ ২০ ১৯৯৬
  The Indemnity (Repeal) Act, 1996 ২১ ১৯৯৬
  দেউলিয়া বিষয়ক আইন, ১৯৯৭ ১০ ১৯৯৭
  বাংলাদেশ কমার্স এন্ড ইনভেষ্টমেন্ট লিমিটেড (পুনর্গঠন) আইন, ১৯৯৭ ১২ ১৯৯৭
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ (সম্পূরক) আইন, ১৯৯৭ ১৪ ১৯৯৭
  অর্থ আইন, ১৯৯৭ ১৫ ১৯৯৭
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ আইন, ১৯৯৭ ১৬ ১৯৯৭
  বিমান-নিরাপত্তা বিরোধী অপরাধ দমন আইন, ১৯৯৭ ১৭ ১৯৯৭
  বঙ্গবন্ধু শেখ মুজিব মেডিক্যাল বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় আইন, ১৯৯৮ ১৯৯৮
  মহা হিসাব নিরীক্ষক ও নিয়ন্ত্রক (পারিশ্রমিক ও বিশেষ অধিকার) আইন, ১৯৯৮ ১৯৯৮
  কর্মসংস্থান ব্যাংক আইন, ১৯৯৮ ১৯৯৮
  বাংলাদেশ লোক ও কারুশিল্প ফাউন্ডেশন আইন, ১৯৯৮ ১৯৯৮
ভলিউম – ৩২
 সংক্ষিপ্ত শিরোনাম নম্বর বছর  
  পার্বত্য চট্টগ্রাম আঞ্চলিক পরিষদ আইন, ১৯৯৮ ১২ ১৯৯৮
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ (সম্পূরক) আইন, ১৯৯৮ ১৩ ১৯৯৮
  অর্থ আইন, ১৯৯৮ ১৪ ১৯৯৮
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ আইন, ১৯৯৮ ১৫ ১৯৯৮
  বঙ্গবন্ধু শেখ মুজিবুর রহমান কৃষি বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় আইন, ১৯৯৮ ১৬ ১৯৯৮
  উপজেলা পরিষদ আইন, ১৯৯৮ ২৪ ১৯৯৮
  মানবদেহে অঙ্গ-প্রত্যঙ্গ সংযোজন আইন, ১৯৯৯ ১৯৯৯
  ডিপজিটরি আইন, ১৯৯৯ ১৯৯৯
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ (সম্পূরক) আইন, ১৯৯৯ ১৫ ১৯৯৯
  অর্থ আইন, ১৯৯৯ ১৬ ১৯৯৯
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ আইন, ১৯৯৯ ১৭ ১৯৯৯
  পল্লী দারিদ্র বিমোচন ফাউন্ডেশন আইন, ১৯৯৯ ২৩ ১৯৯৯
  আইনগত সহায়তা প্রদান আইন, ২০০০ ২০০০
  নারী ও শিশু নির্যাতন দমন আইন, ২০০০ ২০০০
  পরিবেশ আদালত আইন, ২০০০ [রহিত] ১১ ২০০০
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ (সম্পূরক) আইন, ২০০০ ১৩ ২০০০
  অর্থ আইন, ২০০০ ১৫ ২০০০
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ আইন, ২০০০ ১৬ ২০০০
  ব্যাংক আমানত বীমা আইন, ২০০০ ১৮ ২০০০
  জেলা পরিষদ আইন, ২০০০ ১৯ ২০০০
ভলিউম – ৩৩
 সংক্ষিপ্ত শিরোনাম নম্বর বছর  
  ক্যাডার বহির্ভূত প্রথম ও দ্বিতীয় শ্রেণীর গেজেটেড কর্মকর্তা (শুল্ক, আবগারী ও ভ্যাট) নিয়োগ ও কর্মের শর্তাবলী আইন, ২০০০ ২০ ২০০০
  বেসরকারীকরণ আইন, ২০০০ [রহিত] ২৫ ২০০০
  বাংলাদেশ পানি উন্নয়ন বোর্ড আইন, ২০০০ ২৬ ২০০০
  জাতীয় গৃহায়ন কর্তৃপক্ষ আইন, ২০০০ ২৭ ২০০০
  কপিরাইট আইন, ২০০০ ২৮ ২০০০
  মহানগরী, বিভাগীয় শহর ও জেলা শহরের পৌর এলাকাসহ দেশের সকল পৌর এলাকার খেলার মাঠ, উন্মুক্ত স্থান, উদ্যান এবং প্রাকৃতিক জলাধার সংরক্ষণ আইন, ২০০০ ৩৬ ২০০০
  বেসরকারী প্রাথমিক শিক্ষক কল্যাণ ট্রাস্ট আইন, ২০০০ ৩৮ ২০০০
  এডমিরালটি কোর্ট আইন, ২০০০ ৪৩ ২০০০
  সালিস আইন, ২০০১ ২০০১
  The Dramatic Performances (Repeal) Act, 2001 ২০০১
  সিলেট সিটি কর্পোরেশন আইন, ২০০১ [রহিত] ১০ ২০০১
  বরিশাল সিটি কর্পোরেশন আইন, ২০০১ [রহিত] ১১ ২০০১
  বাংলাদেশ প্রতিবন্ধী কল্যাণ আইন, ২০০১ [রহিত] ১২ ২০০১
  বাংলাদেশ ইনস্টিটিউট অব পার্লামেন্টারী স্ট্যাডিজ আইন, ২০০১ ১৪ ২০০১
  অর্পিত সম্পত্তি প্রত্যর্পণ আইন, ২০০১ ১৬ ২০০১
  বাংলাদেশ টেলিযোগাযোগ নিয়ন্ত্রণ আইন, ২০০১ ১৮ ২০০১
  ঢাকা যানবাহন সমন্বয় বোর্ড আইন, ২০০১ [রহিত] ১৯ ২০০১
  বাংলাদেশ স্থলবন্দর কর্তৃপক্ষ আইন, ২০০১ ২০ ২০০১
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ (সম্পূরক) আইন, ২০০১ ২৮ ২০০১
  অর্থ আইন, ২০০১ ৩০ ২০০১
ভলিউম – ৩৪
 সংক্ষিপ্ত শিরোনাম নম্বর বছর  
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ আইন, ২০০১ ৩১ ২০০১
  বাংলাদেশ শিল্পী কল্যাণ ট্রাস্ট আইন, ২০০১ ৩২ ২০০১
  রংপুর বিজ্ঞান ও প্রযুক্তি বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় আইন, ২০০১ ৩৪ ২০০১
  হাজী মোহাম্মদ দানেশ বিজ্ঞান ও প্রযুক্তি বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় আইন, ২০০১ ৩৫ ২০০১
  বঙ্গবন্ধু শেখ মুজিবুর রহমান বিজ্ঞান ও প্রযুক্তি বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় আইন, ২০০১ ৩৬ ২০০১
  মাওলানা ভাসানী বিজ্ঞান ও প্রযুক্তি বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় আইন, ২০০১ ৩৭ ২০০১
  পটুয়াখালী বিজ্ঞান ও প্রযুক্তি বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় আইন, ২০০১ ৩৮ ২০০১
  রাঙ্গামাটি বিজ্ঞান ও প্রযুক্তি বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় আইন, ২০০১ ৩৯ ২০০১
  নোয়াখালী বিজ্ঞান ও প্রযুক্তি বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় আইন, ২০০১ ৪১ ২০০১
  বগুড়া বিজ্ঞান ও প্রযুক্তি বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় আইন, ২০০১ ৪২ ২০০১
  পাবনা বিজ্ঞান ও প্রযুক্তি বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় আইন, ২০০১ ৪৩ ২০০১
  যশোর বিজ্ঞান ও প্রযুক্তি বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় আইন, ২০০১ ৪৪ ২০০১
  বরিশাল বিজ্ঞান ও প্রযুক্তি বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় আইন, ২০০১ ৪৫ ২০০১
ভলিউম – ৩৫
 সংক্ষিপ্ত শিরোনাম নম্বর বছর  
  শেরেবাংলা কৃষি বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় আইন, ২০০১ ৪৬ ২০০১
  সমবায় সমিতি আইন, ২০০১ ৪৭ ২০০১
  পার্বত্য চট্টগ্রাম ভূমি-বিরোধ নিষ্পত্তি কমিশন আইন, ২০০১ ৫৩ ২০০১
  বাংলাদেশ বেতার কর্তৃপক্ষ আইন, ২০০১ ৫৪ ২০০১
  বাংলাদেশ টেলিভিশন কর্তৃপক্ষ আইন, ২০০১ ৫৫ ২০০১
  ইমাম ও মুয়াজ্জিন কল্যাণ ট্রাস্ট আইন, ২০০১ ৫৬ ২০০১
  জাতির পিতার পরিবার-সদস্যগণের নিরাপত্তা (রহিতকরণ) আইন, ২০০১ ৬০ ২০০১
  এসিড নিয়ন্ত্রণ আইন, ২০০২ ২০০২
  এসিড অপরাধ দমন আইন, ২০০২ ২০০২
  জাতির পিতার প্রতিকৃতি সংরক্ষণ ও প্রদর্শন (রহিতকরণ) আইন, ২০০২ ২০০২
  জননিরাপত্তা (বিশেষ বিধান) (রহিতকরণ) আইন, ২০০২ ২০০২
  মানিলণ্ডারিং প্রতিরোধ আইন, ২০০২ [রহিত] ২০০২
  জাতীয় মুক্তিযোদ্ধা কাউন্সিল আইন, ২০০২ ২০০২
  আইন-শৃঙ্খলা বিঘ্নকারী অপরাধ (দ্রুত বিচার) আইন, ২০০২ ১১ ২০০২
  নিরাপদ রক্ত পরিসঞ্চালন আইন, ২০০২ ১২ ২০০২
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ (সম্পূরক) আইন, ২০০২ ১৩ ২০০২
  অর্থ আইন, ২০০২ ১৪ ২০০২
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ আইন, ২০০২ ১৫ ২০০২
  শিশু-মাতৃ স্বাস্থ্য ইনস্‌টিটিউট আইন, ২০০২ ১৬ ২০০২
  পুলিশ ষ্টাফ কলেজ আইন, ২০০২ ২৫ ২০০২
  বেসরকারী শিক্ষা প্রতিষ্ঠান শিক্ষক ও কর্মচারী অবসর সুবিধা আইন, ২০০২ ২৭ ২০০২
  দ্রুত বিচার ট্রাইব্যুনাল আইন, ২০০২ ২৮ ২০০২
  যৌথ অভিযান দায়মুক্তি আইন, ২০০৩ ২০০৩
  ভ্রমণ কর আইন, ২০০৩ ২০০৩
  গ্রাম সরকার আইন, ২০০৩ [রহিত] ২০০৩
  অগ্নি প্রতিরোধ ও নির্বাপণ আইন, ২০০৩ ২০০৩
  অর্থ ঋণ আদালত আইন, ২০০৩ ২০০৩
  বাংলাদেশ এনার্জি রেগুলেটরী কমিশন আইন, ২০০৩ ১৩ ২০০৩
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ (সম্পূরক) আইন, ২০০৩ ১৬ ২০০৩
  অর্থ আইন, ২০০৩ ১৭ ২০০৩
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ আইন, ২০০৩ ১৮ ২০০৩
  বাংলাদেশ রেশম গবেষণা ও প্রশিক্ষণ ইনস্টিটিউট আইন, ২০০৩ [রহিত] ২৫ ২০০৩
  চট্টগ্রাম প্রকৌশল ও প্রযুক্তি বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় আইন, ২০০৩ ৩১ ২০০৩
ভলিউম – ৩৬
 সংক্ষিপ্ত শিরোনাম নম্বর বছর  
  রাজশাহী প্রকৌশল ও প্রযুক্তি বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় আইন, ২০০৩ ৩২ ২০০৩
  খুলনা প্রকৌশল ও প্রযুক্তি বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় আইন, ২০০৩ ৩৩ ২০০৩
  ঢাকা প্রকৌশল ও প্রযুক্তি বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়, গাজীপুর আইন,২০০৩ ৩৪ ২০০৩
  বিশেষ আদালত (অতিরিক্ত দায়িত্ব) আইন, ২০০৩ ৩৫ ২০০৩
  বাংলাদেশ কর্মচারী কল্যাণ বোর্ড আইন, ২০০৪ ২০০৪
  আদালত সংস্কার বাস্তবায়ন (সহায়ক বিধান) আইন, ২০০৪ ২০০৪
  দুর্নীতি দমন কমিশন আইন, ২০০৪ ২০০৪
  বাংলাদেশ পেট্রোলিয়াম ইন্সটিটিউট আইন, ২০০৪ ২০০৪
  বিরোধ মীমাংসা (পৌর এলাকা) বোর্ড আইন, ২০০৪ ১২ ২০০৪
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ (সম্পূরক) আইন, ২০০৪ ১৫ ২০০৪
  অর্থ আইন, ২০০৪ ১৬ ২০০৪
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ আইন, ২০০৪ ১৭ ২০০৪
  ইপিজেড শ্রমিক সংঘ ও শিল্প সম্পর্ক আইন, ২০০৪ [রহিত] ২৩ ২০০৪
  জন্ম ও মৃত্যু নিবন্ধন আইন, ২০০৪ ২৯ ২০০৪
  জাতীয় সংসদ (সংরক্ষিত মহিলা আসন) নির্বাচন আইন, ২০০৪ ৩০ ২০০৪
  বেসরকারী শিক্ষক নিবন্ধন ও প্রত্যয়ন কর্তৃপক্ষ আইন, ২০০৫ ২০০৫
  ব্যক্তি মালিকানাধীন সড়ক পরিবহন শ্রমিক কল্যাণ তহবিল আইন, ২০০৫ ২০০৫
  পশুরোগ আইন, ২০০৫ ২০০৫
  বাংলাদেশ পশু ও পশুজাত পণ্য সঙ্গনিরোধ আইন, ২০০৫ ২০০৫
  ধূমপান ও তামাকজাত দ্রব্য ব্যবহার (নিয়ন্ত্রণ) আইন, ২০০৫ ১১ ২০০৫
  জাতীয় কম্পিউটার প্রশিক্ষণ ও গবেষণা একাডেমী আইন, ২০০৫ ১২ ২০০৫
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ (সম্পূরক) আইন, ২০০৫ ১৫ ২০০৫
  অর্থ আইন, ২০০৫ ১৬ ২০০৫
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ আইন, ২০০৫ ১৭ ২০০৫
  কর-ন্যায়পাল আইন, ২০০৫ [রহিত] ১৯ ২০০৫
  জগন্নাথ বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় আইন, ২০০৫ ২৮ ২০০৫
ভলিউম – ৩৭
 সংক্ষিপ্ত শিরোনাম নম্বর বছর  
  সার ব্যবস্থাপনা আইন, ২০০৬ ২০০৬
  বেসরকারী নিরাপত্তা সেবা আইন, ২০০৬ ১১ ২০০৬
  কুমিল্লা বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় আইন, ২০০৬ ১৭ ২০০৬
  জাতীয় কবি কাজী নজরুল ইসলাম বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় আইন, ২০০৬ ১৮ ২০০৬
  গ্রাম আদালত আইন, ২০০৬ ১৯ ২০০৬
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ (সম্পূরক) আইন, ২০০৬ ২১ ২১ ২০০৬
  অর্থ আইন, ২০০৬ ২২ ২০০৬
  নির্দিষ্টকরণ (সম্পূরক) আইন, ২০০৬ ২৩ ২০০৬
  পাবলিক প্রকিউরমেন্ট আইন, ২০০৬ ২৪ ২০০৬
  বাংলাদেশ শ্রমিক কল্যাণ ফাউন্ডেশন আইন, ২০০৬ ২৫ ২০০৬
  পণ্য উৎপাদনশীল রাষ্ট্রীয় শিল্প প্রতিষ্ঠান শ্রমিক (চাকুরীর শর্তাবলী) আইন, ২০০৬ [রহিত] ২৮ ২০০৬
  বাংলাদেশ এ্যাক্রোডিটেশন আইন, ২০০৬ ২৯ ২০০৬
  চট্টগ্রাম ভেটেরিনারি ও এনিম্যাল সাইন্সেস বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় আইন, ২০০৬ ৩০ ২০০৬
  মাইক্রোক্রেডিট রেগুলেটরী অথরিটি আইন, ২০০৬ ৩২ ২০০৬
  রাসায়নিক অস্ত্র (নিষিদ্ধকরণ) আইন, ২০০৬ ৩৭ ২০০৬
  কেবল টেলিভিশন নেটওয়ার্ক পরিচালনা আইন, ২০০৬ ৩৮ ২০০৬
  তথ্য ও যোগাযোগ প্রযুক্তি আইন, ২০০৬ ৩৯ ২০০৬
ভলিউম – ৩৮
 সংক্ষিপ্ত শিরোনাম নম্বর বছর  
  এশিয়ান ইউনিভার্সিটি ফর উইমেন আইন, ২০০৬ ৪০ ২০০৬
  বাংলাদেশ শ্রম আইন, ২০০৬ ৪২ ২০০৬
  রংপুর কারমাইকেল বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় আইন, ২০০৬ ৪৫ ২০০৬
  বরিশাল বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় আইন, ২০০৬ ৪৬ ২০০৬
  সিলেট কৃষি বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় আইন, ২০০৬ ৪৭ ২০০৬
  কারাগারে আটক সাজাপ্রাপ্ত নারীদের বিশেষ সুবিধা আইন, ২০০৬ ৪৮ ২০০৬

