Guidelines To Prevent Juvenile Crimes under Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act-2015

The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 (JJ ACT, 2015) is the primary law for children in conflict with law and those in need of care and protection. The Ministry of Women and Child Development is implementing the centrally sponsored namely Child Protection Services (CPS) Scheme for rehabilitation of children in difficult circumstances including, orphan and destitute children. Under CPS scheme, financial assistance is provided to the State Governments/UT Governments for providing services which include institutional care, non-institutional care, support for capacity building, human resources etc.

Parliament Passes Juvenile Justice Amendment Bill 2021- Now District Magistrate can issue adoption orders U/S 61

While introducing the bill, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani, Union Minister for Women and Child Development stressed upon the necessity for entrusting District Magistrates with the responsibility of care and protection of vulnerable children in light of the prevailing inadequacies in the system. She recounted the commitment of the Parliament towards prioritising India’s children above all issues.

UNO Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography-2002

Believing that the elimination of the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography will be facilitated by adopting a holistic approach, addressing the contributing factors, including underdevelopment, poverty, economic disparities, inequitable socio-economic structure, dysfunctioning families, lack of education, urban-rural migration, gender discrimination, irresponsible adult sexual behaviour, harmful traditional practices, armed conflicts and trafficking in children,

Child Protection Laws in India

n habeas corpus proceedings to determine Child custody, the jurisdiction exercised by the Court rests in such cases on its inherent equitable powers and exerts the force of the State, as parens patriae, for the Protection of its infant ward, and the very nature and scope of the inquiry and the result sought to be accomplished call for the exercise of the jurisdiction of a court of equity