Excommunication of Martin Luther and his followers: Papal Bull ‘Decet Romanum Pontificem’

Decet Romanum Pontificem-Papal Bull of Excommunication of Martin Luther and his followers

Pope Leo X – 1521

Preamble

Through the power given him from God, the Roman Pontiff has been appointed to administer spiritual and temporal punishments as each case severally deserves. The purpose of this is the repression of the wicked designs of misguided men, who have been so captivated by the debased impulse of their evil purposes as to forget the fear of the Lord, to set aside with contempt canonical decrees and apostolic commandments, and to dare to formulate new and false dogmas and to introduce the evil of schism into the Church of God—or to support, help and adhere to such schismatics, who make it their business to cleave asunder the seamless robe of our Redeemer and the unity of the orthodox faith. Hence it befits the Pontiff, lest the vessel of Peter appear to sail without pilot or oarsman, to take severe measures against such men and their followers, and by multiplying punitive measures and by other suitable remedies to see to it that these same overbearing men, devoted as they are to purposes of evil, along with their adherents, should not deceive the multitude of the simple by their lies and their deceitful devices, nor drag them along to share their own error and ruination, contaminating them with what amounts to a contagious disease. It also befits the Pontiff, having condemned the schismatics, to ensure their still greater confounding by publicly showing and openly declaring to all faithful Christians how formidable are the censures and punishments to which such guilt can lead; to the end that by such public declaration they themselves may return, in confusion and remorse, to their true selves, making an unqualified withdrawal from the prohibited conversation, fellowship and (above all) obedience to such accursed excommunicates; by this means they may escape divine vengeance and any degree of participation in their damnation.

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Exsurge Domine: Condemning the Errors of Martin Luther 1520

Exsurge Domine-Condemning the Errors of Martin Luther

Pope Leo X – 1520

Arise, O Lord, and judge your own cause. Remember your reproaches to those who are filled with foolishness all through the day. Listen to our prayers, for foxes have arisen seeking to destroy the vineyard whose winepress you alone have trod. When you were about to ascend to your Father, you committed the care, rule, and administration of the vineyard, an image of the triumphant church, to Peter, as the head and your vicar and his successors. The wild boar from the forest seeks to destroy it and every wild beast feeds upon it.

Rise, Peter, and fulfill this pastoral office divinely entrusted to you as mentioned above. Give heed to the cause of the holy Roman Church, mother of all churches and teacher of the faith, whom you by the order of God, have consecrated by your blood. Against the Roman Church, you warned, lying teachers are rising, introducing ruinous sects, and drawing upon themselves speedy doom. Their tongues are fire, a restless evil, full of deadly poison. They have bitter zeal, contention in their hearts, and boast and lie against the truth.

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Lutheran Churches in India

Guided by the 16th-century Lutheran doctrine of  “by grace alone through faith alone on the basis of Scripture alone”

Andhra Evangelical Lutheran Church
Arcot Lutheran Church
Christ Lutheran Church
Evangelical Lutheran Church in Madhya Pradesh
Evangelical Lutheran Church in the Himalayan States
Good Shepherd Evangelical Lutheran Church
Gossner Evangelical Lutheran Church in Chotanagpur and Assam
India Evangelical Lutheran Church
Jeypore Evangelical Lutheran Church
Northern Evangelical Lutheran Church
South Andhra Lutheran Church
The Tamil Evangelical Lutheran Church


Source: The Lutheran World Federation

The 95 Theses: Martin Luther, Master of Arts and Sacred Theology

Accra Confession of World Alliance of Reformed Churches (WARC)-2004

THE ACCRA CONFESSION

Adopted at the 24th General Assembly of the World Alliance of Reformed Churches (WARC) in 2004

1. In response to the urgent call of the Southern African constituency which met in Kitwe in 1995 and in recognition of the increasing urgency of global economic injustice and ecological destruction, the 23rd General Council (Debrecen, Hungary, 1997) invited the member churches of the World Alliance of Reformed Churches to enter into a process of “recognition, education, and confession “…break the chains of oppression and the yoke of injustice, and let the oppressed go free”, as they heard the cries of brothers and sisters around the world and witnessed God’s gift of creation under threat.

2. Since then, nine member churches have committed themselves to a faith stance; some are in the process of covenanting; and others have studied the issues and come to a recognition of the depth of the crisis. Further, in partnership with the World Council of Churches, the Lutheran World Federation and regional ecumenical organizations, the World Alliance of Reformed Churches has engaged in consultations in all regions of the world, from Seoul/Bangkok (1999) to Stony Point (2004). Additional consultations took place with churches from the South in Buenos Aires (2003) and with churches from South and North in London Colney (2004).