BANGLADESH JUDICIARY

CONSTITUTION OF BANGLADESH

PART VI     THE JUDICIARY

CHAPTER I THE SUPREME COURT

Establishment of Supreme Court

94. (1) There shall be a Supreme Court for Bangladesh (to be known as the Supreme Court of Bangladesh) comprising the Appellate Division and the High Court Division.

(2) The Supreme Court shall consist of the Chief Justice, to be known as the Chief Justice of Bangladesh, and such number of other Judges as the President may deem it necessary to appoint to each division.

(3) The Chief Justice, and the Judges appointed to the Appellate Division, shall sit only in that division, and the other Judges shall sit only in the High Court Division.

(4) Subject to the provisions of this Constitution the Chief Justice and the other Judges shall be independent in the exercise of their judicial functions.

Appointment of Judges

95. (1) The Chief Justice shall be appointed by the President, and the other Judges shall be appointed by the President after consultation with the Chief Justice.

(2) A person shall not be qualified for appointment as a Judge unless he is a citizen of Bangladesh and –

(a) has, for not less than ten years, been an advocate of the Supreme Court ; or

(b) has, for not less than ten years, held judicial office in the territory of Bangladesh ; or

(c) has such qualifications as may be prescribed by law for appointment as a Judge of the Supreme Court.

(3) In this article, “Supreme Court” includes a court which at any time before the commencement of this Constitution exercised jurisdiction as a High Court in the territory of Bangladesh.

Tenure of office of Judges

96. (1) Subject to the other provisions of this article, a Judge shall hold office until he attains the age of sixty-seven years.

(2) A Judge shall not be removed from his office except by an order of the President passed pursuant to a resolution of Parliament supported by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the total number of members of Parliament, on the ground of proved misbehaviour or incapacity.

(3) Parliament may by law regulate the procedure in relation to a resolution under clause (2) and for investigation and proof of the misbehaviour or incapacity of a Judge.

(4) A Judge may resign his office by writing under his hand addressed to the President.]
Temporary appointment of Chief Justice

97. If the office of the Chief Justice becomes vacant, or if the President is satisfied that the Chief Justice is, on account of absence, illness, or any other cause, unable to perform the functions of his office, those functions shall, until some other person has entered upon that office, or until the Chief Justice has resumed his duties, as the case may be, be performed by the next most senior Judge of the Appellate Division.
Additional Supreme Court Judges

98. Notwithstanding the provisions of article 94, if the President is satisfied that the number of the Judges of a division of the Supreme Court should be for the time being increased, the President may appoint one or more duly qualified persons to be Additional Judges of that division for such period not exceeding two years as he may specify, or, if he thinks fit, may require a Judge of the High Court Division to sit in the Appellate Division for any temporary period :

Provided that nothing in this article shall prevent a person appointed as an Additional Judge from being appointed as a Judge under article 95 or as an Additional Judge for a further period under this article.

Disabilities of Judges after retirement

99. (1) A person who has held office as a Judge (otherwise than as an Additional Judge pursuant to the provisions of article (98), shall not, after his retirement or removal therefrom, plead or act before any court or authority or hold any offece of profit in the service of the Republic not being a judicial or quasi-judicial office.

(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in clause (1), a person who has held office as a Jugde of the High Court Division may, after his retirement or rermoval therefrom, plead or act before the Appellate Division.

Seat of Supreme Court

100. The permanent seat of the Supreme Court shall be in the capital, but sessions of the High Court Division may be held at such other place or places as the Chief Justice may, with the approval of the President, from time to time appoint.

Jurisdiction of High Court Division

101. The High Court Division shall have such original, appellate and other jurisdictions and powers as are conferred on it by this Constitution or any other law.

Powers of High Court Division to issue certain orders and directions, etc

102. (1) The High Court Division on the application of any person aggrieved, may give such directions or orders to any person or authority, including any person performing any function in connection with the affairs of the Republic, as may be appropriate for the enforcement of any of the fundamental rights conferred by Part III of this Constitution.

(2) The High Court Division may, if satisfied that no other equally efficacious remedy is provided by law –

(a) on the application of any person aggrieved, make an order-
(i) directing a person performing any functions in connec-tion with the affairs of the Republic or of a local authority,
to refrain from doing that which he is not permitted by law to do or to do that which he is required by law to do ; or

(ii) declaring that any act done or proceeding taken by a person performing functions in connection with the affairs of the Republic or of a local authority, has been done or taken without lawful authority and is of no legal effect ; or

(b) on the application of any person, make an order-

(i) directing that a person in custody be brought before it so that it may satisfy itself that he is not being held in custody without lawful authority or in an unlawful manner ; or

(ii) requiring a person holding or purporting to hold a public office to show under what authority he claims to hold that office.

(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in the forgoing clauses, the High Court Division shall have no power under this article to pass any interim or other order in relation to any law to which article 47 applies.

(4) Whereon an application made under clause (1) or sub-clause (a) of clause (2), an interim order is prayed for and such interim order is likely to have the effect of-

(a) prejudicing or interfering with any measure designed to implement any development programme, or any development work ; or

(b) being otherwise harmful to the public interest, the High Court Division shall not make an interim order unless the Attorney-General has heen given reasonable notice of the application and he (or an advocate authorised by him in that behalf) has been given an opportunity of being heard, and the High Court Division is satisfied that the interim order would not have the effect referred to in sub-clause (a) or sub-caluse (b).

(5) In this article, unless the context otherwise requires, “person” includes a statutory public authority and any court or tribunal, other than a court or tribunal established under a law relating to the defence services of Bangladesh or any disciplined force or a tribunal to which article 117 applies.

Jurisdiction of Appellate Division

103. (1) The Appellate Division shall have jurisdiction to hear and determine appeals from judgments, decrees, orders or sentences of the High Court Division.

(2) An appeal to the Appellate Division from a judgment, decree, order or sentence of the High Court Division shall lie as of right where the High Court Division –

(a) certifies that the case involves a substantial question of law as to the interpretation of this Constitution ; or

(b) has confirmed a sentence of death or sentenced a person to death or to imprisonment for life ; or

(c) has imposed punishment on a person for contempt of that division ; and in such other cases as may be provided for by Act of Parliament.

(3) An appeal to the Appellate Division from a judgment, decree, order or sentence of the High Court Division in a case to which clause (2) does not apply shall lie only if the Appellate Division grants leave to appeal.

(4) Parliament may by law declare that the provisions of this article shall apply in relation to any other court or tribunal as they apply in relation to the High Court Division.

Issue and execution of processes of Appellate Division

104. The Appellate Division shall have power to issue such directions, orders, decrees or writs as may be necessary for doing complete justice in any cause or matter pending before it, including orders for the purpose of securing the attendance of any person or the discovery or production of any document.

Review of judgments or orders by Appellate Division

105. The Appellate Division shall have power, subject to the provisions of any Act of Parliament and of any rules made by that division to review any judgment pronounced or order made by it.

Advisory jurisdiction of Supreme Court

106. If at any time it appears to the President that a question of law has arisen, or is likely to arise, which is of such a nature and of such public importance that it is expedient to obtain the opinion of the Supreme Court upon it, he may refer the question to the Appellate Division for consideration and the division may, after such hearing as it thinks fit, report its opinion thereon to the President.

Rule-making power of the Supreme Court

107. (1) Subject to any law made by Parliament the Supreme Court may, with the approval of the President, make rules for regulating the practice and procedure of each division of the Supreme Court and of any court subordinate to it.

(2) The Supreme Court may delegate any of its functions under clause (1) and article 113 and 116 to a division of that Court or to one or more judges.

(3) Subject to any rules made under this article the Chief Justice shall determine which judges are to constitute any Bench of a division of the Supreme Court and which judges are to sit for any purpose.

(4) The Chief Justice may authorise the next most senior judge of either division of the Supreme Court to exercise in that division any of the powers conferred by clause (3) or by rules made under this article.

Supreme Court as court of record

108. The Supreme Court shall be a court of record and shall have all the powers of such a court including the power subject to law to make an order for the investigation of or punishment for any contempt of itself.

Superintendence and control over courts

109. The High Court Division shall have superintendence and control over all courts and tribunals subordinate to it.

Transfer of cases from subordinate courts to High Court Division

110. If the High Court Division is satisfied that a case pending in a court subordinate to it involves a substantial question of law as to the interpretation of this Constitution, or on a point of general public importance, the determination of which is necessary for the disposal of the case, it shall withdraw the case from that court and may –

(a) either dispose of the case itself ; or

(b) determine the question of law and return the case to the court from which it has been so withdrawn (or transfer it to another subordinate court) together with a copy of the judgment of the division on such question, and the court to which the case is so returned or transferred shall, on receipt thereof, proceed to dispose of the case in conformity with such judgment.

Binding effect of Supreme Court judgments

111. The law declared by the Appellate Division shall be binding on the High Court Division and the law declared by either division of the Supreme Court shall be binding on all courts subordinate to it.

Action in aid of Supreme Court

112. All authorities, executive and judicial, in the Republic shall act in aid of the Supreme Court.

Staff of Supreme Court

113. (1) Appointments of the staff of the Supreme Court shall be made by the Chief Justice or such other judge or officer of that court as he may direct, and shall be made in accordance with rules made with the previous approval of the President by the Supreme Court.

(2) Subject to the provisions of any Act of Parliament the conditions of service of members of the staff of the Supreme Court shall be such as may be prescribed by rules made by that court.]


CHAPTER II
SUBORDINATE COURTS

Establishment of subordinate courts

114. There shall be in addition to the Supreme Court such courts subordinate thereto as may be established by law.

Appointments to subordinate courts

115. Appointments of persons to offices in the judicial service or as magistrates exercising judicial functions shall be made by the President in accordance with rules made by him in that behalf.

Control and discipline of subordinate courts

116. The control (including the power of posting, promotion and grant of leave) and discipline of persons employed in the judicial service and magistrates exercising judicial functions shall vest in the President and shall be exercised by him in consultation with the Supreme Court.

Judicial officers to be independent in the exercise of their functions

 116A. Subject to provisions of the Constitution, all persons employed in the judicial service and all magistrates shall be independent in the exercise of their judicial functions.


 READ THE FULL CONSTITUTION OF BANGLADESH BULLET 2

 

THE CONSTITUTION OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF BANGLADESH

1[ BISMILLAH-AR-RAHMAN-AR-RAHIM]
(In the name of Allah, the Beneficient, the Merciful)
PART I

THE REPUBLIC

The Republic
1. Bangladesh is a unitary, independent, sovereign Republic to be known as the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.
The territory of the Republic

2. The territory of the Republic shall comprise –

(a) the territories which immediately before the Proclamation of Independence on the 26th day of March, 1971 constituted East Pakistan4[ and the territories referred to as included territories in the Constitution (Third Amendment) Act, 1974, but excluding the territories referred to as excluded territories in that Act; and]

(b) such other territories as may become included in Bangladesh.

The state religion
5[ 2A. The state religion of the Republic is Islam, but the State shall ensure equal status and equal right in the practice of the Hindu, Buddhist, Christian and other religions.]
The state language
3. The state language of the Republic is 6[ Bangla].
National anthem, flag and emblem

4. (1) The national anthem of the Republic is the first ten lines of “Amar Sonar Bangla”.

(2) The national flag of the Republic shall consist of a circle, coloured red throughout its area, resting on a green background.

(3) The national emblem of the Republic is the national flower Shapla (nymphaea nouchali) resting on water, having on each side an ear of paddy and being surmounted by three connected leaves of jute with two stars on each side of the leaves.

(4) Subject to the foregoing clauses, provisions relating to the national anthem, flag and emblem shall be made by law.

