Ramayana of Valmiki – Griffith English Translation


Translated into English Verse


Ralph T. H. Griffith, M.A.

Principal of the Benares College


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Anti Terrorism Rules, 2013 Bangladesh

Anti Terrorism Rules, 2013



In exercise of the power conferred by section 43 of The Anti Terrorism Act, 2009

(Act No. XVI of 2009) the Government of Bangladesh hereby makes the following

Rules to fulfill the purposes of the Act.

1. Short title, extent and commencement.– (1) These rules may be called the Anti Terrorism Rules, 2013.

(2) It extends to the whole of Bangladesh, and it applies also to persons on ships and aircraft registered in Bangladesh, wherever they may be.

(3) It shall be deemed to have come into force from the date of issuance of the Statutory Regulatory Order (SRO).

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Doing a Master of Law 1 year course from Manchester University

Degree awarded: Master of Laws (LLM)

Duration: 1 year (full-time)

Cost: £10000/

Entry requirements: A minimum Upper Second class honours degree, or the equivalent, in law.

One can apply Four times in a year :

  • 1 November (decision by 8 December; accept offer by 15 January);
  • 7 January (decision by 14 February, accept offer by 16 March);
  • 2 March (decision by 8 April, accept offer by 8 May);
  • 1 May (decision by 1 June, accept offer by 1 July).

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Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community

Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community

19 October 2019

Presented to Parliament pursuant to Section 1 of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act (No. 2) 2019 and Section 13 of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018








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Duty of those which take an Oath: Samuel von Pufendorf

The Duty of those which take an Oath

An Oath.

I. All Men agree in the Opinion, That an Oath gives a great additional Confirmation to all our Assertions, and to those Actions which depend upon our Discourse. An Oath is, A Religious Asseveration, by which we disavow the Divine Clemency, or imprecate to our selves the Wrath of God if we speak not the Truth. Now when an All-wise and an Almighty Witness and Guaranty is invok’d, it causes a strong Presumption of the Truth, because no Man can easily be thought so Wicked, as to dare rashly to call down upon himself the grievous Indignation of the Deity. Hence it is the Duty of those that take an Oath, To take the same with awful Reverence, and religiously to observe what they have sworn.

The End and Use

II. Now the End and Use of an Oath is chiefly this, To oblige Men the more firmly to speak the Truth, or to make good their Promises and Contracts out of an Awe of the Divine Being, who is infinitely Wise and Powerful; whose Vengeance they imprecate to themselves when they Swear, if they wittingly are guilty of Deceit; whereas otherwise the Fear of what Men can do may not be sufficient; because possibly they may have Hope to oppose or escape their Power, or to beguile their Understandings.

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Legal Glossary: Roscoe Pound

Adgnati. In general, those who are related by blood to a particular father. Roman law was particularly concerned with the degrees of relationship to the father, a consideration in modern law called consanguinity. More specifically, adgnati also means those younger children born after a father has written a will, and Pound is alluding to the problem of the law’s recognizing or failing to recognize the injustice of a child’s loss of an inheritance as a result only of a father’s failure to amend the will before death.

Adverse user. Now called “adverse use” or “hostile enjoyment,” which under certain circumstances entitles a person using an easement over land without title or permission eventually to hold legal title to the use of the easement through the doctrine of “prescription”: the person used the easement until the landholder who might have sued to eject, or to bar the person from using the easement, had allowed the statute of limitations to expire.

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Prema Vivarta of Jagadananda Pandit

The man without bondage

Who was Jagadananda Pandit

All the Vaishnavas felt great enthusiasm when they heard that Mahaprabhu had begun His sankirtan movement. Every night, these kirtans took place in the house of Shrivasa Pandit, and on certain occasions, in the house of Chandrashekhara Acharya. Nityananda, Gadadhara, Advaita, Shrivasa, Vidyanidhi, Murari, Hiranya, Hari Das, Ganga Das, Vanamali, Vijaya, Nandana, Jagadananda, Buddhimanta Khan, Narayan. These were some of the personalities who stayed with the Lord as He danced. Other than such intimate associates, no one was allowed entrance into the sankirtan.
(Chaitanya Bhagavat 2.8.110-113, 117)

Jagadananda Pandit was a permanent associate of the Lord at Puri: Gadadhara Pandit, Vakreshvara, Damodar, Shankara, Hari Das, Jagadananda, Bhavananda, Govinda, Kashishvara, Paramananda Puri and Svarupa Damodar, all came and made their residence in Puri. They, along with Ramananda Raya and other long-time residents of Shri Kshetra, were Mahaprabhu’s permanent companions.
(Chaitanya Charitamrita 2.1.252-4)

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