1. Short title 1
2. Commencement and repeal 1
3. Interpretation 1
4. Computation of time 2
5. Service of notice 2
6. Use of forms in appendices 2
7. Alteration, etc. of rules in First Schedule to the Code 2

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SC quashed reassessment Notice demanded Rs 405.09 cr by IT from NDTV but allowed to send a fresh Notice U/S 147 of IT ACT

In a relief to NDTV Ltd, the Supreme Court Friday 03/04/2020 quashed a notice by the Income Tax department seeking to re-assess the income of the media house for financial year 2007-08. Under Section 147 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 Supreme  Court held :

In our view the assessee disclosed all the primary facts necessary for assessment of its case to the assessing officer. What the revenue urges is that the assessee did not make a full and true disclosure of certain other facts. We are of the view that the assessee had disclosed all primary facts before the assessing officer and it was not required to give any further assistance to the assessing officer by disclosure of other facts. It was for the assessing officer at this stage to decide what inference should be drawn from the facts of the case. In the present case the assessing officer on the basis of the facts disclosed to him did not doubt the genuiness of the transaction set up by the assessee.

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National Manufacturing Policy

Ministry of Commerce & Industry

25-October-2011 14:59 IST

National Manufacturing Policy-2011

The Cabinet approved the revised proposal of the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, Ministry of Commerce and Industry to put in place a National Manufacturing Policy.

The Cabinet in its meeting held on 15″ September 2011 considered the National Manufacturing Policy and directed that the policy may be considered by a Group of Ministers (GOM) for further harmonizing the differences in some inter-ministerial positions notably relating to Ministry of Labour and Employment and the Ministry of Environment and Forests. The GOM in its meeting held on 14th October 2011 has resolved the relevant issues. A revised note incorporating the recommendations of the GOM has been approved by the Cabinet today.

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Didache or The Lord’s teaching to the heathen by the Twelve Apostles-3rd Century CE


Διδαχὴ κυρίου διὰ τῶν δώδεκα ἀποστόλων τοῖς ἔθνεσιν.

“The Lord’s teaching to the heathen by the Twelve Apostles”


1. Ὁδοὶ δύο εἰσί, μία τῆς ζωῆς καὶ μία τοῦ θανάτου, διαφορὰ δὲ πολλὴ μεταξὺ τῶν δύο ὁδῶν.

2. Ἡ μὲν οὖν τῆς ζωῆς ἐστιν αὕτη· πρῶτον ἀγαπησεις τὸν θεὸν τὸν ποιήσαντά σε, δεύτερον τὸν πλησίον σου ὡς σεαυτόν· πάντα δὲ ὅσα ἐὰν θελήσῃς μὴ γίνεσθαί σοι, καὶ σὺ ἄλλῳ μὴ ποίει.

3. Τούτων δὲ τῶν λόγων ἡ διδαχή ἐστιν αὕτη· εὐλογεῖτε τοὺς καταρωμένους ὑμῖν καὶ προσεύχεσθε ὑπὲρ τῶν ἐχθρῶν ὑμῶν, νηστεύετε δὲ ὑπὲρ τῶν διωκότων ὑμᾶς· ποία γὰρ χάρις, ἐὰν ἀγαπᾶτε τοὺς ἀγαπῶντας ὑμᾶς; οὐχὶ καὶ τὰ ἔθνη τὸ αὐτὸ ποιοῦσιν; ὑμεῖς δὲ ἀγαπᾶτε τοὺς μισοῦντας ὑμᾶς, καὶ οὐχ ἕξετε ἐχθρόν.

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Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.

The object of the this Lecture is to discover whether there is any common ground at the bottom of all liability in tort, and if so, what that ground is. Supposing the attempt to succeed, it will reveal the general principle of civil liability at common law. The liabilities incurred by way of contract are more or less expressly fixed by the agreement of the parties concerned, but those arising from a tort are independent of any previous consent of the wrong-doer to bear the loss occasioned by his act. If A fails to pay a certain sum on a certain day, or to deliver a lecture on a certain night, after having made a binding promise to do so, the damages which he has to pay are recovered in accordance with his consent that some or all of the harms which may be caused by his failure shall fall upon him. But when A assaults or slanders his neighbor, or converts his neighbor’s property, he does a harm which he has never consented to bear, and if the law makes him pay for it, the reason for doing so must be found in some general view of the conduct which every one may fairly expect and demand from every other, whether that other has agreed to it or not.