Portrait of the Father of the Nation
7[ 4A. The Portrait of the Father of the Nation, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman shall be preserved and displayed at the offices of the President, the Prime Minister, the Speaker and the Chief Justice and in head and branch offices of all government and semi-government offices, autonomous bodies, statutory public authorities, government and non-government educational institutions, embassies and missions of Bangladesh abroad.]
The capital

5. (1) The capital of the Republic is 8[ Dhaka].

(2) The boundaries of the capital shall be determined by law.

Citizenship

9[ 6. The citizenship of Bangladesh shall be determined and regulated by law.

(2) The people of Bangladesh shall be known as Bangalees as a nation and the citizens of Bangladesh shall be known as Bangladeshies.]

Supremacy of the Constitution

7. (1) All powers in the Republic belong to the people, and their exercise on behalf of the people shall be effected only under, and by the authority of, this Constitution.

(2) This Constitution is, as the solemn expression of the will of the people, the supreme law of the Republic, and if any other law is inconsistent with this Constitution that other law shall, to the extent of the inconsistency, be void.

Offence of abrogation, suspension, etc of the Constitution

10[ 7A. (1) If any person, by show of force or use of force or by any other un-constitutional means-

(a) abrogates, repeals or suspends or attempts or conspires to abrogate, repeal or suspend this Constitution or any of its article ; or
(b) subverts or attempts or conspires to subvert the confidence, belief or reliance of the citizens to this Constitution or any of its article,

his such act shall be sedition and such person shall be guilty of sedition.

(2) If any person-

(a) abets or instigates any act mentioned in clause (1) ; or
(b) approves, condones, supports or ratifies such act,

his such act shall also be the same offence.

(3) Any person alleged to have committed the offence mentioned in this article shall be sentenced with the highest punishment prescribed for other offences by the existing laws.

Basic provisions of the Constitution are not amendable
7B. Notwithstanding anything contained in article 142 of the Constitution, the preamble, all articles of Part I, all articles of Part II, subject to the provisions of Part IXA all articles of Part III, and the provisions of articles relating to the basic structures of the Constitution including article 150 of Part XI shall not be amendable by way of insertion, modification, substitution, repeal or by any other means.]
 PART II FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY
Fundamental principles

8. 11[ (1) The principles of nationalism, socialism, democracy and secularism, together with the principles derived from those as set out in this Part, shall constitute the fundamental principles of state policy.]

(2) The principles set out in this Part shall be fundamental to the governance of Bangladesh, shall be applied by the State in the making of laws, shall be a guide to the interpretation of the Constitution and of the other laws of Bangladesh, and shall form the basis of the work of the State and of its citizens, but shall not be judicially enforceable.

Nationalism
12[ 9. The unity and solidarity of the Bangalee nation, which, deriving its identity from its language and culture, attained sovereign and independent Bangladesh through a united and determined struggle in the war of independence, shall be the basis of Bangalee nationalism.]
Socialism and freedom from exploitation
13[ 10. A socialist economic system shall be established with a view to ensuring the attainment of a just and egalitarian society, free from the exploitation of man by man.]
Democracy and human rights

11. The Republic shall be a democracy in which fundamental human rights and freedoms and respect for the dignity and worth of the human person shall be guaranteed 14[ * * *] 15[ , and in which effective participation by the

people through their elected representatives in administration at all levels shall be ensured].

Secularism and freedom of religion
16[ 12. The principle of secularism shall be realised by the elimination of –
(a) communalism in all its forms ;
(b) the granting by the State of political status in favour of any religion ;
(c) the abuse of religion for political purposes ;
(d) any discrimination against, or persecution of, persons practicing a particular religion.]
Principles of ownership

13. The people shall own or control the instruments and means of production and distribution, and with this end in view ownership shall assume the following forms –

(a) state ownership, that is ownership by the State on behalf of the people through the creation of an efficient and dynamic nationalised public sector embracing the key sectors of the economy;

(b) co operative ownership, that is ownership by co operatives on behalf of their members within such limits as may be prescribed by law; and

(c) private ownership, that is ownership by individuals within such limits as may be prescribed by law.

Emancipation of peasants and workers
14. It shall be a fundamental responsibility of the State to emancipate the toiling masses the peasants and workers and backward sections of the people from all forms of exploitation.
Provision of basic necessities

15. It shall be a fundamental responsibility of the State to attain, through planned economic growth, a constant increase of productive forces and a steady improvement in the material and cultural standard of living of the people, with a view to securing to its citizens –

(a) the provision of the basic necessities of life, including food, clothing, shelter, education and medical care;

(b) the right to work, that is the right to guaranteed employment at a reasonable wage having regard to the quantity and quality of work;

(c) the right to reasonable rest, recreation and leisure; and

(d) the right to social security, that is to say, to public assistance in cases of undeserved want arising from unemployment, illness or disablement, or suffered by widows or orphans or in old age, or in other such cases.

Rural development and agricultural revolution
16. The State shall adopt effective measures to bring about a radical transformation in the rural areas through the promotion of an agricultural revolution, the provision of rural electrification, the development of cottage and other industries, and the improvement of education, communications and public health, in those areas, so as progressively to remove the disparity in the standards of living between the urban and the rural areas.
Free and compulsory education

17. The State shall adopt effective measures for the purpose of –

(a) establishing a uniform, mass oriented and universal system of education and extending free and compulsory education to all children to such stage as may be determined by law;

(b) relating education to the needs of society and producing properly trained and motivated citizens to serve those needs;

(c) removing illiteracy within such time as may be determined by law.

Public health and morality

18. (1) The State shall regard the raising of the level of nutrition and the improvement of public health as among its primary duties, and in particular shall adopt effective measures to prevent the consumption, except for medical purposes or for such other purposes as may be prescribed by law, of alcoholic and other intoxicating drinks and of drugs which are injurious to health.

(2) The State shall adopt effective measures to prevent prostitution and gambling.

Protection and improvement of environment and biodiversity
17[ 18A. The State shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and to preserve and safeguard the natural resources, bio-diversity, wetlands, forests and wild life for the present and future citizens.]
Equality of opportunity

19. (1) The State shall endeavour to ensure equality of opportunity to all citizens.

(2) The State shall adopt effective measures to remove social and economic inequality between man and man and to ensure the equitable distribution of wealth among citizens, and of opportunities in order to attain a uniform level of economic development throughout the Republic.

18[ (3)The State Shall endeavour to ensure equality of opportunity and participation of women in all spheres of national life.]

Work as a right and duty

20. (1) Work is a right, a duty and a matter of honour for every citizen who is capable of working, and everyone shall be paid for his work on the basis of the principle “from each according to his abilities, to each according to his work”.

(2) The State shall endeavour to create conditions in which, as a general principle, persons shall not be able to enjoy unearned incomes, and in which human labour in every form, intellectual and physical, shall become a fuller expression of creative endeavour and of the human personality.

Duties of citizens and of public servants

21. (1) It is the duty of every citizen to observe the Constitution and the laws, to maintain discipline, to perform public duties and to protect public property.

(2) Every person in the service of the Republic has a duty to strive at all times to serve the people.

Separation of Judiciary from the executive
22. The State shall ensure the separation of the judiciary from the executive organs of the State.
National culture
23. The State shall adopt measures to conserve the cultural traditions and heritage of the people, and so to foster and improve the national language, literature and the arts that all sections of the people are afforded the opportunity to contribute towards and to participate in the enrichment of the national culture.
The culture of tribes, minor races, ethnic sects and communities
19[ 23A. The State shall take steps to protect and develop the unique local culture and tradition of the tribes, minor races, ethnic sects and communities.]
National monuments, etc
24. The State shall adopt measures for the protection against disfigurement, damage or removal of all monuments, objects or places of special artistic or historic importance or interest.
Promotion of international peace, security and solidarity

25. 20[ ***] The State shall base its international relations on the principles of respect for national sovereignty and equality, non interference in the internal affairs of other countries, peaceful settlement of international disputes, and respect for

international law and the principles enunciated in the United Nations Charter, and on the basis of those principles shall –

(a) strive for the renunciation of the use of force in international relations and for general and complete disarmament;

(b) uphold the right of every people freely to determine and build up its own social, economic and political system by ways and means of its own free choice; and

(c) support oppressed peoples throughout the world waging a just struggle against imperialism, colonialism or racialism.

21[ ***]

 PART III FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS
Laws inconsistent with fundamental rights to be void

26. (1) All existing law inconsistent with the provisions of this Part shall, to the extent of such inconsistency, become void on the commencement of this Constitution.

(2) The State shall not make any law inconsistent with any provisions of this Part, and any law so made shall, to the extent of such inconsistency, be void.

22[ (3) Nothing in this article shall apply to any amendment of this Constitution made under article 142.]

Equality before law
27. All citizens are equal before law and are entitled to equal protection of law.
Discrimination on grounds of religion, etc

28. (1) The State shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.

(2) Women shall have equal rights with men in all spheres of the State and of public life.

(3) No citizen shall, on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth be subjected to any disability, liability, restriction or condition with regard to access to any place of public entertainment or resort, or admission to any educational institution.

(4) Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making special provision in favour of women or children or for the advancement of any backward section of citizens.

Equality of opportunity in public employment

29. (1) There shall be equality of opportunity for all citizens in respect of employment or office in the service of the Republic.

(2) No citizen shall, on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth, be ineligible for, or discriminated against in respect of, any employment or office in the service of the Republic.

(3) Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from –

(a) making special provision in favour of any backward section of citizens for the purpose of securing their adequate representation in the service of the Republic;

(b) giving effect to any law which makes provision for reserving appointments relating to any religious or denominational institution to persons of that religion or denomination;

(c) reserving for members of one sex any class of employment or office on the ground that it is considered by its nature to be unsuited to members of the opposite sex.

Prohibition of foreign titles, etc
23[ 30. No citizen shall, without the prior approval of the President, accept any title, honour, award or decoration from any foreign state.]
Right to protection of law
31. To enjoy the protection of the law, and to be treated in accordance with law, and only in accordance with law, is the inalienable right of every citizen, wherever he may be, and of every other person for the time being within Bangladesh, and in particular no action detrimental to the life, liberty, body, reputation or property of any person shall be taken except in accordance with law.
Protection of right to life and personal liberty
32. No person shall be deprived of life or personal liberty save in accordance with law.
Safeguards as to arrest and detention

24[ 33. (1) No person who is arrested shall be detained in custody without being informed, as soon as may be, of the grounds for such arrest, nor shall he be denied the right to consult and be defended by a legal practitioner of his choice.

(2) Every person who is arrested and detained in custody shall be produced before the nearest magistrate within a period of twenty four hours of such arrest, excluding the time necessary for the journey from the place of arrest to the Court of the magistrate, and no such person shall be detained in custody beyond the said period without the authority of a magistrate.

(3) Nothing in clauses (1) and (2) shall apply to any person–

(a) who for the time being is an enemy alien; or

(b) who is arrested or detained under any law providing for preventive detention.

(4) No law providing for preventive detention shall authorise the detention of a person for a period exceeding six months unless an Advisory Board consisting of three persons, of whom two shall be persons who are, or have been, or are qualified to be appointed as, Judges of the Supreme Court and the other shall be a person who is a senior officer in the service of the Republic, has, after affording him an opportunity of being heard in person, reported before the expiration of the said period of six months that there is, in its opinion, sufficient cause for such detention.

(5) When any person is detained in pursuance of an order made under any law providing for preventive detention, the authority making the order shall, as soon as may be, communicate to such person the grounds on which the order has been made, and shall afford him the earliest opportunity of making a representation against the order:

Provided that the authority making any such order may refuse to disclose facts which such authority considers to be against the public interest to disclose.

(6) Parliament may by law prescribe the procedure to be followed by an Advisory Board in an inquiry under clause (4).]

Prohibition of forced labour

34. (1) All forms of forced labour are prohibited and any contravention of this provision shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law.

(2) Nothing in this article shall apply to compulsory labour–

(a) by persons undergoing lawful punishment for a criminal offence; or

(b) required by any law for public purposes.

Protection in respect of trial and punishment

35. (1) No person shall be convicted of any offence except for violation of a law in force at the time of the commission of the act charged as an offence, nor be subjected to a penalty greater than, or different from, that which might have been inflicted under the law in force at the time of the commission of the offence.

(2) No person shall be prosecuted and punished for the same offence more than once.

(3) Every person accused of a criminal offence shall have the right to a speedy and public trial by an independent and impartial Court or tribunal established by law.

(4) No person accused of any offence shall be compelled to be a witness against himself.

(5) No person shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman, or degrading punishment or treatment.

(6) Nothing in clause (3) or clause (5) shall affect the operation of any existing law which prescribes any punishment or procedure for trial.

Freedom of movement
36. Subject to any reasonable restrictions imposed by law in the public interest, every citizen shall have the right to move freely throughout Bangladesh, to reside and settle in any place therein and to leave and re-enter Bangladesh.
Freedom of assembly
37. Every citizen shall have the right to assemble and to participate in public meetings and processions peacefully and without arms, subject to any reasonable restrictions imposed by law in the interests of public order or public health.
Freedom of association

25[ 38. Every citizen shall have the right to form associations or unions, subject to any reasonable restrictions imposed by law in the interests of morality or public order :

Provided that no person shall have the right to form, or be a member of the said association or union, if-

(a) it is formed for the purposes of destroying the religious, social and communal harmony among the citizens ;
(b) it is formed for the purposes of creating discrimination among the citizens, on the ground of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or language ;
(c) it is formed for the purposes of organizing terrorist acts or militant activities against the State or the citizens or any other country ;
(d) its formation and objects are inconsistent with the Constitution.]

Freedom of thought and conscience, and of speech

39. (1) Freedom of thought and conscience is guaranteed.

(2) Subject to any reasonable restrictions imposed by law in the interests of the security of the State, friendly relations with foreign states, public order, decency or morality, or in relation to contempt of court, defamation or incitement to an offence–

(a) the right of every citizen to freedom of speech and expression; and

(b) freedom of the press,

are guaranteed.

Freedom of profession or occupation
40. Subject to any restrictions imposed by law, every citizen possessing such qualifications, if any, as may be prescribed by law in relation to his profession, occupation, trade or business shall have the right to enter upon any lawful profession or occupation, and to conduct any lawful trade or business.
Freedom of religion

41. (1) Subject to law, public order and morality –

(a) every citizen has the right to profess, practise or propagate any religion;

(b) every religious community or denomination has the right to establish, maintain and manage its religious institutions.

(2) No person attending any educational institution shall be required to receive religious instruction, or to take part in or to attend any religious ceremony or worship, if that instruction, ceremony or worship relates to a religion other than his own.

Rights to property

42. (1) Subject to any restrictions imposed by law, every citizen shall have the right to acquire, hold, transfer or otherwise dispose of property, and no property shall be compulsorily acquired, nationalised or requisitioned save by authority of law.

