What is life? The Physical Aspect of the Living Cell by E SCHRODINGER 

Consciousness finds itself intimately connected with, and dependent on, the physical state of a limited region of matter, the body. (Consider the changes of mind during the development of the body, at puberty, ageing, dotage, etc., or consider the effects of fever intoxication, narcosis, lesion of the brain and so on.) Now there is a great plurality of similar bodies. Hence the pluralization of consciousnesses or minds seems a very suggestive hypothesis.

Biophoton emission

Biophoton emission is the spontaneous emission of ultraweak light emanating from all living systems, including man. The emission is linked to the endogenous production of excited states within the living system. The detection and characterisation of human biophoton emission has…


A microbiome is a community of microorganisms that inhabit an ecological niche. Microbiomes exist in both environmental biotopes, for example, a water body or forest soil – and in living multicellular host organisms – such as humans, animals or plants.…

Human Histology

Histology is the study of the microanatomical structure of cells, tissues and organ systems. These are studied by examining thin, transparent slices cut from body structures and observed with the aid of light or electron microscopes. Cells in the body are organized into…

Developmental Biology

Development Biology describes development as a sequence of processes and events, in which 'simple' structures such as fertilized eggs are progressively transformed into complex organisms. Objectives of the Study of  Development Biology • Identify a few major researchers in the development of…

Animal Biology

What is it : • Define an animal, using the shared characteristics of animals. • Describe basic animal body plans, and relate different tissue types to their functions. • Define homeostasis and explain its maintenance through negative feedback mechanisms, using appropriate…

Evolution and Evolutionary Biology

Evolutionary biology is mainly based on paleontology, which uses the fossil record to answer questions about the mode and tempo of evolution, as well as the developments in areas such as population genetics and evolutionary theory.

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genes encode the information necessary for synthesizing proteins, which in turn play a large role in influencing (though, in many instances, not completely determining) the final phenotype of the organism.

Cell Biology

Cell Biology-Understanding cell composition and how they function is fundamental to all of the biological sciences. Appreciating the similarities and differences between cell types is particularly important in the fields of cell and molecular biology. These fundamental similarities and differences provide a unifying theme, allowing the principles learned from studying one cell type to be extrapolated and generalized to other cell types.