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For average Christians waiting for Jesus is better than doing physical exercise

1 TIMOTHY 4:8

That the physical exercise has very little to offer- on the contrary a waiting life has very big to offer- as it holds promise of good living for now and for future.

( Advocatetanmoy)

ἡ γὰρ σωματικὴ γυμνασία πρὸς ὀλίγον ἐστὶν ὠφέλιμος,

ἡ δὲ εὐσέβεια  πρὸς πάντα ὠφέλιμός ἐστιν,

ἐπαγγελίαν ἔχουσα ζωῆς τῆς νῦν καὶ τῆς μελλούσης.

  1. ἡ γὰρ(that the) σωματικὴ(physical) γυμνασία(exercise) πρὸς  ἐστὶν (has) ὀλίγον ( very little ) ὠφέλιμος(to offer),
  2. ἡ δὲ(on the contrary) πρὸς(a) εὐσέβεια(waiting) ἐστιν(has) πάντα(very big) ὠφέλιμός(to offer) ,
  3.  ἔχουσα(as it holds) ἐπαγγελίαν(promised)ζωῆς(good living) τῆς νῦν(for now) καὶ τῆς μελλούσης( and for future).

Note: εὐσέβεια- waiting for something in christian sense for Lord

Comment: Why are you, a christian(male) wasting time in physical exercise, better  wait for jesus to come and that shall be profitable for now and for future.


Other translations

1 TIMOTHY 4:8 of New Testament

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Didache or The Lord’s teaching to the heathen by the Twelve Apostles-3rd Century CE

ΔΙΔΑΧΗ ΤΩΝ ΔΩΔΕΚΑ ΑΠΟΣΤΟΛΩΝ

Διδαχὴ κυρίου διὰ τῶν δώδεκα ἀποστόλων τοῖς ἔθνεσιν.

“The Lord’s teaching to the heathen by the Twelve Apostles”

I

1. Ὁδοὶ δύο εἰσί, μία τῆς ζωῆς καὶ μία τοῦ θανάτου, διαφορὰ δὲ πολλὴ μεταξὺ τῶν δύο ὁδῶν.

2. Ἡ μὲν οὖν τῆς ζωῆς ἐστιν αὕτη· πρῶτον ἀγαπησεις τὸν θεὸν τὸν ποιήσαντά σε, δεύτερον τὸν πλησίον σου ὡς σεαυτόν· πάντα δὲ ὅσα ἐὰν θελήσῃς μὴ γίνεσθαί σοι, καὶ σὺ ἄλλῳ μὴ ποίει.

3. Τούτων δὲ τῶν λόγων ἡ διδαχή ἐστιν αὕτη· εὐλογεῖτε τοὺς καταρωμένους ὑμῖν καὶ προσεύχεσθε ὑπὲρ τῶν ἐχθρῶν ὑμῶν, νηστεύετε δὲ ὑπὲρ τῶν διωκότων ὑμᾶς· ποία γὰρ χάρις, ἐὰν ἀγαπᾶτε τοὺς ἀγαπῶντας ὑμᾶς; οὐχὶ καὶ τὰ ἔθνη τὸ αὐτὸ ποιοῦσιν; ὑμεῖς δὲ ἀγαπᾶτε τοὺς μισοῦντας ὑμᾶς, καὶ οὐχ ἕξετε ἐχθρόν.

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THE TRADITION OF HIPPOLYTUS -Egyptian Church Order

PRESBYTER HIPPOLYTUS

Egyptian Church Order ( Coptic Language) 450 CE

Text

We have duly completed what needed to be said about “Gifts”, describing those gifts which God by His own counsel has bestowed on men, in offering to Himself His image which had gone astray. But now, moved by His love to all His saints, we pass on to our most important theme, “The Tradition”, our teacher. And we address the churches, so that they who have been well trained, may, by our instruction, hold fast that tradition which has continued up to now and, knowing it well, may be strengthened. This is needful, because of that lapse or error which recently occurred through ignorance, and because of ignorant men. And the Holy Spirit will supply perfect grace to those who believe aright, that they may know how all things should be transmitted and kept by them who rule the church.

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Athanasius: Expotio Fidei

Ἀθανασίου

ἀρχιεπισκόπου Ἀλεξανδρείας

ἔκθεσις πίστεως.