26[ (2) A law made under clause (1) of this article shall provide for the acquisition, nationalisation or requisition with compensation and shall fix the amount of compensation or specify the principles on which, and the manner in which, the compensation is to be assessed and paid ; but no such law shall be called in question in any court on the ground that any provision of the law in respect of such compensation is not adequate.]

Protection of home and correspondence

43. Every citizen shall have the right, subject to any reasonable restrictions imposed by law in the interests of the security of the State, public order, public morality or public health –

(a) to be secured in his home against entry, search and seizure; and

(b) to the privacy of his correspondence and other means of communication.

Enforcement of fundamental rights

27[ 44. (1) The right to move the High Court Division in accordance with clause (1) of article 102, for the enforcement of the rights conferred by this Part is guaranteed.

(2) Without prejudice to the powers of the High Court Division under article 102, Parliament may by law empower any other court, within the local limits of its jurisdiction, to exercise all or any of those powers.]

Modification of rights in respect of disciplinary law
45. Nothing in this Part shall apply to any provision of a disciplinary law relating to members of a disciplined force, being a provision limited to the purpose of ensuring the proper discharge of their duties or the maintenance of discipline in that force.
Power to provide indemnity
46. Notwithstanding anything in the foregoing provisions of this Part, Parliament may by law make provision for indemnifying any person in the service of the Republic or any other person in respect of any act done by him in connection with the national liberation struggle or the maintenance or restoration of order in any area in Bangladesh or validate any sentence passed, punishment inflicted, forfeiture ordered, or other act done in any such area.
Saving for certain laws

47. (1) No law providing for any of the following matters shall be deemed to be void on the ground that it is inconsistent with, or takes away or abridges, any of the rights guaranteed by this Part –

(a) the compulsory acquisition, nationalisation or requisition of any property, or the control or management thereof whether temporarily or permanently;

(b) the compulsory amalgamation of bodies carrying on commercial or other undertakings;

(c) the extinction, modification, restriction or regulation of rights of directors, managers, agents and officers of any such bodies, or of the voting rights of persons owning shares or stock (in whatever form) therein;

(d) the extinction, modification, restriction or regulation of rights to search for or win minerals or mineral oil;

(e) the carrying on by the Government or by a corporation owned, controlled or managed by the Government, of any trade, business, industry or service to the exclusion, complete or partial, of other persons ; or

(f) the extinction, modification, restriction or regulation of any right to property, any right in respect of profession, occupation, trade or business or the rights of employers or employees in any statutory public authority or in any commercial or industrial undertaking ;

if Parliament in such law (including, in the case of existing law, by amendment) expressly declares that such provision is made to give effect to any of the fundamental principles of state policy set out in Part II of this Constitution.

(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Constitution the laws specified in the First Schedule (including any amendment of any such law) shall continue to have full force and effect, and no provision of any such law, nor anything done or omitted to be done under the authority of such law, shall be deemed void or unlawful on the ground of inconsistency with, or repugnance to, any provision of this Constitution:

28[ Provided that nothing in this article shall prevent amendment, modification or repeal of any such law.]

29[ (3) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Constitution, no law nor any provision thereof providing for detention, prosecution or punishment of any person, who is a member of any armed or defence or auxiliary forces 30[ or any individual, group of individuals or organisation] or who is a prisoner of war, for genocide, crimes against humanity or war crimes and other crimes under international law shall be deemed void or unlawful, or ever to have become void or unlawful, on the ground that such law or provision of any such law is inconsistent with, or repugnant to, any of the provisions of this Constitution.]

Inapplicability of certain articles

31[ 47A. (1) The rights guaranteed under article 31, clauses (1) and (3) of article 35 and article 44 shall not apply to any person to whom a law specified in clause (3) of article 47 applies.

(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Constitution, no person to whom a law specified in clause (3) of article 47 applies shall have the right to move the Supreme Court for any of the remedies under this Constitution.]

PART IV

THE EXECUTIVE

32 CHAPTER I

THE PRESIDENT

The President

48. (1) There shall be a President of Bangladesh who shall be elected by members of Parliament in accordance with law.

(2) The President shall, as Head of State, take precedence over all other persons in the State, and shall exercise the powers and perform the duties conferred and imposed on him by this Constitution and by any other law.

(3) In the exercise of all his functions, save only that of appointing the Prime Minister pursuant to clause (3) of article 56 and the Chief Justice pursuant to clause (1) of article 95, the President shall act in accordance with the advice of the Prime Minister:

Provided that the question whether any, and if so what, advice has been tendered by the Prime Minister to the President shall not be enquired into in any court.

(4) A person shall not be qualified for election as President if he –

(a) is less than thirty five years of age; or

(b) is not qualified for election as a member of Parliament; or

(c) has been removed from the office of President by impeachment under this Constitution.

(5) The Prime Minister shall keep the President informed on matters of domestic and foreign policy, and submit for the consideration of the Cabinet any matter which the President may request him to refer to it.

Prerogative of mercy
49. The President shall have power to grant pardons, reprieves and respites and to remit, suspend or commute any sentence passed by any court, tribunal or other authority.
Term of office of President

50. (1) Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, the President shall hold office for a term of five years form the date on which he enters upon his office:

Provided that notwithstanding the expiration of his term the President shall continue to hold office until his successor enters upon office.

(2) No person shall hold office as President for more than two terms, whether or not the terms are consecutive.

(3) The President may resign his office by writing under his hand addressed to the Speaker.

(4) The President during his term of office shall not be qualified for election as a member of Parliament, and if a member of Parliament is elected as President he shall vacate his seat in Parliament on the day on which he enters upon his office as President.

President’s immunity

51. (1) Without prejudice to the provisions of article 52, the President shall not be answerable in any court for anything done or omitted by him in the exercise or purported exercise of the functions of his office, but this clause shall not prejudice the right of any person to take proceedings against the Government.

(2) During his term of office no criminal proceedings whatsoever shall be instituted or continued against the President in, and no process for his arrest or imprisonment shall issue from, any court.

Impeachment of the President

52. (1) The President may be impeached on a charge of violating this Constitution or of grave misconduct, preferred by a notice of motion signed by a majority of the total number of members of Parliament and delivered to the Speaker, setting

out the particulars of the charge, and the motion shall not be debated earlier than fourteen nor later than thirty days after the notice is so delivered; and the Speaker shall forthwith summon Parliament if it is not in session.

(2) The conduct of the President may be referred by Parliament to any court, tribunal or body appointed or designated by Parliament for the investigation of charge under this article.

(3) The President shall have the right to appear and to be represented during the consideration of the charge.

(4) If after the consideration of the charge a resolution is passed by Parliament by the votes of not less than two thirds of the total number of members declaring that the charge has been substantiated, the President shall vacate his office on the date on which the resolution is passed.

(5) Where the Speaker is exercising the functions of the President under article 54 the provisions of this article shall apply subject to the modifications that the reference to the Speaker in clause (1) shall be construed as a reference to the Deputy Speaker, and that the reference in clause (4) to the vacation by the President of his office shall be construed as a reference to the vacation by the Speaker of his office as Speaker; and on the passing of a resolution such as is referred to in clause (4) the Speaker shall cease to exercise the functions of President.

Removal of President on ground of incapacity

53. (1) The President may be removed from office on the ground of physical or mental incapacity on a motion of which notice, signed by a majority of the total number of members of Parliament, is delivered to the Speaker, setting out particulars of the alleged incapacity.

(2) On receipt of the notice the Speaker shall forthwith summon Parliament if it is not in session and shall call for a resolution constituting a medical board (hereinafter in this article called “the Board”), and upon the necessary motion being made and carried shall forthwith cause a copy of the

notice to be transmitted to the President together with a request signed by the Speaker that the President submit himself within a period of ten days from the date of the request to an examination by the Board.

(3) The motion for removal shall not be put to the vote earlier than fourteen nor later than thirty days after notice of the motion is delivered to the Speaker, and if it is again necessary to summon Parliament in order to enable the motion to be made within that period, the Speaker shall summon Parliament.

(4) The President shall have the right to appear and to be represented during the consideration of the motion.

(5) If the President has not submitted himself to an examination by the Board before the motion is made in Parliament, the motion may be put to the vote, and if it is passed by the votes of not less than two thirds of the total number of members of Parliament, the President shall vacate his office on the date on which the motion is passed.

(6) If before the motion for removal is made in Parliament, the President has submitted himself to an examination by the Board, the motion shall not be put to the vote until the Board has been given an opportunity of reporting its opinion to Parliament.

(7) If after consideration by Parliament of the motion and of the report of the Board (which shall be submitted within seven days of the examination held pursuant to clause (2) and if not so submitted shall be dispensed with) the motion is passed by the votes of not less than two thirds of the total number of members of Parliament, the President shall vacate his office on the date on which the resolution is passed.

Speaker to act as President during absence, etc
54. If a vacancy occurs in the office of President or if the President is unable to discharge the functions of his office on account of absence, illness or any other cause the Speaker shall discharge those functions until a President is elected or until the President resumes the functions of his office, as the case may be.
CHAPTER II

THE PRIME MINISTER AND THE CABINET

The Cabinet

55. (1) There shall be a Cabinet for Bangladesh having the Prime Minister at its head and comprising also such other Ministers as the Prime Minister may from time to time designate.

(2) The executive power of the Republic shall, in accordance with this Constitution, be exercised by or on the authority of the Prime Minister.

(3) The Cabinet shall be collectively responsible to Parliament.

(4) All executive actions of the Government shall be expressed to be taken in the name of the President.

(5) The President shall by rules specify the manner in which orders and other instruments made in his name shall be attested or authenticated, and the validity of any order or instrument so attested or authenticated shall not be questioned in any court on the ground that it was not duly made or executed.

(6) The President shall make rules for the allocation and transaction of the business of the Government.

Ministers

56. (1) There shall be a Prime Minister, and such other Ministers, Ministers of State and Deputy Ministers as may be determined by the Prime Minister.

(2) The appointments of the Prime Minister and other Ministers and of the Ministers of State and Deputy Ministers, shall be made by the President:

Provided that not less than nine tenths of their number shall be appointed from among members of Parliament and not more than one tenth of their number may be chosen from among persons qualified for election as members of Parliament.

(3) The President shall appoint as Prime Minister the member of Parliament who appears to him to command the support of the majority of the members of Parliament.

(4) If occasion arises for making any appointment under clause (2) or clause (3) between a dissolution of Parliament and the next following general election of members of Parliament, the persons who were such members immediately before the dissolution shall be regarded for the purpose of this clause as continuing to be such members.

Tenure of office of Prime Minister

57. (1) The office of the Prime Minister shall become vacant–

(a) if he resigns from office at any time by placing his resignation in the hands of the President; or

(b) if he ceases to be a member of Parliament.

(2) If the Prime Minister ceases to retain the support of a majority of the members of Parliament, he shall either resign his office or advise the President in writing to dissolve Parliament, and if he so advises the President shall, if he is satisfied that no other member of Parliament commands the support of the majority of the members of Parliament, dissolve Parliament accordingly.

(3) Nothing in this article shall disqualify Prime Minister for holding office until his successor has entered upon office.

Tenure of office of other Ministers

58. (1) The office of a Minister other than the Prime Minister shall become vacant –

(a) if he resigns from office by placing his resignation in the hands of the Prime Minister for submission to the President;

(b) if he ceases to be a member of Parliament, but this shall not be applicable to a Minister chosen under the proviso to article 56(2);

(c) if the President, pursuant to the provisions of clause (2), so directs; or

(d) as provided in clause (4).

(2) The Prime Minister may at any time request a Minister to resign, and if such Minister fails to comply with the request, may advise the President to terminate the appointment of such Minister.

(3) Nothing in sub clauses (a), (b) and (d) of clause (1) shall disqualify a Minister for holding office during any period in which Parliament stands dissolved.

(4) If the Prime Minister resigns from or ceases to hold office each of the other Ministers shall be deemed also to have resigned from office but shall, subject to the provisions of this Chapter, continue to hold office until his successor has entered upon office.

(5) In this article “Minister” includes Minister of State and Deputy Minister.

[OMITTED]
33[ ***]
CHAPTER IIA

NON PARTY CARE TAKER GOVERNMENT

[OMITTED]
Omitted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 21.
CHAPTER III

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

Local government

59. (1) Local government in every administrative unit of the Republic shall be entrusted to bodies, composed of persons elected in accordance with law.

(2) Everybody such as is referred to in clause (1) shall, subject to this Constitution and any other law, perform within the appropriate administrative unit such functions as shall be prescribed by Act of Parliament, which may include functions relating to –

(a) administration and the work of public officers;

(b) the maintenance of public order;

(c) the preparation and implementation of plans relating to public services and economic development.

Powers of local government bodies
60. For the purpose of giving full effect to the provisions of article 59 Parliament shall, by law, confer powers on the local government bodies referred to in that article, including power to impose taxes for local purposes, to prepare their budgets and to maintain funds.]
CHAPTER IV

THE DEFENCE SERVICES

Supreme command
34[ 61. The supreme command of the defence services of Bangladesh shall vest in the President and the exercise thereof shall be regulated by law.]
Recruitment, etc, of defence services

62. (1) Parliament shall by law provide for regulating –

(a) the raising and maintaining of the defence services of Bangladesh and of their reserves;

(b) the grant of commissions therein;

(c) the appointment of chiefs of staff of the defence services, and their salaries and allowances ; and

(d) the discipline and other matters relating to those services and reserves.

(2) Until Parliament by law provides for the matters specified in clause (1) the President may, by order, provide for such of them as are not already subject to existing law.

War

63. (1) War shall not be declared and the Republic shall not participate in any war except with the assent of Parliament.

35[ * * *]

CHAPTER V

THE ATTORNEY GENERAL

The Attorney-General

64. (1) The President shall appoint a person who is qualified to be appointed as a Judge of the Supreme Court to be Attorney General for Bangladesh.

(2) The Attorney General shall perform such duties as may be assigned to him by the President.

(3) In the performance of his duties, the Attorney General shall have the right of audience in all courts of Bangladesh.

(4) The Attorney General shall hold office during the pleasure of the President, and shall receive such remuneration as the President may determine.

PART V

THE LEGISLATURE

CHAPTER I

PARLIAMENT

Establishment of Parliament

65. (1) There shall be a Parliament for Bangladesh (to be known as the House of the Nation) in which, subject to the provisions of this Constitution, shall be vested the legislative powers of the Republic:

Provided that nothing in this clause shall prevent Parliament from delegating to any person or authority, by Act of Parliament, power to make orders, rules, regulations, bye laws or other instruments having legislative effect.