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Arthur Schopenhauer on Education

The human intellect is said to be so constituted that general ideas arise by abstraction from particular observations, and therefore come after them in point of time. If this is what actually occurs, as happens in the case of a man who has to depend solely upon his own experience for what he learns—who has no teacher and no book,—such a man knows quite well which of his particular observations belong to and are represented by each of his general ideas. He has a perfect acquaintance with both sides of his experience, and accordingly, he treats everything that comes in his way from a right standpoint. This might be called the natural method of education.

Contrarily, the artificial method is to hear what other people say, to learn and to read, and so to get your head crammed full of general ideas before you have any sort of extended acquaintance with the world as it is, and as you may see it for yourself. You will be told that the particular observations which go to make these general ideas will come to you later on in the course of experience; but until that time arrives, you apply your general ideas wrongly, you judge men and things from a wrong standpoint, you see them in a wrong light, and treat them in a wrong way. So it is that education perverts the mind.

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Constitution of the Republic of Cuba 1940

Constitution of the Republic of Cuba of July 1, 1940

We, the delegates of the people of Cuba, assembled in Constituent Convention, for the purpose of establishing a new fundamental law to consolidate our organization as an independent and sovereign State, capable of assuring freedom and justice, maintaining order and promoting the general welfare, do hereby, invoking the favor of God, set forth the following Constitution:

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Democratic Party Platform of 1848

May 22, 1848

Resolved, That the American Democracy place their trust in the intelligence, the patriotism, and the discriminating justice of the American people.

Resolved, That we regard this as a distinctive feature of our political creed, which we are proud to maintain before the world as the great moral element in a form of government springing from and upheld by the popular will; and we contrast it with the creed and practice of Federalism, under whatever name or form, which seeks to palsy the will of the constituent, and which conceives no imposture too monstrous for the popular credulity.

Resolved, therefore, That, entertaining these views, the Democratic party of this Union, through their Delegates assembled in general convention of the States, coming together in a spirit of concord, of devotion to the doctrines and faith of a free representative government, and appealing to their fellow-citizens for the rectitude of their intentions, renew and reassert before the American people the declaration of principles avowed by them when, on a former occasion, in general convention, they presented their candidates for the popular suffrage.

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United States Courts: M.L Gray

United States Courts: 1901

An interesting fact, and one, it is believed, not generally understood, appears in the first legislation of Congress, on the subject of Federal courts, in what now constitutes the States of Missouri and Arkansas. By an act of Congress of March 26, 1804 (26 United States Statutes at Large, p. 283), the land acquired of France was divided into two Territories. That portion lying south of the Mississippi territory and an east and west line commencing on the Mississippi River at the thirty-third degree of north latitude and extending west to the western boundary of the cession, was called the Territory of Orleans. By Section 12 of said act the residue of the Territory, being that north of said line, was called the District of Louisiana. This District included the present States of Arkansas and Missouri and all that region lying north and west of said two States. By said act, the Governor and judges of the Indiana Territory were directed and authorized to establish in said District of Louisiana inferior courts and prescribe their jurisdiction and duties, and also to make all laws which they might deem conducive to the good government of the inhabitants thereof. Under the authority thus given, the Governor and judges of the Indiana Territory, under date of October I, 1804, framed a system of laws for the government of said District of Louisiana and established courts therein, which laws comprise the first sixteen chapters of Volume I of Territorial Laws, published by the authority of the State of Missouri in 1842.

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नमो देव्यै महादेव्यै Namo Devyai Mahadevyai: Invocation of Mother Katholik to Stop Pandemic

ॐ नमश्‍चण्डिकायै॥

सर्वमङ्गलमाङ्गल्ये शिवे सर्वार्थसाधिके । शरण्ये त्र्यम्बके गौरि नारायणि नमोऽस्तु ते

Invocation of Mother Universal

  • Invocatione Virginis matris universal
  • استحضار الأم العالمية
  • Призыв матери универсальный
  • Invocazione di madre universale
  • Επανάκληση της μητέρας καθολικής
  • Anrufung der Mutter universell
  • הפניית אם אוניברסלית
  • সর্বজনীন মায়ের প্রার্থনা
  • सार्वभौमिक आमाको आह्वान

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