1. Πιστεύομεν εἰς ἕνα ἀγέννητον θεόν, Πατέρα παντοκράτορα, πάντων ποιητὴν ὁρατῶν τε καὶ ἀοράτων, τὸν ἔχοντα ἀφ’ ἑαυτοῦ τὸ εἶναι· καὶ εἰς ἕνα μονογενῆ Λόγον, Σοφίαν, Υἱόν, ἐκ τοῦ Πατρὸς ἀνάρχως καὶ ἀϊδίως γεγεννημένον , Λόγον δὲ οὐ προφορικόν,  οὐκ ἐνδιάθετον, οὐκ ἀπόῤῥοιαν τοῦ τελείου, οὐ τμῆσιν τῆς ἀπαθοῦς φύσεως οὔτε προβολήν, ἀλλ’ Υἱὸν αὐτοτελῆ, ζῶντά τε καὶ ἐνεργοῦντα, τὴν ἀληθινὴν εἰκόνα τοῦ Πατρὸς , ἰσότιμον καὶ ἰσόδοξον· τοῦτο γάρ ἐστι, φησί, τὸ θέλημα τοῦ Πατρός, Ἵνα καθὼς τιμῶσι τὸν Πατέρα, οὕτω τιμῶσι καὶ τὸν Υἱόν. Θεὸν ἀληθινὸν ἐκ Θεοῦ ἀληθινοῦ, ὥς φησιν Ἰωάννης ἐν Καθολικαῖς  τό· Ἐσμὲν ἐν τῷ ἀληθινῷ, ἐν τῷ Υἱῷ αὐτοῦ Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ. Οὗτός ἐστιν ὁ ἀληθινὸς Θεὸς καὶ ζωὴ αἰώνιος· παντοκράτορα ἐκ παντοκράτορος· πάντων γάρ, ὧν ἄρχει ὁ Πατὴρ καὶ κρατεῖ, ἄρχει καὶ κρατεῖ καὶ ὁ Υἱός· ὅλος ἐξ ὅλου, ὅμοιος τῷ Πατρὶ ὢν, ὥς φησιν ὁ Κύριος· Ὁ ἐμὲ ἑωρακὼς ἑώρακε τὸν Πατέρα. Ἐγεννήθη δὲ ἀνεκφράστως καὶ ἀπερινοήτως· Τὴν γὰρ γενεὰν αὐτοῦ· τίς διηγήσεται; ἀντὶ τοῦ, οὐδείς· ὃς ἐπὶ συντελείᾳ τῶν αἰώνων κατελθὼν ἐκ τῶν κόλπων τοῦ Πατρὸς, ἐκ τῆς ἀχράντου Παρθένου Μαρίας τὸν ἡμέτερον ἀνείληφεν ἄνθρωπον, Χριστὸν Ἰησοῦν, ὃν ὑπὲρ ἡμῶν παθεῖν παρέδωκεν ἰδίᾳ προαιρέσει, ὥς φησιν ὁ Κύριος· Οὐδεὶς αἴρει τὴν ψυχήν μου ἀπ’ ἐμοῦ· ἐξουσίαν ἔχω θεῖναι αὐτὴν καὶ ἐξουσίαν ἔχω πάλιν λαβεῖν αὐτήν. Ἐν ᾧ ἀνθρώπῳ σταυρωθεὶς καὶ ἀποθανὼν ὑπὲρ ἡμῶν, ἀνέστη ἐκ νεκρῶν, καὶ  ἀνελήφθη εἰς οὐρανούς. Ἀρχὴ ὁδῶν κτισθεὶς ἡμῖν, ἐν τῇ γῇ ὢν, ἡμῖν ἔδειξεν ἐκ σκότους φῶς, σωτηρίαν ἐκ πλάνης, ζωὴν ἐκ νεκρῶν, εἴσοδον ἐν τῷ παραδείσῳ, ἐξ οὗ ἐκβέβληται  Ἀδάμ, εἰς ὃν πάλιν εἰσῆλθε διὰ τοῦ ληστοῦ, ὡς εἶπεν ὁ Κύριος· Σήμερον μετ’ ἐμοῦ ἔσῃ ἐν τῷ παραδείσῳ· εἰς ὃν καὶ ὁ Παῦλος εἰσῄει· ἄνοδόν τε εἰς οὐρανούς, ὅπου πρόδρομος εἰσῆλθεν ὑπὲρ ἡμῶν ὁ Κυριακὸς ἄνθρωπος, ἐν ᾧ μέλλει κρίνειν ζῶντας καὶ νεκρούς.

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Arthur Schopenhauer on the Christian System

When the Church says that, in the dogmas of religion, reason is totally incompetent and blind, and its use to be reprehended, it is in reality attesting the fact that these dogmas are allegorical in their nature, and are not to be judged by the standard which reason, taking all things sensu proprio, can alone apply. Now the absurdities of a dogma are just the mark and sign of what is allegorical and mythical in it. In the case under consideration, however, the absurdities spring from the fact that two such heterogeneous doctrines as those of the Old and New Testaments had to be combined.

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