(2) Parliament shall consist of three hundred members to be elected in accordance with law from single territorial constituencies by direct election and, for so long as clause (3) is effective, the members provided for in that clause; the members shall be designated as Members of Parliament.

36[ (3) Until the dissolution of Parliament occurring next after the expiration of the period of ten years beginning from the date of the first meeting of the Parliament next after the Parliament in existence at the time of the commencement of the Constitution (Fourteenth Amendment) Act, 2004, there shall be reserved 37[ fifty seats] exclusively for women members and they will be elected by the aforesaid members in accordance with law on the basis of procedure of proportional representation in the Parliament through single transferable vote:

Provided that nothing in this clause shall be deemed to prevent a woman from being elected to any of the seats provided for in clause (2) of this article.]

38[ (3A) For the remaining period of the Parliament in existence at the time of the commencement of the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011, Parliament shall consist of three hundred members elected by direct election provided for in clause (2) and fifty women members provided for in clause (3).]

(4) The seat of Parliament shall be in the capital.

Qualifications and disqualifications for election to Parliament

66. (1) A person shall subject to the provisions of clause (2), be qualified to be elected as, and to be, a member of Parliament if he is a citizen of Bangladesh and has attained the age of twenty-five years.

(2) A person shall be disqualified for election as, or for being, a member of Parliament who –

(a) is declared by a competent court to be of unsound mind;

(b) is an undischarged insolvent;

(c) acquires the citizenship of, or affirms or acknowledges allegiance to, a foreign state;

(d) has been, on conviction for a criminal offence involving moral turpitude, sentenced to imprisonment for a term of not less than two years, unless a period of five years has elapsed since his release; 39[ * * *]

40[ (e) has been convicted of any offence under the Bangladesh Collaborators (Special Tribunals) Order, 1972 ;

(f) holds any office of profit in the service of the Republic other than an office which is declared by law not to be disqualified its holder ; or]

(g) is disqualified for such election by or under any law.

41[ (2A) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-clause (c) of clause (2) of this article, if any person being a citizen of Bangladesh by birth acquires the citizenship of a foreign State and thereafter such person-
(i) in the case of dual citizenship, gives up the foreign citizenship ; or
(ii) in other cases, again accepts the citizenship of Bangladesh-
for the purposes of this article, he shall not be deemed to acquire the citizenship of a foreign State.]

42[ (3) For the purposes of this article, a person shall not be deemed to hold an office of profit in the service of the Republic by reason only that he is the President, the Prime Minister, the Speaker, the Deputy Speaker, a Minister, Minister of State or Deputy Minister.]

(4) If any dispute arises as to whether a member of Parliament has, after his election, become subject to any of the disqualifications mentioned in clause (2) or as to whether a member of Parliament should vacate his seat pursuant to article 70, the dispute shall be referred to the Election Commission to hear and determine it and the decision of the Commission on such reference shall be final.

(5) Parliament may, by law, make such provision as it deems necessary for empowering the Election Commission to give full effect to the provisions of clause (4).

Vacation of seats of members

67. (1) A member of Parliament shall vacate his seat –

(a) if fails, within the period of ninety days from the date of the first meeting of Parliament after his election, to make and subscribe 43[* * *] the oath or affirmation prescribed for a member of Parliament in the Third Schedule:

Provided that the Speaker may, before the expiration of that period, for good cause extend it;

(b) if he is absent from Parliament, without the leave of Parliament, for ninety consecutive sitting days;

(c) upon a dissolution of Parliament;

(d) if he has incurred a disqualification under clause (2) of article 66; or

(e) in the circumstances specified in article 70.

(2) A member of Parliament may resign his seat by writing under his hand addressed to the Speaker, and the seat shall become vacant when the writing is received by the Speaker or, if the office of Speaker is vacant or the Speaker is for any reason unable to perform his functions, by the Deputy Speaker.

Remuneration, etc, of members of Parliament
68. Members of Parliament shall be entitled to such 44[ remuneration], allowances and privileges as may be determined by Act of Parliament or, until so determined, by order made by the President.
Penalty for member sitting or voting before taking oath
69. If a person sits or votes as a member of Parliament before he makes or subscribes the oath or affirmation in accordance with this Constitution, or when he knows that he is not qualified or is disqualified for membership thereof, he shall be liable in respect of each day on which he so sits or votes to a penalty of one thousand taka to be recovered as a debt due to the Republic.
Vacation of seat on resignation or voting against political party

45[ 70. A person elected as a member of Parliament at an election at which he was nominated as a candidate by a political party shall vacate his seat if he –

(a) resigns from that party ; or

(b) votes in Parliament against that party ;

but shall not thereby be disqualified for subsequent election as a member of Parliament.]

Bar against double membership

71. (1) No person shall at the same time be a member of Parliament in respect of two or more constituencies.

(2) Nothing in clause (1) shall prevent a person from being at the same time a candidate for two or more constituencies, but in the event of his being elected for more than one –

(a) within thirty days after his last election the person elected shall deliver to the Chief Election Commissioner a signed declaration specifying the constituency which he wishes to represent, and the seats of the other constituencies for which he was elected shall thereupon fall vacant;

(b) if the person elected fails to comply with sub clause (a) all the seats for which he was elected shall fall vacant; and

(c) the person elected shall not make or subscribe the oath or affirmation of a member of Parliament until the foregoing provisions of this clause, so far as applicable, have been complied with.

Sessions of Parliament

72. (1) Parliament shall be summoned, prorogued and dissolved by the President by public notification, and when summoning Parliament the President shall specify the time and place of the first meeting:

46[ Provided that 47[ except the period of ninety days as mentioned in sub-clause (a) of clause (3) of article 123 for remaining term] a period exceeding sixty days shall not intervene between the end of one session and the first sitting of Parliament in the next session:

Provided further that in the exercise of his functions under this clause, the President shall act in accordance with the advice of the Prime Minister tendered to him in writing.]

(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of clause (1) Parliament shall be summoned to meet within thirty days after the declaration of the results of polling at any general election of members of Parliament.

(3) Unless sooner dissolved by the President, Parliament shall stand dissolved on the expiration of the period of five years from the date of its first meeting:

Provided that at any time when the Republic is engaged in war the period may be extended by Act of Parliament by not more than one year at a time but shall not be so extended beyond six months after the termination of the war.

(4) If after a dissolution and before the holding of the next general election of members of Parliament the President is

satisfied that owing to the existence of a state of war in which the Republic is engaged it is necessary to recall Parliament, the President shall summon the Parliament that has been dissolved to meet.

48[ * * *]

(5) Subject to the provisions of clause (1) the sittings of Parliament shall be held at such times and places as Parliament may, by its rules of procedure or otherwise determine.

President’s address and messages to Parliament

73. (1) The President may address Parliament and may send messages thereto.

(2) At the commencement of the first session after a general election of members of Parliament and at the commencement of the first session of each year the President shall address Parliament.

(3) Parliament shall, after the presentation of an address by the President, or the receipt of a message from him, discuss the matter referred to in such address or message.

Rights of Ministers as respects Parliament

49[ 73A. (1) Every Minister shall have the right to speak in, and otherwise to take part in the proceedings of, Parliament, but shall not be entitled to vote 50[ or to speak on any matter not related to his Ministry] unless he is a member of Parliament also.

(2) In this article, “Minister” includes a Prime Minister, 51[ * * *], Minister of State and Deputy Minister.]

Speaker and Deputy Speaker

74. (1) Parliament shall at the first sitting after any general election elect from among its members a Speaker and a Deputy Speaker, and if either office becomes vacant shall within seven days or, if Parliament is not then sitting, at its first meeting thereafter, elect one of its members to fill the vacancy.

(2) The Speaker or Deputy Speaker shall vacate his office –

(a) if he ceases to be a member of Parliament;

(b) it he becomes a Minister;

(c) if Parliament passes a resolution (after not less than fourteen days’ notice has been given of the intention to move the resolution) supported by the votes of a majority of all the members thereof, requiring his removal from office;

(d) it he resigns his office by writing under his hand delivered to the President;

(e) if after a general election another member enters upon that office; or

(f) in the case of the Deputy Speaker, if he enters upon the office of Speaker.

(3) While the office of the Speaker is vacant or the Speaker is 52[ acting as] President, or if it is determined by Parliament that the Speaker is otherwise unable to perform the functions of his office, those functions shall be performed by the Deputy Speaker or, if the office of the Deputy Speaker is vacant, by such member of Parliament as may be determined by or under the rules of procedure of Parliament; and during the absence of the Speaker from any sitting of Parliament the Deputy Speaker or, if he also is absent, such person as may be determined by or under the rules of procedure, shall act as Speaker.

(4) At any sitting of Parliament, while a resolution for the removal of the Speaker from his office is under consideration the Speaker (or while any resolution for the removal of the Deputy Speaker from his office is under consideration, the Deputy Speaker) shall not preside, and the provisions of clause (3) shall apply in relation to every such sitting as they apply in relation to a sitting from which the Speaker or, as the case may be, the Deputy Speaker is absent.

(5) The Speaker or the Deputy Speaker, as the case may be, shall have the right to speak in, and otherwise to take part in, the proceedings of Parliament while any resolution for his removal from office is under consideration in Parliament, and shall be entitled to vote but only as a member.

(6) Notwithstanding the provisions of clause (2) the Speaker or, as the case may be, the Deputy Speaker, shall be deemed to continue to hold office until his successor has entered upon office.

Rules of procedure, quorum, etc

75. (1) Subject to this Constitution –

(a) the procedure of Parliament shall be regulated by rules of procedure made by it, and until such rules are made shall be regulated by rules of procedure made by the President;

(b) a decision in Parliament shall be taken by a majority of the votes of the members present and voting, but the person presiding shall not vote except when there is an equality of votes, in which case he shall exercise a casting vote;

(c) no proceeding in Parliament shall be invalid by reason only that there is a vacancy in the membership thereof or that a person who was not entitled to do so was present at, or voted or otherwise participated in, the proceeding.

(2) If at any time during which Parliament is in session the attention of the person presiding is drawn to the fact that the number of members present is less than sixty, he shall either suspend the meeting until at least sixty members are present, or adjourn it.

Standing committees of Parliament

76. (1) 53[ * * *] Parliament shall appoint from among its members the following standing committees, that is to say –

(a) a public accounts committee;

(b) committee of privileges; and

(c) such other standing committees as the rules of procedure of Parliament require.

(2) In addition to the committees referred to in clause (1), Parliament shall appoint other standing committees, and a committee so appointed may, subject to this Constitution and to any other law –

(a) examine draft Bills and other legislative proposals;

(b) review the enforcement of laws and propose measures for such enforcement;

(c) in relation to any matter referred to it by Parliament as a matter of public importance, investigate or inquire into the activities or administration of a Ministry and may require it to furnish, through an authorised representative, relevant information and to answer questions, orally or in writing;

(d) perform any other function assigned to it by Parliament.

(3) Parliament may by law confer on committees appointed under this article powers for –

(a) enforcing the attendance of witnesses and examining them on oath, affirmation or otherwise;

(b) compelling the production of documents.

Ombudsman

77. (1) Parliament may, by law, provide for the establishment of the office of Ombudsman.

(2) The Ombudsman shall exercise such powers and perform such functions as Parliament may, by law, determine, including the power to investigate any action taken by a Ministry, a public officer or a statutory public authority.

(3) The Ombudsman shall prepare an annual report concerning the discharge of his functions, and such report shall be laid before Parliament.

Privileges and immunities of Parliament and members

78. (1) The validity of the proceedings in Parliament shall not be questioned in any court.

(2) A member or officer of Parliament in whom powers are vested for the regulation of procedure, the conduct of business or the maintenance of order in Parliament, shall not in relation to the exercise by him of any such powers be subject to the jurisdiction of any court.

(3) A member of Parliament shall not be liable to proceedings in any court in respect of anything said, or any vote given, by him in Parliament or in any committee thereof.

(4) A person shall not be liable to proceedings in any court in respect of the publication by or under the authority of Parliament of any report, paper, vote or proceeding.

(5) Subject to this article, the privileges of Parliament and of its committees and member may be determined by Act of Parliament.

Secretariat of Parliament

79. (1) Parliament shall have its own secretariat.

(2) Parliament may, by law, regulate the recruitment and conditions of service of persons appointed to the secretariat of Parliament.

(3) Until provision is made by Parliament the President may, after consultation with the Speaker, make rules regulating the recruitment and condition of service of persons appointed to the secretariat of Parliament, and rules so made shall have effect subject to the provisions of any law.

CHAPTER II

LEGISLATIVE AND FINANCIAL PROCEDURES

Legislative procedure

80. (1) Every proposal in Parliament for making a law shall be made in the form of a Bill.

(2) When a Bill is passed by Parliament it shall be presented to the President for assent.

54[ (3) The President within fifteen days after a Bill is presented to him, shall assent to the Bill or, in the case of a Bill other than a Money Bill, may return it to Parliament with a message requesting that the Bill or any particular provisions thereof be reconsidered, and that any amendments specified by him in the message be considered ; and if he fails so to do he shall be deemed to have assented to the Bill at the expiration of that period.]

(4) If the President so returns the Bill Parliament shall consider it together with the President’s message, and if the Bill is again passed by Parliament with or without amendments 55[ ***], it shall be presented to the President for his assent, whereupon the President shall assent to the Bill within the period of seven days after it has been presented to him, and if he fails to do so he shall be deemed to have assented to the Bill on the expiration of that period.

(5) When the President has assented or is deemed to have assented to a Bill passed by Parliament it shall become law and shall be called an Act of Parliament.

Money Bills

81. (1) In this Part “Money Bill” means a Bill containing only provisions dealing with all or any of the following matters –

(a) the imposition, regulation, alteration, remission or repeal of any tax;

(b) the borrowing of money or the giving of any guarantee by the Government, or the amendment of any law relating to the financial obligations of the Government;

(c) the custody of the Consolidated Fund, the payment of money into, or the issue or appropriation of moneys from, that Fund;

(d) the imposition of a charge upon the Consolidated Fund or the alteration or abolition of any such charge;

(e) the receipt of moneys on account of the Consolidated Fund or the Public Account of the Republic, or the custody or issue of such moneys, or the audit of the accounts of the Government;

(f) any subordinate matter incidental to any of the matters specified in the foregoing sub clauses.

(2) A Bill shall not be deemed to be a Money Bill by reason only that it provides for the imposition or alteration of any fine or other pecuniary penalty, or for the levy or payment of a licence fee or a fee or charge for any service rendered, or by reason only that it provides for the imposition, regulation, alteration, remission or repeal of any tax by a local authority or body for local purposes.

(3) Every Money Bill shall, when it is presented to the President for his assent, bear a certificate under the hand of the Speaker that it is a Money Bill, and such certificate shall be conclusive for all purposes and shall not be questioned in any court.

