. The Orthodox Church is the true Church of Christ, created by Our Lord and Savior Himself, the Church confirmed and filled with the Holy Spirit, the Church about which the Savior Himself said: “I will build My Church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it” (Matthew 16:18). She is the One, Holy, Catholic (Catholic) and Apostolic Church, the guardian and giver of the Holy Mysteries throughout the world, "the pillar and ground of the truth" (1 Tim. 3:15).
he granting of the “tomos of autocephaly” by the Patriarchate of Constantinople to the so-called “Orthodox church of Ukraine,” created artificially by a merger of two schismatic organizations, deepened the division between Orthodox Christians in Ukraine and worsened ever more considerably the inter-confessional relations.
The origins of the confrontation lie in the relationships between the West and Russia. By the 1990s Russia had been promised that its security and dignity would be respected. However, as time went by, the forces overtly considering Russia to be their enemy came close to its borders. Year after year, month after month, the NATO member states have been building up their military presence, disregarding Russia’s concerns that these weapons may one day be used against it.
The Ukrainian Church has neither asked for nor received autocephaly. On the contrary, it strongly rejected the process of the granting of the so-called tomos of autocephaly, imposed from outside and supported by the country’s government authorities of the time and schismatics. Such standpoint was repeatedly and publicly expressed in official statements of the Council of Bishops and the Synod of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church, as well as in speeches of its archpastors, clergy, monastics and laypeople, the vast majority of whom wished back then and wish now to preserve their unity with the Moscow Patriarchate.
The material force of arms should be substituted the moral force of law; hence a just agreement by all for the simultaneous and reciprocal reduction of armaments, according to rules and guarantees to be established to the degree that is necessary and sufficient for the maintenance of public order in each State; then, instead of arms, the institution of arbitration, with its lofty peacemaking function, according to standards to be agreed upon, with sanctions to be decided against a State which refuses either to submit international questions to arbitration or to accept the decisions of such arbitration.
We answer, that, at any rate, it contains so large an amount of truth—is so indisputably borne out by the recorded evidence of the early sittings of our Assembly—throws so much light on some of the darkest problems of Scottish history—and, above all, is so strongly supported by the genuine principles of the Reformation, as to entitle it to a very high place among the theories of our perplexing constitution. We now behold these bewildering abstractions “church and state,” “civil and spiritual jurisdiction,” illuminated by the light of an idea.
The Supreme Pontiff, Sovereign of the Vatican City State, has full legislative, executive and judicial powers. During the vacant See, the same powers belong to the Sacred College, which may issue legislative provisions only in cases of urgency and to take effect no later than the duration of the vacancy, unless they are confirmed by the Supreme Pontiff subsequently elected according to the norms of the sacred constitutions.
The Roman Curia is the complex of dicasteries and institutes which help the Roman Pontiff in the exercise of his supreme pastoral office for the good and service of the whole Church and of the particular Churches. It thus strengthens the unity of the faith and the communion of the people of God and promotes the mission proper to the Church in the world.
economical function of monasteries was to serve as houses of shelter for travellers, as hospitals for the sick, and as centres of relief for the poor. These were their functions all through the Middle Ages; but in the time immediately preceding the Reformation the office of relieving the poor assumed a new character and importance.
You will hear shortly, at the end of this holy Mass, a reading of some messages which, at the conclusion of its work, the ecumenical council is addressing to various categories of persons, intending to consider in them the countless forms in which human life finds expression.
Opening Address by John XXIII-October 11, 1962 Constitutions Dei VerbumLumen GentiumSacrosanctum ConciliumGaudium et Spes Declarations Gravissimum EducationisNostra AetateDignitatis Humanae Decrees Ad GentesPresbyterorum OrdinisApostolicam ActuositatemOptatam TotiusPerfectae CaritatisChristus DominusUnitatis RedintegratioOrientalium EcclesiarumInter Mirifica Closing Address by Paul VI Read More
Homosexuality refers to relations between men or between women who experience an exclusive or predominant sexual attraction toward persons of the same sex. It has taken a great variety of forms through the centuries and in different cultures. Its psychological genesis remains largely unexplained. Basing itself on Sacred Scripture, which presents homosexual acts as acts of grave depravity