Recommendation for financial measures

82. No Money Bill, or any Bill which involves expenditure from public moneys, shall be introduced into Parliament except on the recommendation of the President:

Provided that 56[ in any Mony Bill] no recommendation shall be required under this article for the moving of an amendment making provision for the reduction or abolition of any tax.

No taxation except by or under Act of Parliament
83. No tax shall be levied or collected except by or under the authority of an Act of Parliament.
Consolidated Fund and the Public Account of the Republic

84. (1) All revenues received by the Government, all loans raised by the Government, and all moneys received by it in repayment of any loan, shall form part of one fund to be known as the Consolidated Fund.

(2) All other public moneys received by or on behalf of the Government shall be credited to the Public Account of the Republic.

Regulation of Public moneys
85. The custody of public moneys, their payment into and the withdrawal from the Consolidated Fund or, as the case may be, the Public Account of the Republic, and matters connected with or ancillary to the matters aforesaid, shall be regulated by Act of Parliament, and until provision in that behalf is so made, by rules made by the President.
Moneys payable to Public Account of Republic

86. All moneys received by or deposited with –

(a) any person employed in the service of the Republic or in connection with the affairs of the Republic, other than revenues or moneys which by virtue of clause (1) of article 84 shall form part of the Consolidated Fund; or

(b) any court to the credit of any cause, matter, account or persons,

shall be paid into the Public Account of the Republic.

Annual financial statement

87. (1) There shall be laid before Parliament, in respect of each financial year, a statement of the estimated receipts and expenditure of the Government for that year, in this Part referred to as the annual financial statement.

(2) The annual financial statement shall show separately –

(a) the sums required to meet expenditure charged by or under this Constitution upon the Consolidated Fund; and

(b) the sums required to meet other expenditure proposed to be made from the Consolidated Fund;

and shall distinguish expenditure on revenue account from other expenditure.

Charges on Consolidated Fund

88. The following expenditure shall be charged upon the Consolidated Fund –

(a) the remuneration payable to the President and other expenditure relating to his office;

57[ * * *]

(b) the remuneration payable to –

(i) the Speaker and Deputy Speaker;

58[ (ii) the Judges of the Supreme Court ;]

(iii) the Comptroller and Auditor General;

(iv) the Election Commissioners;

(v) the members of the Public Service Commissions;

59[ (c) the administrative expenses of, including remuneration payable to, officers and servants of Parliament, the Supreme Court, the Comptroller and Auditor General, the Election Commission and the Public Service Commissions.]

(d) all debt charges for which the Government is liable, including interest, sinking fund charges, the repayment or amortisation of capital, and other expenditure in connection with the raising of loans and the service and redemption of debt;

(e) any sums required to satisfy a judgment, decree or award against the Republic by any court or tribunal; and

(f) any other expenditure charged upon the Consolidated Fund by this Constitution or by Act of Parliament.

Procedure relating to annual financial statement

89. (1) So much of the annual financial statement as relates to expenditure charged upon the Consolidated Fund may be discussed in, but shall not be submitted to the vote of, Parliament.

(2) So much of the annual financial statement as relates to other expenditure shall be submitted to Parliament in the form of demands for grants, and Parliament shall have power to assent to or to refuse to assent to any demand, or to assent to it subject to a reduction of the amount specified therein.

(3) No demand for a grant shall be made except on the recommendation of the President.

Appropriation Act

90. (1) As soon as may be after the grants under article 89 have been made by Parliament there shall be introduced in Parliament a Bill to provide for appropriation out of the Consolidated Fund of all moneys required to meet–

(a) the grants so made by Parliament; and

(b) the expenditure charged on the Consolidated Fund but not exceeding in any case the amount shown in the annual financial statement laid before Parliament.

(2) No amendment shall be proposed in Parliament to any such Bill which has the effect of varying the amount of any grant so made or altering the purpose to which it is to be applied, or of varying the amount of any expenditure charged on the Consolidated Fund.

(3) Subject to the provisions of this Constitution no money shall be withdrawn from the Consolidated Fund except under appropriation made by law passed in accordance with the provisions of this article.

Supplementary and excess grants

91. If in respect of any financial year it is found –

(a) that the amount authorised to be expended for a particular service for the current financial year is insufficient or that a need has arisen for expenditure upon some new service not included in the annual financial statement for that year; or

(b) that any money has been spent on a service during a financial year in excess of the amount granted for that service for that year;

the President shall have power to authorise expenditure from the Consolidated Fund whether or not it is charged by or under the Constitution upon that Fund and shall cause to be laid before Parliament a supplementary financial statement setting out the estimated amount of the expenditure or, as the case may be, an excess financial statement setting out the amount of the excess, and the provisions of articles 87 to 90 shall (with the necessary adaptations) apply in relation to those statements as they apply in relation to the annual financial statement.

Votes of account, votes of credit, etc

92. (1) Notwithstanding anything in the foregoing provisions of this Chapter, Parliament shall have power

(a) to make any grant in advance in respect of the estimated expenditure for a part of any financial year pending the completion of the procedure prescribed in article 89 for the voting of such grant and the passing of a law in accordance with the provisions of article 90 in relation to that expenditure;

(b) to make a grant for meeting an unexpected demand upon the resources of the Republic when on account of the magnitude or the indefinite character of the service the demand cannot be specified with the details ordinarily given in an annual financial statement;

(c) to make an exceptional grant which forms no part of the current service of any financial year;

and Parliament shall have power to authorise by law the withdrawal of moneys from the Consolidated Fund for the purposes for which such grants are made.

(2) The provisions of articles 89 and 90 shall have effect in relation to the making of any grant under clause (1), and to any law to be made under that clause, as they have effect in relation to the making of a grant with regard to any expenditure mentioned in the annual financial statement and to the law to be made for the authorisation of appropriation of moneys out of the Consolidated Fund to meet such expenditure.

60[ (3) Notwithstanding anything contained in the foregoing provisions of this Chapter, if, in respect of a financial year, Parliament-

(a) has failed to make the grants under article 89 and pass the law under article 90 before the beginning of that year and has not also made any grant in advance under this article; or

(b) has failed to make the grants under article 89 and pass the law under article 90 before the expiration of the period for which the grants in advance, if any, were made under this article,

the President may, upon the advice of the Prime Minister, by order, authorise the withdrawal from the Consolidated Fund moneys necessary to meet expenditure mentioned in the financial statement for that year for a period not exceeding sixty days in that year, pending the making of the grants and passing of the law.]

61[ Omitted]
92A. [Authorisation of expenditure in certain cases.- omitted by section 10 of the Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. XXVIII of 1991).]
CHAPTER III

ORDINANCE MAKING POWER

Ordinance making power

93. (1) At any time when 62[ Parliament stands dissolved or is not in session], if the President is satisfied that circumstances exist which render immediate action necessary, he may make and promulgate such Ordinances as the circumstances appear to him to require, and any Ordinance so made shall, as from its promulgation have the like force of law as an Act of Parliament:

Provided that no Ordinance under this clause shall make any provision –

(i) which could not lawfully be made under this Constitution by Act of Parliament;

(ii) for altering or repealing any provision of this Constitution; or

(iii) continuing in force any provision of an Ordinance previously made.

(2) An Ordinance made under clause (1) shall be laid before Parliament at its first meeting following the promulgation of the Ordinance and shall, unless it is earlier repealed, cease to have effect at the expiration of thirty days after it is so laid or, if a resolution disapproving of the Ordinance is passed by Parliament before such expiration, upon the passing of the resolution.

(3) At any time when Parliament stands dissolved, the President may, if he is satisfied that circumstances exist which render such action necessary, make and promulgate an Ordinance authorising expenditure from the Consolidated Fund, whether the expenditure is charged by the Constitution upon that fund or not, and any Ordinance so made shall, as from its promulgation, have the like force of law as an Act of Parliament.

(4) Every Ordinance promulgated under clause (3) shall be laid before Parliament as soon as may be, and the provisions of articles 87, 89 and 90 shall, with necessary adaptations, be complied with in respect thereof within thirty days of the reconstitution of Parliament.

PART VI

THE JUDICIARY

63 CHAPTER I

THE SUPREME COURT

CHAPTER III

ADMINISTRATIVE TRIBUNALS

Administrative tribunals

117. (1) Notwithstanding anything hereinbefore contained, Parliament may by law establish one or more administrative tribunals to exercise jurisdiction in respect of matters relating to or arising out of –

(a) the terms and conditions of persons in the service of the Republic, including the matters provided for in Part IX and the award of penalties or punishments;

(b) the acquisition, administration, management and disposal of any property vested in or managed by the Government by or under any law, including the operation and management of, and service in any nationalised enterprise or statutory public authority;

68[ (c) any law to which clause (3) of article 102 applies.]

(2) Where any administrative tribunal is established under this article, no court shall entertain any proceedings or make any order in respect of any matter falling within the jurisdiction of such tribunal:

Provided that Parliament may, by law, provide for appeals from, or the review of, decisions of any such tribunal.

PART VIA

[THE NATIONAL PARTY-Omitted]

69[ Omitted]
Omitted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), Section 34.
PART VII

ELECTIONS

Establishment of Election Commission

118. (1) There shall be an Election Commission for Bangladesh consisting of 70[ the Chief Election Commissioner and not more than four Election Commissioners] and the appointment of the Chief Election Commissioner and other Election Commissioners (if any) shall, subject to the provisions of any law made in that behalf, be made by the President.

(2) When the Election Commission consists of more than one person, the Chief Election Commissioner shall act as the chairman thereof.

(3) Subject to the provisions of this Constitution the term of office of an Election Commissioner shall be five years from the date on which he enters upon his office, and –

(a) a person who has held office as Chief Election Commissioner shall not be eligible for appointment in the service of the Republic;

(b) any other Election Commissioner shall, on ceasing to hold office as such, be eligible for appointment as Chief Election Commissioner but shall not be otherwise eligible for appointment in the service of the Republic.

(4) The Election Commission shall be independent in the exercise of its functions and subject only to this Constitution and any other law.

(5) Subject to the provisions of any law made by Parliament, the conditions of service of Election Commissioners shall be such as the President may, by order, determine:

Provided that an Election Commissioner shall not be removed from his office except in like manner and on the like grounds as a Judge of the 71[ Supreme Court].

(6) An Election Commissioner may resign his office by writing under his hand addressed to the President.

Functions of Election Commission

119. 72[ (1) The superintendence, direction and control of the preparation of the electoral rolls for elections to the office of President and to Parliament and the conduct of such elections shall vest in the Election Commission which shall, in accordance with this Constitution and any other law –

(a) hold elections to the office of President;

(b) hold elections of members of Parliament;

(c) delimit the constituencies for the purpose of elections to Parliament ; and

(d) prepare electoral rolls for the purpose of elections to the office of President and to Parliament.]

(2) The Election Commission shall perform such functions, in addition to those specified in the foregoing clauses, as may be prescribed by this Constitution or by any other law.

Staff of Election Commission
120. The President shall, when so requested by the Election Commission, make available to it such staff as may be necessary for the discharge of its functions under this Part.
Single electoral roll for each constituency
121. There shall be one electoral roll for each constituency for the purposes of elections to Parliament, and no special electoral roll shall be prepared so as to classify electors according to religion, race, caste or sex.
Qualifications for registration as voter

122. (1) The elections 73[ * * * ] to Parliament shall be on the basis of adult franchise.

(2) A person shall be entitled to be enrolled on the electoral roll for a constituency delimited for the purpose of election to the Parliament, if he –

(a) is a citizen of Bangladesh;

(b) is not less than eighteen years of age;

74[ (c) does not stand declared by a competent court to be of unsound mind ;

(d) is or is deemed by law to be a resident of that constituency ; and

(e) has not been convicted of any offence under the Bangladesh Collaborators (Special Tribunals) Order, 1972.]

75[ * * *]

Time for holding elections

123. 76[ (1) In the case of a vacancy in the office of President occurring by reason of the expiration of his term of office an election to fill the vacancy shall be held within the period of ninety to sixty days prior to the date of expiration of the term:

Provided that if the term expires before the dissolution of the Parliament by members of which he was elected the election to fill the vacancy shall not be held until after the next general election of members of Parliament, but shall be held within thirty days after the first sitting of Parliament following such general election.

(2) In the case of a vacancy in the office of President occurring by reason of the death, resignation or removal of the President, an election to fill the vacancy shall be held within the period of ninety days after the occurrence of the vacancy.]

77[ (3) A general election of the members of Parliament shall be held-

(a) in the case of a dissolution by reason of the expiration of its term, within the period of ninety days preceding such dissolution ; and

(b) in the case of a dissolution otherwise than by reason of such expiration, within ninety days after such dissolution :

Provided that the persons elected at a general election under sub-clause (a) shall not assume office as members of Parliament except after the expiration of the term referred to therein.]

(4) An election to fill the seat of a member of Parliament which falls vacant otherwise than by reason of the dissolution of Parliament shall be held within ninety days of the occurrence of the vacancy 78[ :

Provided that in a case where, in the opinion of the Chief Election Commissioner, it is not possible, for reasons of an act of God, to hold such election within the period specified in this clause, such election shall be held within ninety days following next after the last day of such period.]

Parliament may make provision as to elections
79[ 124. Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, Parliament may by law make provision with respect to all matters relating to or in connection with elections to Parliament, including the delimitation of constituencies, the preparation of electoral rolls, the holding of elections, and all other matters necessary for securing the due Constitution of Parliament.]
Validity of election law and elections

125. Notwithstanding anything in this Constitution –

(a) the validity of any law relating to the delimitation of constituencies, or the allotment of seats to such constituencies, made or purporting to be made under article 124, shall not be called in question in any court;

(b) no election to the 80[ office of President 81[ * * *]] or to Parliament shall be called in question except by an election petition presented to such authority and in such manner as may be provided for by or under any law made by Parliament.

82[ (c) A court shall not pass any order or direction, ad interim or otherwise, in relation to an election for which schedule has been announced, unless the Election Commission has been given reasonable notice and an opportunity of being heard.]

Executive authorities to assist Election Commission
126. It shall be the duty of all executive authorities to assist the Election Commission in the discharge of its functions.
PART VIII

THE COMPTROLLER AND AUDITOR GENERAL

Establishment of office of Auditor-General

127. (1) There shall be a Comptroller and Auditor General of Bangladesh (hereinafter referred to as the Auditor General) who shall be appointed by the President.

(2) Subject to the provisions of this Constitution and of any law made by Parliament, the conditions of service of the Auditor General shall be such as the President may, by order, determine.

Functions of Auditor-General

128. (1) The public accounts of the Republic and of all courts of law and all authorities and officers of the Government shall be audited and reported on by the Auditor General and for that purpose he or any person authorised by him in that behalf shall have access to all records, books, vouchers, documents, cash, stamps, securities, stores or other government property in the possession of any person in the service of the Republic.

(2) Without prejudice to the provisions of clause (1), if it is prescribed by law in the case of any body corporate directly established by law, the accounts of that body corporate shall be audited and reported on by such person as may be so prescribed.

(3) Parliament may by law require the Auditor General to exercise such functions, in addition to those specified in clause (1), as such law may prescribe, and until provision is made by law under this clause the President may, by order, make such provision.

(4) The Auditor General, in the exercise of his functions under clause (1), shall not be subject to the direction or control of any other person or authority.

Term of office of Auditor-General

129. 83[ (1) The Auditor-General shall, subject to the provisions of this article, hold office for five years from the date on which he entered upon his office, or until he attains the age of sixty-five years, whichever is earlier.]

(2) The Auditor General shall not be removed from his office except in like manner and on the like grounds as a Judge of the 84[Supreme Court].

(3) The Auditor General may resign his office by writing under his hand addressed to the President.

(4) On ceasing to hold office the Auditor General shall not be eligible for further office in the service of the Republic.

Acting Auditor-General
130. At any time when the office of Auditor General is vacant, or the President is satisfied that the Auditor General is unable to perform his functions on account of absence, illness or any other cause, the President may appoint a person to act as Auditor General and to perform the functions of that office until an appointment is made under article 127 or, as the case may be, until the Auditor General resumes the functions of his office.
Form and manner of keeping public accounts
131. The public accounts of the Republic shall be kept in such form and in such manner as the Auditor General may, with the approval of the President, prescribe.
Reports of Auditor General to be laid before Parliament
132. The reports of the Auditor General relating to the public accounts of the Republic shall be submitted to the President, who shall cause them to be laid before Parliament.
PART IX

THE SERVICES OF BANGLADESH

CHAPTER I

SERVICES

Appointment and conditions of service

133. Subject to the provisions of this Constitution Parliament may by law regulate the appointment and conditions of service of persons in the service of the Republic:

Provided that it shall be competent for the President to make rules regulating the appointment and the conditions of service of such persons until provision in that behalf is made by or under any law, and rules so made shall have effect subject to the provisions of any such law.

Tenure of office
134. Except as otherwise provided by this Constitution every person in the service of the Republic shall hold office during the pleasure of the President.
Dismissal, etc of civilian public officers

135. (1) No person who holds any civil post in the service of the Republic shall be dismissed or removed or reduced in rank by an authority subordinate to that by which he was appointed.

(2) No such person shall be dismissed or removed or reduced in rank until he has been given a reasonable opportunity of showing cause why that action should not be taken:

Provided that this clause shall not apply –

(i) where a person is dismissed or removed or reduced in rank on the ground of conduct which has led to his conviction of a criminal offence; or

(ii) where the authority empowered to dismiss or remove a person or to reduce him in rank is satisfied that, for a reason recorded by that authority in writing, it is not reasonably practicable to give that person an opportunity of showing cause; or

(iii) where the President is satisfied that in the interests of the security of the State it is not expedient to give that person such an opportunity.

(3) If in respect of such a person the question arises whether it is reasonably practicable to give him an opportunity to show cause in accordance with clause (2), the decision thereon of the authority empowered to dismiss or remove such person or to reduce him in rank shall be final.

(4) Where a person is employed in the service of the Republic under a written contract and that contract is terminated by due notice in accordance with its terms, he shall not, by reason thereof, be regarded as removed from office for the purposes of this article.

Reorganisation of service
136. Provision may be made by law for the reorganisation of the service of the Republic by the creation, amalgamation or unification of services and such law may vary or revoke any condition of service of a person employed in the service of the Republic.
CHAPTER II

PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSIONS

Establishment of commissions
137. Provision shall be made by law for establishing one or more public service commissions for Bangladesh, each of which shall consist of a chairman and such other members as shall be prescribed by law.
Appointment of members

138. (1) The chairman and other members of each public service commission shall be appointed by the President:

Provided that not less than one half of the members of a commission shall be persons who have held office for twenty years or more in the service of any government which has at any time functioned within the territory of Bangladesh.

(2) Subject to any law made by Parliament the conditions of service of the chairman and other members of a public service commission shall be such as the President may, by order, determine.

Term of office

139. (1) The term of office of the chairman and other members of a public service commission shall, subject to the provisions of this article, expire five years after the date on which he entered upon his office, or when he attains the age of 85[ sixty five] years, whichever is earlier.

(2) The chairman and other members of such a commission shall not be removed from office except in like manner and on the like grounds as a Judge of the 86[ Supreme Court].

(3) A chairman or other member of a public service commission may resign his office by writing under his hand addressed to the President.

(4) On ceasing to hold office a member of a public service commission shall not be eligible for further employment in the service of the Republic, but, subject to the provisions of clause (1)-

(a) a chairman so ceasing shall be eligible for re appointment for one further term; and

(b) a member (other than the chairman) so ceasing shall be eligible for re appointment for one further term or for appointment as chairman of a public service commission.

Functions of commissions

140. (1) The functions of a public service commission shall be –

(a) to conduct tests and examinations for the selection of suitable persons for appointment to the service of the Republic;

(b) to advise the President on any matter on which the commission is consulted under clause (2) or on any matter connected with its functions which is referred to the commission by the President; and

(c) such other functions as may be prescribed by law.

(2) Subject to the provisions of any law made by Parliament, and any regulation (not inconsistent with such law) which may be made by the President after consultation with a commission, the President shall consult a commission with respect to –

(a) matters relating to qualifications for, and methods of recruitment to, the service of the Republic;

(b) the principles to be followed in making appointments to that service and promotions and transfers from one branch of the service to another, and the suitability of candidates for such appointments, promotions and transfers;

(c) matters affecting the terms and conditions (including pension rights) of that service; and

(d) the discipline of the service.

Annual report

141. (1) Each commission shall, not later than the first day of March each year, prepare and submit to the President a report on the performance of its functions during the period ended on the previous 31st day of December.

(2) The report shall be accompanied by a memorandum setting out, so far as is known to the commission-

(a) the cases, if any, in which its advice was not accepted and the reasons why it was not accepted;

(b) the cases where the commission ought to have been consulted and was not consulted, and the reasons why it was not consulted.

(3) The President shall cause the report and memorandum to be laid before Parliament at its first meeting held after 31st March in the year in which the report was submitted.

87 PART IXA

EMERGENCY PROVISIONS

Proclamation of emergency

141A. (1) If the President is satisfied that a grave emergency exists in which the security or economic life of Bangladesh, or any part thereof, is threatened by war or external aggression or internal disturbance, he may issue a Proclamation of Emergency 88[ for one hundred twenty days]:

89[ * * *]

90[ Provided that such Proclamation shall require for its validity the prior counter signature of the Prime Minister.]

(2) A Proclamation of Emergency –

(a) may be revoked by a subsequent Proclamation;

(b) shall be laid before Parliament;

(c) shall cease to operate at the expiration of one hundred and twenty days, unless before the expiration of that period it has been approved by a resolution of Parliament: 91[ * * *]

Provided that if any such Proclamation is issued at a time when Parliament stands dissolved or the dissolution of Parliament takes place during the period of one hundred and twenty days referred to in sub clause (c), the Proclamation shall cease to operate at the expiration of thirty days from the date on which Parliament first meets after its re constitution, unless before that expiration of the said period of thirty days a resolution approving the Proclamation has been passed by Parliament 92[ or at the expiration of one hundred and twenty days, whichever occurs first.].

(3) A Proclamation of Emergency declaring that the security of Bangladesh, or any part thereof, is threatened by war or external aggression or by internal disturbance may be made before the actual occurrence of war or any such aggression or disturbance if the President is satisfied that there is imminent danger thereof.

Suspension of provisions of certain articles during emergencies
141B. While a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation, nothing in articles 36, 37, 38, 39, 40 and 42 shall restrict the power of the State to make any law or to take any executive action which the State would, but for the provisions contained in Part III of this Constitution, be competent to make or to take, but any law so made shall, to the extent of the incompetency, cease to have effect as soon as the Proclamation ceases to operate, except as respects things done or omitted to be done before the law so ceases to have effect.
Suspension of enforcement of fundamental rights during emergencies

141C. (1) While a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation, the President may, 95[ on the written advice of the Prime Minister, by order], declare that the right to move any court for the enforcement of such of the rights conferred by Part III of this Constitution as may be specified in the order, and all proceedings pending in any court for the enforcement of the right so specified, shall remain suspended for the period during which the Proclamation is in force or for such shorter period as may be specified in the order.

(2) An order made under this article may extend to the whole of Bangladesh or any part thereof.

(3) Every order made under this article shall, as soon as may be, be laid before Parliament.]

PART X

AMENDMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION

Power to amend any provision of the Constitution

96[ 142. Notwithstanding anything contained in this Constitution-

(a) any provision thereof may be amended by way of addition, alteration, substitution or repeal by Act of Parliament :

Provided that-

(i) no Bill for such amendment shall be allowed to proceed unless the long title thereof expressly states that it will amend a provision of the Constitution;

(ii) no such Bill shall be presented to the President for assent unless it is passed by the votes of not less than two thirds of the total number of members of Parliament ;

(b) when a Bill passed as aforesaid is presented to the President for
his assent he shall, within the period of seven days after the Bill is presented to him assent to the Bill, and if he fails so to do he shall be deemed to have assented to it on the expiration of that period.] 97[

PART XI

MISCELLANEOUS

Property of the Republic

143. (1) There shall vest in the Republic, in addition to any other land or property lawfully vested –

(a) all minerals and other things of value underlying any land of Bangladesh;

(b) all lands, minerals and other things of value underlying the ocean within the territorial waters, or the ocean over the continental shelf, of Bangladesh; and

(c) any property located in Bangladesh that has no rightful owner.

(2) Parliament may from time to time by law provide for the determination of the boundaries of the territory of Bangladesh and of the territorial waters and the continental shelf of Bangladesh.

Executive authority in relation to property, trade, etc
144. The executive authority of the Republic shall extend to the acquisition, sale, transfer, mortgage and disposal of property, the carrying on of any trade or business and the making of any contract.
Contracts and deeds

145. (1) All contracts and deeds made in exercise of the executive authority of the Republic shall be expressed to be made by the President, and shall be executed on behalf of the President by such person and in such manner as he may direct or authorise.

(2) Where a contract or deed is made or executed in exercise of the executive authority of the Republic, neither the President nor any other person making or executing the contract or deed in exercise of that authority shall be personally liable in respect thereof, but this article shall not prejudice the right of any person to take proceedings against the Government.

International treaties

98[ 145A. All treaties with foreign countries shall be submitted to the President, who shall cause them to be laid before Parliament :

Provided that any such treaty connected with national security shall be laid in a secret session of Parliament.] 99[

Suits in name of Bangladesh
146. The Government of Bangladesh may sue or be sued by the name of Bangladesh.
Remuneration, etc, of certain officers

147. (1) The remuneration, privileges and other terms and conditions of service of a person holding or acting in any office to which this article applies shall be determined by or under Act of Parliament, but until they are so determined –

(a) they shall be those (if any) appertaining to the person holding or, as the case may be, acting in the office in question immediately before the commencement of this Constitution; or

(b) if the preceding sub clause is not applicable, they shall be determined by order made by the President.

(2) The remuneration, privileges and other terms and conditions of service of a person holding or acting in any office to which this article applies shall not be varied to the disadvantage of any such person during his term of office.

(3) No person appointed to or acting in any office to which this article applies shall hold any office, post or position of profit or emolument or take any part whatsoever in the management or conduct of any company, association or body having profit or gain as its object:

Provided that such person shall not for the purposes of this clause be deemed to hold any such office, post or position by reason only that he holds or is acting in the office first above mentioned.

(4) This article applies to the offices of –

(a) President;

100[ * * *]

101[ (b) Prime Minister;]

(c) Speaker or Deputy Speaker;

102[ (d) Minister, Minister of State or Deputy Minister;]

(e) Judge of the Supreme Court;

(f) Comptroller and Auditor General;

(g) Election Commissioner;

(h) Member of a public service commission.

Oaths of office

148. (1) A person elected or appointed to any office mentioned in the Third Schedule shall before entering upon the office make and subscribe an oath or affirmation (in this article referred to as “an oath”) in accordance with that Schedule.

103[ * * *]

(2) Where under this Constitution an oath is required to be administered by a specified person 104[ * * *], it may be administered by such other person and at such place as may be designated by that person.

105[ (2A) If, within three days next after publication through official Gazette of the result of a general election of members of Parliament under clause (3) of article 123, the person specified under the Constitution for the purpose or such other person designated by that person for the purpose, is unable to, or does not, administer oath to the newly elected members of Parliament, on any account, the Chief Election Commissioner shall administer such oath within three days next thereafter, as if, he is the person specified under the Constitution for the purpose.]

(3) Where under this Constitution a person is required to make an oath before he enters upon an office he shall be deemed to have entered upon the office immediately after he makes the oath.

Saving for existing laws
149. Subject to the provisions of this Constitution all existing laws shall continue to have effect but may be amended or repealed by law made under this Constitution.
Transitional and temporary provisions

106[ 150. (1) The provisions set out in the Fourth Schedule of the Constitution at the time of the Commencement of this Constitution on the 16th day of December, 1972 shall have effect as transitional and temporary provisions notwithstanding anything contained in any other provisions of this Constitution.

(2) In the period between the 7th day of March, 1971 and the date of commencement of this Constitution on the 16th day of December, 1972, the historical speech delivered by Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the Father of the Nation, in the Racecourse Maidan, Dhaka on the 7th day of March, 1971, set out in the Fifth Schedule of the Constitution, the telegram of the Declaration of Independence of Bangladesh made by Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the Father of the Nation on the 26th day of March, 1971 set out in the Sixth Schedule and the Proclamation of Independence of the Mujibnagar Government on the 10th day of April, 1971 set out in the Seventh Schedule are the historical speech and instruments of the independence and the struggle of freedom of Bangladesh which shall be deemed to be the transitional and the temporary provision for the said period.]

Repeals

151. The following President’s Orders are hereby repealed–

(a) The Laws Continuance Enforcement Order, made on 10th April, 1971;

(b) The Provisional Constitution of Bangladesh Order, 1972;

(c) The High Court of Bangladesh Order, 1972 (P.O. No. 5 of 1972);

(d) The Bangladesh Comptroller and Auditor General Order, 1972 (P.O. No. 15 of 1972);

(e) The Constituent Assembly of Bangladesh Order, 1972 (P.O. No. 22 of 1972);

(f) The Bangladesh Election Commission Order, 1972 (P.O. No. 25 of 1972);

(g) The Bangladesh Public Service Commissions Order, 1972 (P.O. No. 34 of 1972);

(h) The Bangladesh Transaction of Government Business Order, 1972 (P.O. No. 58 of 1972).

Interpretation

152. (1) In this Constitution, except where the subject or context otherwise requires –

“administrative unit” means a district or other area designated by law for the purposes of article 59;

107[ * * *]

108[ “the Appellate Division” means the Appellate Division of the Supreme Court;]

“article” means an article of this Constitution;

“borrowing” includes the raising of money by annuity, and “loan” shall be construed accordingly;

“the capital” has the meaning assigned to that expression in article 5;

109[ * * *]

“Chief Election Commissioner” means a person appointed to that office under article 118;

110[ “The Chief Justice” means the Chief Justice of Bangladesh;]

“citizen” means a person who is a citizen of Bangladesh according to the law relating to citizenship;

“clause” means a clause of the article in which the expression occurs;

111[ “court” means any court of law including Supreme Court;]

“debt” includes any liability in respect of any obligation to repay capital sums by way of annuities and any liability under any guarantee, and “debt charge” shall be construed accordingly;

“disciplinary law” means a law regulating the discipline of any disciplined force;

“disciplined force” means –

(a) the army, navy or air force;

(b) the police force;

(c) any other force declared by law to be a disciplined force within the meaning of this definition;

“district judge” includes additional district judge;

“existing law” means any law in force in, or in any part of, the territory of Bangladesh immediately before the commencement of this Constitution, whether or not it has been brought into operation;

“financial year” means a year commencing on the first day of July;

“guarantee” includes any obligation undertaken before the commencement of this Constitution to make payments in the event of the profits of an undertaking falling short of a specified amount;

“the High Court Division” means the High Court Division of the Supreme Court;

“judge” means a judge of a division of the Supreme Court;

“judicial service” means a service comprising persons holding judicial posts not being posts superior to that of a district judge;

“law” means any Act, ordinance, order, rule, regulation, bye law, notification or other legal instrument, and any custom or usage, having the force of law in Bangladesh;

“Parliament” means the Parliament for Bangladesh established by article 65;

“Part” means a Part of this Constitution;

“pension” means a pension, whether contributory or not, of any kind whatsoever payable to or in respect of any person, and includes retired pay or gratuity so payable by way of the return or any addition thereto of subscriptions to a provident fund;

“political party” includes a group or combination of persons who operate within or outside Parliament under a distinctive name and who hold themselves out for the purpose of propagating a political opinion or engaging in any other political activity;

“the President” means the President of Bangladesh elected under this Constitution or any person for the time being acting in that office;

“property” includes property of every description movable or immovable, corporeal or incorporeal, and commercial and industrial undertakings, and any right or interest in any such property or undertaking;

“public notification” means a notification in the Bangladesh Gazette;

“public officer” means a person holding or acting in any office of emolument in the service of the Republic;

“the Republic” means the People’s Republic of Bangladesh;

“Schedule” means a schedule to this Constitution;

“securities” includes stock;

“the service of the Republic” means any service, post or office whether in a civil or military capacity, in respect of the Government of Bangladesh, and any other service declared by law to be a service of the Republic;

“session”, in relation to Parliament, means the sittings of Parliament commencing when it first meets after the commencement of this Constitution or after a prorogation or dissolution of Parliament and terminating when Parliament is prorogued or dissolved;

“sitting”, in relation to Parliament, means a period during which Parliament is sitting continuously without adjournment;

“the Speaker” means the person for the time being holding the office of Speaker pursuant to article 74;

“the State” includes Parliament, the Government and statutory public authorities;

“statutory public authority” means any authority, corporation or body the activities or the principal activities of which are authorised by any Act, ordinance, order or instrument having the force of law in Bangladesh;

“sub clause” means a sub clause of the clause in which the expression occurs;

“the Supreme Court” means the Supreme Court of Bangladesh constituted by article 94;

“taxation” includes the imposition of any tax, rate, duty or impost, whether general, local or special, and “Tax” shall be construed accordingly 112[ ;]

113[ * * *]

(2) The General Clauses Act, 1897 shall apply in relation to –

(a) this Constitution as it applies in relation to an Act of Parliament;

(b) any enactment repealed by this Constitution, or which by virtue thereof becomes void or ceases to have effect, as it applies in relation to any enactment repealed by Act of Parliament.

Commencement, citation and authenticity

153. (1) This Constitution may be cited as the Constitution of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh and shall come into force on the sixteenth day of December, 1972, in this Constitution referred to as the commencement of this Constitution.

(2) There shall be an authentic text of this Constitution in Bengali, and an authentic text of an authorised translation in English, both of which shall be certified as such by the Speaker of the Constituent Assembly.

(3) A text certified in accordance which clause (2) shall be conclusive evidence of the provisions of this Constitution:

Provided that in the event of conflict between the Bengali and the English text, the Bengali text shall prevail.

1 Substituted for the words, commas, signs and brackets `BISMILLAH-AR-RAHMAN-AR-RAHIM (In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful)` by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 2.

2 Substituted for the words `a historic war for national independence` by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 3.

3 Substituted for the former second paragraph by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 3.

4 Substituted for the semi-colon and word `;and` by the Constitution (Third Amendment) Act, 1974 (Act LXXIV of 1974), section 3. But its effectiveness is subject to gazette notification under section 4 of that Act.

5 Article 2A was substituted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011) section 4.

6 Substituted for the word `Bengali` by the Constitution (Eighth Amendment) Act, 1988 (Act XXX of 1988), section 3.

7 Article 4A was substituted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011) section 5.

8 The word “Dhaka” was substituted for the word “Dacca” by section 4 of the Constitution (Eighth Amendment) Act, 1988 (Act No. XXX of 1988)

9 Article 6 was substituted for the formar article 6 by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 6.

10 Article 7A and 7B were inserted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 7.

11 Substituted for the former clause (1) and (1A) by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 8.

12 Substituted for the former article 9 by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 9.

13 Substituted for the former article 10 by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011) section 10.

14 The comma and words `,and in which effective participation by the people through their elected representatives in administration at all levels shall be ensured` were omitted by the Constitution (Fourth Amendment) Act, 1975 (Act II of 1975), section 2.

15 The Comma and words `, and in which effective participation by the people through their elected representatives in administration at all levels shall be ensured` were inserted by the Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act XXVIII of 1991), section 2.

16 Substituted for the former article 12 by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 11.

17 Article 18A was inserted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 12.

18 Clause (3) was added by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 13.

19 Article 23A was inserted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 14.

20 The figure and brackets (1) were omitted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 15, (i).

21 Clause (2) was omitted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 15, (ii).

22 Clause (3) was added by section 2 of the Constitution (Second Amendment) Act, 1973 (Act No. XXIV of 1973)

23 Article 30 was substituted by section 5 of the Constitution (Eighth Amendment) Act, 1988 (Act No. XXX of 1988)

24 Article 33 was substituted by section 3 of the Constitution (Second Amendment) Act, 1973 (Act No. XXIV of 1973)

25 Article 38 was substituted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 16.

26 Substituted for the former clause (2) and (3) by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 17.

27 Substituted for the former article 44 by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 18.

28 Substituted for the proviso by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 19 (i).

29 Clause (3) was added by section 2 of the Constitution (First Amendment) Act, 1973 (Act No. XV of 1973)

30 Inserted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 19 (ii).

31 Article 47A was inserted by section 3 of the Constitution (First Amendment) Act, 1973 (Act No. XV of 1973)

32 Chapters I, II and III were substituted for Chapters I and II by section 3 of the Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. XXVIII of 1991).

33 Article 58A was omitted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 20.

34 Article 61 was substituted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 22.

35 Clauses (2) and (3) were omitted by section 4 of the Constitution (Second Amendment) Act, 1973 (Act No. XXIV of 1973)

36 Clause (3) was substituted by section 3 of the Constitution (Fourteenth Amendment) Act, 2004 (Act No. XIV of 2004)

37 Substituted for the words `forty five seats` by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 23 (i).

38 Clause (3A) was inserted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 23 (ii).

39 The word `or` and sub-clause (dd) were omitted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 24 (i).

40 Sub-clause (e) and (f) were inserted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 24 (ii).

41 Clause (2A) was substituted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 24 (iii).

42 Clause (3) was inserted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 24 (iv).

43 The words “before Parliament” were omitted by section 5 of the Constitution (Fourth Amendment) Act, 1975 (Act No. II of 1975)

44 The word “remuneration” was substituted for the word “salaries” by section 6 of the Constitution (Eighth Amendment) Act, 1988 (Act No. XXX of 1988)

45 Substituted for the former article 70 by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 25.

46 The proviso was substituted by section 6 of the Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. XXVIII of 1991)

47 Inserted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 26.

48 Clause (4A) was omitted by section 6 of the Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. XXVIII of 1991)

49 Article 73A was inserted by section 9 of the Constitution (Fourth Amendment) Act, 1975 (Act No. II of 1975)

50 The words “or to speak on any matter not related to his Ministry” were inserted by section 7 of the Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. XXVIII of 1991)

51 The words “Deputy Prime Minister” were omitted by the Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act XXVIII of 1991), section 7(b).

52 The words “acting as” were substituted for the words “exercising the functions of the” by section 10 of the Constitution (Fourth Amendment) Act, 1975 (Act No. II of 1975)

53 The words “At its first meeting in each session” were omitted by section 11 of the Constitution (Fourth Amendment) Act, 1975 (Act No. II of 1975)

54 Clause (3) was substituted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 27 (i).

55 The words “by the votes of a majority of the total number of members of Parliament` were omitted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 27 (ii).

56 The words `in any Money Bill` were inserted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 28.

57 Clause (aa) was omitted by section 8 of the Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. XXVIII of 1991)

58 Sub-para (ii) was substituted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 29(a).

59 Para (c) was substituted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 29 (b).

60 Clause (3) was added by section 9 of the Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. XXVIII of 1991)

61 Article 2A was substituted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011) section 4.

62 Substituted for the words `Parliament stands dissolved or is not in session` by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 30.

63 Substituted for the former Chapter I by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 31.

64 Clauses (2), (3) and (4) were substituted for the clauses (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7) and (8) by section 2 of the Constitution (Sixteenth Amendment) Act, 2014 (Act No. XIII of 2014).

65 Article 115 was substituted by section 19 the Constitution (Fourth Amendment) Act, 1975 (Act No. II of 1975)

66 Substituted for the former article 116 by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 32.

67 Article 116A was inserted by section 21 of the Constitution (Fourth Amendment) Act, 1975 (Act No. II of 1975)

68 Substituted for the former sub-clause (c) by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011),section 33.

69 Article 4A was substituted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011) section 5.

70 Substituted for the words and commas `a Chief Election Commissioner and such number of other Election Commissoners if any, as the President may from time to time direct,` by the Constitution (Fifteenth amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 35 (a).

71 Substituted for the words `Supreme Court` by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 35 (b).

72 Clause (1) was substituted by section 12 of the Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. XXVIll of 1991)

73 The words “to the offices of President and Vice President and” were omitted by section 13 of the Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. XXVIII of 1991)

74 Substituted for sub-clauses (c) and (d) by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 36.

75 Clause (3) was omitted by section 13 of the Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. XXVIII of 1991)

76 Clauses (1) and (2) were substituted for clauses (1), (2), (2A) and (2B) by section 14 of the Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. XXVIII of 1991)

77 Substituted for the former clause (3) by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 37.

78 The colon (:) was substituted for the full stop (.) and thereafter the proviso was added by section 14 of the Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. XXVIII of 1991)

79 Article 124 was substituted by section 15 of the Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. XXVIII of 1991)

80 The words “offices of President and Vice President” were substituted for the words “office of President” by section 14 of the Constitution (Ninth Amendment) Act. 1989 (Act No. XXXVIII of 1989)

81 The words “and Vice President” were omitted by section 16 of the Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. XXVIII of 1991)

82 Clause (c) was added by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 38.

83 Clause (1) was substituted by section 5 of the Constitution (Fourteenth Amendment) Act, 2004 (Act No. XIV of 2004)

84 Substituted for the words `Supreme Court` by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 39.

85 The words “sixty five” were substituted for the words “sixty-two” by section 6 of the Constitution (Fourteenth Amendment) Act, 2004 (Act No. XIV of 2004)

86 Substituted for the words “Supreme Court” by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 40.

87 Part IXA was inserted by section 6 of the Constitution (Second Amendment) Act, 1973 (Act No. XXIV of 1973).

88 The words ` for one hundred twenty days` were added by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 41 (a).

89 The proviso was omitted by section 28 of the Constitution (Fourth Amendment) Act, 1975 (Act No. II of 1975)

90 The proviso was added by section 17 of the Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. XXVIII of 1991)

91 Omitted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment ) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 41 (b).

92 Added by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 41 (c).

93 Part IXA was inserted by section 6 of the Constitution (Second Amendment) Act, 1973 (Act No. XXIV of 1973).

94 Part IXA was inserted by section 6 of the Constitution (Second Amendment) Act, 1973 (Act No. XXIV of 1973).

95 The words and comma “on the written advice of the Prime Minister, by order” were substituted for the words “by order” by section 18 of the Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. XXVIII of 1991)

96 Article 142 was substituted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 42.

97 The words and commas “amended by way of addition, alteration, substitution or repeal” were substituted for the words “amended or repealed” by section 7 of the Constitution (Second Amendment) Act, 1973 (Act No. XXIV of 1973)

98 Article 145A was substituted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 43.

99 The proviso was substituted by section 20 of the Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. XXVIII of 1991)

100 Sub clause (aa) was omitted by section 21 of the Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. XXVIII of 1991)

101 Substituted for the former sub-clause (b) by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act No. XIV of 2011) section 44(i).

102 Substituted for the former sub-clause (d) by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 44(ii).

103 Clause (IA) was omitted by section 22 of the Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. XXVIII of 1991)

104 The words “and for any reason it is impracticable for the oath to be made before that person” were omitted by section 30 of the Constitution (Fourth Amendment) Act, 1975 (Act No. II of 1975)

105 Clause (2A) was inserted by section 7 of the Constitution (Fourteenth Amendment) Act, 2004 (Act No. XIV of 2004)

106 Article 150 was substituted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 45.

107 Omitted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV 2011), section 46 (a).

108 Substituted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 46(b)

109 Omitted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 46(d).

110 Inserted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 46(b).

111 Inserted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 46(c).

112 The semi-colon (;) was substituted for the full stop (.) by section 16 of the Constitution (Ninth Amendment) Act, 1989 (Act No. XXXVIII of 1989)

113 The expression “the vice president” was omitted by section 23 of the Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. XXVIII of 1991)